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oooh, orphan A place-based initiative is an umbrella term that refers to a variety of social programmes that reflect the characteristics of a particular location.
Place-based initiatives are united by the following features:
- the desire to achieve multiple social outcomes;
- through a variety of interventions;
- involving collaboration between several different organisations 
- with a degree of community engagement;
- and a focus on a defined physical area.
Place-based initiatives vary in the:
- outcomes they try to achieve;
- social mechanisms they seek to change;
- method of engagement they seek to deploy.
The term place-based initiative seems to have entered common parlance at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The types of initiative referred to by the term long predated it.
- Bellefontaine, T. and Wisener, R. (2011) The Evaluation of Place-Based Approaches, Policy Horizons Canada. http://www.horizons.gc.ca/sites/default/files/Publication-alt-format/2011_0074_evaluationpb_e.pdf
- Moore, T.G., McHugh-Dillon, H., Bull, K., Fry, R., Laidlaw, B., & West, S. (2014). The evidence: what we know about place-based approaches to support children’s wellbeing. Parkville, Victoria: Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and The Royal Children’s Hospital Centre for Community Child Health. http://www.rch.org.au/uploadedFiles/Main/Content/ccch/CCCH_Collaborate_for_Children_Report_The_Evidence_Nov2014.pdf