Gunji Village, Nepal
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As per the 2011 census of India, the village of Gunji has a population of 335 people living in 194 households. The village is only populated seasonally, with winters coming people migrate to lower places.
It is possible to reach Gunji by helicopter, which takes off from Chhangru Village.
History and Dispute
About 172 years ago, the map of Lipulek was shown in the wrong place, i.e. in the place of Kunlas mountain. The Limpiyadhura-Lipulek dispute between Nepal and India is the result of the continuation of the same conspiracy. The western border of Nepal is almost Kangra-Sutlej. In Article 5 of the Sugauli Treaty of 1816 BS, Nepal agreed to relinquish its claim to the territory west of the Kali River. A map published by the East India Company on 2 January 1816, shortly after the Kali River was demarcated in the Treaty of Sugauli, shows a secret letter written by the then Governor of British India, Hastings, to Britain. At that time, the development of mapping mapping technology was not as advanced as it is today. Therefore, in the small scale map, the upper river section of the main Kali river and the small villages, snow and glaciers have been included in the color zone. The area includes Limpiyadhura, Kunlas, Lipulek Parbat and Kuti, Nabi, Gunji, Kawa, Chharrung, Rankimo, Nepalchu, Gabryang, Bodi, Gala and other places.
After the Sugauli Treaty, the Bhutia Zamindars (then community leaders and land tax collectors) of the villages in the Vyas area of Kumaon wanted to keep the Gunji, Nabi and Kuti villages of the Vyas area under the British rule in Kumaon. He had written a letter requesting the same to the commissioner of Kumaon. But Chautaria Bam Shah, the then Nepal official in charge of the Doti district on the east bank of the Kali River, objected and claimed that Kuti, Nabi and Gunji, who had sent letters of protest to the British ruler, belonged to Nepal. He claimed that Gunji, Nabi and Kuti villages like Kawa and Chharung also belong to Nepal. In response to the controversy, John Adam, the British-Indian Acting Secretary, wrote a letter to Kumaon Commissioner G. W. Trail confirming that the villages were on the east bank of the Kali River and sent a letter to Edward Gardner, the British-Indian Resident Commissioner in Kathmandu, on 1 February 1817. The same John Adams also served as the Acting Governor-General of British India from January to August 1823. Therefore, this dispute was settled in 1817.
Soon after, in a map published in 1819 (Map 2), the actual Kali River, defined by the Sugauli Treaty, was clearly shown on the map as the Seema River. It was clear from the on-site survey, information provided by the locals and river science that the river coming from Limpiyadhura was the real Kali. The Map of 1827 and other maps published in 1834, 1835, 1837, 1846, 1850 and 1856 also described the river coming from Limpiyadhura as Kali River. The main principle of the river is that the river coming from Limpiyadhura is called Kali. John Adams' letter was to literally abide by the treaty. The map drawn by the CIA to show the Indo-Pak border in 1947 also shows that the entire Lipulek, Kalapani and Lipukhola reservoirs are in Nepal as explained in the Almoda Gazette. It is understood that after 1947, independent India kept Lipulek at the center but did not give importance to Kalapani. However, some published articles have mentioned that a temporary camp has been set up by the Indian side at Kalapani since 1951–52. Based on the Indian map showing fake black to Lipukhola, Nepal has drawn the map of Nepal considering Lipukhola coming from Lipukhola as a border river, which is forcing India to occupy the encroached territory. The controversy over Nepal's political map drawn by India in 2019 is also a continuation of it since 1962.
- Walton, H. G., ed. (1911), Almora: A Gazetteer, District Gazetteers of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, 35, Government Press, United Provinces, https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.181493/page/n3
- , के हो लिम्पियाधुरा–कालापानी–लिपुलेक ?.
- , नेपालले पठाएको पत्रको जवाफ दिएन भारतले.