2016 Ramadan attacks
- This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on July 4 2016. This is a backup of Wikipedia:2016_Ramadan_attacks. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/2016_Ramadan_attacks, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/2016_Ramadan_attacks.
In 2016, several terrorist attacks occurred during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan (June 6 to July 5 in 2016; year 1437 in the Islamic calendar). Ramadan 2016 has been "the bloodiest on record since the Islamic State declared its caliphate in June 2014," or, with less specificity, "the bloodiest" in recent memory, or in modern history. The attacks culminated in a bombing of the car park of The Prophet's Mosque, the second-holiest site in Islam.
A number of security analysts predicted that millitant attacks by Islamist groups would increase during the month of Ramadan, largely due to propaganda promoting violence during the month. Analysts interpreted the attacks made by Wahhabist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant are an attempt to divert attention from territorial losses and battlefield defeats in Syria and Iraq.
Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), the precursor to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), has a history of increasing sectarian violence in Iraq during Ramadan, including the 2003 Ramadan Offensive, and the 2006 Ramadan Offensive. ISIL, which declared itself as a state in June 2014, orchestrated attacks in June 2015. Security analysts predicted that ISIL would carry out further attacks during Ramadan in 2016 to consolidate power in their territory. ISIL propaganda in the lead-up to Ramadan described promoted a "month of conquest and jihad" for their fighters, calling on them to create "a month of pain for infidels everywhere." Another online Islamist "distributed a manual for using poisons", adding, "Don't forget Ramadan is close, the month of victories."
- 1 Background
- 2 Attacks by groups
- 3 ISIL claimed attacks
- 4 See also
- 5 References
An article in 7 June 2015 by the Institute for the Study of War argued that Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) had a history of elevating sectarian violence during Ramadan. The article argued that the movement of religious pilgrims during Ramadan makes it easier for groups like ISIL to infiltrate Shiite areas, and carry out bombings of packed Shiite shrines. ISIL killed 142 people in the 2015 Sana'a mosque bombings in Yemen on the first day of Ramadan in 2015, and the 2015 Ramadan attacks, which coincided with the anniversary of ISIL declaring statehood, including the 2015 Kuwait mosque bombing.
A report issued by the Institute for the Study of War before the start of Ramadan 2016 warned that ISIL was seeking to commit attacks during the Muslim holy month. US intelligence officials say that ISIL has lost around 47% of its territory, but is still able to use terrorism on foreign soil as a recruitment and propaganda tactic.
A Stratfor report highlights two Islamist uses the high regard in which Muslims hold Ramadan. The first is as a fund-raising opportunity by means both of direct donations and by the use of purported charities that funnel funds to violent militants. The second is by exploiting pious fervor to encourage recruits to carry our martyrdom operations.
According to Fawaz Gerges of the London School of Economics, "Al-Qaida, its various affiliates and now ISIS use Ramadan as a... marker to inspire and motivate their followers and supporters worldwide." Shiraz Maher of King's College London describes the Islamist perception of Ramadan as an, "opportune moment to double down on their millenarian war against civilisation and therefore launch more attacks than normal."
According to Maajid Nawaz, jihadis, beginning with Hamas, have developed a teaching that Ramadan is an ordained "month of Jihad," basing this claim on their interpretation of the Battle of Badr, which occurred during Ramadan. Shiraz Maher says that Abdullah Azzam popularized the concept that extremist violence is a form of religious worship. News analyst Zev Chafets argues that attacking during Ramadan has become a tradition within contemporary Islamist militancy, but that Ramadan 2016 has been especially violent. Juan Zarate told CBS News that the "coordinated attacks" on Saudi Arabia show the group has "developed an infrastructure" and is trying to "deepen its reach inside the kingdom".
Adam Taylor, writing in The Washington Post, argued that "Ramadan is seen as time of action for the [Islamic State], which sees the month's religious importance as an added imperative for jihad, and its traditions as an opportunity to go on the offensive.
Attacks by groups
"Most" of the attacks are "linked" to the Islamic State and regarded by observers as an effort to divert attention from defeats on the battlefield and territorial losses. Notably, ISIL lost the strategically important city of Fallujah during June 2016. Political analysts say that the Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi wanted to completely capture Fallujah during the 2016 parliamentary break for Ramadan.
The Iranian Ministry of Intelligence says it foiled a plan by an ISIL cell to conduct multiple bombings in the country during Ramadan. Indonesian police say they foiled a plot to bomb civilians during Ramadan.
Template:Main article On 2 July 2016, a refrigerator van packed with explosives exploded in a busy shopping center in Karrada, a majority Shia district within Iraq's capital Baghdad. Another bomb exploded in the suburb of Baghdad; 292 people were killed, and 225 people were injured, the city's deadliest attack in a decade. The market was packed with shoppers buying goods for the upcoming Eid al-Fitr festival.
Template:Main article On 1 July 2016, seven gunmen entered Holey Artisan Bakery in Gulshan, a diplomatic zone with high security in Dhaka, Bangladesh. They opened fire at customers and began taking hostages. The hostage crisis continued until 2 July, when Bangladesh army ended the siege and killed six gunmen; the seventh was arrested. 20 hostages were killed in the attack; all of them except two were foreigners. The attack occurred in the last 10 days of Ramadan, the holiest days in Ramadan. The home minister of Bangladesh, Asaduzzaman Khan, says that Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen were responsible, though ISIL has asserted responsibility.
The religious scholar Maulana Fariduddin Masoud, the head of Bangladesh Jamiatul Ulama, had organized a statement (a fatwa) signed by 100,000 Islamic scholars that condemned "terrorism and militancy" on June 21, and condemned the Dhaka attack on 2 July. When Masoud attended prayers for Eid al-Fitr on July 7, gunmen attacked police officers at a checkpoint protecting the gathering. Four people were killed including two police officers, and several others were injured. The attackers are believed to be part of the same group that carried out the café massacre.
Israel and the Palestinian territories
In an article entitled "Ramadan – The Month of Jihad, Fighting and Victory over the Enemies," published on 7 June 2015, the Islamist militant organization Hamas called for "jihad for the sake of Allah," and described Ramadan as the month of "actualization of exceptional Islamic victories."
Template:Main article On 8 June 2016, the second day of Ramadan, two Palestinian men indiscriminately shot patrons at a cafe in Tel Aviv, Israel. Four people were killed and seven others were injured. Hamas praised the attack, and vowed for more attacks during the holy month of Ramadan in statement that lauded the killings as, "the first signs of the holy month and first surprises that await the Zionists enemy during Ramadan." In other attacks noted in press reports as marking a sudden uptick in violence during Ramadan, Mohammed Nasser Tarayra (19) stabbed 13-year-old Hallel Yaffa Ariel as she slept in her bed in Kiryat Arba, and a Palestinian from the occupied territories stabbed 2 people in Netanya.
The Somali millitant group Al-Shabab said they were going to kill people in Somalia. The June 2016 Mogadishu attacks killed 14 civilians in Mogadishu, Somalia. Al-Shabab had threatened attacks in Kenya, due to the Kenyan support for the African Union Mission to Somalia.
Template:Main article On 28 June 2016, three gunmen with suicide belts killed 45 people and injured 238 others. The attack occurred in the last 10 days of Ramadan, the holiest days in Ramadan. Turkish officials, including Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım, said they had evidence that ISIL carried out the attack. Some intelligence services said the attack was planned by Akhmed Chatayev, a Chechen extremist loyal to ISIL.
A suicide bomber wounded one police officer in a bomb attack on a police station in Surakarta in Central Java. Police in Indonesia say the attacker learnt to build bombs from ISIL manuals. A police source told the Straits Times that the bomber had contact with Bahrun Naim, the suspected mastermind of the 2016 Jakarta attacks. A BNPT source told the Jakarta Post that the bomber was a suspected member of an ISIL cell.
In Malaysia, a grenade attack on a Puchong night club left eight people injured. The security forces went on to investigate ISIL links among police officers who have ties to Malaysians fighting for ISIL in Syria.
ISIL claimed attacks
Template:Main article On 12 June 2016 Omar Mateen killed 49 people during a shootout at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida. The ISIL propaganda radio station Al-Bayan asserted that Mateen was an ISIL "soldier" without indicating any foreknowledge of the shooting. Commentators have argued that Mateen, who declared his support for ISIL, may have been motivated by online material promoting attacks during Ramadan. Shiraz Maher of King's College London describes Mateen as a "lone wolf" who was "likely roused" by al-Adnani's "clarion call" to attack non-believer's during Ramadan.
Template:Main article On 13 June 2016, the seventh day of Ramadan, Larossi Abballa stabbed a police officer and his wife to death in Magnanville, near the city of Paris. He later took their three-year-old son hostage. French police stormed the house, killed Aballa, and rescued the child. François Hollande called the attack a "terrorist act". ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack, and commentators argued that it could have been catalysed by ISIL propaganda calling for attacks in Western countries.
- Ramadan Offensive (2003)
- Tharoor, Ishan (6 July 2016). "In a deadly Ramadan, ISIS terrorism exposes the failures of others". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/07/06/in-a-deadly-ramadan-isis-terrorism-exposes-the-failures-of-others/. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- Hubbard, Ben (3 July 2016). "ISIS Uses Ramadan as Calling for New Terrorist Attacks". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/04/world/middleeast/ramadan-isis-baghdad-attacks.html. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- "As ISIS Loses Land, It Gains Ground in Overseas Terror". The New York Times. 4 July 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/04/world/middleeast/isis-terrorism.html.
- "Saudi Arabia ID's Medina bomber as Pakistani man as ISIS eyed in Ramadan attacks in Turkey, Iraq and Indonesia". CBS News. 5 July 2016. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/saudi-arabia-medina-bomber-pakistani-isis-ramadan-attacks-turkey-iraq-bangladesh/.
- Luck, Taylor (6 July 2016). "In Ramadan attacks, ISIS reveals its top target: other Muslims". http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2016/0706/In-Ramadan-attacks-ISIS-reveals-its-top-target-other-Muslims.
- "A look at bloody attacks around the world this Ramadan". The Associated Press. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/bfca3f298e5443d3b54be06e022d2b55/look-bloody-attacks-around-world-ramadan.
- "Ramadan – a month of sorrow after deadly attacks by so-called Islamic State". Euronews. 7 July 2016. http://www.euronews.com/2016/07/07/ramadan-a-month-of-sorrow-after-deadly-attacks-by-so-called-islamic-state/.
- Stewart, Scott (7 July 2016). "What the Ramadan Attacks Reveal About the Islamic State". Stratfor. https://www.stratfor.com/.../what-ramadan-attacks-reveal-about-islamic-state. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- Krishnamachari, S V (10 July 2016). "Terror attacks during Ramadan: Islam comes in for scathing criticism". International Business Times (India edition). http://www.ibtimes.co.in/terror-attacks-during-ramadan-two-journalists-take-critical-view-islam-686080. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Newbauer, Sigurd (4 July 2016). "Has Ramadan 2016 been one of the bloodiest in modern history?". Al Arabiya. http://english.alarabiya.net/en/perspective/analysis/2016/07/04/Have-we-witnessed-one-of-the-bloodiest-Ramadans-in-modern-history-.html. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Doerll, Oren (7 July 2016). "Islamic State made Ramadan 2016 the bloodiest ever". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2016/07/07/islamic-state-made-ramadan-2016-bloodiest-ever/86815532/. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Karam, Zeina (6 July 2016). "How Muslims around the world are coming to terms with one of the bloodiest Ramadans in recent history". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/eid-2016-ramadan-muslims-deal-with-bangladesh-istanbul-orlando-attacks-a7123016.html. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- CNN, Tim Hume and Tiffany Ap. "Attack on holy city of Medina appalls Muslims". http://www.cnn.com/2016/07/05/asia/ramadan-violence/index.html.
- "A look at bloody attacks around the world this Ramadan". Associated Press. 6 July 2016. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/bfca3f298e5443d3b54be06e022d2b55/look-bloody-attacks-around-world-ramadan. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Bremmer, Ian (8 July 2016). "These 5 Facts Explain ISIS's Ramadan of Terror". Time (magazine). http://time.com/4397020/isis-terror-attacks-ramadan/. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- "ISIS's MILITARY OPERATIONS DURING RAMADAN: A FORECAST FOR 2015". Institute for the Study of War. 7 June 2015. http://understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/ISIS%20COAs%20FINAL.pdf.
- "ISIS FORECAST: RAMADAN 2016". Institute for the Study of War. May 2016. http://www.understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/ISW%20ISIS%20RAMADAN%20FORECAST%202016%20FINAL.pdf.
- Ibrahim, Ayman. "For ISIS, a competing vision of Ramadan as a month of conquest and jihad". RNS. http://religionnews.com/2016/05/26/for-isis-a-competing-vision-of-ramadan-as-a-month-of-conquest-and-jihad/. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Bergen, Peter (3 July 2016). "ISIS' Ramadan terror campaign". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/29/opinions/airport-terror-istanbul-analysis-bergen/. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Cruickshank, Paul (13 June 2016). "Orlando shooting follows ISIS call for U.S. Ramadan attacks". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/13/us/orlando-shooting-isis-ramadan-attacks/. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Naawaz, Maajid (2 July 2016). "From Orlando to Bangladesh, A Blood-Soaked Ramadan". The Daily Beast. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/07/02/from-orlando-to-bangladesh-a-blood-soaked-ramadan.html. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Moore, Jack (9 July 2016). "A Bloody Ramadan Proves Success of ISIS's Deadly Message". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/bloody-ramadan-attacks-success-isis-deadly-message-478850. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "One Year of Islamic State 'Caliphate': How will Isis Mark First 'Anniversary' This Ramadan?". http://www.ibtimes.co.in/one-year-islamic-state-caliphate-how-will-isis-mark-first-anniversary-this-ramadan-635063.
- "Ramadan Bombings in Yemen: Part of ISIS's Global Strategy? - Critical Threats". http://www.criticalthreats.org/yemen/knutsen-ramadan-bombings-part-isis-global-strategy-june-17-2015.
- Maslin, Jered (12 June 2016). "What to Know About ISIS's Role in the Orlando Shooting". Time Magazine. http://time.com/4365507/orlando-shooting-isis-claims-responsibility-terror/. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- "The Geopolitics of Ramadan". Stratfor. 28 June 2014. https://www.stratfor.com/analysis/geopolitics-ramadan. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Kahn, Kulsoom (7 July 2016). "Why Terror Struck Ramadan". PBS NewsHour. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/terror-dampens-end-of-ramadan-holiday/. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
- Keating, Fiona (4 July 2016). "Isis Eid onslaught: Spate of attacks aimed at inflicting a 'month of pain for infidels; Islamic State is using Ramadan as a symbolic marker to inspire and motivate their followers to launch deadly strikes.". International Business Times. http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/isis-eid-onslaught-spate-attacks-aimed-inflicting-month-pain-infidels-everywhere-1568884. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- Maher, Shiraz (5 July 2016). "Why so-called Islamic State chooses to bomb during Ramadan". BBC. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-36703874. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Why so-called Islamic State chooses to bomb during Ramadan - BBC News". http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-36703874.
- Chafets, Zev (14 June 2016). "Ramadan and the terror threat". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2016/06/14/ramadan-and-terror-threat.html. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "What spike in terror attacks in Saudi Arabia and Iraq during Ramadan tell about ISIS". http://www.cbsnews.com/news/spike-in-terror-attacks-in-saudi-arabia-and-iraq-during-ramadan/.
- Taylor, Adam (26 June 2016). "Ramadan had brought fears of new Islamic State attacks". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2015/06/17/the-start-of-ramadan-is-bringing-new-fears-of-an-islamic-state-attack/. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "A look at bloody attacks around the world this Ramadan". Associated Press. Fox News. 6 July 2016. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2016/07/06/look-at-bloody-attacks-around-world-this-ramadan.html. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- "Iraqi PM Abadi stakes leadership, IS campaign, on Falluja battle". 9 June 2016. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-iraq-abadi-idUSKCN0YV14Z.
- Hardy, Catherine. "Tehran says it has foiled a huge ISIL bombing campaign". Euronews. http://www.euronews.com/2016/06/20/tehran-says-it-has-foiled-a-huge-isil-bombing-campaign/.
- CNN, Paul Armstrong. "Iran: 'Ramadan terror plot' on Tehran foiled". http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/20/middleeast/iran-terror-plots/index.html.
- "Terrorist plot to target Tehran foiled, says Iran intelligence officials - Firstpost". 20 June 2016. http://www.firstpost.com/world/terrorist-plot-to-target-tehran-foiled-says-iran-intelligence-officials-2845516.html.
- "Indonesian police arrest suspected Islamic State-linked militants 'plotting attack'". 9 June 2016. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-security-idUSKCN0YV0ZT.
- "Bloody attacks with suspected IS links mark end of Ramadan". http://bigstory.ap.org/article/d4048705def74a9baeb2899150b9eb6c/iraq-death-toll-weekend-baghdad-attack-reaches-175.
- CNN, Tim Hume and Kareem Khadder. "Baghdad truck bomb death toll rises to 292". http://www.cnn.com/2016/07/07/middleeast/iraq-baghdad-bomb-toll-rises/index.html.
- "Anger over security as Iraqis mourn 200 dead in Baghdad bombing". AFP. 4 July 2016. https://www.yahoo.com/news/more-200-dead-claimed-baghdad-blast-officials-072248788.html. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "More than 100 killed in Baghdad Ramadan bombings". http://www.cbsnews.com/videos/more-than-100-killed-in-baghdad-ramadan-bombings/.
- CNN, Jomana Karadsheh and Tim Hume. "Jordan shuts borders after deadly car bomb". http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/22/middleeast/jordan-car-bomb-attack/index.html.
- "Jordan declares Syria and Iraq borders closed military zones". http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-36593579.
- "Kuwait 'foils ISIL attack plot' during Ramadan". Al Jazeera. 4 July 2016. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/07/kuwait-foils-isil-attack-plot-ramadan-160704035919447.html. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Ramadan attacks point to Isis's deadly reach - FT.com". https://next.ft.com/content/75ebc1a0-42cb-11e6-9b66-0712b3873ae1.
- "Kuwait ISIS Plots: Authorities Detain Suspected Militants, Foil Ramadan Attacks". 4 July 2016. http://www.ibtimes.com/kuwait-isis-plots-authorities-detain-suspected-militants-foil-ramadan-attacks-2389185.
- "Muslims worldwide struggle to comprehend a violent Ramadan". http://bigstory.ap.org/article/b78f4511cd7048a2bf81bca04746a6ad/muslims-worldwide-come-grips-bloody-ramadan.
- "Saudi-led airstrike kills 25 in Yemen". http://www.news.com.au/world/breaking-news/is-bombings-in-yemen-kill-38/news-story/2ffa7d4f168ae5401a304fa85d9a2bfe. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "The holy month of Ramadan comes to a bloody close". http://rudaw.net/english/world/05072016.
- "Elaborate Suicide Attack Hits Christian Village in Lebanon". The New York Times. 28 June 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/28/world/middleeast/al-qaa-lebanon-suicide-bombers.html.
- Analyst, Peter Bergen, CNN National Security. "ISIS' Ramadan terror campaign". http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/29/opinions/airport-terror-istanbul-analysis-bergen/index.html.
- Maaz Hussain (21 June 2016). "Anti-Terror Fatwa Endorsed by 100,000 Bangladeshi Islamic Scholars". Voice of America. http://www.voanews.com/content/fatwa-endorsed-by-bangladeshi-islamic-scholars-aims-to-curb-terrorism/3384976.html.
- "Islamic Scholars Condemn Killing of Hostages in Bangladesh". http://www.voanews.com/content/islamic-scholars-condemn-killing-hostages-bangladesh/3401723.html.
- Maaz Hussain (7 July 2016), "Anti-Extremist Scholar Escapes Deadly Attack in Bangladesh", Voice of America, http://www.voanews.com/content/anti-extremist-scholar-escapes-deadly-attack-in-bangladesh/3408946.html
- Rafiul Islam (7 July 2016), "Anti-militancy Islamic leader says he was the target of attackers", The Daily Star, http://www.thedailystar.net/country/islamic-leader-says-he-was-the-target-attackers-1250875
- AFP (9 July 2016). "Three die in Eid day Bangladesh attack". http://www.dawn.com/news/1269674.
- "On eve of Tel Aviv terror attack, Hamas called Ramadan ‘month of jihad’". Times of Israel. 12 June 2016. http://www.timesofisrael.com/day-before-tel-aviv-attack-hamas-calls-ramadan-month-of-jihad/. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Israeli girl killed in bed after stabbing attack". IDF. 30 June 2016. https://www.idfblog.com/blog/2016/06/30/israeli-girl-killed-bed-stabbing-attack/. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- Moore, Jack (9 June 2016). "Hamas Promises Further ‘Surprises’ for Israel After Tel Aviv Attack". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/hamas-promises-further-surprises-israel-after-tel-aviv-attack-468289. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Moore, Jack (1 July 2016). "Uptick in Stabbing Attacks by Palestinians as End of Ramadan Nears". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/uptick-stabbing-attacks-palestinians-end-ramadan-nears-476514. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- "2 terrorists kill 4 in Tel Aviv; Hamas vows more Ramadan attacks". Times of Israel. 8 June 2016. http://www.timesofisrael.com/liveblog-june-8-2016/. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Stoffel, Derek (5 July 2016). "Muslims react with horror to spate of global attacks during Ramadan". CBC. http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/muslims-condemn-ramadan-attacks-1.3664969. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Moore, Jack (1 July 2016). "Uptick in Stabbing Attacks by Palestinians as End of Ramadan Nears". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/uptick-stabbing-attacks-palestinians-end-ramadan-nears-476514. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- Gross, Judah (1 July 2016). "Jerusalem police on alert for final Friday of Ramadan". Times of Israel. http://www.timesofisrael.com/after-day-of-violence-jerusalem-police-on-alert-for-final-friday-prayers-of-ramadan/. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Al-Shabaab Jihadists Vow to Attack Christians During Ramadan, Give 'Non-Believers' a 'True Taste of Jihad'". Christian Post. 30 June 2015. http://www.christianpost.com/news/al-shabaab-jihadists-who-slaughtered-152-christian-kenyan-students-vow-to-attack-non-believers-during-ramadan-give-christians-true-taste-of-jihad-140997/.
- "Al-Shabaab launches fatal attack on Mogadishu hotel". Associated Press. Mogadishu: The Guardian. 25 June 2016. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/25/al-shabaab-launch-attack-on-mogadishu-hotel. "The latest attack comes during Ramadan, the Muslim holy month, when extremists often step up their attacks."
- "Kenya warned over Al-Shabaab threats during Ramadan". Kenya Star. Indo-Asian News Service. Nairobi. 11 June 2016. http://www.kenyastar.com/index.php/sid/244859445.
- David Lawler. "Turkey airport explosions kill 28, 60 more wounded in suicide attacks at Istanbul Ataturk". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/06/28/explosions-and-gunfire-at-istanbul-ataturk-airport-injuries-repo/. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
- Karimi, Faith; Almasy, Steve; Tuysuz, Gul (30 June 2016). "ISIS leadership helped plan Istanbul attack, source says". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/30/europe/turkey-istanbul-ataturk-airport-attack/. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
- "US congressman: Chechen extremist behind Istanbul attack". Associated Press. 1 July 2016. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/fad6ca6eda9142bead29b11b7b259981/turkish-official-mastermind-feb-terror-attack-killed. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Faith, Karimi; Steve, Almasy (1 July 2016). "2 Istanbul airport bombers identified, state media says". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/07/01/europe/turkey-istanbul-ataturk-airport-attack/. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- "Attack on holy city of Medina appalls Muslims amid Ramadan violence". http://www.kpax.com/story/32370824/indonesian-suicide-bomb-latest-in-string-of-ramadan-attacks.
- CNBC (5 July 2016). "Suicide bomber attacks Indonesian police station, wounding one". http://www.cnbc.com/2016/07/05/suicide-bomber-attacks-indonesian-police-station-wounding-one.html.
- "Suspected militant dies in Indonesia suicide bombing". http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2016/07/04/indonesia-suicide-bombing/86693288/.
- Kwok, Yenni. "Suicide Bomber Attacks Police Station in Indonesia". http://time.com/4392782/indonesia-suicide-bomber-solo-surakarta-terrorism/.
- hermes (5 July 2016). "'ISIS militant taught Solo attacker to build bombs'". http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/isis-militant-taught-solo-attacker-to-build-bombs.
- Post, The Jakarta. "Surakarta suicide bomber may be lone wolf: Police". http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/07/06/surakarta-suicide-bomber-may-be-lone-wolf-police.html.
- "Nightclub blast in Puchong linked to IS: Malaysian police chief". http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/nightclub-blast-in/2928744.html.
- Quackenbush, Casey. "The Grenade Attack on a Malaysian Nightclub 'Had ISIS Links'". http://time.com/4392586/isis-malaysia-grenade-attack-nightclub-moved-puchong/.
- "Singapore steps up checks, patrols following terror attacks in Malaysia, Istanbul: MHA". http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/singapore-steps-up-checks/2931676.html.
- hermesauto (5 July 2016). "Yaacob Ibrahim: 'Senseless acts of terror' are against Islam and do not represent Muslims". http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/yaacob-ibrahim-senseless-acts-of-terror-are-against-islam-and-do-not-represent-muslims.
- "Spate of terror attacks as Ramadan draws to a close". http://thevillagessuntimes.com/2016/07/05/spate-of-terror-attacks-as-ramadan-draws-to-a-close/.
- Maierbrugger, Arno (5 July 2016). "Islamist attacks rattle Southeast Asia as Ramadan ends - Investvine". http://investvine.com/islamist-attacks-rattle-southeast-asia-as-ramadan-ends/.
- "Ramadan attacks show evil nature of Islamic State, says Shanmugam". http://www.todayonline.com/singapore/ramadan-attacks-show-evil-nature-islamic-state-says-shanmugam.
- Rubin, Alissa (13 June 2016). "ISIS Claims Responsibility for Killing of French Police Officer". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/14/world/europe/france-stabbing-police-officer-magnanville.html. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Stoffel, Derek (June 13, 2016). "Orlando shooting: ISIS quick to claim responsibility but it's likely bluffing, says analyst". CBC News. http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/orlando-shooting-isis-claim-1.3632496.
- Rubin, Alissa (14 June 2016). "Killing Twice for ISIS and Saying So Live on Facebook". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/15/world/europe/france-stabbing-police-magnanville-isis.html. Retrieved 4 July 2016.