List of cryptocurrencies

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on December 24 2013. This is a backup of Wikipedia:List_of_cryptocurrencies. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/List_of_cryptocurrencies, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/List_of_cryptocurrencies. Purge

Major Cryptocurrencies

This is a list of major cryptocurrencies. As of December 2013, all except Ripple are based on the ideas and code of Bitcoin. By December 2013 there were more than 60 cryptocurrencies available for trade in online markets.[1]

Market Capitalization
(December 2013)
Coins Released
(December 2013)
Trading Pairs (Fiat) Difficulty
Adjustment
Currency Code Year
Est.
Founder Active Website Amount
(US$ / million)
Change
(%)
Amount
(million)
Total
(million)
Amount
(%)
USD EUR CNY RUR Hashing
Algorithm
PoW PoS Block
Gen.
Time
Block
Reward
Every
(X)
Blocks
Every
(X)
Time
Bitcoin[note_o 1] BTC 2009 Anonymous (Satoshi Nakamoto) Template:Yes[2] bitcoin.org ~8,000[3] Template:Change[3] ~12.1[3] 21 Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] SHA-256 Template:Yes Template:No 10 min 25 BTC 2016 14 day
Ripple XRP 2013 Ripple Labs Template:Yes ripple.com ~2,000[3] Template:Change[3] 100,000[3] 100,000 Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Other [note_ha 1] Template:No Template:No 3-5 sec Template:N/a Template:N/a Template:N/a
Litecoin LTC 2011 Coblee Template:Yes[5] litecoin.org ~400[3] Template:Change[3] ~24.1[3] 84 Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Scrypt Template:Yes Template:No 2.5 min 50 LTC 2016 3.5 day
Peercoin PPC 2012 Anonymous (Sunny King) Template:Yes[6] peercoin.net ~66.3[3] Template:Change[3] ~20.9[3] Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] SHA-256 Template:Yes Template:Yes 10 min Other[note_br 1] 1 10 min
Namecoin[note_o 2] NMC 2011 Vinced Template:Yes dot-bit.org ~30.6[3] Template:Change[3] ~7.5[3] 21 Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] SHA-256 Template:Yes Template:No 10 min Template:N/a 2016 14 day
Quark[note_o 3] QRK 2013 Max Guevara Template:Yes[7] qrk.cc ~22.7[3] Template:Change[3] ~246.6[3] Template:Pct Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Other[8][note_ha 2] Template:Yes Template:No 30 sec Other[note_br 2] 20 30 sec
Dogecoin[note_o 4] DOGE 2013 Jackson Palmer & Billy Markus[9] Template:Yes[10] dogecoin.com ~1.4[3] Template:Change[3] ~9,400[3] 100,000[11] Template:Pct Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Scrypt Template:Yes Template:No 1 min Template:N/a Template:N/a 4 hour
Primecoin XPM 2013 Anonymous (Sunny King) Template:Yes primecoin.org ~8.1[3] Template:Change[3] ~3.6[3] Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Other[12][note_ha 3] Template:Yes Template:No 1 min Template:N/a 1 1 min
Feathercoin FTC 2013 Peter Bushnell Template:Yes[13] feathercoin.com ~7.2[3] Template:Change[3] ~26.8[3] 336 Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Scrypt Template:Yes Template:No 2.5 min 200 FTC 126 5.25 hour
Novacoin NVC 2013 Balthazar Template:Yes[14] novacoin.org ~6.6[3] Template:Change[3] ~0.5[3] 2,000 Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Scrypt Template:Yes Template:Yes 10 min Other[note_br 3] 1 10 min
Franko FRK 2012 Christopher Franko Template:Yes[15] frankos.org ~1.2[3] Template:Change[3] ~11.2[3] Template:Pct Template:Yes[4] Template:Yes[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Scrypt Template:Yes Template:No 30 sec Template:N/a 720 6 hour
Yacoin[note_o 5] YAC 2013 Anonymous (pocopoco) Template:Yes yacoin.org ~0.7[3] Template:Change[3] ~13[3] 2,000 Template:Pct Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Template:No[4] Scrypt[note_ha 4] Template:Yes Template:Yes 1 min Other[note_br 4] 1 1 min

Full list of Cryptocurrencies

This is a list of most cryptocurrencies [16].

Currency Code Year Est. Founder Active Website Market capitalization (November 2013) Note
Bitcoin BTC 2009 Anonymous (Satoshi Nakamoto) Template:Yes[17] bitcoin.org ~$9.3 billion USD[18][19][20] The first cryptocurrency, uses SHA-256 proof-of-work.
Litecoin LTC 2011 Coblee Template:Yes[21] litecoin.org ~$1 billion USD[22] scrypt proof-of-work
Peercoin PPC 2012 Sunny King Template:Yes[23] peercoin.net ~$43.3 million USD[19][20] SHA-256 proof-of-work/proof-of-stake, the proof-of-stake means that Peercoin is more energy efficient and has a small amount of inflation; however, this is mitigated by the deflationary aspect caused from destroyed transaction fees.
Namecoin NMC 2011 Vinced Template:Yes dot-bit.org ~$4.7 million USD[20][24] SHA-256 proof-of-work. Namecoin is meant to act as a decentralized DNS, which would make internet censorship very difficult. Namecoin serves the .bit domain.
Yacoin YAC 2013 pocopoco Template:Yes yacoin.org $3.6 million USD[20] First cryptocurrency to use scrypt-chacha for proof-of-work & proof-of-stake.
Novacoin NVC 2013 Balthazar Template:Yes[25] novacoin.org ~$2.5 million USD[20][24] scrypt proof-of-work/proof-of-stake, the proof-of-stake means that Novacoin has a small amount of inherent inflation. Also implements balanced weighting scheme and many other improvements.
Primecoin XPM 2013 Sunny King Template:Yes primecoin.info ~$2.2 million USD[20] Scientific use proof-of-work (Cunningham chains)[26]
Feathercoin FTC 2013 Peter Bushnell Template:Yes[27] feathercoin.com ~$2 million USD[20][24] scrypt proof-of-work
TagCoin TAG 2013 Mark Vernon & Tagbond Template:Yes [1] ~$1.05 million USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work/proof-of-stake. 4 minute blocks, 30 coins per block with 1% reduction every 3 months, 1.5% interest per year. Backed by Tagbond Rewards and $5m investment
Terracoin TRC 2012 Template:Yes[28] terracoin.org ~$0.22 million USD[20][24] SHA-256 proof-of-work
CopperLark CLR 2013 Unknown Template:Yes copperlark.com ~$1.56 million USD[29] SHA-3 (512 bit keccak) proof-of-work. 4 minute blocks.
Devcoin DVC 2011 Unthinkbit Template:Yes devcoin.org ~$0.45 million USD[20] 80% of generated coins go to open source developers, 10% goes to administrators (those who created the currency) and 10% goes to miners (those who generate the coins).
Megacoin MEC 2013 Template:Yes megacoin.co.nz ~$31 millionUSD[20] scrypt based[30]
DigitalCoin DGC 2013 baritus Template:Yes digitalcoin.co ~$0.23 millionUSD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Features a block generation target rate of 20 seconds, allowing for faster transaction confirmations. Some critics argue that this leads to an increased risk of forking the block chain.
Freicoin FRC 2012 maaku, jtimon Template:Yes freico.in ~$0.19 million USD[20] Uses demurrage (5% per year), which is intended to prevent hoarding of money and encourage it to circulate. 80% of the currency is given to the Freicoin foundation (founders of Freicoin).
Goldcoin GLD 2013 Gldcoin & Akumaburn Template:Yes[31] gldcoin.com ~$0.15 million USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work
Protoshares PTC 2013 Template:Yes[32]
Extremecoin EXC 2013 CaptChadd Template:Yes extremecoin.org Template:N/a scrypt proof-of-work with reward drop from 200 to 1 in around 2 months.
Anoncoin ANC 2013 Meeh Template:Yes[33] anoncoin.net ~$0.14 millionUSD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Has implemented native I2P support and coin control, a Zerocoin implementation is also underway. Main goal to make users anonymous.
Fastcoin FST 2013 Christopher Tao Template:Yes fastcoin.ca ~$32,000 USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Features a block generation target rate of 12 seconds with 4 confirmations 48 sec total (currently the fastest cryptocurrency)
Phoenixcoin PXC 2013 PCS Network Template:Yes[34] phoenixcoin.org ~$5,000USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work. Author and developers took their websites, pools and exchange offline (running with the coins) and another user forked the project into PhoenixCoin.[35]
BBQcoin BQC 2012 Cubox Template:Yes bbqcoinfoundation.org ~$53,000 USD[20] scrypt based [36]
Ixcoin IXC 2011 Nasakioto Template:Yes ixcoin.org ~$0.273 million USD[20]
Franko FRK Template:Yes frankos.org ~$10,000 USD[20] scrypt proof-of-work
CHNcoin CNC 2013 Template:Yes chncoin.org Template:N/a [20]
MinCoin MNC 2013 SandyCohen Template:Yes min-coin.org ~$0.35 million USD[20]
Timekoin TK 2010 KnightMB Template:Yes timekoin.org Template:N/a First crypto-currency to use temporal based, pooled currency production.
Quark QRC 2012 ? Template:Yes quarkcoin.com 12,687,547.10 USD[20] Uses nine rounds of secure hashing from six different algorithms to make Quark transactions super secure.
Bitbar BTB 2013 Template:Yes bitbar.biz ~$8,700 USD[20] Novacoin scarce clone.
Bytecoin BTE 2013 bryanmills Template:Yes bytecoin.biz ~$12,300 USD[20] Identical copy of Bitcoin at release with the exception of the genesis block. Patch later added for merged mining with Bitcoin.
Junkcoin JKC Template:No junkcoin.org ~$3,000 USD[20] As of 2013-08-22, website is offline.
Infinitecoin IFC 2013 fisheater Template:Yes infinitecoin.org ~$6.6 million USD scrypt proof-of-work. Features a block generation target rate of 30 seconds, allowing for faster transaction confirmations. Some critics argue that this leads to an increased risk of forking the block chain.
Royalcoin RYC Template:Yes royalcoin.net Template:N/a "scrypt based" but no additional information is available on official website. No forum, no documentation. "developed by 3 guys based out of Montreal"
Betacoin BET 2013 betacoindev Template:Yes betacoin.org Template:N/a scheduled to produce 32 million currency units in ~ first 6 years + 0,39% annual after
Rucoin RUC 2011 Template:Yes rucoin.org Template:N/a Website and wiki uses Russian language, no English translation available.
Solidcoin SC 2011 CoinHunter Template:Yes Template:N/a
I0coin I0C 2011 Template:Yes Template:N/a IXCoin clone.
Geist Geld GG 2011 Lolcust Template:No Template:N/a Proof-of-concept project, never presented as a real cryptocurrency.
Tenebrix TBX 2011 ArtForz, Lolcust Template:No Template:N/a scrypt proof-of-work originator.
Fairbrix FBX 2011 coblee Template:No Template:N/a Tenebrix clone, has a little support but no exchanges.
Coiledcoin CLC 2012 makomk Template:No Template:N/a Proof-of-concept coin with OP_EVAL support, 51% attack shortly after release. Alive, but has little support and no exchanges.
Liquicoin LQC 2012 Nicksasa Template:No Template:N/a Proof-of-concept coin with constant difficulty.
Smallchange 2013 lightenup Template:No Template:N/a Proof-of-concept project, never presented as a real cryptocurrency.
MMMcoin MMM Sergei Mavrodi Template:No Template:N/a 10T coins premined, 0.01 block reward. Abandoned by developers and died two months later.
Xencoin XNC 2013 Template:No Template:N/a Scrypt Proof-of-work coin with 5% pre-mine and 20 second block target. Website never launched and the developer was last seen on August 29th, 2013.
Weeds (currency) Template:No Template:N/a Proof of concept and test coin for the Multicoin client. Never fully launched.[37]
StableCoin 2013 Template:Yes http://stablecoin.net/ Template:N/a scrypt proof-of-work, 25 coins per block, difficulty retarget every 90 block, coin mixing services [2]

Notes

  • Overall
  1. The first cryptocurrency.
  2. A cryptocurrency that also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
  3. The cryptocurrency with maximum number of Proof of Work algorithms (6). CPU Mining is possible.
  4. The first cryptocurrency to be based on an internet meme.
  5. The first cryptocurrency to use scrypt-chacha.
  • Hashing Algorithm
  • Block Reward
  1. Adjusts based on difficultly.
  2. Exponential Decay. Min. 1 QRK.
  3. Adjusts based on difficultly.
  4. Adjusts based on difficultly.

See also

References

  1. Samuel Gibbs (28 November 2013). "Nine Bitcoin alternatives for future currency investments: Bitcoin's rapid rise in value and profile has spawned over 60 different 'altcoin' digital peer-to-peer currencies". theguardian.com. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/nov/28/bitcoin-alternatives-future-currency-investments?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487. Retrieved 2013-12-12. 
  2. "Bitcoin Exchange Rate in USD". http://bitcoincharts.com/charts/mtgoxUSD#rg60ztgSzm1g10zm2g25zv. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.35 "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". http://coinmarketcap.com/ripple.html. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.34 4.35 4.36 4.37 4.38 4.39 4.40 4.41 4.42 4.43 4.44 4.45 4.46 4.47 "Cryptocoin Charts". http://www.cryptocoincharts.info/. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  5. "Betacoin Exchange Rate in USD". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/ltc_usd. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  6. "PPCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/ppc_btc. 
  7. "Market: QRK/BTC". Cryptsy. https://www.cryptsy.com/markets/view/71. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  8. "Blue Midnight Wish". http://ehash.iaik.tugraz.at/wiki/Blue_Midnight_Wish. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  9. "Why DogeCoin is the Future of Cryptos". http://www.bubblews.com/news/1788149-why-dogecoin-is-the-future-of-cryptos. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  10. "Dogecoin". http://dogecoin.com. Retrieved 13 Dec 2013. 
  11. "Intro - Dogecoin # Technical specifications". http://www.dogeco.in/wiki/index.php/Intro#Technical_specifications. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  12. Primecoin: Cryptocurrency with Prime Number Proof-of-Work, Sunny King, 2013-10-22
  13. "Feathercoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/ftc_btc. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  14. "NovaCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/nvc_btc. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  15. "Franko Exchange Rate in BTC". Cryptsy. https://www.cryptsy.com/markets/view/33. 
  16. "Crypto Currency Exchange Rate in USD". http://coinmarketcap.com/. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  17. "Bitcoin Exchange Rate in USD". http://bitcoincharts.com/charts/mtgoxUSD#rg60ztgSzm1g10zm2g25zv. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  18. "Market Capitalization". Blockchain.info. http://blockchain.info/charts/market-cap. Retrieved 24 Nov 2013. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 Simonite, Tom. "Bitcoin Isn’t the Only Cryptocurrency in Town". MIT Technology Review. http://www.technologyreview.com/news/513661/bitcoin-isnt-the-only-cryptocurrency-in-town/. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 20.11 20.12 20.13 20.14 20.15 20.16 20.17 20.18 20.19 20.20 20.21 20.22 20.23 20.24 20.25 "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". http://coinmarketcap.com/. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  21. "Litecoin Exchange Rate in USD". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/ltc_usd. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  22. http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/525867/20131128/litcoin-value-leaps-100-percent-market-cap.htm
  23. "PPCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/ppc_btc. 
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 "Cryptocoin Mining Information". dustcoin.com. http://dustcoin.com/mining. Retrieved 2013-05-18. 
  25. "NovaCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/nvc_btc. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  26. Primecoin: Cryptocurrency with Prime Number Proof-of-Work, Sunny King, 2013-10-22
  27. "Feathercoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/ftc_btc. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  28. "Terracoin Exchange Rate in BTC". BTC-E. https://btc-e.com/exchange/trc_btc. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  29. "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". http://coinmarketcap.com/. Retrieved 30 Nov 2013. 
  30. "Megacoin MΣC Information". CryptoCoinTalk. https://cryptocointalk.com/topic/475-megacoin-information/. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  31. "Goldcoin Exchange Rate in BTC". Cryptsy. https://cryptsy.com/exchange/GLD_btc. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  32. "PTC Exchange Rate in BTC". bter. https://bter.com/trade/pts_btc. Retrieved 01 december 2013. 
  33. "AnonCoin Exchange Rate in BTC". Vircurex. https://vircurex.com. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  34. "Phoenixcoin Exchange Rate in BTC". Cryptsy. https://www.cryptsy.com/markets/view/31. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  35. "[ANN [PXC] Development Takeover publisher=Bitcointalk"]. https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=305584.0. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  36. "BBQCoin". Devtome. http://www.devtome.com/doku.php?id=bbqcoin. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  37. "New release of MultiCoin client a branch of the BitCoin client publisher=Bitcointalk". https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=24209.0. Retrieved 2013-06-27.