85th Street (Manhattan)

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on June 6 2014. This is a backup of Wikipedia:85th_Street_(Manhattan). All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/85th_Street_(Manhattan). Purge

Template:MergeTemplate:Infobox street 85th Street is a Westbound-running street between East End Avenue and Riverside Drive in the borough of Manhattan, in New York City. 85th Street provides access to the 85th/86th Street Transverse, which runs east-west through Central Park heading between the Upper East Side and Upper West Side.[1]


A short length designated as West 85th Street was created as a narrow lane east of Eighth Avenue by the 1840s.[2] Most of West 85th Street was laid out following the American Civil War.[3] However, until the 1880s the rate of development on the street was slow.[3] At that time, following an improvement in public transportation, people began to speculate on the property on the street.[3]

The variety of life on West 85th Street between Central Park and Columbus Avenue was featured in a series of stories in 1971 by John Corry, a writer for the Times.[2]

Notable places and residents

East Side

The building at 100 East 85th Street, originally known as Lewis Gouverneur and Natalie Bailey Morris House, was built in 1913–14. The architect was Englishman Ernest Flagg.[4] It was designated a landmark in 1973.[5]

Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun, a synagogue founded in 1872, is located in a mixed Byzantine-Romanesque 900-seat capacity building built in 1902, on 125 East 85th Street, near Park Avenue.[6][7][8][9] The lower division of the Ramaz School shares a building with the congregation.[10]

The high-rise apartment building shown in the opening credits of The Jeffersons is located at 185 East 85th Street and Third Avenue.[11][12][13]

At 201–203 East 85th Street, the four-story Italian Renaissance Revival style Yorkville Bank Building designed by Robert Maynicke and built in 1905, was designated a landmark in 2012.[14]

The clapboard shingle house at 412 East 85th Street was built around 1855. It was restored in 1988 by architect Alfredo De Vido.[4]

Author Louise Fitzhugh lived at 524 East 85th Street, between East End and York Avenues, and her heroine "Harriet" in Harriet the Spy lived in the area.[15]

The glassy modernist building at 525 East 85th Street was built in 1958. The architect was Paul Mitarachi.[4]

Central Park

Map of Seneca Village (Egbert Viele, ca. 1857)

In Central Park near West 85th Street is the site of Seneca Village, the three lots of which were purchased in 1825 by Andrew Williams for $125 ($Template:Inflation in current dollar terms) and sold by him to the City of New York three decades later for $2,335 ($Template:Inflation in current dollar terms); in the mid-19th century it was a shanty-town, and it may have been populated by free blacks in the early 1800s.[16][17] The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church was located at this location.[16]

The 85th Street Traverse cuts through Central Park, and is directly below the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir.[18] In the early 1880s, most of the cross-town traffic in the area traveled on it.[17] In 1917, New York Railways ran across the traverse road 0.652 mi on 85th Street, from Eighth Avenue through Central Park to Madison Avenue.[19]

The Spector Playground is located in Central Park, at 85th Street.[20]

Mariners' Gate is at Central Park and West 85th Street, at an entrance to the park.[21] The name for the gate was chosen as reflecting one of the types of people it was expected would be enjoying the park, at the time the park was built.[22]

West Side

Rossleigh Court at 1 West 85th Street, constructed between 1906 and 1907, was designed by Mulliken and Moeller and built by Gotham Building and Construction.[23] It followed the popular "French Flat" model in a Beaux-Arts style. Novelist Ellen Glasgow lived at 1 West 85th Street for a few months every year in the early 20th century.[24]

44 West 85th Street was the location of the Nippon Club of New York City, a private social club founded in 1905 by Jokichi Takamine for Japanese Americans and Japanese nationals, in the early 20th century.[25]

At 140 West 85th Street, a Dawn Redwood (metasequoia glyptostroboides) endangered coniferous tree can be seen.[26]

Mannes College of Music is a music school located at 150 West 85th Street, having moved there in 1984 seeking larger quarters.[27][28]

329, 331, 333, 335, and 337 West 85th Street were built as the area was becoming a desirable residential place to live, in 1890–91.[29][30][31] They are brownstone and brick Queen Anne-Romanesque Revival architecture.[29][30] Journalist Heywood Broun and feminist Ruth Hale lived at 333 West 85th Street.[32]

On the corner of West 85th Street and West End Avenue, a Japanese Maple (acer palmatum) species of woody plant can be seen.[26]

Red House at 350 West 85th Street, between West End Avenue and Riverside Drive, was built in 1903–04, and the six-story French Renaissance/Gothic building was designated a landmark in 1982.[29][3][33][34] The house reflects the area's changes in the early 20th century, as row houses began to be replaced by apartment houses.[29] Writer Dorothy Parker lived here at one time.[33]


  1. [1] 85th Street, Manhattan on google maps
  2. 2.0 2.1 Peter Salwen (1989). Upper West Side Story: A History and Guide. http://books.google.com/books?id=OSAx9tm6hMEC&pg=PA329&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22central+park%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z2-SU7mhBeiwsQTE2YDQBQ&ved=0CIsBEOgBMBE#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22central%20park%22&f=false. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel (2011). The Landmarks of New York, Fifth Edition: An Illustrated Record of the City's Historic Buildings. SUNY Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=o8ym5NeiylkC&pg=PA750&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CFkQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Norval White, Elliot Willensky, Fran Leadon (2010). AIA Guide to New York City. Oxford University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=t0gj61QSgk8C&pg=PA479&dq=%22east+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=5A6SU6aWNa_gsASg6YLwCQ&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22east%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  5. ".". neighborhoodpreservationcenter.org. http://www.neighborhoodpreservationcenter.org/db/bb_files/NEW-WORLD-BLDG.pdf. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  6. Jeffrey S. Gurock, Jacob J. Schacter (2013). A Modern Heretic and a Traditional Community: Mordecai M. Kaplan, Orthodoxy, and American Judaism. Columbia University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=KCAEdI5c8T0C&pg=PA40&dq=%22kehilath%22+%2285th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OhOSU_q-Do_QsQShjYGADA&ved=0CE4Q6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=%22kehilath%22%20%2285th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  7. Jack Wertheimer (2003). The American Synagogue: A Sanctuary Transformed. Cambridge University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=D5dZQhCII6UC&pg=PA219&dq=%22kehilath%22+%2285th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OhOSU_q-Do_QsQShjYGADA&ved=0CFsQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=%22kehilath%22%20%2285th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  8. Kenneth T. Jackson, Lisa Keller, Nancy Flood (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City: Second Edition. Yale University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=lI5ERUmHf3YC&pg=PT1453&dq=%22kehilath%22+%2285th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OhOSU_q-Do_QsQShjYGADA&ved=0CGQQ6AEwCw#v=onepage&q=%22kehilath%22%20%2285th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  9. "Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun". Ckj.org. http://www.ckj.org/nn_splash.html. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  10. "The Ramaz School: About Ramaz". Ramaz.org. http://www.ramaz.org/about/index.aspx. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  11. Fodor's New York City 2009; Page 143, Fodor's Travel Publications (2008)Template:Dead link
  12. Don Voorhees (2011). The Indispensable Book of Useless Information: Just When You Thought It Couldn't Get Any More Useless—It Does. Penguin. http://books.google.com/books?id=A479XLrmk54C&pg=PT28&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22the+jeffersons%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RBKSU-KOMeLJsQTz4YKADw&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22the%20jeffersons%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  13. Kieran Crowley (2007). The Surgeon's Wife. Macmillan. http://books.google.com/books?id=M6WOwSZCX5gC&pg=PA37&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22the+jeffersons%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RBKSU-KOMeLJsQTz4YKADw&ved=0CEAQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22the%20jeffersons%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  14. "Yorkville Bank final report" (PDF). http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/2510.pdf. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  15. Brown, Jennifer M. (May 21, 2003). "The Booklover's Big Apple: PW Daily Talks with Leonard Marcus". Publishers Weekly. http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/authors/interviews/article/29083-the-booklover-s-big-apple-pw-daily-talks-with-leonard-marcus.html. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 Peter Salwen (1989). Upper West Side Story: A History and Guide. http://books.google.com/books?id=OSAx9tm6hMEC&pg=PA329&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CFMQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 Roy Rosenzweig, Elizabeth Blackmar (1992). The Park and the People: A History of Central Park. Cornell University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=sp93FnkRKiIC&pg=PA295&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22central+park%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z2-SU7mhBeiwsQTE2YDQBQ&ved=0COIBEOgBMCE#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22central%20park%22&f=false. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  18. Eve Zibart (2010). The Unofficial Guide to New York City. John Wiley & Sons. http://books.google.com/books?id=U6oBOVB7Z7YC&pg=PA174&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22central+park%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z2-SU7mhBeiwsQTE2YDQBQ&ved=0CJcBEOgBMBM#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22central%20park%22&f=false. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  19. New York (State). Legislature. Senate (1917). Documents of the Senate of the State of New York. J.B. Lyon Company. http://books.google.com/books?id=QiBLAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA192&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22central+park%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z2-SU7mhBeiwsQTE2YDQBQ&ved=0CLwBEOgBMBo#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22central%20park%22&f=true. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  20. Brian Silverman (2005). Frommer's New York City from $90 a Day. John Wiley & Sons. http://books.google.com/books?id=pZPYLuUnzJ4C&pg=PA232&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22central+park%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z2-SU7mhBeiwsQTE2YDQBQ&ved=0CEQQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22central%20park%22&f=false. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  21. Edward F. Bergman (2001). The Spiritual Traveler: New York City: the Guide to Sacred Spaces and Peaceful Places. http://books.google.com/books?id=eN4A7rNCoScC&pg=PA236&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=SxGSU4rNAaPKsQT2v4GIAw&ved=0CKYBEOgBMBQ#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  22. Erin McHugh (2005). "Where?". Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.. http://books.google.com/books?id=IzGYzUX8jq0C&pg=PA20&dq=%22west+85th+street%22+mariner%27s+gate&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BT-SU_zuIeissAT28oCIBg&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22%20mariner%27s%20gate&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  23. New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Upper West Side/ Central Park West District Designation Report, Vol. I: Essay/ Architects' Appendix, April 24, 1990.
  24. Pamela R. Matthews (1994). Ellen Glasgow and a Woman's Traditions. University of Virginia Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=HdadFhRiNvUC&pg=PA114&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CLIBEOgBMBY#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  25. Japan in New York. 2009. http://books.google.com/books?id=zpxAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA26&dq=%2285th+street%22+%22nippon+club%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=gKWSU4-qI9TNsQT_n4CQCg&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20%22nippon%20club%22&f=false. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  26. 26.0 26.1 Leslie Day (2013). Field Guide to the Street Trees of New York City. JHU Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=5X0XvR8CWd4C&pg=PT288&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CKABEOgBMBM#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  27. Brad Hill, Richard Carlin, Nadine Hubbs (2005). "Classical". http://books.google.com/books?id=9rKsR6NeulcC&pg=PA147&dq=%2285th+street%22+mannes&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uBGSU8W1AfKzsQSO4IDADQ&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20mannes&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  28. "Time Out New York". 2010. http://books.google.com/books?id=mkH1AgAAQBAJ&pg=PA319&dq=%2285th+street%22+mannes&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uBGSU8W1AfKzsQSO4IDADQ&ved=0CEoQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=%2285th%20street%22%20mannes&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 Andrew Dolkart (2008). Guide to New York City Landmarks. John Wiley & Sons. http://books.google.com/books?id=AwYcSFtdE_AC&pg=PA148&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  30. 30.0 30.1 Norval White, Elliot Willensky, Fran Leadon (2010). AIA Guide to New York City. Oxford University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=t0gj61QSgk8C&pg=PA398&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  31. Charles Savage, Ralph Samuel Townsend (1991). 337 West 85th Street House, 337 West 85th Street, Borough of Manhattan: Built 1890–91 ; Architect, Ralph S Townsend. Landmarks Preservation Commission. http://books.google.com/books?id=pwiJGwAACAAJ&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CEYQ6AEwBA. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  32. Kevin C. Fitzpatrick (2013). A Journey Into Dorothy Parker's New York. http://books.google.com/books?id=tm_VaqahyCIC&pg=PT38&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CGwQ6AEwCg#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  33. 33.0 33.1 Kevin C. Fitzpatrick (2013). A Journey Into Dorothy Parker's New York. http://books.google.com/books?id=tm_VaqahyCIC&pg=PT38&dq=%22west+85th+street%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QxuSU4LPG83LsQSvv4LgAg&ved=0CGwQ6AEwCg#v=onepage&q=%22west%2085th%20street%22&f=false. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  34. ".". neighborhoodpreservationcenter.org. http://www.neighborhoodpreservationcenter.org/db/bb_files/1982RedHouse.pdf. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 

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