Difference between revisions of "Arthur Drexler"

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{{Article for deletion/dated|page=Arthur Drexler|timestamp=20191130165032|year=2019|month=November|day=30|substed=yes}}
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'''Arthur Justin Drexler''', (13 March 1925<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com.au/books?id=vWN5DwAAQBAJ&pg|title=Architecture and Design at the Museum of Modern Art: The Arthur Drexler Years, 1951–1986|last=Hines|first=Thomas S.|date=|publisher=Getty Publications|year=2019|isbn=978-1-60606-581-5|location=|pages=29|language=en}}</ref>  – 16 January 1987)  Museum curator and director of the [[Museum of Modern Art]] for 35 years.
Drexler attended the High School of Music and Art, and The Cooper Union studying architecture and served with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers during the Second World War.<ref>https://www.moma.org/momaorg/shared/pdfs/docs/press_archives/6385/releases/MOMA_1987_0003_3.pdf?2010 accessed 11/30/2019 14.44GTM</ref>
After the war Drexler worked with the office of [[George Nelson (designer)]] and was Architecture Editor of ''Interiors'' magazine. Drexler joined the [[Museum of Modern Art]] in [[New York City|New York]] in 1951 as Curator of Architecture and Design and was promoted to Director of the Department in 1956 succeeding [[Philip Johnson]].<ref>A Feeling for a Machine http://www.johnvassos.com/blog/a-feeling-for-the-machine-john-vassos-moma-and-technology-design</ref> Drexler has lectured at [[New York University]], [[Yale University]], [[Harvard University]], [[Pratt Institute]], the
[[Massachusetts Institute of Technology]], and other universities and institutions.
Drexler had the longest curatorship in the [[Museum of Modern Art]] history. Over thirty-five years Drexler conceived, organised and oversaw trailblazing exhibitions that not only mirrored but also foresaw major stylistic design developments in industrial design, architecture and landscaping. During Drexler’s curatorship, MoMA played a central role in examining the work and reinforcing the reputations of twentieth-century architects, among them [[Frank Lloyd Wright]], [[Le Corbusier]], [[Richard Neutra]], [[Marcel Breuer]], and [[Ludwig Mies van der Rohe]].<ref name=":0">{{Cite journal|last=Scott|first=Felicity D.|date=2011|title=An Army of Soldiers or a Meadow: The Seagram Building and the "Art of Modern Architecture"|url=http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/jsah.2011.70.3.330|journal=Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians|volume=70|issue=3|pages=330–353|doi=10.1525/jsah.2011.70.3.330|issn=0037-9808}}</ref> Drexler explored unexpected subjects: from the design of automobiles (he was to first to include automobiles in art museums<ref>''Podcast: Thomas Hines on Arthur Drexler and MoMA’s Department of Architecture and Design'' from 29.00.
https://blogs.getty.edu/iris/thomas-hines-on-arthur-drexler-and-moma/</ref>) to a reconstruction of a Japanese house and garden. Drexler’s pioneering shows promoted new ideas about architecture, design as modern arts.<ref>https://shop.getty.edu/products/architecture-and-design-at-the-museum-of-modern-art-the-arthur-drexler-years-1951-1986-978-1606065815 accessed 11/30/19 16.48GMT</ref>
He designed the Phillip Johnson Gallery at MoMA.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Wiseman|first=Carter|date=14 May 1984|title=The House that Art Built|url=https://books.google.com.au/books?id=XeUCAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq|journal=New York Magazine|volume=20|issue=17|pages=42-43|issn=0028-7369|via=}}</ref>
Drexler retired from the MoMA post due to poor health in 1986 and died in January 1987.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/1987/01/17/obituaries/arthur-drexler-61-authority-on-architecture.html|title=Arthur Drexler, 61, Authority on Architecture|last=Giovannini|first=Joseph|date=17 January 1987|work=The New York Times|access-date=30 November 2019|language=en-US|issn=0362-4331}}</ref>
In 1977, Drexler received the [[American Institute of Architects]] Medal for "vast contributions in documenting the art of architecture."
Drexler curated and organized many exhibitions at the MoMA some of those were:
* ''Eight Automobiles'' (1951)
* ''Ten Automobiles'' (1953)
* ''Japanese House in the Garden'' (1954 and 1955),
* ''20th Century Design from the Museum Collection'' (1958-59),
* ''Visionary Architecture'' (1960)
* ''The Drawings of Frank Lloyd Wright'' (1962)
* ''Le Corbusier: Building in Europe and India'' (1963)
* ''Twentieth Century Engineering'' (1964)
* ''The Architecture of Louis I. Kahn'' (1966)
* ''The New City: Architecture and Urban Renewal'' (1967)
* ''The Architecture of the Ecole des Beaux Arts'' (1975)<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Scott|first=Felicity D.|date=2004|title=When Systems Fail: Arthur Drexler and the Postmodern Turn|url=http://www.jstor.org/stable/1567353|journal=Perspecta|volume=35|pages=134–153|issn=0079-0958}}</ref>
* ''Le Corbusier: Architecture Drawings'' (1978)
* ''Transformations in Modern Architecture'' (1979)<ref name=":0" />
* ''The Architecture of Richard Neutra: From International Style to California'' (1982)
* ''Mies Van Der Rohe Centennial Exhibition'' (1986)
Drexler was the author of many books on the twentieth-century architecture
and design:<ref> Books, catalogues and articles by and about Arthur Drexler https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Arthur+Drexler&qt=results_page</ref>
* ''Built in U.S.A: Postwar Architecture'' (with Henry-Russell Hitchcock, 1952)
* ''The Architecture of Japan'' (1955) {{ISBN|9780714620428}}
* ''Introduction to 20th Century Design'' (with Greta Daniel, 1959)
* ''Mies van der Rohe'' (1960)
* ''The Drawings of Frank Lloyd Wright'' (1962)
* ''The Architecture of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts'' (1977) {{ISBN|9780262040532}}           
* ''Transformations in Modern Architecture'' (1979) {{ISBN|9780870706080}}     
* ''The Mies van der Rohe Archive of The Museum of Modern Art'' (1986)
==See Also==
[[Endless House]]
[[The New York Five]]
Books, catalogues and articles by and about Arthur Drexler https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Arthur+Drexler&qt=results_page
Universalis Encyclopedia: Drexler, Arthur 1925-1987 (in French) https://www.universalis.fr/encyclopedie/arthur-drexler/
''Podcast: Thomas Hines on Arthur Drexler and MoMA’s Department of Architecture and Design'' from 18.45.
<br />
==External links==
* [https://www.guggenheim.org/audio/track/arthur-drexler-on-the-architecture-of-the-guggenheim-museum-1961 Drexler lectures on the architecture of the Guggenheim Museum in 1961]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Drexler, Arthur}}
[[Category:1925 births]]
[[Category:1987 deaths]]
[[Category:Modernist architects from the United States]]
[[Category:People associated with the Museum of Modern Art (New York City)]]
[[Category:People from New York (state)]]

Latest revision as of 06:03, 8 December 2019

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