American interference in the 1996 Russian elections

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Template:Synthesis POV! ... Russian intelligence group FSB and major Russian, as well as foreign media outlets had detailed a significance profile accusing the United States for interfering into Russian presidential election at 1996. It was detailed in major medias about the U.S. interferences.

During 1996 Russian Presidential Election, Boris Yeltsin, the first President of modern Russia, was on its track due to the fear of revival of communism after leader of Communist Party of Russia, Gennady Zyuganov, went on track. Yeltsin was not in favor due to lack of supports from local public as his reforms were going nowhere, and the failure in Chechnya.

It has been alleged that Yeltsin may not have legitimately won the 1996 presidential election, but instead employed electoral fraud. Some results, largely from Russia's ethnic republics of Tatarstan, Dagestan and Bashkortostan, showed highly unlikely changes in voting patterns between the two rounds of voting.[1][2] However, these results are unlikely to have had a material effect on the outcome.[3]

At a meeting with opposition leaders in 2012, then-president Dmitri Medvedev was reported to have said, "There is hardly any doubt who won [that race]. It was not Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin."[4][5]

Background

Boris Yeltsin on election rally in Belgorod, 1996
The results of the second round of the 1996 elections. Grey highlighted regions where Yeltsin won

In February 1996, Yeltsin announced that he would seek a second term in the summer 1996 Russian presidential election. The announcement followed weeks of speculation that Yeltsin was at the end of his political career because of his health problems and growing unpopularity in Russia. At the time Yeltsin was recuperating from a series of heart attacks. Domestic and international observers also noted his occasionally erratic behaviour. When campaigning opened in early 1996, Yeltsin's popularity was close to zero.[6] Meanwhile, the opposition Communist Party had already gained ground in parliamentary voting on 17 December 1995, and its candidate, Gennady Zyuganov, had a strong grass roots organization, especially in the rural areas and small towns, and appealed effectively to memories of the old days of Soviet prestige on the international stage and the socialist domestic order.[7]

Panic struck the Yeltsin team when opinion polls suggested that the ailing president could not win; some members of his entourage urged him to cancel presidential elections and effectively rule as dictator from then on.[8] Instead, Yeltsin changed his campaign team, assigning a key role to his daughter, Tatyana Dyachenko, and appointing Chubais as campaign manager. Chubais, acting as both Yeltsin's campaign manager and adviser on Russia's privatisation programme, used his control of the privatisation programme as an instrument of Yeltsin's reelection campaign.

In mid-1996, Chubais and Yeltsin recruited a team of a handful of financial and media oligarchs to bankroll the Yeltsin campaign and guaranteed favorable media coverage the president on national television and in leading newspapers.[9] In return, Chubais allowed well-connected Russian business leaders to acquire majority stakes in some of Russia's most valuable state-owned assets.[10] Led by the efforts of Mikhail Lesin, the media painted a picture of a fateful choice for Russia, between Yeltsin and a "return to totalitarianism." The oligarchs even played up the threat of civil war if a Communist were elected president.[11]

Yeltsin campaigned energetically, dispelling concerns about his health, and maintained a high media profile. To boost his popularity, Yeltsin promised to abandon some of his more unpopular economic reforms, boost welfare spending, end the war in Chechnya, and pay wage and pension arrears. Yeltsin's campaign also got a boost from the announcement of a $10 billion loan to the Russian government from the International Monetary Fund.[12]

Link between Bill Clinton and Yeltsin's Government

Bill Clinton, then-President of the United States, praised Yeltsin during Yeltsin's visit to the U.S. at 1995. Clinton had shown to be worried about the election due to the revival of communism. Thus, Bill Clinton might have ordered to bring some American advisers to help Yeltsin, citing the cruelty of communism and communist threats if Russia went to communist party againTemplate:Or. It was one of main reasons for Yeltsin's victory, as it had been confirmed by major medias[13]Template:Failed verification.

Role of the U.S. on Yeltsin's victory

American connection to Yeltsin's campaigns

2016 Russian interference into the U.S. Election

A significant report in media outlets believed that Vladimir Putin had interfered into the U.S. election for attempt to "revenge" for the 1996 interferences by the U.S.Template:Or

See also

References

  1. "Russian Elections: An Oxymoron of Democracy". CALTECH/MIT VOTING TECHNOLOGY PROJECT. Mar 2008. pp. 2–7. http://vote.caltech.edu/sites/default/files/vtp_wp63.pdf. 
  2. M. Steven Fish (2005). Democracy Derailed in Russia: The Failure of Open Politics. p. 33. https://books.google.com/books?id=lZh-YUxeldYC&ots=YeRXPLc6Ui&pg=PA33#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  3. Jerry F. Hough (2001). The Logic of Economic Reform in Russia. p. 186-7. https://books.google.com/books?id=IP_3MT83I_kC&pg=PA186#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. "Rewriting Russian History: Did Boris Yeltsin Steal the 1996 Presidential Election?". Time. 24 February 2012. http://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2107565,00.html. 
  5. "Breaking News: Russian Electoral Fraud Existed Prior to Putin". Forbes. 25 February 2012. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140111101830/http://www.forbes.com/sites/markadomanis/2012/02/25/breaking-news-russian-electoral-fraud-existed-prior-to-putin/. 
  6. CNN, Russian presidential candidate profiles, 1906 Template:Webarchive
  7. "Gennady Zyuganov candidate profile, 1996". CNN. 7 February 1996. http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9602/russia_zyuganov. Retrieved 3 November 2010. 
  8. Россия Ельцина Template:Webarchive // The Wall Street Journal, 24 апреля 2007
  9. Daniel Treisman, "Blaming Russia First", Foreign Affairs, November/December 2000. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 August 2004. https://web.archive.org/web/20040803112056/http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20001101fareviewessay946/daniel-treisman/blaming-russia-first.html. Retrieved 8 July 2004. 
  10. See, e.g., Sutela, Pekka (1994). "Insider Privatization in Russia: Speculations on Systemic Changes". Europe-Asia Studies 46 (3): 420–21. Template:Citation error. 
  11. Борис-боецTemplate:Dead link // The New York Times, 30 апреля 2007
  12. CNN Interactive: Pivotal Elections: Russian Elections; Candidates: Boris Yeltsin Template:Webarchive (1996)
  13. TIME Magazine In 1996 Bragged About How U.S. Interfered In Russian Election Template:Webarchive

External links

Template:Russian elections