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Joan Fischer Targ (1938 — June 2, 1998) was a pioneer in computer education.
As an educator
As an adult, she founded a number of innovative programs to study the teaching of computer literacy, including programs in the Palo Alto Unified School District, as well as the Institute of Microcomputing in Education at Stanford University. Her educational techniques included the creation of peer tutoring systems whereby a student, trained by peers in a basic course in computer programming, would then tutor the next students. One focus of her work was bringing computer literacy to girls, senior citizens, and other groups that at that time were underrepresented in computing.
Childhood and family life
Regina Fischer left Moscow because of the persecution of Jews in the 1930s, bringing her child with her to the United States. She spoke seven languages fluently and was a teacher, registered nurse and eventually a physician. In 1948, the family moved to Brooklyn, New York, where Regina worked as an elementary school teacher and nurse.
Targ lived in Palo Alto, California, receiving a Masters degree in education from the College of Notre Dame in Belmont. Her husband, Russell Targ, worked at SRI International as a parapsychologist, and her daughter Elisabeth Targ also became a parapsychologist. She was also noted for her activism for organic farming, having built an organic farm soon after she married Russell in 1958. In 1976, she, her husband, and another family bought 80 acres of land they hoped to turn into another such farm, which met with opposition from her neighbors, who "said the farm would eat up valuable open space, smell bad and attract flies. They also charged that the irrigation requirements would change drainage patterns on the fragile hillsides, endangering homes below." The controversy was later brought to court in San Mateo County, where a judge ruled in her favor.
- Chess Life (United States Chess Federation) 54 (1–6): 357, 1999, "In June of last year, Bobby Fischer's sister, Joan Fischer Targ, died at the age of 60 of a cerebral hemorrhage. She taught Bobby how to play chess."
- Pimentel, Benjamin (12 June 1998), "Joan Targ", San Francisco Chronicle, http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Joan-Targ-3004225.php, retrieved 6 May 2014
- "Joan Fischer Targ, computer literacy activist", Palo Alto Weekly, June 17, 1998, http://www.paloaltoonline.com/weekly/morgue/community_pulse/1998_Jun_17.LEADOBIT.html .
- Johnstone, Bob (2003), Never Mind the Laptops: Kids, Computers, and the Transformation of Learning, iUniverse, p. 150, ISBN 9780595288427, http://books.google.com/books?id=UsWRDjcuao8C&pg=PA150 .
- "Teens Teach Educators Computer Literacy", Montreal Gazette, September 10, 1983, http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1946&dat=19830910&id=ehUyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=SqUFAAAAIBAJ&pg=3647,4005400 .
- Williams, Linda V. (October 1982), "Kids Teach The Teachers: A unique exchange of roles—the teachers are teenagers, the students are teachers, and the subject is computers", PC Magazine: 159–163, http://books.google.com/books?id=WYnHD9WSWdAC&pg=RA2-PA159 .
- Stanley, Autumn (1995), Mothers and Daughters of Invention: Notes for a Revised History of Technology, Rutgers University Press, p. 475, ISBN 9780813521978, http://books.google.com/books?id=uRJt7QqA7GEC&pg=PA475 .
- Personal computer magazine 2 (1–2): 153, 1983, "Probably the person who's doing more than anyone for computer parity for girls (and minority boys, and senior citizens, and disabled people, and anyone else who needs it) is Joan Fischer Targ of Palo Alto, CA."
- FBI watched chess genius and family. Fischer's mother suspected as spy November 18, 2002
- Schach Nachrichten in German
- Targ, Russell (2010), Do You See What I See? Memoirs of a Blind Biker, Hampton Roads Publishing, p. xxxi, ISBN 9781612830070, http://books.google.com/books?id=NNxHtxDrQ4cC&pg=PR31 . This page from the preface quotes Martin Gardner writing in The Skeptical Inquirer in 2001: "William Targ's beliefs in the paranormal trickled down to his son Russell, and now they have descended on Russell's attractive and energetic daughter Elisabeth. Her mother, Joan, by the way, is the sister of chess grandmaster Bobby Fischer."
- Anything to Win: The Mad Genius of Bobby Fischer, television documentary, produced by Frank Sinton and Anthony Storm
- Elizabeth Field (May 5, 1982). "Ed. schools scrambling to catch up with the 'Microcomputer"". http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/1982/05/05/02240006.h01.html. Retrieved August 28, 2012.