2017 Republic Day Parade

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Template:Use Indian English Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox recurring event 2017 Republic Day Parade marked the celebration of the 68th year of Republic of India. The Republic of India adopted its Constitution on 26th Jan, 1950, which marked the first celebration as Republic Day. Since then, India celebrated 26 January as its Republic Day by showcasing its military strength at the annual parade organised by the Ministry of Defence at New Delhi. The celebrations started with flag hoisting by the President of India, Sri Pranab Mukherjee followed by a 21-gun salute and the republic day parade from Rajpath.[1]

Chief Guest

Since 1950, India has been hosting a head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honour for Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi. This year Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan from the United Arab Emirates was the Chief Guest of the parade. This marked the first time that the Crown Prince of the United Arab Emirates attended the Republic Day Parade as the chief guest.[2] The world's tallest skyscraper, Burj Khalifa, was lit up in tri-colours - saffron, white and green to mark the 68th Republic Day of India.[3]

Parade

The parade began with the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi receiving a warly welcome as the crowds cheered him. He then proceeded to the Amar Jawan Jyoti and paid tributes to the martyrs. Thereafter, he received the Vice President, the President and the Crown Prince. The leaders then greeted Army Chief General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lamba and Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa. This year, the parade was commanded by Lt General Manoj Mukund Naravane, General Officer Commanding, Delhi Area.

The UAE Armed forces contingent marched at the Republic Day Parade for the first time. It included a 149-member contingent comprising the UAE Army, Navy, Air Force and Presidential Guard, including the musical band. This was followed by the marching army contingents of India. For the first time in history, a contingent of National Security Guard (NSG), also referred as the black cat commandoes took part in the parade. In all tableaux from 17 different states and six ministries were seen during the parade. These included the states of Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Gujarat Lakshwadeep, Karnataka, NCT of Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, West Bengal, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Tripura, Jammu & Kashmir and Assam. The ministries included Ministry of Housing & Urban Development, Poverty Alleviation, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Central Board of Excise and Customs. The showcasing of tableaux followed by cultural performances.[4] The Indian Armed Forces showcased its military strength in the parade. It showcased its missile firing capability T-90 Bhishma tank, Infantry Combat Vehicle BMP-2K, BrahMos Missile System, Weapon Locating Raddar ‘Swathi’ and Akash Weapons System. It also displayed India’s first indigenously-built 155 mm artillery gun, Dhanush. The tableau of Indian Air Force (IAF) was based on the theme “Air Dominance Through Network Centric Operations”. It displayed the scaled down models of Su-30 MKI, Mirage 2000, AWACS, UAV, Apache and Communication Satellite. The Indian Navy contingent led by Lieutenant Aparna Nair comprised 144 young sailors. The Indian Navy’s tableau showcased the indigenously built Kolkata-class destroyer and the Kalvari Class next generation attack submarines, model of the P-8I Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft. The paramilitary and other auxiliary civil forces included the Border Security Force Camel Contingent, Indian Coast Guard, Central Reserve Police Force, Central Industrial Security Force, Delhi Police, National Cadet Corps and National Service Scheme.[5][6]

Padma Awards

This year a total of 7 Padma Vibhushan, 7 Padma Bhushan and 75 Padma Shri awards were awarded to various persons in various fields. The receiptants of Padma Vibhushan awards were: Sharad Pawar, Murli Manohar Joshi, P. A. Sangma (posthumous), Sunder Lal Patwa (posthumous), K. J. Yesudas, Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev and Udipi Ramachandra Rao.[7]

References