Fakir-u-llah Bakoti

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Hadhrat Molana Mian Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti Usmani
179 × 323 pixel
Native name Hazrat Sahib
Born Khaki Mansehra
Died Template:Death date and age
Lallal Shareef, Union Council Bakote
Resting place Pajja Shareef, Azad Kashmir
Monuments Lallal Shareef, Bakote, District Abbottabad, Khayber Pekhtoon Khawa, Pakistan
Residence Birote, Bakote and Pajjah Shareef
Nationality Kashmiri
Ethnicity Usmani[1]
Citizenship Kashmiri
Occupation Islamic scholar
Known for Religious resistance leader
Notable work(s)
  • Juma Prayers started in Azad Kashmir, Circle Bakote and Murree Hills in 1873.
  • Wrote first Circle Bakote printed book NIDA E JUMA (Voice of Friday Prayers).
Style Qadri, Hanfi
Home town Lallal Shareef, UC Bakote
Title Pir Bakoti
Successor
  • Sahibzada Pir Atiqullah Bakoti Usmani.
  • Sahibzada Pir Haqiqullah Bakoti Usmani
Political movement Pakistan and Kashmir Independent Movement
Religion Islam [2]
Spouse(s)
  • Setter Jan Alvi in Birote.
  • Gull Naqsha Baigum in Pajja Shareef, Chikar, Azad Kashmir.
Children
  • Sahibzada Pir Atiqullah Bakoti Usmani.
  • Sahibzada Pir Haqiqullah Bakoti Usmani who was the first MLA from Circle Bakote in NWFP (KPK) Legislative Assembly in Peshawer 1956-58.
Parents Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani
Relatives Molana Anwer Shah Kashmiri, Suhail Turk, Qazi Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi [1], Qazi Mehmood ur Raman Qureshi, Qazi Aman u llah Qureshi and Hakeem Abdul Khaliq Minhas.
Notes
Hazrat Pir Bakoti Usmani first used his family name as Qureshi but now some evidences unearthed by his grand sons Sahibzada Pir Azher Bakoti Usmani, Sahibzada Pir Zahir Bakoti Usmani and Sahibzada Pir Abdul Majid Bakoti Usmani that they belonged to Omayyad tribe of Mohammed.

Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti Usmani [3] (died 18 November 1921) was an Islamic scholar as well as leader in the War of Independence of Pakistan and Jihad of Kashmir against British rule in India and Dogra raj in Kashmir.

Origins

Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani's ancestors had come from Kundan Shakrean (Azad Kashmir) five hundred years ago. His father, Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani, was a religious leader at that time and probably migrated from Phanna Chapprhean, Chikar, district Muzaffarabad, Kashmir[4] to the Hazara Division, where his uncle was a priest in a religious school in Baffa, Mansehra. He then went to Swat, to obtain spiritual training from the Akhund Abdul Ghaffur of Swat known as Pir Abdul Ghafoor, and stayed there many years and completed his religio-spiritual education in 1836, then returned to Hazara. Eventually settling in Bakot area, where the local Mojwal Dhund Abbasi tribe donated some land for him to build a small mosque and house for himself. It is claimed he came and settled here on the orders of his mentor, the Akhoond.[5] He later initiated resistance against British colonial rule from this location

His Mission

The famous Vedict of Pir Bakoti Usmani about Juma Prayers in 1873. (Original printed copy of Verdict in possession of his biographer Qazi Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi)

Pir Bakoti Usmani was a spiritual legend as well as a religious personality of his time. He established Mosques throughout the area and started Friday Prayers.[6] He released his Verdict[7] about Juma in 1873, and offered the first prayer in Bakote in 1870, Osia, Birote and later in Potha Shareef, Murree[8]

Why Pir Bakoti had not reconstruct the masque at Chaprhean?

It is a very strange that Pir Bakoti Usmani life mission was to construct new masques and start of Friday Prayers but his critics are expressing their strangeness why he committed his negligence related to a masque where he got religious education in his early childhood age to his father Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani in Chaprhean, Chikar? Some people expressed the point of view that there was no population at that place because when Molana Mian Hafiz Taj Mohammed Usmani, father of Pir Bakoti Usmani breathed his last, local people and his family migrated to Pajjah Shareef, a few miles upside north east of Chaprhean. They argued that Pir Bakoti main interested places were Pajjah Shareef, Birote, Molia, Bakote, Murree City and Osia where he spent his large time, built masques and started Friday Prayers.

Death

Pir Bakoti Usmani became ill in March 1922 and he felt that the time of his return to Almighty Allah was near, so he wrote a Testament about his property, houses and other belongings in the presence of Elders in Chikar, Kashmir. This eight page Testament provided safeguard in coming days to his descendants. He had been married to Pajjah Shareef, Birote, Selmia and Bakote and no dispute arose about his property after his death because of this Testament. It is a beacon of light not for his families but all others who follow him.

The last writing of his life, "Testament of his property and rights of his descendants" in 1922 a few week before his death in Pajja Shareef, Kasmir.

[9]

Descendants

Template:Islam Pir Bakoti Usmani had got married from Pajja Shareef, Birote, Selmia and Bakote.

  • Rasham Jan was his the eldest daughter from his wife Gull Naqsha Baigum in Pajjah Shareef, Kashmir. She died in 1944. She was grand mother of Qazi Amanullah.
  • Rahat Noor was his an other daughter from his wife Satter Jan in Birote. Dr. Abdul Khaliq Minhas was Pir Bakoti Usmani's son in law from Potha Shareef, Murree. Rahat Noor died in 1940 in Potha Shareef, Murree and buried Minhas family graveyard Minhas Pati ex named Ram Pati Potha Shareef.
File:Pir Abdul Majid Bakoti.JPG
Pir Abdul Majid Bakoti Usmani, the grand son of Pir Bakoti Usmani. He is teacher by profession in Union Council Bakote.
  • Hazrat Molana Mian Pir Atiqullah Bakoti Usmani was his elder son from his wife belonged to Union Council Bakote. He was a scholar of Islam from Deoband, India. Unfortunately he died in his prim age. He got married from Bakote and Biote. His elder son was Sahibzada Pir Iftekhar Ahmed or Makhen Pir Bakoti Usmani. Other sons are Sahibzada Pir Saeed Anwer or Chan Pir Bakoti Usmani, Sahibzada Pir Aamir Bakoti Usmani and Sahibzada Pir Abdul Majid Bakoti Usmani. Sahibzada Pir Iftekhar Ahmed or Makhen Pir Bakoti Usmani and Sahibzada Pir Saeed Anwer or Chan Pir Bakoti Usmani were issue less and other two brothers have daughters and sons.
File:Tomb of Pir Bakoti Usmani.jpg
New tomb of Pir Bakoti Usmani is under construction since 2002. First tomb was constructed by Sardar Serwer Khan of Rewat, Murree in 1928.
  • Pir Haqiqullah Bakoti Usmani was the younger son of Hadhrat Molana Pir Fakir-u-llah Bakoti and became one of the first members of the North-West Frontier Province, Khyber Pekhtoonkhwa (1952–1955)|North-West Frontier Province's legislative assembly (MLA) from the Circle Bakote area. He was a custodian of the Pir Bakoti shrine - a position he inherited from his father. He was a student of the Islamic University of Deoband, India and got direct education by renowned Islamic scholar Anwer Shah Kashmiri, Hussain Ahmed Madni and Ashraf Ali Thanvi. His elder brother Sahibzada Pir Atiqullah Bakoti was not interested in politics and he died in his youth. He took part in the elections of 1952 and won election with a landslid victory as an undisputed candidate of NWFP Assembly from Circle Bakote and defeated Banba[10] Sardar Hasan Ali Khan (Grand Father of Abdul Qayom Khan of Boi). He moved a motion in respect of Sharia Law in NWFP assembly first time. He organized Anjuman-e-Kashmeriaan (Association of Kashmiries) in Bakote in 1942. He received and met Quad-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah at Western Kohala with delegates of dignitaries of Murree and Circle Bakote . He placed the flag of the newly borne Islamic Republic of Pakistan on Kohala Bridge with Sardar Yaqoob Khan, Molana Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi, Lamberdar Isab Khan and many others.[11] He led and participated in the great public procession in Murree. He died in July 1968 and was buried on the left side of his father Hadhrat Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti Usmani. He was succeeded by Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Azhar Bakoti Usmani.
  • Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Azhar Bakoti Usmani is an elder grandson of Hadhrat Molana Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti Usmani and the elder son of Hadhrat Pir Haqiqullah Bakoti. He is a renowned politician and a religious figure in the circle Bakote. He contested the MPA election in the 2008 general elections. He was the senior vice president of PML-Q and resigned from PML-Q on 12 January 2012.[12]
  • Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Zahir Bakoti Usmani is younger brother of Pir Mohammed Azher Bakoti Usmani and PML (N) leader of Circle Bakote. He has one son Sahibzada Husain Ahmed Bakoti Usmani.

Books related to immortal speritual mission and life of Pir Bakoti Usmani

Many have written about his life, theosophy and his teaching, including the following:

  • Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Azhar Bakoti, Yad e Baiza(يد بيضا ) (Enlightened hand) Biography of Pir Bakoti Usmani, Published by Dr Mehmood of Osia, Murree in 2009.
  • Rana Ali HassenChohan Gujjer, Gujarat, India (Tareekh e garjer, Vol II, 1936) This book is available in State Bank Library Karachi.
  • Hafiz Suleman Betharwi,had wrote a manuscript named Guldeasta e Karamat e Pir Bakoti Usmani in 1940 and saved by Qazi Amanullah of Pajja Shareef. This book is in poem shape.
  • Awan, Mohabbat Husain of Birote, wrote a booke TAREEKH E ALVI AWAN in which he claimed that Pir Bakoti belonged to Awan tribe.
  • Imam u Din, Behdote, District Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir Samra Keramat, 1930. This book is in poem shape.
  • Mohammed Zaman Khan Cahrehanvi, Union Council Charehan, Murree Sawan e Hyat, 1945. This book is in poem shape.
  • Syed Mehmood Azad of Harhi Gehel, District Bagh, Azad Kashmir. History of Kashmir, published in 1971.
  • Miss Sabiha Shaheen, Mansehra The Golrha family of Hazara, MA thesis at Peshawar University in 1982.
  • Noor Alahi Abbasi of Sahr Bagla, Murree (Tareekh e Muree), 1985.
  • Professor Qazi Mohammed Tahir Al Hashmi, Markezi Jamma Masjid Havelian, District Abbottabad, KPK, Serguzasht e Hashmi, 2005.
  • Qazi Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi, wrote a book named KOHSAR MAIN ROOHANYAT KA IRTEQA (An Evolution of Sufism in Kohsar) and in which he proved that Pir Bakoti is Omayyad but not Awan. He included his real family tree recommended by his grand son Sahibzada Pir Azher Bakoti Usmani and his real Fatwas about Juma Prayers in 1873.
  • Naeem Ahmed Abbasi of Birote also wrote a book named JANNAT SAY UROOJ E ABBASIA TAK, in which he stated about Pir Bakoti Usmani partly in 2012.

See also

Template:Portal

References

  1. Bakoti, Sahibzada Pir Azher, Yed e Baiza
  2. The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict Between Islam and Christianity By M. J. Akbar
  3. http://themalikawan.wetpaint.com/page/HAZRAT+PIR+FAQIRULLAH+BAKOTI+USMANI
  4. Sahibzada Pir Atiqullah Bakoti, VDM Verlag Dr. Mueller AG & Co. Kg, 2010, http://books.google.ee/books/about/Sahibzada_Pir_Atiqullah_Bakoti.html?id=3X2rcQAACAAJ&redir_esc=y 
  5. Millennium and Charisma Among Pathans (Routledge Revivals): A Critical Essay By Akbar Ahmed, Published in 1976, London
  6. The Book of Prayer (Ketab Al-Salat) - كتاب الصلاة By Islam Kotob.
  7. Islamic Legitimacy in a Plural Asia edited by Anthony Reid, Michael Gilsenan, published in 2007, New Yark.
  8. Nida e Juma, The Vioce of Friday Prayers by Pir Bakoti, (This book is now published by his grand son Pir Azher Bakoti in his book YAD E BEZA, page 153 to 172) from Rawalpindi.
  9. Summary of Affairs of the Government of India in the Foreign Department from By James Talboys Wheeler, Office of the Superintendent of Government Print., 1868, pp 58
  10. A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West by H A Rose and Sir Danzil Abbottson, Volume 2
  11. Weekly Hill Star Islamabad, 25 December 2012, Interview of Sardar Abdul Qayoum Khan, Ex President and PM of Azad Kashmir.
  12. PML-Q top cadres resign en masse, The Tribune, 12 January 2012, http://tribune.com.pk/story/320313/pml-q-top-cadres-resign-en-masse, retrieved 1 April 2012 

External links