List of world's most expensive transport infrastructure

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Template:Incomplete This is a list of world's most expensive transport infrastructure. The figures below represent the estimated cost to build these objects, not taking into account inflation. It is for the sole purpose of identifying expensive transport infrastructure and the respective economic costs involved in building them. In order to limit the size and scope of this list, infrastructure that cost less than $1 billion is not listed.

Object Description Location Total cost (in USD) Year of completion Image
Interstate Highway System network of limited-access roadways United States 114 billion[1] (425 billion in 2006 dollars[2]) 1992[3][4] Map of current Interstates.svg
National Trunk Highway System network of limited-access roadways China 240 billion (2 trillion yuan) 2020: Projected Map of NTHS Expressways of China.png
California High-Speed Rail: Phase I High-speed rail linking Northern California and Southern California via a route through the central valley of California California 98.5 billion[5][6] 2033: Projected Cahsr map.svg
Chūō Shinkansen Maglev between Tokyo and Osaka Japan 88.5 billion (¥9 trillion)[7] 2045 (expected)
Chūō Shinkansen map.png
High Speed 2 High-speed rail linking London and the English Midlands, North West England, Yorkshire, and potentially North East England and the Central Belt of Scotland. United Kingdom 72 billion[8] 2032: Projected HS2 phase 2.png
Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Project 17 bridges connecting the islands of Honshū and Shikoku Japan 48 billion (4.0 trillion Yen (1999))[9] 1999 Map of Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Project.svg
Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway High-speed rail Eastern China, PRC (Beijing to Shanghai, via Tianjin and Nanjing) ~33.1 billion (RMB 220.9bn)[10] 2011 Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway and Beijing–Shanghai Railway.jpg
Barcelona Metro line 9

(under construction)

Rapid transit line Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain ~26.3 billion (€19bn)[11][12] 2016 (expected) L10 051.JPG
Crossrail

(under construction)

Commuter railway South East England, United Kingdom ~25.8 billion (GBP15.9bn)[13] 2018 (expected) Ada-panorama-2.jpg
"Big Dig" Central Artery/Tunnel Project Road tunnel Boston, Massachusetts, United States 22 billion[14] 2007 Tunnel-large.jpg
Hong Kong International Airport Airport Lantau Island, Hong Kong 20 billion 1998 A bird's eye view of Hong Kong International Airport.JPG
Sunda Strait Bridge Road and rail bridge connecting Java and Sumatra Indonesia 20 billion (preliminary estimate) 2025 (expected)
Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway High-speed rail China ~18.46 billion (RMB 116.6bn)[15] 2009 GuangZhouNanStation.jpg
Toei Ōedo Line Rapid Transit Tokyo, Japan ~18.4 Billion (¥1.400 billion)[16] 2000 Toei-tsukishima-platform.jpg
Second Avenue Subway

(under construction)

Rapid transit line New York City, New York, United States 17 billion[17] 2016 (expected) 200px
Channel Tunnel Subsea railway tunnel Strait of Dover, English Channel ~15.4 billion (GBP9.5bn)[18] 1994 Course Channeltunnel en.svg
Istanbul New Airport: 1st Stage (planned) Airport Istanbul, Turkey ~13.4 billion (€10.25bn)[19] 2019 (expected)
Oman Railway (planned) Railway Oman ~$13-15.6 billion (OMR 5-6 billion)[20] 2018 (partially operational)
Klang Valley MRT Line 1 (Under Construction) Rapid Transit Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 11.7 billion[21] (MYR36B) 2014 (expected)
Brenner Base Tunnel

(under construction)

Railway tunnel Brenner massif, Austrian & Italian Alps ~10.9 billion (EUR 8.062 billion) 2026 (expected) BBT 18 4 2011.JPG
Gotthard Base Tunnel

(under construction)

Railway tunnel Swiss Alps, Switzerland ~10.6 billion (CHF 9.74 billion)[22] 2017 (expected) GBT MFS Faido TV-WS.jpg
Al Maktoum International Airport Airport Jebel Ali, United Arab Emirates 10 billion[23] 2010-22
Adler–Krasnaya Polyana road and railway Freeway and railway Russia 9.4 billion[23] 2014
Milan–Bologna high-speed railway High-speed rail Italy 9.1 billion (€6.9 billion) 2008 Frecciarossa.JPG
Thameslink Programme

(under construction)

Commuter rail upgrade Southeast England, UK ~8.9-9.7 billion (GBP5.5-6.0bn)[24] 2018 (expected)
NHDP

(under construction, partially completed)

Highway upgrade India ~$71 billion (INR 4.5 trillion)[25] Ongoing-Completion date unknown
NH 47 between Coimbatore and Salem in Tamil Nadu,India.
Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong Section

(under construction)

High-speed rail Guangdong, China—Hong Kong 8.6 billion[26] 2016 (expected) GZ-SZ-HK High Speed Railway HK Section alignment map.png
Strait of Messina Bridge

(planned)

Road/rail bridge Sicily, Italy ~8.6 billion (€6.1bn)[27] 2016
Egnatia Odos Freeway Northern Greece ~8.4 billion (€5.9bn)[28] 2009 GR-A2 course.png
High Speed 1 High-speed rail Southeast England, UK ~8.4 billion (GBP5.2bn)[29] 2007 KingsCrossDevelopmentModel.jpg
Eglinton Crosstown line Rapid transit line Toronto, Ontario, Canada ~4.7 billion (CAD4.9bn)[30] 2020 (expected)
Downtown Relief Line Rapid transit line Toronto, Ontario, Canada ~8.3 billion (CAD8.3bn)[31] TBD
London Heathrow Terminal 5 Airport terminal London, England, UK ~7 billion (GBP4.3bn)[32] 2008 Heathrow T5.jpg
Bologna–Florence high-speed railway High-speed rail Italy 6.9 billion (€5.2 billion) 2009
Fastracks Light Rail, Commuter Rail Denver, Colorado 6.5 billion[33] 2016 (expected)
Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge Road bridge San Francisco, California 6.4 billion 2013 ProposedSFOBBEasternSpanRecrop.jpg
Purple Line Extension Rapid transit line Los Angeles and Beverly Hills, California 6.3 billion[34] 2023-2036 (expected) WestsideMetro.svg
Øresund Bridge Rail/road bridge/tunnel Denmark-Sweden ~5.7 billion (DKK30.1bn)[35] 2000 Oresund Bridge narrow.JPG
Berlin Brandenburg Airport Airport Germany ~ 5.67 billion (€4.3b) 2014-? Luftbild Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg 02.jpg
New Doha International Airport

(under construction)

Airport Doha, Qatar 5.5 billion[23] 2012-15
Lima_Metro#Line_2

(under construction)

Metro (rapid transit) Lima, Peru 5.34 billion 2014-19
Akashi-Kaikyō Bridge Road bridge Kobe, Japan 5 billion[36] 1998 Akashi Bridge.JPG
Denver International Airport Airport Denver, Colorado 4.8 billion 1995 DIA Airport Roof.jpg
Lötschberg Base Tunnel Railway tunnel Swiss Alps, Switzerland 4.6 billion (CHF 4.3 billion) 2007
Noord/Zuidlijn Rapid transit line Amsterdam, Netherlands ~4.4 billion (€3.1bn)[37] 2017 (expected)
Calgary South West Ring Road Highway Canada ~4.65 billion (C$5 bn)[38][39] 2020[40]
Line 4 (Athens Metro) Rapid transit Line Athens, Greece ~ 4.3 billion or 3.3 billion € (total cost)[41] 2023
World Trade Center Transportation Hub Transit center and retail New York City, New York, USA ~3.9 billion[42] 2015[43]
Marina Coastal Expressway Highway Singapore ~3.4 billion (S$4.3 bn)[44][45] 29 Dec 2013[46]
San Francisco Transbay development Regional transit center and new high-rise development San Francisco, California, USA 4.185 billion 2017-19 200px
Bar-Boljare highway Highway Montenegro 3.7 billion (2.77 billion €)[47][48]
Kuala Lumpur International Airport Airport Selangor, Malaysia 3.5 billion[49] 1998 KLIA MTB&Tower.jpg
Clem Jones Tunnel Road tunnel Brisbane, Queensland, Australia ~3.4 billion (AUD3.2bn)[50] 2010 Brisbane ST 03.jpg
Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway High-speed rail Beijing, China[51] ~3.2 billion (RMB 20.42bn) 2008 Beijng-Tianjin ligne TGV viaduc IMG 4433.JPG
Alaskan Way Viaduct replacement tunnel Road Tunnel Seattle, Washington, United States 3.1 billion[52] end of 2015[53]
Marmaray Tunnel Subsea railway tunnel Istanbul, Turkey 3 billion 2013 Marmaray Istanbul Project.png
Beijing Capital International Airport: Terminal 3 Airport Beijing, China ~2.4 billion (RMB 15.3bn)[54] 2010 Beijing Terminal 3.jpg
New International Trade Crossing freeway extensions and road bridge Detroit, Michigan, United States—Windsor, Ontario, Canada ~ 2.2 billion 2020[55]
Tangentielle Nord

(under construction)

Commuter railway Paris northern suburban, France ~2.1 billion (1.5bn€)[56] 2018 (expected)
Budapest Metro Line 4 Rapid Transit line Budapest, Hungary ~ 2.1 billion[57][58] (HUF 452bn) 2014 Budapest metro 4 construction 03.jpg
Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge bridge Istanbul, Turkey ~ 2 billion (Template:Turkish lira 4.5 billion)[59] 2015 Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge p8 Jan 2014.JPG
Confederation Line (Phase 1) Rapid Transit line Ottawa, Ontario, Canada ~ $1.97 billion (CAD $2.1 billion)[60] 2018 (expected)
City Rail Link Commuter rail tunnel Central Auckland, New Zealand ~ $1.9 billion (NZD $2.4 billion)[61] 2021–2026: Projected
Ionia Odos Freeway Western Greece ~1.8 billion (1.4 bn€)[62] 2016 GR-A5 course.png
Tehran-Shomal Freeway, 121 km Freeway Tehran and Mazandaran Province, Iran ~ 1.7 billion[63][64] (HUF 452bn) 2017 Tehran-Shomal.png
Central Subway Light rail line San Francisco, California, United States ~1.6 billion[65] 2019 (Expected) Workers prepare to lower a section of the Central Subway underground on Fourth Street.jpg
Hurontario-Main LRT Rapid transit line, Transit-oriented development and Urban renewal Regional Municipality of Peel, Ontario, Canada ~1.55 billion (CAD1.6bn)[66] TBD
Thessaloniki Metro Rapid Transit line Thessaloniki, Greece ~ $1.5 billion (1.1bn€) 2018 (expected) Thessaloniki Metro Map.svg
Jiaozhou Bay Bridge bridge Shangdong, China ~1.5 billion[67] 2011 The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge.jpg
Freeway Durango-Mazatlán and Baluarte Bridge Freeway and road bridge Durango-Sinaloa, Mexico 1.46 billion[68][69] 2012 Puente Baluarte 03.jpg
Incheon Bridge bridge South Korea ~1.4 billion (KRW 1.25tn) 2009 Incheon bridge (12).jpg
Shanghai Maglev Train Maglev Shanghai, China ~1.33 billion (RMB 10bn) 2004 Maglev june2005.jpg
Vasco da Gama Bridge Road bridge Lisbon, Portugal ~1.3 billion (€897m / 180bn PTE)[70] 1998 Vasco da Gama Bridge aerial view.jpg

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