Major Islamic Political Alliances

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on August 8 2015. This is a backup of Wikipedia:Major_Islamic_Political_Alliances. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Major_Islamic_Political_Alliances, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Major_Islamic_Political_Alliances. Purge

Funny that someone would race to nominate for deletion an article about a major ongoing world event, within mere hours of its getting started, and with me having added less than 1% of its projected content and references.

Ever wondered how to make heads and tails of all these different groups attacking each other in the Middle East and around the world? This article will sort it out the multiple factions and why the Middle East continues year after year as the most chaotic place in the world.

Salafi Islamic Alliance

This group consists of Sunni Islamic extremists who vowed allegiance to the creation of an Islamic Caliphate to eventually rule the entire world. Currently dominated by the Islamic State, based in Eastern Syrian, and supported by numbered of allied groups designated provinces in various parts of the world.

Islamic State Caliphate

Islamic State (IS), is a Salafi jihadi extremist militant group and self-proclaimed caliphate and Islamic state which is led by Sunni Arabs from Iraq and Syria.[1] It has control over territory occupied by ten million people[2] in Iraq and Syria, as well as limited territorial control in Libya and Nigeria. The group also operates or has affiliates in other parts of the world including South Asia.[3]

ISIL aims to return to the early days of Islam, rejecting all innovations in the religion, which it believes corrupts its original spirit. It condemns later caliphates and the Ottoman Empire for deviating from what it calls pure Islam,[4] and seeks to revive the original Wahhabi project of the restoration of the caliphate governed by strict Salafist doctrine. Following Salafi-Wahhabi tradition, ISIL condemns the followers of secular law as disbelievers, putting the current Saudi government in that category.[5]

In Iraq and Syria, ISIL uses many of those countries' existing Governorate boundaries to subdivide its claimed territory; it calls these divisions wilayah or provinces.[183] As of June 2015, it had established official branches in Libya, Egypt (Sinai Peninsula), Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Algeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and the North Caucasus.[184] Outside Iraq and Syria, it controls territory in only Sinai and Libya. ISIL also has members in Morocco, Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Israel and Palestine, but does not have official branches in those areas.

= Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) - self-proclaimed caliphate and Islamic state which is led by Sunni Arabs from Iraq and Syria.

Islamic State: Libyan Provinces

Islamic State: Libyan Provinces - ISIL divides Libya into three historical provinces, claiming authority over Cyrenaica in the east, Fezzan in the desert south, and Tripolitania in the west, around its capital Tripoli.[6] ISIL uses its bases in Libya to smuggle its fighters into the European Union posing as refugees.

Islamic State: Sinai Province

Islamic State: Sinai Province - On 10 November 2014, many members of the group Ansar Bait al-Maqdis took an oath of allegiance to al-Baghdadi. Following this the group assumed the designation Wilayat Sinai (Sinai Province).They are estimated to have 1,000–2,000 fighters. A faction of the Sinai group also operates in the Gaza Strip, calling itself the Islamic State in Gaza.[7]

It may be one of upto 15 jihadist groups active with the IS:Sinai Province. Affiliated groups of the IS:Sinai Province - (Salafi / Jihad / Sunni / Islam):

  1. Army of Islam - Gaza Province - It is located at the Tzabra neighborhood in the center of the Gaza Strip bordered by Israel and Egypt. The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the UAE and the United States.[8]

Shia Islamic Alliances

These groups are idealogically based around Shia Islam and generally are loyal followers of the Ayatollah, the highest ranking clerical leader of that religious group. As of 2009 Shia Muslims constituted 10-13% of the world's Muslim population, Shias comprised 11-14% of the Muslim population in the Middle East-North Africa region, and between 68% and 80% of Shias lived in four countries: Iran, Pakistan, India and Iraq.[9]

The term defines the group of Muslims that followed after Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib, whom the Shia believe to be Muhammad's successor in the Caliphate.[10][11]

Islamic Republic of Iran

Hezbollah

A large Shi'a Islamist militant group and political party based in Lebanon, Hezbollah was founded by Shia Clerics. Their paramilitary wing is the Jihad Council.[12][13] Hezbollah was conceived by Muslim clerics and funded by Iran following the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, and was primarily formed to offer resistance to the Israeli occupation.[14] Its leaders were followers of Ayatollah Khomeini, and its forces were trained and organized by a contingent of 1,500 Iranian Revolutionary Guards that arrived from Iran with permission from the Syrian government.

The Ideology of Hezbollah clearly states, repeatedly, the elimination of the state of Israel as its primary goal. Hezbollah not only opposes the government and policies of the State of Israel, but also each and every Jewish civilian who lives in Israel.[15][16][17] Its 1985 manifesto reportedly states "our struggle will end only when this entity [Israel] is obliterated. We recognize no treaty with it, no ceasefire, and no peace agreements."

Sunni Islamic Alliances

House of Saud

Al Qaeda

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Taliban

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Moderate Islam

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Independant Minorities

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State of Israel

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References

  1. "What is Islamic State?". BBC News. 26 September 2014. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29052144. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  2. "Islamic State-controlled parts of Syria, Iraq largely out of reach: Red Cross". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/13/us-mideast-crisis-syria-icrc-idUSKBN0M921N20150313. Retrieved 25 June 2015. 
  3. "Pakistan Taliban splinter group vows allegiance to Islamic State". Reuters. 18 November 2014. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/11/18/us-pakistan-militants-is-idUSKCN0J20YQ20141118. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  4. Fernholz, Tim (1 July 2014). "Don't believe the people telling you to freak out over this "ISIL" map". http://qz.com/228833/dont-believe-the-people-telling-you-to-freak-out-over-this-isil-map/#/. Retrieved 6 July 2014. 
  5. al-Ibrahim, Fouad (22 August 2014). "Why ISIS is a threat to Saudi Arabia: Wahhabism’s deferred promise". Al Akhbar (Lebanon). http://english.al-akhbar.com/node/21234. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  6. "ISIS atrocity in Libya demonstrates its growing reach in North Africa". CNN. 17 February 2015. http://edition.cnn.com/2015/02/16/africa/isis-libya-north-africa/. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  7. "IS claims responsibility for Gaza's French Cultural Centre blast, reports". Middle East Eye. 8 October 2014. http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/claims-responsibility-gaza-s-french-cultural-centre-blast-1790519098. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  8. "Designation of Army of Islam". 2011. Archived from the original on 27 May 2011. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2011/05/163838.htm. Retrieved 2011-05-19. 
  9. "Mapping the Global Muslim Population". http://www.pewforum.org/2009/10/07/mapping-the-global-muslim-population/. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  10. Esposito, John. "What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam." Oxford University Press, 2002 | ISBN 978-0-19-515713-0. p. 40
  11. "From the article on Shii Islam in Oxford Islamic Studies Online". Oxfordislamicstudies.com. http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2189?_hi=26&_pos=238. Retrieved 2011-05-04. 
  12. Levitt, Matthew (2013). Hezbollah: The Global Footprint of Lebanon's Party of God. p. 15. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=yTJeAQAAQBAJ&pg=PA14&lpg=PA14&dq=jihad+council+hezbollah&source=bl&ots=E3d3bqd3hl&sig=AS2lOKxtmfDw1m0QidTwm4j8oXU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=5SiLU-GbM8OtPNXqgagP&ved=0CDcQ6AEwBg. ""... the Jihad Council coordinates 'resistance activity'."" 
  13. Ghattas Saab, Antoine (May 15, 2014). "Hezbollah cutting costs as Iranian aid dries up". The Daily Star. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/May-15/256484-hezbollah-cutting-costs-as-iranian-aid-dries-up.ashx. Retrieved June 1, 2014. ""... Hezbollah's military wing ... Known as the "Jihad Council""" 
  14. "Who are Hezbollah". BBC News. May 21, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4314423.stm. Retrieved August 15, 2008. 
  15. "Said Hassan Nasrallah Q&A: What Hezbollah Will Do". The Washington Post. 20 February 2000. Archived from the original on 9 September 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060909060136/http://www.library.cornell.edu/colldev/mideast/hzblhnsr.htm. Retrieved 8 August 2006. 
  16. Hodeib, Mirella. "Nasrallah 'strongly endorses' Arab reconciliation efforts." The Daily Star. 14 March 2009. 19 January 2011.
  17. Hassan Nasrallah on Al-Manar TV, 22 May 2002. qtd. in Wistrich, A Lethal Obsession, p. 774.

External links