Difference between revisions of "Ivan Milat"

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{{Article for deletion/dated|page=Ivan Milat|timestamp=20191028014321|year=2019|month=October|day=28|substed=yes|help=off}}
 
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{{short description|Convicted murderer (b. 1944, d. 2019)}}
 
'''Ivan Robert Marko Milat''' (27 December 1944 – 27 October 2019<ref>{{cite news|last1=Brown|first1=Malcolm|last2=Feneley|first2=Rick|title=Life never a picnic for the dirt-poor, troubled Milat clan|url=http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/life-never-a-picnic-for-the-dirtpoor-troubled-milat-clan-20101123-185r8.html|accessdate=1 April 2017|work=The Sydney Morning Herald|date=24 November 2010}}</ref>) was an Australian serial killer who was convicted of the [[Backpacker murders]] in 1996.
 
 
 
==Background==
 
Milat was the son of a [[Croats|Croatian]] emigrant, Stjepan Marko "Steven" Milat (1902–1983), and an Australian, Margaret Elizabeth Piddleston (1920–2001), who married when she was 16.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Brown|first1=Malcolm|last2=Feneley|first2=Rick|title=Life never a picnic for the dirt-poor, troubled Milat clan|url=http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/life-never-a-picnic-for-the-dirtpoor-troubled-milat-clan-20101123-185r8.html|accessdate=26 January 2018|work=The Sydney Morning Herald|date=24 November 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last1=Kennedy|first1=Les|title=Does crime run in the Milat family tree?|url=http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/does-crime-run-in-the-milat-family-tree-20101127-18bg2.html|accessdate=25 January 2018|work=The Sydney Morning Herald|date=28 November 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.heavenaddress.com/restingplace/margaret-elizabeth-milat/278434|title=Margaret Elizabeth Milat – HeavenAddress Resting Place|website=www.heavenaddress.com|accessdate=21 August 2017}}</ref> Milat was the fifth-born of their 14 children.<ref name=":0">{{cite news|last1=Kennedy|first1=Les|title=Milat case stalked by uncertainty|url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/stalked-by-uncertainty/2005/07/20/1121539033488.html|accessdate=25 January 2018|work=The Sydney Morning Herald|date=21 July 2005}}</ref> Many of the 10 Milat boys were well known to local police, and Milat displayed antisocial behaviour at a young age, leading to a stint in a residential school at age 13.<ref name=":2" /> By 17, he was in a juvenile detention centre for theft, and at 19, was involved in a shop break in.<ref name=":2" /> In 1964, he was sentenced to 18 months for a break and enter, and a month after release, he was arrested for driving a stolen car and was sentenced to 2 years hard labour.<ref name=":2" /> In September 1967, aged 23, he was sentenced to 3 years for theft.<ref name=":2" /> In April 1971, he was charged with the abduction of two 18 year-old hitchhikers and the rape of one of them.<ref name=Bio>{{cite web|title=Ivan Milat Biography|url=http://www.biography.com/people/ivan-milat-17169710|work=[[The Biography Channel]]|publisher=A+E Television Networks, LLC.|accessdate=10 January 2014}}</ref> While awaiting trial, he was involved in a string of robberies with some of his brothers, before faking his suicide and fleeing to New Zealand for a year.<ref name=":2" /> He was rearrested in 1974, but the robbery and kidnap cases against him failed at trial with the help of the Milat's family lawyer, [[John Marsden (lawyer)|John Marsden]]. Taking on a job as a truck driver in 1975, he met a 16-year-old girl who was then pregnant by his cousin, whom he married in 1983.<ref name=":2">{{cite web|url=https://casefilepodcast.com/case-109-belanglo-part-3/|title=Case 109: Belanglo (Part 3)|date=6 April 2019|publisher=}}</ref> She left him in 1987 due to [[domestic violence]] and they divorced in October 1989.<ref name=":2" /> By the time of the first crimes, Milat had worked on and off for 20 years for the [[Roads & Traffic Authority]] all over the state.<ref name=":2" />
 
 
 
==Arrest and trial==
 
On 26 February 1994, police surveillance of the Milat house at Cinnabar Street, [[Eagle Vale, New South Wales|Eagle Vale]] commenced.<ref name=":2" /> Police learnt that Milat had recently sold his silver [[Nissan Patrol]] four-wheel drive shortly after the discovery of the bodies of Clarke and Walters.<ref>{{cite book|last=Marriott|first=Trevor|title=The Evil Within – A Top Murder Squad Detective Reveals The Chilling True Stories of The World's Most Notorious Killers|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=TqA4NcM_pm0C&pg=PT21|accessdate=10 January 2014|date=4 September 2013|publisher=John Blake Publishing|isbn=978-1-78219-365-4|page=21}}</ref> Police also confirmed that Milat had not been working on any of the days of the attacks<ref name=":2" /><ref name="Bellamy">{{cite web|url=http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/predators/milat/discovery_1.html|title=Ivan Milat: The Last Ride|last=Bellamy|first=Patrick|work=[[TruTV]]|publisher=Time Warner Inc.|pages=12–13|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140110091143/http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/predators/milat/discovery_1.html|archivedate=10 January 2014|url-status=dead|accessdate=10 January 2014}}</ref> and acquaintances also told police about Milat's obsession with weapons.<ref name="25yearsago" /><ref>{{cite book|last=Chapman|first=Simon|title=Over Our Dead Bodies: Port Arthur and Australia's Fight for Gun Control|url=http://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/bitstream/2123/8938/1/Over-our-dead-bodies_Chapman.pdf|accessdate=10 January 2014|year=2013|publisher=Sydney University Press|isbn=978-1-74332-031-0|page=163}}</ref> Milat's brother, Bill, who often had his identity used by his brother for work or vehicle registrations, was questioned by investigators.<ref name=":2" /> When the connection between the Belanglo murders and Onions' experience was made, Onions flew to Australia to help with the investigation.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Bearup|first1=Greg|title=1994: Clive Small, capturing Milat|url=https://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/weekend-australian-magazine/clive-small-capturing-milat/news-story/34ec05d650508e53e0c42a53bbb252d4?sv=620a0e5db804c708976e690eb79be409|accessdate=25 January 2018|work=The Australian|date=21 September 2013}}</ref> On 5 May 1994, Onions positively identified Milat as the man who had picked him up and attempted to assault him.<ref name=Brown2000/>
 
 
 
Milat was arrested at his home on 22 May 1994 on robbery and weapon charges related to the Onions attack after 50 police officers surrounded the premises, including heavily armed officers from the [[State Protection Group|Tactical Operations Unit]].<ref name="Timeline"/><ref name=Bellamy/> The search of Milat's home revealed various weapons, including a [[.22 LR|.22-calibre]] [[J. G. Anschütz|Anschütz Model 1441/42]] rifle and parts of a [[.22 LR|.22 calibre]] [[Ruger 10/22]] rifle that matched the type used in the murders, a [[Browning Arms Company|Browning pistol]], and a [[Bowie knife]].<ref name=":4">{{Cite web|url=https://casefilepodcast.com/case-109-belanglo-part-4/|title=Case 109: Belanglo (Part 4)|date=2019-04-13|website=Casefile: True Crime Podcast|language=en-US|access-date=2019-06-10}}</ref> Also uncovered was foreign currency, clothing, a tent, sleeping bags, camping equipment and cameras belonging to several of his victims.<ref name=":4" /><ref>{{cite web|title=Ivan Milat |url=http://www.citv.com.au/crime-profiles/44/ivan-milat/3/the-crime |work=Crime & Investigation Network |publisher=Foxtel |accessdate=10 January 2014 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140110092804/http://www.citv.com.au/crime-profiles/44/ivan-milat/3/the-crime |archivedate=10 January 2014 |df=dmy }}</ref> Homes belonging to his mother and five of his brothers were also searched at the same time by over 300 police,<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=nVJD6V0XAtwC&pg=PT344|title=Australia's Serial Killers|last=Kidd|first=Paul B.|date=1 August 2011|publisher=Pan Macmillan Australia|isbn=978-1-74262-798-4|page=344|accessdate=13 January 2014}}</ref> uncovering a total of 24 weapons, 250&nbsp;kg of ammunition, and several more items belonging to the victims.<ref name=":4" />
 
 
 
Milat appeared in court on 23 May, but he did not enter a [[plea]].<ref name="Dispatch"/> On 31 May, Milat was also charged with the seven backpacker murders.<ref name=":4" /> On 28 June, Milat sacked his defence lawyer, Marsden, and sought legal aid to pay for his defence.<ref name=":4" /> Meanwhile, brothers Richard and Walter were tried in relation to weapons, drugs and stolen items found on their properties.<ref name=":4" /> A [[Committal procedure|committal hearing]] for Milat regarding the murders began on 24 October and lasted until 12 December, during which over 200 witnesses appeared.<ref name=":4" /> Based on the evidence, at the beginning of February 1995, Milat was remanded in custody until June that same year.
 
 
 
On 26 March 1996, the trial opened at the [[Supreme Court of New South Wales|NSW Supreme Court]] and was prosecuted by [[Mark Tedeschi]].<ref name="Trial">{{cite web|title=The Trial|url=http://www.crimeandinvestigation.co.uk/crime-files/ivan-milat/trial.html|work=Crime & Investigation Network|publisher=AETN UK|accessdate=13 January 2014}}</ref> His defence argued that, in spite of the evidence, there was no non-circumstantial proof Milat was guilty and attempted to shift the blame to other members of his family, particularly Richard.<ref name="Trial" /> 145 witnesses took the stand, including members of the Milat family who endeavoured to provide alibis, and, on 18 June, Milat himself.<ref name=":5">{{Cite web|url=https://casefilepodcast.com/case-109-belanglo-part-5/|title=Case 109: Belanglo (Part 5)|date=2019-04-20|website=Casefile: True Crime Podcast|language=en-US|access-date=2019-06-10}}</ref> On 27 July 1996, after 18 weeks of testimony, a jury found Milat guilty of the murders.<ref name="Timeline" /><ref>{{cite news|last=Walker|first=Frank|title=Milat's brother claims police still treating him as murder suspect|url=http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/05/22/1085176039666.html?from=storylhs|accessdate=11 January 2014|newspaper=The Sydney Morning Herald|date=23 May 2004}}</ref> He was given a [[life imprisonment|life sentence]] on each count without the possibility of parole. He was also convicted of the attempted murder, false imprisonment and robbery of Onions, for which he received six years' [[jail]] each.<ref name="Newton2006" />
 
 
 
== Incarceration and appeals ==
 
On his first day, when arriving at [[Maitland Gaol]], Milat was beaten by another inmate.<ref>{{cite news|title=Skeleton key to unlock Ivan Milat mystery?|url=http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/skeleton-key-to-unlock-ivan-milat-mystery/story-e6frf7jo-1225912001007|accessdate=10 January 2014|newspaper=[[Herald Sun]]|date=30 August 2010|agency=AAP}}</ref> Almost a year later, on 16 May 1997, he made an escape attempt alongside convicted drug dealer and former Sydney councillor George Savvas.<ref>{{cite news|title=Maitland Correctional Centre Escape Attempt |url=http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/hansart.nsf/V3Key/LA19970520013 |accessdate=10 January 2014 |newspaper=[[Parliament of New South Wales]] |date=20 May 1997 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140110094731/http://www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/hansart.nsf/V3Key/LA19970520013 |archivedate=10 January 2014 |df=dmy }}</ref> The plan failed and Savvas was found hanged in his cell the next day, and Milat was transferred to the maximum-security [[Goulburn Correctional Centre|super prison]] in [[Goulburn, New South Wales]].<ref>{{cite news|title=Skeleton key to unlock Ivan Milat mystery?|url=http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/skeleton-key-to-unlock-ivan-milat-mystery/news-story/bb675c84c1205e881219048b5b479bf7|accessdate=25 January 2018|work=Herald Sun|agency=AAP|date=30 August 2010}}</ref>
 
 
 
In November 1997, Milat appealed against his convictions due to a breach of his common law right to legal representation, as established in ''[[Dietrich v The Queen]]''. However, the [[New South Wales Court of Criminal Appeal|NSW Court of Criminal Appeal]] dismissed the appeal.<ref name="Case">{{cite AustLII|NSWSC|795|1998|litigants=Regina v Milat |date=26 February 1998}}.</ref> In 2004, Milat filed an application with the [[High Court of Australia|High Court]] that he be allowed special leave to appeal on new grounds. The application for leave was ultimately dismissed, affirming the Court of Criminal Appeal's decision to disallow his initial appeal.<ref>{{Cite AustLII|HCA|17|2004|litigants=Milat v The Queen |parallelcite=(2004) 205 [[Australian Law Reports|ALR]] 338; (2004) 78 [[Australian Law Journal Reports|ALJR]] |date=24 February 2004}}.</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/05/28/1085641690085.html|title=Serial killer Milat loses conviction appeal|agency=AAP|date=28 May 2004|website=The Sydney Morning Herald|accessdate=20 May 2017}}</ref> On 27 October 2005, in the NSW Supreme Court<ref>{{Cite AustLII|NSWSC|920|2005|litigants=R v Milat (backpacker murders)|date=27 October 2005}}.</ref> Milat's final avenue of appeal was refused.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/wales/4415216.stm|title=Serial killer's appeal is refused|date=7 November 2005|work=[[BBC News]]|accessdate=2 June 2015}}</ref> In 2006, two other application attempts were rejected as well, as was one in November 2011.<ref name=":5" />
 
 
 
In 2006, a toaster and TV given to Milat in his cell caused a public outcry.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/national/milat-gets-tv-toaster-returned-to-cell-20060715-gdnyv3.html|title=Milat gets TV, toaster returned to cell|date=2006-07-14|website=The Sydney Morning Herald|language=en|access-date=2019-06-10}}</ref><ref name=":5"/> On 26 January 2009, Milat cut off his little finger with a plastic knife, with the intention of mailing it to the [[High Court of Australia|High Court]] to force an appeal.<ref name="finger">{{cite news|url=http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-national/medics-unable-to-reattach-milats-finger-20090127-7qg5.html|title=Medics unable to reattach Milat's finger|date=27 January 2009|work=The Sydney Morning Herald|agency=AAP|accessdate=27 January 2009}}</ref> He was taken to Goulburn Hospital under high security; however, on 27 January 2009 Milat was returned to prison after doctors decided surgery was not possible.<ref>{{cite news|title=Serial killer Ivan Milat cuts off finger in High Court protest|url=http://www.news.com.au/news/milat-lops-finger-back-in-jail/story-fna7dq6e-1111118675241|accessdate=10 January 2014|newspaper=[[News.com.au]]|date=27 January 2009}}</ref> Milat had previously self-harmed in 2001, when he swallowed razor blades, staples and other metal objects.<ref name="finger" /> In May 2011, Milat went on a 9-day hunger strike, losing 25 kilograms in an unsuccessful attempt to be given a [[PlayStation]].<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.news.com.au/national/ivan-milat-on-hunger-strike-over-playstation/story-e6frfkvr-1226056097963|title=Ivan Milat on hunger strike over Playstation|last=Bashan|first=Yoni|date=15 May 2011|work=News.com.au|accessdate=17 May 2011 }}</ref>
 
 
 
=== Health and death ===
 
In May 2019, Milat was transferred to the [[Prince of Wales Hospital (Sydney)|Prince of Wales Hospital]], Randwick, and was subsequently diagnosed with terminal [[oesophageal cancer]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/serial-killer-ivan-milat-unlikely-to-return-to-supermax-after-terminal-cancer-diagnosis-20190516-p51nu5.html|title=Serial killer Ivan Milat unlikely to return to supermax after terminal cancer diagnosis|last=Cormack|first=Lucy|date=15 May 2019|website=The Sydney Morning Herald|access-date=16 May 2019}}</ref> Following his treatment he was transferred to the [[Long Bay Correctional Centre]] to continue his custodial sentences.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/ivan-milat-moves-to-long-bay-jail-hospital-from-prince-of-wales-20190521-p51pjl.html|title=Ivan Milat moves to Long Bay jail hospital from Prince of Wales|date=28 May 2019|access-date=5 Jul 2019}}</ref>
 
 
 
On 9 August 2019, a terminally ill Milat was moved to a secure treatment unit located at the Prince of Wales Hospital following the loss of 20 kilograms in previous weeks; Milat was also exhibiting a high temperature. His status, however, was reported as not life threatening.<ref>{{Cite news|title=Serial killer Ivan Milat transferred to Sydney hospital from jail|url=https://www.news.com.au/national/nsw-act/news/serial-killer-ivan-milat-transferred-to-sydney-hospital-from-jail/news-story/aacc98d5c80e09ff74e064377939960b|accessdate=9 August 2019|work=[[The 7.30 Report]]|date=9 August 2019}}</ref>
 
 
 
Milat died at 4:07 am on 27 October 2019 while being treated at the [[Long Bay Correctional Centre|Long Bay Jail]]'s hospital wing. He was 74 years old.<ref>{{Cite news |last1=Thomas |first1=Sarah |title=Ivan Milat, Australia's most notorious serial killer, dead at 74 |url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-10-27/ivan-milat-dies-in-sydney/11342686 |access-date=27 October 2019 |work=ABC News |date=27 October 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://10daily.com.au/news/australia/a190517cwhyx/backpacker-serial-killer-ivan-milat-is-dead-20191026|title=Backpacker Serial Killer Ivan Milat Is Dead|date=2019-10-26|website=10 daily|language=en-AU|access-date=2019-10-26}}</ref>
 
 
 
==References==
 
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Milat, Ivan}}
 
[[Category:1944 births]]
 
[[Category:2019 deaths]]
 
[[Category:Australian serial killers]]
 
[[Category:Australian rapists]]
 

Latest revision as of 06:44, 29 October 2019

Hurray! It looks like this article has survived the deletionist battle. Check Ivan Milat on English Wikipedia.