Tony Chang

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on June 23 2017. This is a backup of Wikipedia:Tony_Chang. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Tony_Chang, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Tony_Chang. Purge

Tony Chang
Native name 張樹人
Born Zhang Shang
(1993-10-14) 14 October 1993 (age 27)
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Residence Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Education University of Queensland[1]
Queensland University of Technology[2]
Alma mater Template:Ill
Liaoning Province Shiyan High School
Occupation cyber-dissident and student activist[3]
Years active 2008–present

Anthony Shu-jen "Tony" Chang (Template:Zh[4]) (born 14 October 1993) is a Chinese cyber-dissident, human rights activist and pundit from Linyi, Shandong. He was arrested by the Chinese police at age 14 for supporting the candidacy of Frank Hsieh during the Taiwan presidential election in 2008. He later experienced long-term political harassment conducted by the Chinese Government. He fled to Australia for political asylum and got approved. He is now an Australian permanent resident,[5] and studying for a Bachelor of Arts and Science degree at The University of Queensland.[1]

Early life in China

Chang was born in Shenyang, Liaoning, China.[6] His birth name was "Zhang Shang", and his courtesy name was "Shuren" (Pinyin) or "Shu-jen" (Wade–Giles). He used "Shujen Chang" as his online pseudonym according to his courtesy name in Wade-Giles. He officially changed his legal name to "Anthony Shu-jen Chang"[5] during his residency in Australia.[7]


In early 2008 during the Taiwan presidential election. He was arrested and interrogated[3] for putting slogans supporting the Taiwan independence movement on street poles in Shenyang[2], and was almost put in the youth detention center for "inciting subversion of state power"[8]. He was released after his family contacted the Communist Party of China.[2] However, he was still under the surveillance and harassment of security police for a long period.[6]

Political involvement in Australia

Warning to parents by China and granting of Australia asylum

Chang speaking to Voice of America in 2017

In May 2014[6], Chang left China to study in Australia after another questioning for his political activities.[9][10][6] Since then, he has been involved in more activities regarding human rights, such as supporting the 2014 Hong Kong protests[11], appealing attentions to Tibet situation from more Chinese[12], organising oversea students from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Mainland China[13] to have an audience with the 14th Dalai Lama[14][15], and supporting arrested student activist Kwon Pyong[16]. He also participated in several interviews to make comments on political issues, such as human rights issues in China and in Tibet[17], and Tiananmen Square protests of 1989[7][18]. Besides political activities, Chang also expounded information technology related issues on media as a researcher, such as talking about WannaCry ransomware attack on Voice of America programs.[19]

Chang's political activities in Australia attracted the attention of the Ministry of State security of China. As a result, after he spoke in a rally supporting the Hong Kong protests[3], state security agents in his hometown Shenyang approached and warned his parents[20], asking them to stop his activities. [21]

These threats convinced the Australian Government to approve his asylum.[2] In addition he was also oppressed directly by the Diplomatic Missions of China in Australia.[22] [23]

During the 2014 G20 Brisbane summit, Chang was supporting the Hong Kong protests with banners in front of the hotel Chinese President Xi Jinping was staying at, and got exclusion notices from Australian police. The incident was reported and spread among several Chinese media outlets in Hong Kong and Taiwan, such as the Hong Kong Apple Daily[24], Taiwan Apple Daily[25], Liberty Times[26], and Template:Ill[27]. The order was withdrawn by the Australian police the second day after media reports.[28]

Human rights actions

Chang was refused to travel to Taiwan with Australian Convention Travel Document after he got political asylum of Australia.[29] He then wrote a letter to President of Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen regarding to this matter and appealing to simplify the application process for holders of refugee travel documents to visit Taiwan.[5]

Before the Human Rights Day of 2016[30], Chang, Gu Yi and Yi Songnan, initiated an open letter to the President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping urging Xi tov"stop the ongoing fascist persecution, release Kwon Pyong and all the other kidnapped citizens". The letter was initially signed by 38 overseas Chinese students and mailed to Zhongnanhai.[31] Signatures amount for the letter grew to more than 40 later on.[32] The letter was then spread on the Chinese Muslim Forum, and caused the website to be shut down by the Chinese government.[33] In the interview of AFP for this incident, Chang indicated that the Chinese government was especially "unfriendly" to Muslims in Xinjiang.[34] Finally, the letter was refused and returned by Zhongnanhai.[35]

Response by Prime Minister of Australia

A report by investigators from Four Corners and Fairfax published in the Sydney Morning Herald featured a sworn statement[36] to immigration authorities by Tony Chang that he was under secret surveillance by China while living in Brisbane, which had led to a threat by the Ministry of State Security (specifically Shenyang Bureau of State Security) against his parents in China. The incident was cited by other news organisations as an example of a threat to Australian sovereignty by the Chinese Communist Party.[37][38] Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull respond to the Morning Herald report, which included other allegations against the Chinese government concerning $8 million in legal political donations, with a statement that "China should always accept the sovereignty of other nations, including our own," and said he would review espionage and foreign interference laws.[39] Responding to other allegations in the Morning Herald series that "the Chinese government backs Chinese students that harass, intimidate and threaten other students at Australian universities, and also that the Chinese government is operating a network of spies that threatens Australia’s national sovereignty", a spokeswoman of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China Hua Chunying said "What's told in the report is totally unfounded and irresponsible, and not worth refuting... China urges the relevant Australian media to abide by the professional ethics of journalism, discard ideological bias and report on China’s development and China-Australia relations in an objective and fair manner. Your reports should encourage friendly exchanges, mutual understanding and trust, and greater cooperation between the two peoples instead of creating obstacles for China-Australia relations."[40][41]

Political views

As a youth political dissident, Chang suggested that the young generation was an essential impetus for the Chinese democracy movement.[42] However, he also believed that most teenagers in China were seriously brainwashed by propaganda of the Communist Party of China, and disappointed with peers from China. His more recent view was that a new large protest like the one happened in 1989 is not likely at this stage.[18] On the other hand, he believed that youth like him who were not controlled or brainwashed by the propaganda of Communist Party of China were a threat to the Chinese Government, and caused more severe oppressions to those youths.[8] However, he believed these oppressions could also lead more youths to rethink the communist political systems in China.[43]

On the Tibetan sovereignty debate, Chang was against the current policies of the Chinese Government in Tibet, such as trying to eliminate the Tibetan culture and language,[17]Template:Better source needed and destroying the environment in Tibet[1]. He was a supporter of the "Middle Way Approach" initiated by the 14th Dalai Lama.[17] However, he did not believe the current Chinese Government can accept[1] and implement[17] the "Middle Way Approach". His also opposed self-immolation protests by Tibetans in China.[17]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "专访节目:澳洲中国留学生张树人、易松楠访问达兰萨拉" (in zh). Voice of Tibet. 1 April 2017. http://www.vot.org/cn/%E4%B8%93%E8%AE%BF%E8%8A%82%E7%9B%AE%EF%BC%9A%E6%BE%B3%E6%B4%B2%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E7%95%99%E5%AD%A6%E7%94%9F%E5%BC%A0%E6%A0%91%E4%BA%BA%E3%80%81%E6%98%93%E6%9D%BE%E6%A5%A0%E8%AE%BF%E9%97%AE%E8%BE%BE/. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "China's Operation Australia: the party line". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/interactive/2017/chinas-operation-australia/soft-power.html. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Template:Cite episode
  4. "澳洲媒体调查中共竭力控制在澳华人" (in zh). Voice of America. 6 June 2017. https://www.voachinese.com/a/news-china-attempting-to-influence-australia-society-through-students-20170606/3888844.html. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "中國政治難民來台遭拒 致信小英盼解決" (in zh). Liberty Times. 17 July 2016. http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/politics/breakingnews/1765794. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "【百姓話壇】九零後的覺醒" (in zh). New Tang Dynasty Television. 28 July 2015. http://www.ntdtv.com/xtr/b5/2015/07/28/a1213391.html. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "听众热线(2016-06-02)" (in zh). Radio Free Asia. 2 June 2016. http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/zhuanlan/tingzhongrexian/hl-06022016114801.html. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 吴亦桐; 高锋 (2 November 2016). "全球中国留学生发起营救权平行动" (in zh). Radio Free Asia. http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/quanping-11022016084409.html. 
  9. "Tony Chang talks to Four Corners" Four Corners 4 Jun 2017 http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-04/tony-chang-talks-to-four-corners/8585542
  10. "The Chinese communist party's power and influence in Australia" http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-04/the-chinese-communist-partys-power-and-influence-in-australia/8584270
  11. 泰瑞; 陳紫吟 (1 October 2014). "昆省港人挺佔中反暴力 促梁振英下台" (in zh). Epoch Times. http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/14/10/2/n4262312.htm. 
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  18. 18.0 18.1 "听众热线(2016-06-03)" (in zh). Radio Free Asia. 3 June 2016. http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/zhuanlan/tingzhongrexian/hl-06032016114051.html. 
  19. 郑裕文 (17 May 2017). "VOA连线:百多国遭勒索软件攻击 如何应对?" (in zh). Voice of America. https://www.voachinese.com/a/voaconnect-20170516-wannacry-virus/3853191.html. 
  20. 吴亦桐; 林国立 (27 December 2016). "留美学生致信习近平后双亲遭国安骚扰" (in zh). Radio Free Asia. http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/guyi-12272016070810.html. 
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