Difference between revisions of "Haitian Swiss"

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{{Article for deletion/dated|page=Haitian Swiss|timestamp=20200725121125|year=2020|month=July|day=25|substed=yes|help=off}}
 
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{{Infobox ethnic group
 
|group    = Haitians in Switzerland
 
|image    =
 
|caption  =
 
|population = 4,000<ref name=UN#">{{cite web|url=https://lenouvelliste.com/article/185425/la-communaute-haitienne-en-suisse-veut-sengager-dans-le-developpement-du-pays|title=La communauté haïtienne en Suisse veut s'engager dans le développement du pays|editor=Cadet, Ruth|date=4 April 2018|publisher=[[Le Nouvelliste (Haiti)|Le Nouvelliste]]|accessdate=1 August 2020}}</ref><ref name="SWI"/>
 
|poptime  =
 
|popplace = [[Geneva]], [[Vaud]], [[Neuchâtel]], [[Bern]] and [[Zürich]]<ref name="MSH"/>
 
|langs    = [[French language|French]], [[German language|German]], [[Italian language|Italian]], [[Romansh language|Romansh]], and [[Haitian Creole]]
 
|rels    =
 
|related  = [[Haitians]], [[Haitian Americans]], [[Haitian Canadian]], [[Haitian Brazilian]], [[Haitian Chilean]], [[Haitian Cuban]]
 
}}
 
 
 
'''Haitians in Switzerland''' ({{lang-fr|Suisso-haïtienne}}, {{lang-ht|Swis ayisyen}}) consists of migrants from [[Haiti]] and their descendants living in [[Switzerland]].<ref name="SWI">{{cite web|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190620102654/https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/diaspora-wants-a-say-in-haiti-s-future/8091102|title=Diaspora wants a say in Haiti’s future |accessdate=13 February 2014}}</ref> The Haitian diaspora is present in virtually all of Switzerland, with strong concentrations in the [[Cantons of Switzerland|cantons]] of [[Geneva]], [[Vaud]], [[Neuchâtel]], [[Bern]] and [[Zürich]] with roughly 20 [[Swiss association|associations]] present on the communal and cultural scene. Particularly in Geneva, a French-speaking canton, the Haitian community is made up of health professionals, artists, technicians, [[laborer]]s, lawyers, entrepreneurs, employed students, diplomats and the involvement of local politics, and [[civil service|international civil servants]].<ref name="HTCH"/><ref name="MSH">{{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=ttWoDQAAQBAJ&dq=suisse+haitien+communaut%C3%A9+en+geneve&source=gbs_navlinks_s|title=Haïti, réinventer l'avenir - "Les défis de la diaspora haïtienne de Suisse |editor=Rainhorn, Jean |editor2=Desmangles, Dominique|page=333-341|date=12 January 2012|publisher=Les Editions de la MSH|isbn=9782735114191|archive-url=https://books.openedition.org/editionsmsh/8375|archive-date=12 January 2012|accessdate=2 August 2020}}</ref> The small population of Haitians and their descendants have maintained a positive reputation in the country, excelling notably in several fields such as [[non-governmental organization]]s, hospitality and the medical sector.<ref name=UN#"/>
 
 
 
==History==
 
The initial wave of emigration came in 1957, when Haitian nationals many of whom were among the intellectual elite or middle class were either exiled or sought to seek [[Right of asylum|political asylum]] from ''[[François Duvalier|Papa Doc]]'', who became President of Haiti.<ref name="HTCH">{{cite web|url=https://www.haiticulture.ch/Haiti-Geneve.html|title=Communauté Haïtienne en Suisse|editor=Press|accessdate=2 August 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.letemps.ch/suisse/patrie-se-dechire-haitiens-geneve-serrent-rangs|title=Alors que leur patrie se déchire, les Haïtiens de Genève serrent les rangs|editor=Press|date=7 January 2016|publisher=[[Le Temps]]|accessdate=2 August 2020}}</ref> Geneva was a popular destination by emigrants out of all the cantons, mainly due to the shared common language of French and its status as an international city within a country that was popularly known as a [[Sanctuary|safe haven]] for peace and prosperity.<ref name="HTCH"/>
 
 
 
In the 1960s, the Haitian population in Switzerland was 30,<ref name="HTCH"/> with roughly 21 being in Geneva according to national statistics.<ref name="HTCH"/><ref name="MSH"/> Among these in Geneva, they were either non-diplomatic international civil servants or students on a state scholarship and/or were afforded to them by their parents.<ref name="HTCH"/> In 1965, the number of Haitians in Geneva increased from 21 to 71 and then to 85 towards the end of 1980.<ref name="HTCH"/>
 
 
 
This population increased to nearly 300 in 1998<ref name="HTCH"/> and could be explained by the recruitment of Haitian nurses by the Swiss authorities in the 1980s who sought out a qualified workforce to deal with an insufficient number of qualified hospital personnel with 203 being registered as nurses in 1985.<ref name="HTCH"/> In 1989, Geneva had 213 Haitians, 102 of whom had a renewable residence permit, 89 already in possession of [[permanent residency]], 21 international civil servants and [[Interracial marriage|mixed union]]s factoring into the equation.<ref name="HTCH"/><ref name="MSH"/>
 
 
 
In 2009, the number of Haitians in Switzerland was estimated to be around 1,500 people, which included 500 with a valid residence permit, 800 naturalization cases since 1981, 180 adopted children (since 1980), 37 international civil servants and roughly 100 without legal status.<ref name="MSH"/>
 
 
 
In 2018, according to a representative of the permanent mission of Haiti to the UN, Pierre André Dunbar, the number of Haitians and their descendants has risen to 4,000.<ref name=UN#"/><ref name="SWI"/>
 
 
 
==Culture==
 
[[Culture of Haiti]] in Switzerland has struggled to influence the country ''en masse'' due to the relatively small community of Haitians and descendants and the majority have assimilated into the society of Switzerland at-large.<ref name=UN#"/>
 
 
 
The [[Haitian cuisine]] is usually kept and maintained privately and not commercially, as not one restaurant currently exists in Switzerland.<ref name=UN#"/>
 
 
 
==Associations==
 
*Club Haïtien de Suisse<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.vd.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/organisation/dire/spop/fichiers_pdf/publi-150824-associations-migrants.pdf|title=Associations de Migrants dans le Canton de Vaud|editor=Press|year=2014|publisher=Bureau cantonal pour l'intégration des étrangers et la prévention du racisme (BCI)|accessdate=2 August 2020}}</ref><ref name="FGC"/>
 
*Haïti Culture<ref name="FGC">{{cite web|url=https://fgc.federeso.ch/sites/default/files/u13/rapport_etat_des_lieux_des_associations_des_migrants_des_cantons_de_geneve_et_vaud_0.pdf|title=Etat des lieux des associations de migrants des Cantons de Genève et Vaud|editor=Rueda, Victoria Castillo; Obadiaru, Isabel|date=12 October 2012|page=45-46|publisher=Federation Genevoise de Cooperation in collaboration with FEDEVACO|accessdate=2 August 2020}}</ref>
 
*Lumière pour Haïti<ref name="FGC"/>
 
 
 
==Notable Haitians in Switzerland==
 
* [[Alizée Gaillard]], supermodel
 
* [[Sasha Huber]], contemporary artist
 
* [[Kim Jaggy]], football player
 
 
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
 
 
{{Switzerland topics}}
 
{{Haitian diaspora}}
 
 
 
[[Category:Ethnic groups in Switzerland]]
 
[[Category:Swiss people of Haitian descent| ]]
 
[[Category:Haitian diaspora|Swiss]]
 
 
 
 
 
{{Switzerland-stub}}
 
{{Haiti-stub}}
 

Latest revision as of 05:42, 9 August 2020

Hurray! It looks like this article has survived the deletionist battle. Check Haitian Swiss on English Wikipedia.