2020 Democratic Party presidential candidates

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on November 29 2018. This is a backup of Wikipedia:2020_Democratic_Party_presidential_candidates. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/2020_Democratic_Party_presidential_candidates, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/2020_Democratic_Party_presidential_candidates. Purge

Template:Use mdy dates Template:Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2020Template:US 2020 presidential elections series

This article contains lists of candidates associated with the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries for the 2020 United States presidential election.

Declared major candidates

The candidates in this section have held public office or been included in a minimum of five independent national polls:

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref
John Delaney 113th Congress official photo.jpg
John Delaney
Template:Dts
(age Template:Age nts)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. Representative from Maryland since 2013 Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
July 28, 2017
Delaney 2020.png
(CampaignWebsite)
FEC Filing
[1]
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Richard Ojeda
Template:Dts
(age Template:Age nts)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia State Senator since 2016
Democratic nominee for U.S. Representative from West Virginia in 2018
Flag of West Virginia.svg
West Virginia
November 12, 2018

(Website)
FEC Filing
[2]

Individuals qualifying for inclusion on the above list who are formally exploring a candidacy

Other declared candidates

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref
Michael E. Arth in New Smyrna Beach, FL. Taken on March 1, 2018, by Shasta Solis. 01.jpg
Michael E. Arth
Template:Dts
(age Template:Age nts)
Burtonwood, England
Urban designer & public policy analyst
Candidate for Governor of Florida in 2010
Flag of Florida.svg
Florida
November 4, 2018
(Website)
FEC filing
[3]
Ken-E-Nwadike-Jr-motivational-speaker.jpg
Ken Nwadike Jr.
Template:Dts
(age Template:Age nts)
San Diego, California
Peace activist, inspirational speaker, and video journalist Flag of California.svg
California
October 18, 2017
(Website)
FEC Filing
[4]
Andrew Yang talking about urban entrepreneurship at Techonomy Conference 2015 in Detroit, MI (cropped).jpg
Andrew Yang
Template:Dts
(age Template:Age nts)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur Flag of New York.svg
New York
November 6, 2017
Andrew Yang 2020 logo.png
(Website)
FEC Filing
[5]

Individuals who are formally exploring a candidacy

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref
150x150px
Marianne Williamson
(1952-07-08) July 8, 1952 (age 68) spiritual teacher, author, and lecturer from California; candidate for U.S. Representative in 2014 Flag of California.svg
California
Marianne for America! [6][7]

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

{{#section-h:2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries|Individuals who have publicly expressed interest}}

Speculative candidates

{{#section-h:2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries|Speculative candidates}}

Declined to be candidates

The individuals in this section have been the subject of speculation about their possible candidacy, but have publicly denied interest in running.

Endorsements

Template:Endorsements box Template:Endorsements box

Notes

Template:Notelist

References

  1. Delaney, John (July 28, 2017). "John Delaney: Why I’m running for president". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/john-delaney-why-im-running-for-president/2017/07/28/02460ae4-73b7-11e7-8f39-eeb7d3a2d304_story.html. Retrieved July 28, 2017. 
  2. "WATCH: W.Va. Sen. Richard Ojeda officially announces run for president in 2020". November 12, 2018. https://www.wsaz.com/content/news/State-Senator-Richard-Ojeda-to-run-for-President-in-2020-500248782.html. Retrieved November 12, 2018. 
  3. Arth, Michael E. (November 4, 2018). "FEC Form 2". Federal Election Commission. http://docquery.fec.gov/pdf/904/201809049121557904/201809049121557904.pdf. Retrieved November 13, 2018. 
  4. Nwadike, Kenneth E. (October 18, 2017). "FEC FORM 2". Federal Election Commission. http://docquery.fec.gov/pdf/394/201710190300178394/201710190300178394.pdf. Retrieved July 31, 2018. 
  5. Yang, Andrew. "FEC FORM 2". Federal Election Commission. http://docquery.fec.gov/pdf/624/201711069086611624/201711069086611624.pdf. Retrieved February 8, 2018. 
  6. Jacobs, Ben (August 2, 2018). "New Age author Marianne Williamson 'looking into' 2020 presidential run". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/aug/02/marianne-williamson-new-age-author-looking-into-presidential-run. Retrieved August 3, 2018. 
  7. "Oprah pal and spirituality guru plans 2020 run" (in en). POLITICO. https://www.politico.com/story/2018/11/16/oprah-pal-williamson-2020-run-996174. Retrieved November 16, 2018. 
  8. Richards, Sam (March 30, 2017). "Jerry Brown for president? ‘Don’t rule it out!’". Contra Costa Times. http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2017/03/30/jerry-brown-for-president-dont-rule-it-out/. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  9. Steinmetz, Katy (September 9, 2017). "The Philosopher King". Time. http://time.com/4931041/jerry-brown-the-philosopher-king/. Retrieved November 7, 2017. 
  10. Zurko, Roz (March 26, 2017). "IS HILLARY GROOMING CHELSEA CLINTON FOR WHITE HOUSE IN 2020 – CHELSEA VS TRUMP? [OPINION"]. Inquisitr. http://www.inquisitr.com/opinion/4092122/is-hillary-grooming-chelsea-clinton-for-white-house-in-2020-chelsea-vs-trump/. Retrieved March 30, 2017. 
  11. Setoodeh, Ramin (March 29, 2017). "Chelsea Clinton: ‘I Am Not Running for Public Office’ (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. https://variety.com/2017/biz/news/chelsea-clinton-i-am-not-running-for-public-office-exclusive-1202018583/. Retrieved November 18, 2017. 
  12. Paget, Antonia (November 9, 2016). "Not happy with Trump as POTUS? There could be another celebrity candidate on the cards". Daily Express. https://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/not-happy-trump-potus-could-9225583. Retrieved March 16, 2017. 
  13. Parker, Mike (February 12, 2017). "George Clooney is preparing for his biggest role yet: 2020 US elections". Daily Express. http://www.express.co.uk/celebrity-news/766159/George-Clooney-US-president-2020-elections-Donald-Trump. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  14. Wilstein, Matt (February 24, 2017). "George Clooney Gets Political at César Awards: Trump Gives ‘Comfort to Our Enemies’". The Daily Beast. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2017/02/24/george-clooney-gets-political-at-c-sar-awards-trump-gives-comfort-to-our-enemies.html. Retrieved March 16, 2017. 
  15. Dovere, Edward-Isaac (July 18, 2017). "Can Roy Cooper Show Democrats How to Win Again?". Politico. http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/07/18/can-roy-cooper-show-democrats-how-to-win-again-215386. Retrieved August 28, 2017. 
  16. Moody, Aaron; Specht, Paul A. (March 29, 2018). "Roy Cooper for president? 'I'm sure I'll get some calls.'". The News & Observer. https://www.newsobserver.com/news/politics-government/politics-columns-blogs/under-the-dome/article207305889.html. Retrieved July 5, 2018. 
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  21. Klepper, David (January 4, 2018). "New York governor’s DC attacks prompt 2020 speculation". The Seattle Times. https://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/cuomos-attacks-on-washington-gop-prompt-2020-speculation/. Retrieved January 5, 2018. 
  22. Donato, Christopher (August 29, 2018). "Andrew Cuomo says he won't run for president in 2020 during New York Governor's debate with Cynthia Nixon". ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/andrew-cuomo-run-president-2020-york-governors-debate/story?id=57487847. 
  23. Hayward, Steven (July 18, 2017). "JAMIE DIMON FOR PRESIDENT?". Power Line. http://www.powerlineblog.com/archives/2017/07/jamie-dimon-for-president.php. Retrieved August 28, 2017. 
  24. Dunkley, Emma (August 3, 2017). "Jamie Dimon could harbour political ambitions". Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/859c0222-783a-11e7-90c0-90a9d1bc9691. Retrieved August 28, 2017. 
  25. "CNBC Exclusive: CNBC Transcript: JPMorgan Chase Chairman & CEO Jamie Dimon Speaks with CNBC’s Wilfred Frost Today". CNBC. August 8, 2017. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/08/cnbc-exclusive-cnbc-transcript-jpmorgan-chase-chairman-ceo-jamie-dimon-speaks-with-cnbcs-wilfred-frost-today.html. Retrieved November 13, 2017. 
  26. Zanotti, Emily (September 4, 2018). "RAHM FOR PREZ? Chicago Mayor Announces He WON'T Run For Re-Election". Daily Wire. https://www.dailywire.com/news/35409/rahm-prez-chicagy-mayor-announces-he-wont-run-re-emily-zanotti. Retrieved September 5, 2018. 
  27. Fearnow, Benjamin (September 4, 2018). "Why Isn't Rahm Emanuel Running for Chicago Mayor Again?". Newsweek. https://www.newsweek.com/rahm-emanuel-mayor-chicago-not-running-drop-out-race-campaign-white-house-1104869. Retrieved September 5, 2018. 
  28. https://www.politico.com/newsletters/morning-score/2018/11/30/mayor-rahms-2020-strategy-for-democrats-436504
  29. Parnes, Amie; Henry, Devin (August 25, 2017). "Franken seen as reluctant 2020 candidate". The Hill. http://thehill.com/homenews/campaign/347889-franken-seen-as-reluctant-2020-candidate. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  30. Pfeiffer, Alex (November 16, 2017). "Does Al Franken Still Have A Shot In 2020?". The Daily Caller. http://dailycaller.com/2017/11/16/does-al-franken-still-have-a-shot-in-2020/. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
  31. Molloy, Tim (November 29, 2016). "Sen. Al Franken Won't Run for President in 2020 (Exclusive)". TheWrap. http://www.thewrap.com/al-franken-president-2020/. 
  32. Korecki, Natasha (November 29, 2017). "Gutiérrez eyes 2020 presidential run". Politico. https://www.politico.com/story/2017/11/29/luis-gutierrez-2020-presidential-bid-268692. Retrieved November 30, 2017. 
  33. Preston, Mark (May 10, 2018). "Rep. Gutierrez passes on presidential bid, will focus on mobilizing Latino voters". CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/10/politics/congressman-luis-gutierrez-2020-latino-voters/index.html. Retrieved May 15, 2018. 
  34. Mindock, Clark (July 20, 2017). "Al Gore's new climate change film raises huge question: Will he run again in 2020?". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/al-gore-2020-inconvenient-sequel-climate-change-president-a7852021.html. Retrieved July 25, 2017. 
  35. Allen, Mike (July 20, 2017). "Gore 2020? The hubbub on Al". Axios. https://www.axios.com/gore-2020-the-hubbub-on-al-2462475908.html. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  36. "Here's why Al Gore is done with politics". NowThis News. August 2, 2017. https://www.facebook.com/NowThisPolitics/videos/1650862691611881/. Retrieved August 4, 2017. 
  37. "Results of SurveyUSA Election Poll #23742". SurveyUSA. January 10, 2018. http://www.surveyusa.com/client/PollReport.aspx?g=04104c60-a299-4ed4-87a4-f9f25ff81e7d. Retrieved February 17, 2018. 
  38. Saul, Heather (November 16, 2016). "Tom Hanks responds to growing calls for him to run for President in 2020". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/tom-hanks-president-2020-donald-trump-speech-a7420891.html. Retrieved March 16, 2017. 
  39. James, Meg (October 3, 2017). "Disney's Bob Iger criticizes gun violence in wake of Las Vegas shooting". Los Angeles Times. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/is-bob-iger-considering-a-presidential-run/. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  40. Bilton, Nick (May 19, 2017). "IGER 2020?". Vanity Fair. https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2017/05/bob-iger-2020-disney. Retrieved November 24, 2017. 
  41. Chuba, Kirsten (April 12, 2018). "Disney CEO Bob Iger Was Considering Presidential Run Before Fox Deal". Variety. https://variety.com/2018/politics/news/bob-iger-presidential-run-disney-fox-1202751644/. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  42. Rafferty, Scott (December 13, 2017). "Dwayne 'The Rock' Johnson Is 'Seriously Considering' Running for President". Rolling Stone. https://www.rollingstone.com/sports/news/dwayne-johnson-seriously-considering-running-for-president-w514003. Retrieved January 17, 2018. 
  43. Southern, Keiran (April 11, 2018). "Dwayne Johnson says he may run for US president in 2024 as he rules out 2020". Irish Independent. https://www.independent.ie/entertainment/movies/dwayne-johnson-says-he-may-run-for-us-president-in-2024-as-he-rules-out-2020-36798569.html. Retrieved April 15, 2018. 
  44. Rozsa, Matthew (November 16, 2017). "Tim Kaine wants to eliminate superdelegates". Salon. https://www.salon.com/2017/11/16/tim-kaine-wants-to-eliminate-superdelegates/. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
  45. Hagen, Lisa (November 17, 2016). "Kaine rules out run for president in 2020". The Hill. http://thehill.com/homenews/campaign/306557-kaine-rules-out-run-for-president-vp-in-2020. Retrieved November 17, 2016. 
  46. "Caroline Kennedy's possible political future". AOL. January 23, 2017. https://www.aol.com/article/news/2017/01/23/caroline-kennedys-possible-political-future/21661218/. 
  47. Oppenheimer, Jerry (January 22, 2017). "Could Caroline Kennedy be the baggage-free Hillary Clinton?". New York Post. https://nypost.com/2017/01/22/caroline-kennedy-could-be-the-baggage-free-hillary-clinton/. 
  48. Ayer, Tammy. "Caroline Kennedy: None of us can stand on the sidelines". https://www.yakimaherald.com/news/local/caroline-kennedy-none-of-us-can-stand-on-the-sidelines/article_c16f4400-d7f0-11e8-9df4-f3d9d697bde7.html. "When asked if any members of her family plan to run for president in 2020, she said no." 
  49. Petit, Stephanie (July 6, 2017). "‘A Kennedy Who Could Be President’: Rep. Joe Kennedy on Potential 2020 Campaign and Un-Glamorous Hyannis Port Holidays". People. http://people.com/politics/joe-kennedy-talks-potential-2020-run/. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  50. Caygle, Heather (September 3, 2017). "The next Kennedy weighs his next move". Politico. https://www.politico.com/story/2017/09/03/joe-kennedy-trump-democrats-241544. Retrieved December 14, 2017. 
  51. "Joe Kennedy for President? Massachusetts congressman says its 'furthest thing from my mind'". The Republican. July 18, 2017. http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/07/kennedy_for_president_massachu.html. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  52. Kay, Stanley (November 1, 2017). "Steve Kerr Would Vote Gregg Popovich for President". Sports Illustrated. https://www.si.com/nba/2017/11/01/steve-kerr-stephen-curry-gregg-popovich-president. Retrieved November 3, 2017. 
  53. 53.0 53.1 Curtis, Charles (March 9, 2018). "Gregg Popovich on running for president with Steve Kerr: We're not 'qualified'". USA Today. https://ftw.usatoday.com/2018/03/san-antonio-spurs-gregg-popovich-president-steve-kerr-vice-president-golden-state-warriors-not-happening. Retrieved April 15, 2018. 
  54. Litten, Edward-Isaac (July 8, 2018). "Mitch Landrieu Wants to Know: Does He Have to Run for President?". Politico. https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/07/08/mitch-landrieu-new-orleans-presidency-politics-218960. Retrieved August 24, 2018. 
  55. Greenwood, Max (July 29, 2018). "Potential dark horse 2020 Dem: 'I don’t think abolishing ICE is a good idea'". The Hill. http://thehill.com/homenews/sunday-talk-shows/399389-potential-dark-horse-2020-dem-i-dont-think-abolishing-ice-is-a. Retrieved March 21, 2018. 
  56. Blow, Charles (November 26, 2018). "Opinion: Will Mitch Landrieu run?". New York Times. https://www.mydaytondailynews.com/news/opinion/opinion-will-mitch-landrieu-run/51BBEFsyK79jRahLIPzDeM/. Retrieved November 29, 2018. 
  57. O'Sullivan, Jim (May 2, 2017). "Speculation is stirring about a Seth Moulton presidential bid". The Boston Globe. https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2017/05/01/seth-moulton-creating-buzz-about-presidential-bid/zxAxmueS0cnwGmfeK1hxwO/story.html?s_campaign=. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  58. Kruse, Michael (July 28, 2017). "Generals Love Him. Top Democrats Despise Him. Can He Be President Anyway?". Politico. https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/07/28/seth-moulton-congressman-run-president-2020-profile-215428. Retrieved December 18, 2017. 
  59. Hunt, Albert R. (November 2, 2017). "A Democrat Fights His Own Party as Well as Trump". Bloomberg News. https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-11-02/a-democrat-fights-his-own-party-as-well-as-trump. Retrieved December 18, 2017. 
  60. Vigdor, Neil (December 19, 2016). "CT Politics: Draft Murphy group eyes 2020 Trump challenge". Connecticut Post. http://www.ctpost.com/local/article/CT-Politics-Draft-Murphy-group-eyes-2020-Trump-10807004.php. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  61. Blair, Russell (March 15, 2017). "Trump Presidency Has Filled Chris Murphy's Campaign Coffers". Hartford Courant. http://www.courant.com/politics/hc-chris-murphy-trump-fundraising-20170315-story.html. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  62. Shabad, Rebecca (October 10, 2017). "Democratic Sen. Chris Murphy rules out 2020 presidential bid". CBS News. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/democratic-sen-chris-murphy-rules-out-2020-presidential-bid/. Retrieved January 5, 2018. 
  63. Brodesser-Akner, Claude (July 5, 2018). "Is Phil Murphy already running for president? Experts say take a look at the signs". NJ.com. https://www.nj.com/politics/index.ssf/2018/07/is_phil_murphy_trying_to_run_new_jersey_or_for_pre.html. Retrieved July 5, 2018. 
  64. Malloy, Daniel (October 30, 2017). "COULD JERSEY'S LIKELY NEXT GOVERNOR BE THE DEMS' GREAT LAST HOPE?". Ozy. http://www.ozy.com/politics-and-power/could-jerseys-likely-next-governor-be-the-dems-great-last-hope/81530. Retrieved February 22, 2018. 
  65. Boggioni, Tom (March 18, 2017). "‘I got a guy’: Bill Maher predicts 2020 Democratic presidential candidate if they don’t ‘f*ck it up’". The Raw Story. http://www.rawstory.com/2017/03/i-got-a-guy-bill-maher-predicts-2020-democratic-presidential-candidate-if-they-dont-fck-it-up/. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  66. Wagner, Kurt (November 15, 2016). "Gavin Newsom: ‘Being president sounds like the most miserable job in the world’". Recode. http://www.recode.net/2016/11/15/13642138/gavin-newsom-california-governor-president-job. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 
  67. Gabriel Debenedetti (October 25, 2018). "Gavin Newsom Has More Important Things to Do Than Run for President". New York. http://nymag.com/intelligencer/2018/10/gavin-newsom-has-bigger-things-to-do-than-run-for-president.html. Retrieved October 25, 2018. 
  68. Bedard, Paul (October 31, 2017). "2020 poll: Run Michelle Obama Run!". The Washington Examiner. http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/2020-poll-run-michelle-obama-run/article/2639083. Retrieved January 5, 2018. 
  69. Whitney, Mike (December 1, 2017). "Why the Democrats Will Run Michelle Obama in 2020". CounterPunch. https://www.counterpunch.org/2017/12/01/why-the-democrats-will-run-michele-obama-in-2020/. Retrieved January 5, 2018. 
  70. Earl, Jennifer (November 10, 2016). "Michelle Obama responds to someone asking her to run for president in 2020". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-internet-really-wants-michelle-obama-to-run-for-president-in-2020/. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  71. Wiedeman, Reeves (April 13, 2018). "Popovich-Kerr 2020: The Stump Speeches". New York. http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2018/04/what-if-gregg-popovich-and-steve-kerr-ran-for-president.html. Retrieved April 15, 2018. 
  72. Herbert, James (November 14, 2017). "Popovich 2020? Political experts analyze Spurs coach as presidential candidate". CBS Sports. https://www.cbssports.com/nba/news/popovich-2020-political-experts-analyze-spurs-coach-as-presidential-candidate/. Retrieved April 15, 2018. 
  73. McPike, Erin (January 25, 2017). "Sheryl Sandberg for President?". RealClearPolitics. http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2017/01/25/sheryl_sandberg_for_president_132885.html. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  74. Marinucci, Carla (February 1, 2017). "Sheryl Sandberg denies 2020 ambitions, remains 'hopeful' on Trump". Politico. http://www.politico.com/states/california/story/2017/01/buzz-about-facebooks-sheryl-sandberg-will-she-lean-in-on-white-house-bid-109218. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  75. Levine, Jon (July 24, 2017). "President Scarborough? New Interview Says Joe ‘Didn’t Rule Out’ Interest In White House Run". Mediaite. https://www.mediaite.com/online/president-scarborough-new-interview-says-joe-didnt-rule-out-interest-in-white-house-run/. Retrieved August 21, 2017. 
  76. Borchers, Callum (October 3, 2017). "Joe Scarborough isn’t running ‘for a while,’ but here’s his gun-control stump speech". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2017/10/03/joe-scarborough-isnt-running-for-a-while-but-heres-his-gun-control-stump-speech/. Retrieved October 28, 2017. 
  77. Nuzzi, Olivia (July 23, 2017). "Joe Scarborough, Mika Brzezinski, & Trump: A Love Story". New York. http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/07/joe-scarborough-mika-brzezinski-engagement-donald-trump.html. Retrieved July 25, 2017. 
  78. "Killer Mike Likes Oprah Winfrey, But Picks Ohio Politician for President". TMZ. January 12, 2018. http://www.tmz.com/2018/01/12/killer-mike-oprah-winfrey-president-nina-turner/. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  79. Post, Chantilly (January 12, 2018). "Killer Mike Thinks Nina Turner Should Run For President, Not Oprah". HotNewHipHop. https://www.hotnewhiphop.com/killer-mike-thinks-nina-turner-should-run-for-president-not-oprah-news.42198.html. Retrieved January 13, 2018. 
  80. "Nina Turner's rising profile in national politics doesn't make her a shoo-in for Cleveland mayor: Brent Larkin". Cleveland.com. https://www.cleveland.com/opinion/index.ssf/2018/02/nina_turner_running_for_mayor.html. 
  81. "An Interview With Nina Turner". Jacobin Magazine. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2018/06/nina-turner-our-revolution-democratic-party. 
  82. Hickey, Jennifer (July 20, 2017). "Maxine Waters' New Hampshire cameo spurs 2020 questions". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2017/07/20/maxine-waters-new-hampshire-cameo-spurs-2020-questions.html. Retrieved July 20, 2017. 
  83. Picket, Kerry (July 20, 2017). "Maxine Waters: I’ll Run For President If Millennials Want Me To". The Daily Caller. http://dailycaller.com/2017/07/20/maxine-waters-ill-run-for-president-if-millennials-want-me-to/. Retrieved July 21, 2017. 
  84. Estepa, Jessica (August 4, 2017). "Rep. Maxine Waters says she isn't running for president". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2017/08/04/maxine-waters-calls-her-2020-president/540159001/. Retrieved January 21, 2018. 
  85. Oppenheim, Maya (March 3, 2017). "Oprah Winfrey considers 2020 Presidential run in wake of Donald Trump's win". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/oprah-winfrey-considering-president-donald-trump-bloomberg-a7607441.html. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  86. Marie Segarra, Lisa (January 25, 2018). "Sorry, Oprah Fans. She's Not Running for President in 2020". Time. http://time.com/5118246/oprah-winfrey-2020-presidential-election/. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  87. "Oprah Winfrey: I don't want to run for US president". BBC. November 1, 2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-us-canada-46067597/oprah-winfrey-i-don-t-want-to-run-for-us-president. Retrieved November 3, 2018. 
  88. Lafrance, Adrienne (January 19, 2017). "Zuckerberg 2020?". The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2017/01/zuckerberg-2020/513689/. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  89. Carberry, Maegan (March 12, 2017). "We picked the wrong billionaire: The case for Mark Zuckerberg 2020". Salon. http://www.salon.com/2017/03/12/we-picked-the-wrong-billionaire-the-case-for-mark-zuckerberg-2020/. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  90. Kantrowitz, Alex; Tiku, Nitasha (January 24, 2017). "Mark Zuckerberg says he’s not running for president". CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/01/24/mark-zuckerberg-says-hes-not-running-for-president.html. Retrieved January 25, 2017. 

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