Chak 47 NB
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Chak 47 NB (Punjabi, Urdu: Template:Nastaliq) is a village/suberb located in the Sargodha Tehsil. The village lies under Tehsil, District and Division Sargodha in Punjab, Pakistan. It is located on Sargodha-Faisalabad crossroads at a country-mile of 5.4 km from Sargodha main city, District Headquarters and 7.1 km from Pakistan Air Force Base. Being at a distance of 14.6 km from the eminent and renowned Kirana Hills of Kirana Bar. In Punjab, Bar was further prorated into four dominions: Sandal Bar (Territory between the Ravi and Chenab Rivers), Kirana Bar (Area between Chenab and Ravi Rivers), Neeli Bar (Region between Ravi and Sutlej Rivers) and Ganji Bar (Land between Sutlej and dry river bed of the Hakra).
Sargodha was colonised by the British before World War I, in 1901. Almost all of the Bar land was handed over to the Landlords who have background in developing lands mostly hailing from Sandal Bar (Hafizabad-Pindi Bhattian). Lesser people moved from other Bars. Those pioneers were savoir-faire, having vast ancestral agricultural lands. There was no autochthonous and aboriginal populace in the village as it was composed of indigenous, uninhabited wild agrarian jungles and primeval forests. The terrain was very bushy and rough, but crescent is fertile with lush greenery. The flatlands have been made by the alluvium driven by rivers flowing from the Himalayas. Consequently the first people got settled here unlike other Chaks and Villages where the archetypal inhabitants (Native Jungle Tribes) coercively extruded and their lands annexed and in a return ad-measured lands in different and peculiar part of the Lower Jhelum Canal. The truth of the story is that people living or lived in Sargodha or those came from surrounding cities, they are all cultural same, just the difference is the holding status of different Bar, because these inhabitants were also belonging to native Jungle Tribes before reaching to new canal colony. The lower Jhelum Canal converted the waste of the Kirana Bar into first class Irrigated Land. This was parcelled out into 337 Colony Villages or Chaks. 500,000 tonnes of wheat was being despatched to Karachi by the 1920s.
Ancient and Medieval History
Another perception is that the native Bar populations are the generations or descendants of the Mehargarh, Harappa and Mohenjo Daro civilizations, proving the land and people very ancient. Local Landlords invest in the form of developing new urban settlements on lands is the contemporary progression among dwellers of this village. The village own its own ancient cemetery just outside village. The official language of village is Punjabi(Template:Nastaliq). Sargodha District was an agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The palace of Sopeithes which the Greek historian Arrian mentions as the place on the Hydaspes is supposed to be at Bhera, Sargodha. The Greeks refer to the Jhelum river as the Hydaspes River where Alexander fought Porus in Battle of the Hydaspes River in 326 BC. It was at this battle that Alexander's famous horse Bucephalus was killed. Sargodha was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005, he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to conversions patronized by Muslim Kings effected by missionary Sufi Saints whose Dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Sialkot District as well as large parts of Punjab, NWFP and Kashmir. Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule. There is a large Gurdwara in Sargodha that is now called the Ambala Muslim High School. Sargodha was the district headquarters of the district Shahpur of which Khushab was a tehsil. In 1947 the population of Sargodha city was 36,000 with only 6,000 Muslims and a very large Sikh presence. All Hindus and Sikhs went to India as post-Partition violence erupted and the city was taken over by Muslim refugees from the east Punjab city of Ambala. The large Sikh Gurdwara located in the city centre was converted to a school for boys. There was an exceedingly deep and sad look on his face as he thought of the horrors he had witnessed.
Sargodha city was founded by Sir Malcolm Halley in 1903 and its map was designed by Henry Young, a British officer. Just over a century ago, there was a well owned by a Hindu named Godha, the well was known as "Gol Khuuh" (round well), and travellers used it as a resting place. There is a market at the place where Gol Khuuh used to exist and a Grand Mosque above the market and it is known as "Gol Chowk", which is the center of down town Sargodha today. About 115 years ago a Caravan of thirsty Riders lost his way to Lahore when it was coming form Noor Pur Thal a Tehsil of District Khushab. When the tired leader of caravan and his companions lost their last drop of strength, they saw an aastan(a but of a faqir) old man which was at the bank of a pond and was surrounded in the trees of Jand and the bushes of Kareer(a tree). Sweet and cool water of pond and deep shades of trees took the hearts of caravan and they decided to accommodate themselves at this place. Name of the old man was "Godha" and it was the beginning of a new colony around the Godha's Sar(pond). It gain a new look when Upper Jhelum Canal was constructed. After the construction of Upper Jhelum Canal, it took no time to build up a new city of wide and clean road, markets, and streets. And this city was called "Sargodha" due to the pond named "Sar" and the old man named "Godha". This pond was situated there, where District Headquarter Hospital is present nowadays. The old man Godha was buried in compound of this hospital. There was an old but wide and spacious building was at a top of a small mountain which was beside the Sargodha city. This building was built at the time of Mughal and there was a grave in the building. It was said that a pious person is buried there. At the end of nineteenth century the financial commissioner of that time think and decide to irrigate this barren and unproductive area. So to convert his idea into a practical he construct two canals from river Jehlem. When this was done area begin to convert into green from barren. The important task to cultivate this area was assigned to Mr. Hail Assistant Commissioner of that time. According to Baba Muhammad Younus Advocate, Lady Toper set the foundation of this city in 1903. It was published in the newspaper the "Pioneer". Once Henry tried to rename the area after him but Sargodha, a Hindu saint who was known by the name of Lalu Godha, was retained due to stiff opposition from the residents. Before the partition, a majority of residents were Hindus and after their migration the area became a Muslim district. People from India's Ambala district, belonging to the Arian caste, settled here. The renowned Gole Chowk of the city was basically a well having brackish water and later it was filled with mud and the historical Jamia Masjid Ashrafia was built here soon after the migration of the Muslims to the district. A large number of temples belonging to the Hindus and the Sikhs can be seen everywhere which refresh the memories of the partition. The main political players of the area belong to the Tiwana, Lak, Jatt, Rajput, Arian, Ghuman, Bhatti, Cheema, Nagian and Khokhar clans. The Tiwanas had opposed the establishment of the Sargodha city. Khizar Hayat Tiwana, loyal to the British and the last chief minister of the united Punjab, tried to convince Henry not to set up the new city. "This land will be sold in millions of pound," Henry uttered the historically words which are still in books. Later, he put his thumb impression on the map. Henry's words proved true and the place where he put his thumb impression is the most precious land of the city these days. Today where the city Sargodha is build, was a village named "Chak Bar" and was later on called "Jalalabad". Cultivation and measurement of that village was started at 10 April 1888 and was ended on 30 December 1888. The record of owner rights was completed on 18 November 1890. Before the British government Sargodha was situated in the boundary of Dharema village. Dharema village is known as where the brother of King Orngzeb Alamgir named "Shuja" is buried. The first Jama bandi of Sargodha was made on 1st September 1905. Lt French decided to allocate the space for two gardens. One of them is "Company Bagh" and the other one is "Lady Park". First Nambardar of Sargodha was appointed in 1906 was named as "Ganaish Das". In start, Sargodha was a Tehsil but after some time it was merged in Shahpur Tehsil & District. Population of Sargodha stated to grow day by day. In 1940 Sargodha was promote to a District and Shahpur was demoted to a Tehsil. In 1960 Sargodha was promote to Divisional Headquarter.Before much population Sargodha was a small city. The capital of Distt was shahpur so it take much time to introduce Sargodha as important place. Actually all the offices of District Organization were in Sargodha. There are three most important officers in the city given bellow. • The deputy commissioner • The senior superintendent police • The executive engineer of canals department There was only one high school for the entire citizen whatever they are Muslims, Hindus or Sikhs. There was a big Masque for Muslims(Masque block # 1) also a gurdwara(religious place for Sikhs, current Amballa Muslim high school block # 11) and a temple(a worship place for Hindus). Islamic organization run a primary school. There was a Eidgah(a place to offer Eid prayers) for Muslims and for Hindus there was a separate place for Dasehara(a Hindu's festival). For medical treatment there was only one govt. hospital. Outside the city there was a police line. A club was there for rest, leisure and entertainment.
(William) Malcolm Hailey, 1st Baron Hailey (1872-1969), Administrator in India and writer on Africa Sitter associated with 17 portraits Hailey's early career in India was spent as the first Colonisation Officer of the Lower Jhelum Canal Colony. Shahpur district. where he was responsible for surveying. siting the town that became Sargodha. setting up a seed farm and other activities involved in founding a new society. He served as Governor of the Punjab region from 1924 to 1928. when he was appointed Governor of the United Provinces (later Uttar Pradesh). Regarded as the top position for a member of the Indian Civil Service. Bailey remained there until his retirement in 1934. He subsequently toured and reported on Africa as Director of the African Survey.
Bhera is one of the Tehsil of Sargodha. It had been attacked by a series of invaders including:
- Alexander the Great
- Mahmud of Ghazni – sacked the city in 1004 CE
- Genghis Khan
- Babar holds it to ransom in 1519
- Mirza Muhammad Hakim – sacked the city in 1566 C.E.
- Ahmad Shah Durrani attacks in 1757
Major tribes of the village are Bhatti, Kharal, Sahi, and Cheema. The clans of Bhatti, Kharal and Sahi came from Sagar Kalan, District Hafizabad nearest to Pindi Bhattian (This place is renowned from the folklore of the Patriot leader Rai Abdullah Khan Bhatti also known as Dulla Bhatti), while a small number of people came from villages nearby Gujranwala. It is also noted in history that Great Poet Shah Hussain was among friends of Dulla Bhatti. The people of the village are mostly rich land lords and majority of them own big lands in the village and in suburbs as well, also established businesses locally and internationally. The valiant people of Sargodha had shown courage during the wars in 1965 and 1971 and the city was given the title of the Hilal-e-Istiqlal.
The District has loamy soil and is favourable for the flora of varied types. The indigenous species of flora are as follows:
- Trees: Kikar, Shisham, Jand, Wann, Karir, Ber, Malla, Lasuri, Lasura.
- Shrubs: Ak, Jawain, Sarkanda, Gondi, Harmal.
- Herbs: Pohli, Kandiari, Bathu, Bhakra, Lani Salooni Booti, Dahh, Murak.
Sargodha (Template:Nastaliq}) is a city and the administrative centre of Sargodha Division located in the Punjab province, Pakistan. Sargodha is the 8th in the List of most populous cities in Pakistan and is located in North-East of country. Sargodha is known as Pakistan's best Citrus-Producing area. Sargodha is one of the few planned cities in Pakistan, the other being Gwadar, Jauharabad, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad and Islamabad. Pakistan's largest airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sargodha and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command. Sargodha was divisional headquarters of Sargodha Division. Sargodha division was composed of the following districts:
Distance from Chak 47 NB, Sargodha to:
- Peer Muhammad Colony 1 km
- Muradabad Colony 1.2 km
- Sultan Colony Sargodha 1.6 km
- Khayaban E Sher 1.7 km
- Canal Park 1.9 km
- Makkah Town 2.1 km
- Noor Colony 2.3 km
- Model Town 2.3 km
- Farooq Colony 2.4 km
- Bashir Colony 3.2 km
- New Satellite Town 3.6 km
- Zafar Colony 4.4 km
Chak 47 NB is 27.5 km NxNW of Lalian, 29.3 km NxNE of Sillanwali, 29.1 km SW of Liliani. Sargodha is linked with all the main cities of the Pakistan by road and rail. The Motorway M2 has reduced remarkable time and distance. It requires 2 hours travelling distance from the Provincial Capital (Lahore) and about 3 hours from the Federal Capital (Islamabad). Train and Road Transport connections are very frequent and comfortable for all main cities of Pakistan. and maintain direct service to Peshawar. Karachi and Quetta.
Majority of the people speak Punjabi. Urdu is the mother tongue of few people but being the national language of Pakistan, it is spoken and understood by most of the population. English is the official language and the sole medium of instruction from higher secondary level education. Inhabitants of Sargodha District speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects: which are
- Shapuri (Main dialect of the district)
- Majhi or standard (in cities)
- Puthohari (Northern borders)
- Jhangvi (southern borders)
The rural culture has undergone a rapid change and taken the shape of the urban one due to educational revolution and large-scale migration of people towards the city. Sargodha was known as a rural city 10 years ago and its roads and streets were in a bad condition, but the mega projects launched during the recent years changed the district. It is an agro-mineral district and its fertile lands generate revenue for growers. Every year Mela Maweshian (Horse and Cattle Show) is held. The festival also includes different sports like Tent Pegging, Volleyball and Kabaddi.
Sikhism, Hinduism are obsolete now. After Partition of India in 1947, these people went off and got settled in Punjab, India. Even before this migration there was majority Muslim Population, along with some Khatri.
Vast field in the town has allowed the farmers to expand a range of crops. Some of the main crops contain citrus, wheat, rice, and sugar cane which are exported to the other cities as well as worldwide. Citrus fruits such as oranges (locally known as Kinnow, Malta, Musammi and Red Blood) are main citrus fruits grown in the village. Including Jaman, Guavas, Mangoes Pears, Dates, Pomegranate, Phalsa and Almond are also grown in minor quantities. Turnip, Onion, Cauliflower, Potatoes and Tomatoes are main vegetables grown in the village. The main livestock of the village include Horses, Camels, Goats, Sheep, Fish, Chicken, Water Buffaloes (Nili, Ravi and pure cross-bred Niliravi) and cattle including Sahiwal Cattle and Australian Breeds.
|Tehsil||Population||No. of Unions|
The village has one middle level Government school for Girls and a Govt secondary school for Boys in addition to 3 private Schools and a commerce college.
Sargodha has a climate of extreme heat in the summers and moderate cold in the winters. The maximum temperature reaches 50 C in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.
- Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana (Former Chief Minister Of The United Punjab)[no citations needed here]
- Feroz Khan Noon (Former Prime Minister Pakistan)
- Anwer Ali Noon (Former Parliamentarian of Pakistan, Politician-PPP, Officer in the British Indian Army and Pakistan Army)
- Amjad Ali Noon (Former Ambassador/High Commissioner of Pakistan(for Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique), Zila Nazim Sargodha, Member of Parliament, Chairman State Cement Corporation, Chairman Prime Minister Inspection Commission)
- Imtiaz Bhatti (Former Ambassador / High Commissioner of Pakistan for Burundi, Madagascar, Malawi and Tanzania)
- Wazir Agha (Urdu Scholar)
- Hameed Gul (Former ISI Chief)
- Maher Sarang Haral Mateela (Name written on Delhi Gate India)
- Muhammad Khan Bhatti (Landlord, Chieftain Rank)
- Peer Muhammad Bhatti (Landlord, Founder Colony Builder)
- Muhammad Abdullah Bhatti (Student, Barsi on 5th March)
- Abdul Razzaq Bhatti (President Muslim Student Federation, 1972, Landlord, Intellectual, Barsi on 11th March)
- Khushnood Ahmad Bhatti (PMNL, Landlord, Businessman)
- Muhammad Waqas Bhatti (PMNL, Businessman, Landlord, President FourSeven&Co)
- Ch. Anwar Ali Cheema (Politician, PML-Q)
- Ch.Ghias Mela (Politician, PML-Q)
- Hafiz Muhammad Saeed (Amir Jama'at-ud-Da'wah)
- Mohammad Hafeez (Pakistani cricketer)
- Aizaz Cheema (Pakistani cricketer)
- Rafiq Anjum (ptv drama Actor)
- Syed Wasi Shah (Pakistani Urdu poet, dramatist, columnist, writer, anchor and occasional actor.)[no citations needed here]
- Jahanzeb Qamar (PTV AWARDED, Drama Writer)
- Imperial Gazetteer of India v2 page 213
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha – Government of Pakistan. Nrb.gov.pk Retrieved on 2012-07-01
- 1998 Census figures pportal.punjab.gov.pk
- Kirana Bar, Sargodha – Government of Pakistan
- Bar System of British Punjab
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha - Government of Pakistan
- District Wise – SargodhaTemplate:Dead link
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha – Government of Pakistan. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2012-07-01
- 1998 Census figures. pportal.punjab.gov.pk
- Urban Resource Centre. urckarachi.org
- Portrait of Pakistan. Ferozsons. http://books.google.com/books?id=b_1tAAAAMAAJ&q=Sargodha+Godha&dq=Sargodha+Godha&lr=&cd=17. Retrieved 2007-12-31. "The district derives its name for the headquarters town of Sargodha, which is a combination of "Sar" and "Godha". "Sar" is a Hindi word which denotes a water..."
- Pakistan tourism directory. Holiday Weekly. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZXuAAAAAMAAJ&q=Sargodha+Godha&dq=Sargodha+Godha&lr=&cd=5. Retrieved 2007-12-31. "Sargodha is a colony town established in 1903, but its origins are older. Sargodha is a combination of the words "Sar" meaning a pond and "Godha"..."
- Chak 47 NB Sargodha
- 1901, Sargodha, Pakistan