Difference between revisions of "List of last surviving veterans of military engagements"

From Deletionpedia.org: a home for articles deleted from Wikipedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (inclusion power)
m (inclusion power)
Line 1,213: Line 1,213:
 
|<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.laprensa.com.ni/2001/11/27/departamentales/778427-ltimo-adis-a-don-pnfilo-el-veterano-soldado-del-general-benjamn-zeledn|title=Último adiós a don Pánfilo, el veterano soldado del General Benjamín Zeledón|language=Spanish|publisher=La Prensa|date=27 November 2001|accessdate=3 June 2019}}</ref>
 
|<ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.laprensa.com.ni/2001/11/27/departamentales/778427-ltimo-adis-a-don-pnfilo-el-veterano-soldado-del-general-benjamn-zeledn|title=Último adiós a don Pánfilo, el veterano soldado del General Benjamín Zeledón|language=Spanish|publisher=La Prensa|date=27 November 2001|accessdate=3 June 2019}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|[[Battle of Zacatecas]]
+
|[[Battle of Zacatecas (1914)|Battle of Zacatecas]]
 
|23 June 1914
 
|23 June 1914
 
|{{flagicon image|Flag of Mexico.svg}} [[Pancho Villa|Villistas]]
 
|{{flagicon image|Flag of Mexico.svg}} [[Pancho Villa|Villistas]]

Revision as of 06:30, 20 June 2019

This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on June 16 2019. This is a backup of Wikipedia:List_of_last_surviving_veterans_of_military_engagements. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/List_of_last_surviving_veterans_of_military_engagements. Purge

This is a chronological list of the last known surviving veterans of battles, sieges, and other military engagements around the world. The listed engagements span from the 5th century BC to the beginning of World War II. Most last survivors of particular engagements were junior officers or soldiers/naval ratings of non-commissioned rank in the early years of their service careers at the time.

Pre-17th century

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Thermopylae 30 August/ 8-10 September, 480 BC Template:Flagicon image Spartan Army Aristodemus of Sparta ? – 479 BC Also fought at Plataea.
Battle of Badr 13 March 624 Muslim Army Abu al-Yusr Ka'b ibn Amr 599 – 675 Last soldier to serve under Muhammad at the battle.[1]
Battle of Hastings 14 October 1066 Template:Flagicon image Norman Army Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester c.1050 - 1118 Last Norman nobleman to participate.

17th century

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Edgehill 23 October 1642 Template:Flagicon image Royalist Army William Hiseland 1620 – 1732 Last veteran of the English Civil War.
Battle of Killiecrankie 27 July 1689 Template:Flagicon image Scottish militia John Dennis c.1668 – 1770 [2][3]

18th century

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Malplaquet 11 September 1709 Template:Flagicon image British Army Ambrose Tennant c.1693 – 1800 [4][5]
Battle of Sheriffmuir 13 November 1715 Template:Flagicon image British Army John Hastie 1698 – 1798 [6][7]
Battle of Fontenoy 11 May 1745 Template:Flagicon image British Army Phoebe Hessel 1713 – 1821 Disguised herself as a man in order to fight.
Battle of Culloden 16 April 1746 Template:Flagicon image Jacobite Army Auld Dubrach 1714 – 1824 Last known Jacobite.
Siege of Fort William Henry 3 August 1757 Template:Flagicon image British Army David Thompson Jr. 1736 – 1836 [8][9]
Siege of Louisbourg 8 June 1758 Template:Flagicon image British Army James Thompson 1733 – 1830 Served as an engineer.[10][11]
Battle of Quebec 13 September 1759 Template:Flagicon image British Army James Thompson 1733 – 1830 [10][11]
Siege of Havana 6 June 1762 Template:Flagicon image British Army Ezekiel Blackmarr 1742 – 1841 [12]
Battle of Point Pleasant 10 October 1774 Template:Flagicon image Virginia militia Samuel Bonnifield 1752 – 1848 [13]
Battles of Lexington and Concord 19 April 1775 Template:Flagicon image Massachusetts Minutemen Jonathan Harrington 1758 – 1854 Last Lexington veteran.[14][15]
Template:Flagicon image Massachusetts Minutemen Amos Baker 1756 – 1850 Last Concord veteran.[16]
Battle of Brandywine 11 September 1777 Template:Flagicon image Continental Army Lemuel Cook 1759 – 1866
Battles of Saratoga 19 September 1777 Template:Flagicon image Continental Army Samuel Downing 1761 – 1867 [17][18]
Battle of Kings Mountain 7 October 1780 Template:Flagicon image Continental Army Robert Henry 1767 – 1863 [19]
Battle of Dogger Bank 5 August 1781 Template:Flagicon image Dutch Royal Navy Abraham Losgert 1764 – 1856 Served on the Ship of the line Admiraal Piet Hein.[20]
Siege of Yorktown 28 September 1781 Template:Flagicon image Continental Army John Gray 1764 – 1868 [21]
Storming of the Bastille 14 July 1789 Parisian rioters Arthur Dardenne 1776 – 1872 [22]
Battle of Fallen Timbers 20 August 1794 Template:Flagicon image United States Army George Fruits 1779? – 1876 [23]
Battle of Maciejowice 10 October 1794 Template:Flagicon image Polish Army Antoni Piórecki 1764 – 1870 [24]
Battle of Cape St Vincent 14 February 1797 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Henry King 1783 – 1874 Served on HMS Namur.[25]

19th century

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Trafalgar 21 October 1805 Template:Flagicon image Spanish Navy Gaspar Costela Vasquez 1787 – 1892 Served on Santa Ana.[26][27][28]
Template:Flagicon image French Navy Emmanuel Louis Cartigny 1790 – 1892 Served on Redoutable.[26]
Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Joseph Sutherland 1789 – 1890 Served on Template:HMS.[29][30]
Battle of Austerlitz 2 December 1805 Template:Flagicon image French Army Philippe C. Drummel 1797 – 1892 [31]
Battle of Corunna 16 January 1809 Template:Flagicon image British Army Thomas Palmer 1789 – 1889 [32][33]
Battle of Tippecanoe 7 November 1811 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Simon Covert 1792 – 1885 [34]
French invasion of Russia 24 June 1812 Template:Flagicon image French Army Jean Jacques Sabatier 1792 – 1894 [35]
Template:Flagicon image Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov 1785 – 1892 [36]
Battle of Smolensk 16 August 1812 Template:Flagicon image French Army Hector Nizole 1793 – 1893 [37]
USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere 19 August 1812 Template:Flagicon image United States Navy William D. Salter 1795 – 1869 Served on USS Constitution.[38]
Battle of Borodino 7 September 1812 Template:Flagicon image Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov 1785 – 1892 [36]
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1 June 1813 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Provo Wallis 1791 – 1892 Served on Template:HMS.
Battle of Fort Stephenson 2 August 1813 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Andrew McKee Franklin 1791 – 1895 [39]
Battle of the Thames 5 October 1813 Template:Flagicon image United States Army David McCoy 1790 – 1895 [40]
Battle of Leipzig 16 October 1813 Template:Flagicon image Austrian Army Anton Lipp 1793? – 1895 [41]
Template:Flagicon image Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov 1785 – 1892 [36]
Battle of Paris 30 March 1814 Template:Flagicon image French Army Émile Mellinet 1798 – 1894
Template:Flagicon image Russian Army Vasilij Nikolaevich Kochetkov 1785 – 1892 [36]
Battle of Niagra Falls 25 July 1814 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Andrew McKee Franklin 1791 – 1895 [39]
Battle of Baltimore 12 September 1814 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Elijah Bouldin Glenn 1796 – 1898 [42]
Battle of North Point 12 September 1814 Template:Flagicon image United States Army William Welsh 1800 – 1894 [42]
Battle of New Orleans 8 January 1815 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Joseph Coffman 1804 – 1897 [43][44]
Battle of Ligny 16 June 1815 Template:Flagicon image French Army Mathieu Martin 1792 – 1892 [45]
Battle of Waterloo 16 June 1815 Template:Flagicon image French Army Louis-Victor Baillot 1793 – 1898
Template:Flagicon image British Army Ferdinand Scharnhorst 1797? – 1893 King's German Legion.[46][47]
Battle of Quatre Bras 18 June 1815 Template:Flagicon image French Army Louis-Victor Baillot 1793 – 1898
Bombardment of Algiers 27 August 1816 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Lewis Tobias Jones 1797 – 1895 Served on HMS Granicus
Battle of Juncal 9 February 1827 Template:Flagicon image Argentine Navy Enrique Sinclair 1805 – 1904 [48][49]
Battle of Navarino 20 October 1827 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy John W. Stainer 1808 – 1907 Served on Template:HMS.[50]
Template:Flagicon image French Navy Louis Pèlabon 1814 – 1906 Served on Sirène.[51][52]
Battle of Stillman's Run 14 May 1832 Template:Flagicon image United States Army William W. Copes 1812 – 1904 [53]
Battle of San Jacinto 21 April 1836 Template:Flagicon image Texan rebels William Physick Zuber 1820 – 1913 [54][55]
Battle of the Windmill 12 November 1838 Template:Flagicon image Canadian militia Richard Dixie 1816 – 1916 [56][57]
Hunters' Lodges Army Nelson Truax 1818 – 1915 [58]
Battle of Ohaeawai July 1845 Template:Flagicon image British Army William Henry Free 1825 – 1919 [59][60]
Siege of Fort Texas 3 May 1846 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Josiah Turner 1826 – 1916 [61][62]
Battle of Palo Alto 8 May 1846 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Thomas Sullivan Mountain 1822 – 1915 [63]
Battle of Monterey 7 July 1846 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Anson A. Pike 1820 – 1916 [64]
Battle of Buena Vista 22 February 1847 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Stephen Samuel Cole 1826 – 1924 [65]
Siege of Veracruz 9 March 1847 Template:Flagicon image United States Navy Owen Thomas Edgar 1831 – 1929 Served on USS Potomac.[66]
Battle of Cerro Gordo 18 August 1847 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Amasa Gleason Clark 1825 – 1927 [67][68]
Battle of Contreras 19 August 1847 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Amasa Gleason Clark 1825 – 1927 [67][68]
Battle of Churubusco 20 August 1847 Template:Flagicon image Mexican Army Antonio Rincón Gallardo 1833 – 1928 [69]
Template:Flagicon image United States Army Amasa Gleason Clark 1825 – 1927 [67][68]
Battle of Molino del Rey 8 September 1847 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Amasa Gleason Clark 1825 – 1927 [67][68]
Battle for Mexico City 8 September 1847 Template:Flagicon image United States Navy Owen Thomas Edgar 1831 – 1929 Served on USS Allegheny.[66]
Battle of Chapultepec 12 September 1847 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Calvin E. Myers 1830 – 1928 [70]
Battle of Ramnagar 22 November 1848 Template:Flagicon image East Indian Army John Stratford 1829 – 1932 [71][72]
Battle of Chillianwala 13 January 1849 Template:Flagicon image East Indian Army John Stratford 1829 – 1932 [71][72]
Battle of Gujrat 21 February 1849 Template:Flagicon image East Indian Army John Stratford 1829 – 1932 [71][72]
Battle of Isaszeg 6 April 1849 Template:Flagicon image Hungarian revolutionaries József Fischl 1827 – 1929 [73]
Battle of Segesvár 31 July 1849 Template:Flagicon image Hungarian revolutionaries József Fischl 1827 – 1929 [73]
Siege of Sevastopol 17 September 1854 Template:Flagicon image British Army Fitzroy Maclean 1835 – 1936
Battle of the Alma 20 September 1854 Template:Flagicon image British Army Fitzroy Maclean 1835 – 1936
Charge of the Light Brigade 25 October 1854 Template:Flagicon image British Army Edwin Hughes 1830 – 1927
Thin Red Line 25 October 1854 Template:Flagicon image British Army Charles Ellingworth 1833 – 1927 [74]
Battle of Inkerman 5 November 1854 Template:Flagicon image British Army Joseph Pritchard Wellspring 1839 – 1933 [75]
Battle of the Eureka Stockade 3 December 1854 Template:Flagicon image Stockade rebels William Edward Atherdon 1838 – 1936 [76][77]
Battle of Black Jack 2 June 1856 Free-State abolitionists George Roe 1834 – 1927 [78]
Battle of Osawatomie 30 August 1856 Free-State abolitionists Luke F. Parsons 1833 – 1926 [79][80]
Siege of Lucknow 30 May 1857 Template:Flagicon image British Army Charles Palmer 1847 – 1940
Battle of San Fermo 27 May 1859 Template:Flagicon image Sardinian Army Simone Piffaretti 1843 – 1940 [81]
Battle of Magenta 4 June 1859 Template:Flagicon image Sardinian Army Simone Piffaretti 1843 – 1940 [81]
Battle of Solferino 24 June 1859 Template:Flagicon image Austrian Army Anton Neubauer 1836 – 1941 [82][83]
Template:Flagicon image Sardinian Army Simone Piffaretti 1843 – 1940 [81]
Battle of Fort Sumter 12 April 1861 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Felix Huston Robertson 1839 – 1928
Template:Flagicon image Union Army William Henry Hamner 1838 – 1925 [84][85][86]
Battle of Boonville 17 June 1861 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Charles John Walden 1844 – 1932 [87]
First Battle of Bull Run 21 July 1861 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Alfred "Teen" Blackburn 1842 – 1951 Last former slave to serve in Confederate forces.
Battle of Shiloh 6 April 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Daniel A. Wedge 1841 – 1947 [89]
Andrews' Raid 12 April 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army John Reed Porter 1838 – 1926
Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Henry P. Haney 1846 – 1923 [90][91]
Battle of Puebla 5 May 1862 Template:Flagicon image Mexican Army Francisco Arellano Zenteno 1842 – 1935 [92]
Seven Days Battles 25 June 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Battle of Gaines's Mill 27 June 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Battle of Glendale 30 June 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Battle of Malvern Hill 1 July 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Battle of Fort Ridgely 20 September 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Charles Marian Culver 1849 – 1943 [93]
Battle of Crampton's Gap 14 September 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Battle of Antietam 17 September 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Battle of Fredericksburg 11 December 1862 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Battle of Chancellorsville 30 April 1863 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Hard 1841 – 1951 [88]
Siege of Vicksburg 18 May 1863 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Joseph Clovese 1844 – 1947 Last former slave to serve in Union forces.[94][95][96]
Morgan's Raid 11 June 1863 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Thomas F. Ambrose 1849 – 1949 [97]
Battle of Gettysburg 1 July 1863 Template:Flagicon image Union Army James Marion Lurvey 1847 – 1950 [98][99]
Pickett's Charge 3 July 1863 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Otto Richard Gellette 1845 – 1944 [100]
Second Battle of Fort Wagner 18 July 1863 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Eli G. Biddle 1846 – 1940 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.[101][102]
Second Battle of Sabine Pass 8 September 1863 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Thomas Billingsley Iden 1847 – 1950 [103]
Defence of Pukekohe East 13 September 1863 Template:Flagicon image British Army Joseph Corbett Scott 1838 – 1940 [104]
Battle of Dybbøl 7 April 1864 Template:Flagicon image Danish Army Ove Henning Jacobsen 1841 – 1941 [105]
Battle of Mansfield 8 April 1864 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Robert Pendleton Wilson 1849 – 1951 [106][98]
Battle of the Wilderness 5 May 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Charles H. Duckworth 1846 – 1949 [106][88]
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House 8 May 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Alvin Eugene True 1844 – 1949 [98]
Battle of Heligoland 9 May 1864 Template:Flagicon image Danish Royal Navy Hans Hansen 1842 – 1939 Served on Jylland.[107][108]
Battle of New Market 15 May 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Charles H. Duckworth 1846 – 1949 [88]
Siege of Petersburg 15 June 1864 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Pleasant Crump 1847 – 1951
Battle of Cherbourg 19 June 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Navy William Alsdorf 1843 – 1933 Served on USS Kearsarge.[109][110]
Template:Flagicon image Confederate Navy Arthur Sinclair 1837 – 1925 Served on CSS Alabama.[109]
Battle of Saint Mary's Church 24 June 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Charles H. Duckworth 1846 – 1949 [88]
Battle of Monocacy 9 July 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Horace Alfrord Andersen 1843 – 1937 [111]
Battle of Fort Stevens 11 July 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Edward R. Campbell 1844 – 1936 [112]
Battle of the Crater 11 July 1864 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Theodore Norman Mayo 1845 – 1948 [113]
Battle of Mobile Bay 2 August 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Navy Henry Doll 1848 – 1947 Served on USS Hartford.[106][88]
Sherman's March to the Sea 15 November 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army John Simon Dumser 1847 – 1949 [114][115]
Battle of Franklin 30 November 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Orlando LeValley 1848 – 1948 [116][117]
Battle of Nashville 15 December 1864 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Orlando LeValley 1848 – 1948 [116][117]
Second Battle of Fort Fisher 13 January 1865 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army George Washington Benson 1846 – 1948 [118][119]
Template:Flagicon image Union Navy Henry Doll 1848 – 1947 Served on USS Brooklyn.[106][119]
Battle of Hatcher's Run 5 February 1865 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Pleasant Crump 1847 – 1951
Wilson's Raid 22 March 1865 Template:Flagicon image Union Army Charles H. Duckworth 1846 – 1949 [106][88]
Battle of Palmito Ranch 12 May 1865 Template:Flagicon image Confederate Army Henry Spangler 1845 – 1938 [120]
Battle of Lissa 20 July 1866 Template:Flagicon image Italian Royal Navy Giovanni Simoncini 1840? – 1940 Served on Gaeta.[121]
Battle of Bezzecca 21 July 1866 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Luigi Campi 1854? – 1944 [122]
Battle of Beecher Island 17 September 1868 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Thomas Benton Murphy 1844 – 1929 [123]
Paris Commune 18 March 1870 Template:Flagicon image Communard revolutionaries Adrien Lejeune 1847 – 1942
Template:Flagicon image French Army Eugène François Louis Liné 1850 – 1940 [124]
Battle of Bazeilles 1 September 1870 Template:Flagicon image French Army Alexandre Rioland 1847 – 1935 [125]
Siege of Paris 19 September 1870 Template:Flagicon image French Army Émile Chausse 1850 – 1941
Second Battle of Adobe Walls 27 June 1874 Comanche warriors Yellowfish 1856 – 1943 [126][127]
Template:Flagicon image Adobe Walls bison hunters Wesley Kavanaugh Myers 1854 – 1939 [128][129]
Battle of the Little Bighorn 25 June 1876 Lakota warriors Dewey "Iron Hail" Beard 1858 – 1955 Miniconjou Lakota.
Template:Flagicon image United States Army Charles Windolph 1851 – 1950
Battle of Erzurum 8 November 1877 Template:Flagicon image Ottoman volunteers Nene Hatun 1857 – 1955
Battle of Rorke's Drift 22 January 1879 Template:Flagicon image British Army Frank Bourne 1854 – 1945
Battle of Iquique 21 May 1879 Template:Flagicon image Chilean Navy Wenceslao Vargas 1861 – 1958 Served on Esmeralda.
Battle of Angamos 8 October 1879 Template:Flagicon image Peruvian Navy Manuel Elías Bonnemaison 1862 – 1961 Served on Huáscar.[130][131]
Battle of Majuba Hill 27 February 1881 Template:Flagicon image Boer Army Jacob Coetzer 1866 – 1969 [132]
Battle of Fish Creek 24 April 1885 Template:Flagicon image Canadia Army William Dickie Mills 1866 – 1971 [133][134]
Battle of Batoche 9 May 1885 Template:Flagicon image Canadia Army William Dickie Mills 1866 – 1971 [133][134]
Battle of Adwa 1 March 1894 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Pietro Antonio Baron 1874 – 1970 [135]
Battle of Dargai Heights 20 October 1897 Template:Flagicon image British Army Hector Campbell 1877 – 1972 Gordon Highlanders.[136][137]
Battle of Manila Bay 1 May 1898 Template:Flagicon image United States Navy Archibald M. Forbis 1878 – 1981 Served on USS McCulloch.[138]
Battle of San Juan Hill 1 July 1898 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Ralph Waldo Taylor 1882 – 1987 [139]
Siege of Baler 1 July 1898 Template:Flagicon image Spanish Army Emilio Fabregat Fabregat 1878 – 1960 [140]
Battle of Omdurman 2 September 1898 Template:Flagicon image British Army James Richard Miles 1879 – 1977 [141]
Battle of Sugar Point 5 October 1898 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Hubert V. Eva 1869 – 1971 [142]
Battle of Spion Kop 23 January 1900 Template:Flagicon image Boer Army Pieter Arnoldus Krueler 1885 – 1986 [143]
Siege of Catubig 15 April 1900 Template:Flagicon image United States Army William John Otjen 1879 – 1973 [144]

20th century

Engagement Starting date Service Name Lifespan Notes
Battle of Liaoyang 25 August 1904 Template:Flagicon image Imperial Japanese Army Eto Mamoru 1883 – 1992 [145]
Battle of Tsushima 27 May 1905 Template:Flagicon image Imperial Japanese Navy Okura Meiji 1884 – 1982 Served on Asama.
Template:Flagicon image Imperial Russian Navy Yuriy Volkovitsky 1883 – 1983 Served on Imperator Nikolai I.
Battle of Yangxia 18 October 1911 Template:Flagicon image Tongmenghui revolutionaries Yu Yuzhi 1889 – 1993 [146]
Battle of Sciara Sciatt 23 October 1911 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Luigi Gilardi 1892 – 1993 [147]
Battle of Zanzur 8 June 1912 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Guido Bellucci 1890 – 1994 [148][149]
Battle of Misrata 16 June 1912 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Guido Bellucci 1890 – 1994 [148][149]
Battle of Coyotepe Hill 3 October 1912 Template:Flagicon image Liberal Party revolutionaries José Pánfilo Ramos Sevilla Pánfilo 1893 – 2001 [150]
Battle of Zacatecas 23 June 1914 Template:Flagicon image Villistas Juan Carlos Caballero Vega 1900 – 2010 División del Norte.[151]
Battle of the Frontiers 7 August 1914 Template:Flagicon image French Army Lazare Ponticelli 1897 – 2008
Battle of Halen 12 August 1914 Template:Flagicon image Belgian Army Arsène Joseph Becuwe 1891 – 1992
Battle of Mons 23 August 1914 Template:Flagicon image British Army James Davidson 1897 – 1999 BEF.[152]
Battle of Le Cateau 26 August 1914 Template:Flagicon image British Army Michael Lally 1894 – 1999 BEF.[153][154][155]
Siege of Tsingtao 27 August 1914 Template:Flagicon image Imperial German Navy Paul Kley 1894 – 1992 Seebataillon.[156][157][158]
First Battle of the Marne 6 September 1914 Template:Flagicon image French Army Raymond Abescat 1891 – 2001
Battle of Zanzibar 20 Sept 1914 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Leonard Claude Lawrance 1890 – 1982 Served on HMS Pegasus.[159]
First Battle of Ypres 19 October 1914 Template:Flagicon image British Army William Elder 1897 – 2005 BEF.[160][161][162]
Battle of Tanga 3 November 1914 Template:Flagicon image German East African colonial troops. Malonde Maseru 1894 – 1996 Schutztruppe.[163][164]
Battle of Cocos 9 November 1914 Template:Flagicon image Australian Royal Navy Sidney Sullivan 1886 – 1997 Served on HMAS Sydney.[165][166]
Template:Flagicon image Imperial German Navy Heyo Aden-Emden 1890 – 1989 Served on SMS Emden.[167]
Battle of Verdun 21 February 1915 Template:Flagicon image French Army René Marie-Martial Moreau 1897 – 2005 [168]
Battle of Neuve Chapelle 10 March 1915 Template:Flagicon image British Army Alfred Anderson 1896 – 2005 BEF. Last known participant of the Christmas truce.
Second Battle of Ypres 2 April 1915 Template:Flagicon image British Army William Elder 1897 – 2005 BEF.[160][161][162]
First Battle of the Isonzo 23 June 1915 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Carlo Orelli 1894 – 2005
Landing at Suvla Bay 6 August 1915 Template:Flagicon image British Army Robert Richard Barron 1895 – 1999 MEF.[169]
Battle of the Nek 7 August 1915 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Leonard "Len" Hall 1897 – 1999 ANZAC.[170][171][172]
Battle of Loos 25 September 1915 Template:Flagicon image British Army Alfred Anderson 1896 – 2005
Battle of Colombus 9 March 1916 Template:Flagicon image Villistas Juan Carlos Caballero Vega 1900 – 2010 División del Norte.[151]
Battle of Jutland 31 May 1916 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Henry Allingham 1896 – 2009 Royal Naval Air Service. Served as a seaplane mechanic on the HMT Kingfisher.
Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Henry St John Fancourt 1900 – 2004 Served on HMS Princess Royal
Template:Flagicon image Imperial German Navy Willy Schinkel 1896 – 2002 Served on SMS Kaiser.[173]
Storming of Fort Vaux 1 June 1916 Template:Flagicon image French Army Ferdinand Viviès 1895 – 1995 [174]
Battle of the Somme 1 July 1916 Template:Flagicon image French Army Claude-Marie Boucaud 1895 – 2005 [175]
Template:Flagicon image British Army Albert Marshall 1897 – 2005 BEF.
Template:Flagicon image Imperial German Army Ernst Jünger 1895 – 1998
First day on the Somme 1 July 1916 Template:Flagicon image British Army Charles Victor Holman 1898 – 2002 BEF.[153]
Battle of Delville Wood 14 Jul 1916 Template:Flagicon image South African Army Joeseph Samuels 1897 – 1998 SAOEF.[176]
Battle of Pozières 23 July 1916 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Marcel Caux 1899 – 2004 I ANZAC Corps
Battle of Kibata 14 October 1916 Template:Flagicon image German East African colonial troops. Saidi Musa 1896 – 1999 Schutztruppe.[177]
Battle of Bucharest 27 November 1916 Template:Flagicon image Romanian Army Titus Gârbea 1893 – 1998 [178][179]
Second Battle of Kut 23 February 1917 Template:Flagicon image Ottoman Army Yakup Satar 1898 – 2008
First Battle of Gaza 26 March 1917 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army McRae Archibald Cameron 1898 – 1997 I ANZAC Corps. ANZAC Mounted Division.[180]
Bloody April 1 April 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Norman Baillie Lovemore 1895 – 1993 Royal Flying Corps.[181]
Battle of Arras 9 April 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Albert Marshall 1897 – 2005 BEF.
Template:Flagicon image Imperial German Army Charles Kuentz 1897 – 2005
Battle of Vimy Ridge 9 Apr 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Alfred Finnigan 1896 – 2005 BEF.
Template:Flagicon image Canadian Army Charles Reaper 1899 – 2003 CEF.[182]
Battle of Chemin des Dames 16 April 1917 Template:Flagicon image French Army Louis de Cazenave 1897 – 2008
Second Battle of Gaza 17 April 1917 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army McRae Archibald Cameron 1898 – 1997 I ANZAC Corps. ANZAC Mounted Division.[180]
Battle of Messines 7 June 1917 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Edward Smout 1898 – 2004 RAAMC.
Battle of Zborov 1 July 1917 Template:Flagicon image Imperial Russian Army Alois Vocásek 1896 – 2003 Czechoslovak Legion.
Battle of Passchendaele 31 July 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Harry Patch 1898 – 2009 BEF.
Template:Flagicon image Imperial German Army Charles Kuentz 1897 – 2005
Battle of Mărășești 6 August 1917 Template:Flagicon image Romanian Army Lăcătușu Dumitrașcu 1891 – 1999 [183]
Second Battle of Oituz 8 August 1917 Template:Flagicon image Romanian Army Lăcătușu Dumitrașcu 1891 – 1999 [183]
Battle of Caporetto 24 October 1917 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Delfino Borroni 1898 – 2008
Battle of Beersheba 31 October 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Jasper Cecil Hankinson 1896 – 2004 EEF.[184]
Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Leonard "Len" Hall 1897 – 1999 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps. Last participant of the Light Horse charge.[170][171][172]
Third Battle of Gaza 1 November 1917 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899 – 2002 EEF. Last Australian Light Horse veteran.[185][186]
Battle of Hareira and Sheria 6 November 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Harold Judd 1898 – 1998 EEF.[187]
Charge at Huj 8 November 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Darcy Harold Jones 1896 – 2000 EEF.[188][189][190]
Battle of Monte Grappa 13 November 1917 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Lazare Ponticelli 1897 – 2008
Battle of Jerusalem 17 November 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Jasper Cecil Hankinson 1896 – 2004 EEF.[184]
Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899 – 2002 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps.[185][186]
Battle of Cambrai 20 November 1917 Template:Flagicon image British Army Albert Marshall 1897 – 2005 BEF.
Template:Flagicon image British Army Norman Margrave Dillon 1896 – 1997 Tank Corps.[191][192]
Battle of Kruty 29/ 30 January 1918 Template:Flagicon image Ukrainian People's Army Matthew Danyluk 1892 – 1994
Ice March 9 February 1918 Template:Flagicon image Volunteer Army Boris Mikhailovich Ivanov 1895 – 1993
Steppe March 25 February 1918 Template:Flagicon image Don Army Nikolai Mikhailovich Pokhlebin 1901 – 1991 [193]
Battle of the Lys 7 April 1918 Template:Flagicon image Portuguese Army José Maria Hermano Baptista 1895 – 2002 CEP.
Battle of Tampere 21 April 1918 Template:Flagicon image Finnish White Army Lauri Nurminen 1906 – 2009
Zeebrugge Raid 23 April 1918 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Sidney Hesse 1899 – 2002 Served on HMS Phoebe.[194][195]
Template:Flagicon image British Royal Navy Alfred Ambrose Hutchinson 1895 – 2002 Royal Marines. Served on HMS Iris II.[196]
Battle of Vyborg 21 April 1918 Template:Flagicon image Finnish Red Army Aarne Arvonen 1897 – 2009
Second Battle of Jordan 30 April 1918 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899 – 2002 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps.[185][186]
Battle of Sardarabad 22 May 1918 Template:Flagicon image Armenian volunteers Senekerim "Sam" Arakelian 1902 – 2000 [197]
Third Battle of the Aisne 27 May 1918 Template:Flagicon image French Army Ferdinand Gilson 1898 – 2005 [198][199][200]
Template:Flagicon image British Army Frank S. Deane 1899 – 2002 BEF.[201]
Battle of Belleau Wood 1 June 1918 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Albert Wagner 1899 – 2007 AEF.
Kuban Offensive 9 June 1918 Template:Flagicon image Volunteer Army Boris Vitalyevich Pryanishnikov 1902 – 2002
Second Battle of the Piave River 15 June 1918 Template:Flagicon image Austria-Hungarian Army Franz Künstler 1900 – 2008 [202]
Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Domenico De Cristofaro 1899 – 2006 [203]
Second Battle of the Marne 15 July 1918 Template:Flagicon image French Army Jean Grelaud 1898 – 2007
Template:Flagicon image Imperial German Army Charles Kuentz 1897 – 2005
Battle of Amiens 8 August 1918 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Peter Casserly 1898 – 2005 AIF.
Second Battle of the Somme 21 August 1918 Template:Flagicon image French Army Ferdinand Gilson 1898 – 2005 [198][199][200]
Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Edward "Ted" Rayns 1899 – 2004 Australian Corps.[162]
Battle of Saint-Mihiel 12 September 1918 Template:Flagicon image United States Army Antonio Pierro 1896 – 2007 AEF.[204]
Capture of Damascus 1 October 1918 Template:Flagicon image Australian Army Albert Ernest Whitmore 1899 – 2002 EEF. Desert Mounted Corps.[185][186]
Battle of Vittorio Veneto 3 November 1918 Template:Flagicon image Italian Army Francesco Domenico Chiarello 1898 – 2007
Capture of Le Quesnoy 4 November 1918 Template:Flagicon image New Zealand Army Lawrence Morris Blyth 1895 – 2001 NZEF.[205]
Vilna offensive 16 April 1919 Template:Flagicon image Polish Army Walenty Florysiak 1898 – 2004 [206]
Battle of Warsaw 12 August 1920 Template:Flagicon image Polish Army Józef Kowalski 1900 – 2013
Battle of Radzymin 13 August 1920 Template:Flagicon image Polish Army Witold Bublewski 1904 – 2007
Battle of Komarów 30 August 1920 Template:Flagicon image Polish Army Józef Kowalski 1900 – 2013
Second Battle of İnönü 23 March 1921 Template:Flagicon image Turkish Army Veysel Turan 1901 – 2007
Battle of Sakarya 23 August 1921 Template:Flagicon image Turkish Army Veysel Turan 1901 – 2007
Battle of Dumlupınar 26 August 1921 Template:Flagicon image Turkish Army Veysel Turan 1901 – 2007
January 28 incident January 28 1932 Template:Flagicon image Chinese Army Huang Shengyong 1905 – 2017 [207][208]
Battle of Boquerón 7 September 1932 Template:Flagicon image Paraguayan Army Gabino Ayala 1913 – 2014 [209]
Siege of the Montaña barracks 18 July 1936 Template:Flagicon image Spanish Republican Army Bibiano Morcillo 1915 – 2012 [210][211]
Siege of the Alcázar 21 July 1936 Template:Flagicon image Francoist Army Federico Fuentes Gómez de Salazar 1918 – 2018 [212]
Battle of El Mazuco 6 September 1937 Template:Flagicon image Spanish Republican militia Antonio Batalla 1919 – 2018 Unified Socialist Youth.[213][214]
Defense of Sihang Warehouse 26 October 1937 Template:Flagicon image Chinese Army Yang Yangzheng 1914 – 2010 Last of the "800 Heroes".[215][216]
USS Panay incident 12 December 1937 Template:Flagicon image United States Navy Fon Huffman 1913 - 2008
Template:Flagicon image Imperial Japanese Navy Masatake Okumiya 1909 - 2007 Naval Air Service.
Battle of Cape Palos 5 March 1938 Template:Flagicon image Francoist Navy Manuel Aneiros Saavedra 1917 Served on Baleares.[217][218]
Battle of Cape Machichaco 5 March 1938 Template:Flagicon image Basque Auxiliary Navy Juan Azkarate 1922 Served on Nabarra. Last survivor of the Basque Auxiliary Navy.[219][220][221]
Battle of Westerplatte 1 September 1939 Template:Flagicon image Polish Army Ignacy Skowron 1915 – 2012
Battle of Mikołów 1 September 1939 Template:Flagicon image Polish Army Franciszek Grzegorzek 1919? – 2014 [222]
Battle of the River Plate 13 December 1939 Template:Flagicon image New Zealand Navy Vince McGlone 1916 – 2014 Served on HMNZS Achilles
Template:Flagicon image German Navy Gustav Friedrich Adolph Quick 1918 – 2007 Served on Admiral Graf Spee.[223][224][225]
Battle of Britain 10 July 1940 Template:Flagicon image German Air Force Kurt Dahlmann 1918 – 2017
Capture of Kufra 31 January 1941 Template:Flagicon image Free French Army Daniel Paul Nevot 1920 [226][227]
Sinking of the Bismarck 26 May 1941 Template:Flagicon image German Navy Bernhard Heuer 1922 – 2018 Served on Bismarck.[228]
Raid on Alexandria 19 December 1941 Template:Flagicon image Italian Navy Emilio Bianchi 1912 – 2015 [229]
Doolittle Raid 18 April 1942 Template:Flagicon image United States Air Force Richard E. Cole 1915 – 2019
Defense of Pavlov's House 27 September 1942 Template:Flagicon image Soviet Army Kamoljon Turgunov 1921 – 2015 [230]
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 19 April 1943 Template:Flagicon image Jewish Combat Organization Aliza Melamed Vitis-Shomron 1928 [231]
Template:Flagicon image Jewish Combat Organization Simcha Rotem 1924 – 2018 Last combattant.[231]
Operation Chastise 16 May 1943 Template:Flagicon image British Royal Air Force Johnny Johnson 1921 [232]

See also

Template:Portal

References

  1. IslamKotob (in Arabic). معرفة الصحابة لأبي نعيم تحقيق عادل العزازي – 1. IslamKotob. p. 2369. https://books.google.com/books?id=ztJICwAAQBAJ&dq=%22%D8%A3%D8%A8%D9%88+%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%B3%D8%B1+%D9%83%D8%B9%D8%A8+%D8%A8%D9%86+%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%88%22+%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%B1&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 16 November 2018. 
  2. Henderson, John A. (1907). Aberdeenshire Epitaphs and Inscriptions. 1. The Subscribers. p. 75. https://www.electricscotland.com/council/aberdeenshireephitats.pdf. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  3. Oxford University (1858). "Minor Notes". Notes and Queries. 2 (Oxford University Press) 5: 513. https://books.google.com/books?id=y0oAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA513&lpg=PA513&dq=Notes+and+Queries+killiecrankie+john+dennis&source=bl&ots=RH5uNs0pgi&sig=6pdit9h3Cq2_CBAx2sK3yUlKxSI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjy7aqPva3NAhUCS2MKHSnjBGkQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=Notes%20and%20Queries%20killiecrankie%20john%20dennis&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  4. Grant, James (1873). British battles on land and sea. 1. Cassell, Petter, and Galpin. p. 359. https://books.google.com/books?id=u0kBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA539&lpg=PA539&dq=ambrose+tennant+malplaquet&source=bl&ots=CpBM7daQ9L&sig=JrcT4_TtYFHIgGtMNvhogmBXcWE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CCMQ6AEwAWoVChMIj_r88d3DyAIVCsxjCh3DWQF6#v=onepage&q=ambrose+tennant+malplaquet&f=false. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  5. Bailey, Thomas (1857). Records of longevity, with an introductory discourse on vital statistics. Darton. pp. 79, 101. https://books.google.com/books?id=x1UBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA157&lpg=PA157&dq=John+Evans+1798+dettingen&source=bl&ots=cCwi7UL-5a&sig=gvlRYf6A6-RXOK1DRfCyOqsuUjs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDcQ6AEwA2oVChMIppiV8NXDyAIVAfFjCh0__wwO#v=onepage&q=ambrose&f=false. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  6. Template:Cite magazine
  7. Oxford University (1860). "Military centenarians". Notes and Queries. 2 (Oxford University Press) 9: 438. https://books.google.com/books?id=X8cCmeew6g4C&pg=PA438&lpg=PA438&dq=%22john+hastie%22+%22edinburgh%22+1798&source=bl&ots=nXP2xXwBAp&sig=ACfU3U0K8C1IkVUALcL7wn-aIvCMawTB1g&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi44KLl983iAhXpjlQKHfn0By8Q6AEwB3oECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22john%20hastie%22%20%22edinburgh%22%201798&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  8. Daughters of the American Revolution (1904). Lineage Book. 17. Daughters of the American Revolution. p. 301. https://books.google.com/books?id=IGsZAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA301&lpg=PA301&dq=David+thompson+jr+fort+william+henry&source=bl&ots=rww76mDJ_-&sig=SKQB9A6E1enm_kBE79eAFh09bHc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi7vKCKwK3NAhVBRGMKHeE9D3sQ6AEIHjAB#v=onepage&q=David%20thompson%20jr%20fort%20william%20henry&f=false. Retrieved 15 November 2018. 
  9. The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge For The Year 1838. 9. Gray and Bowen. 1838. p. 313. https://books.google.com/books?id=va00AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA313&dq=David+Thompson+fort+william+henry+1836&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjr746y7dfeAhXqjlQKHRpbDWgQ6AEINzAD#v=onepage&q=David%20Thompson%20fort%20william%20henry%201836&f=false. Retrieved 15 November 2018. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Chapman, Earl John (2010). A Bard of Wolfe's Army: James Thompson, Gentleman Volunteer, 1733–1830. R. Brass Studio. https://books.google.com/books?id=iOqpcQAACAAJ&dq=James+Thompson+bard+general+wolfe+1830&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj3vpqo5dfeAhXLiFQKHTPRA1kQ6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 15 November 2018. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 MacLeod, D. Peter (2016). Backs to the Wall: The Battle of Sainte-Foy and the Conquest of Canada. D & M Publishers. https://books.google.com/books?id=eKH1DAAAQBAJ&pg=PT72&dq=%22last+survivor%22+%22louisbourg%22+siege&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjarc7C8dfeAhUixFQKHQmGD60Q6AEISDAG#v=onepage&q=%22last%20survivor%22%20%22louisbourg%22%20siege&f=false. Retrieved 15 November 2018. 
  12. Samuel Hazard (1841). Hazard's United States Commercial and Statistical Register. 5. W. F. Geddes. p. 76. https://books.google.com/books?id=yoo3AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=%22last+surviving%22+%22moro%22+war&source=bl&ots=cSqu5aeB01&sig=thqX21I_VrkCZSlJxKFbjzazw1w&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiUytCa4vzOAhUQ6mMKHRKtBHIQ6AEIMzAE#v=onepage&q=%22last%20surviving%22%20%22moro%22%20war&f=false. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  13. Connelley, William Elsey; MacLean, John Patterson (1915). The Border Settlers of Northwestern Virginia from 1768 to 1795. Republican Publishing Company. p. 227. https://books.google.com/books?id=IbUUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA227&lpg=PA227&dq=Samuel+Bonnifield+point+pleasant&source=bl&ots=5MXvDb5iaf&sig=eC4BHLVxCdmdvqt1b778RaMrGq4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwip3Yvpwq3NAhVM2GMKHVSYCwEQ6AEIITAB#v=onepage&q=Samuel%20Bonnifield%20point%20pleasant&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  14. Linenthal, Edward Tabor (1993). Sacred Ground: Americans and Their Battlefields. University of Illinois Press. p. 22. ISBN 9780252061714. https://books.google.com/?id=IPFNYaoegYwC&pg=PA22&dq=Jonathan+Harrington+lexington+last+survivor#v=onepage&q=Jonathan%20Harrington%20lexington%20last%20survivor&f=false. Retrieved 13 March 2018. 
  15. Fischer, David Hackett (1995). Paul Revere's Ride. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199779659. https://books.google.com/?id=u_Ow0uAM3EAC&pg=PT264&dq=Jonathan+Harrington+lexington+last+survivor#v=onepage&q=Jonathan%20Harrington%20lexington%20last%20survivor&f=false. Retrieved 13 March 2018. 
  16. Hurd, Duane Hamilton (1890). "History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts: With Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men". J. W. Lewis & Company. p. 590. https://books.google.com/?id=gZ5DAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA590&dq=Amos+Baker+last+survivor+Concord#v=onepage&q=Amos%20Baker%20last%20survivor%20Concord&f=false. Retrieved 15 March 2018. 
  17. Forbes, Charles S. (1917). The Vermonter: The State Magazine. 21-23. Charles S. Forbes. p. 98–99. https://books.google.com/?id=0I0eAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA170-IA79&lpg=PA170-IA79&dq=%22samuel+downing%22+Bemis+Heights+Saratoga#v=onepage&q=%22samuel%20downing%22%20Bemis%20Heights%20Saratoga&f=false. Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  18. Library Company of Philadelphia (1973). Library Company of Philadelphia: 1972 Annual Report. Library Company of Philadelphia. p. 21. ISBN 9781422361054. https://books.google.com/?id=vnCpGETdS0AC&pg=PA21&dq=%22samuel+downing%22+battle+Saratoga+102#v=onepage&q=%22samuel%20downing%22%20battle%20Saratoga%20102&f=false. Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  19. Draper, Lyman Copeland; Allaire, Anthony; Shelby Isaac (1881). King's Mountain and Its Heroes. P. G. Thomson. p. 259. https://books.google.com/books?id=6lv28UVzqUIC&pg=PA259&dq=Robert+Henry+%22king%27s+mountain%22+1863&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjV5byTts7iAhXKs54KHXfUDG8Q6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Robert%20Henry%20%22king's%20mountain%22%201863&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  20. Regt, Jacobus Wilhelmus (1868) (in Dutch). Neêrlands beroemde personen, naar hunne geboorteplaatsen in aardrijkskundige orde gerangschikt en beknopt toegelicht. S. E. Van Nooten. p. 305. https://books.google.com/books?id=6mh7BZBCB5oC&pg=PA365&dq=Abraham+losgert+1856&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiiytvusM7iAhWXjp4KHbdQCP8Q6AEIOTAD#v=onepage&q=Abraham%20losgert%201856&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  21. Necrological Table. The British Almanac. 1873. https://books.google.com/?id=mZ8FAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA286. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  22. Necrological Table. The British Almanac. 1873. https://books.google.com/?id=mZ8FAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA286. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  23. Arden, Eleanore June Johnson (1988). Harrisons of Virginia, Kentucky, and Indiana. L.G.E. Johnson. p. 202. https://books.google.com/books?id=aq9RAAAAMAAJ&q=%22fallen+timbers%22+George+Fruits&dq=%22fallen+timbers%22+George+Fruits&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiWp6-Pq87iAhVBqJ4KHYG9D40Q6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  24. Nicieja, Stanisław Sławomir (1989) (in Polish). Cmentarz Łyczakowski we Lwowie w latach 1786-1986. Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. p. 267. https://books.google.com/books?id=Y1dJAAAAIAAJ&q=Antoni+Pi%C3%B3recki%09Maciejowice&dq=Antoni+Pi%C3%B3recki%09Maciejowice&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiG-vzJqc7iAhV0HzQIHcJmCg8Q6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  25. Wells, Benjamin (1878). The History of Taranaki: A Standard Work on the History of the Province. Edmondson & Avery. p. 302. https://books.google.com/books?id=e8oRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA302&lpg=PA302&dq=Henry+King+last+survivor+st+vincent&source=bl&ots=klLTMbQEKP&sig=z0y8psmbjw2thl8uLnYAc10-eFo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj25KXlza3NAhUGz2MKHRXED3cQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=Henry%20King%20last%20survivor%20st%20vincent&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  26. 26.0 26.1 Adkins, Roy (2006). Nelson's Trafalgar: The Battle That Changed the World. Penguin Books. 
  27. Craig, Phil; Clayton, Tim (2012). Trafalgar: The men, the battle, the storm. Hodder & Stoughton. https://books.google.com/books?id=h2A4AgAAQBAJ&pg=PT252&dq=Last+royal+Navy+survivor+%22trafalgar%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwim1a-evOXiAhXvFzQIHYeZDI0Q6AEIUjAI#v=onepage&q=Last%20royal%20Navy%20survivor%20%22trafalgar%22&f=false. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  28. Fraser, Edward (1906). The enemy at Trafalgar. D. P. Dutton. p. 259. https://books.google.com/books?id=-sTFAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA259&dq=gaspar+costela+vasquez+trafalgar&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjP9J3uveXiAhXFup4KHQsiBIIQ6AEILjAB#v=onepage&q=gaspar%20costela%20vasquez%20trafalgar&f=false. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  29. Gibraltar Chronicle (23 October 2018). "Battle of Trafalgar remembered". Gibraltar Chronicle. http://chronicle.gi/2018/10/battle-of-trafalgar-remembered/. Retrieved 28 October 2018. 
  30. Morriss, Roger (1995). Nelson: An Illustrated History. Laurence King Publishing. https://books.google.com/books?id=kGxnAAAAMAAJ&q=Joseph+Sutherland+Trafalgar&dq=Joseph+Sutherland+Trafalgar&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjirau0wOXiAhWjIzQIHaPfDS8Q6AEILDAB. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  31. Was a Soldier of France. Los Angeles Herald. 16 December 1892. p. 10. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/42219391/. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  32. Forbes, Archibald (1896). Battles of the Nineteenth Century. 1. Cassel. p. 362. https://books.google.com/books?id=RScFAAAAIAAJ&dq=Thomas+Palmer+last+corunna&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  33. Carter, Thomas; Long, William H. (1893). War Medals of the British Army, and how They Were Won. Norie and Wilson. p. 95. https://books.google.com/books?id=4QgwAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=Thomas+Palmer+last+corunna&source=bl&ots=fQIxZ313uv&sig=Nb7CRsCX_Yt7zE1y_SquUDTZnFI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGiunIzq3NAhVI1mMKHRw1DWIQ6AEIIzAB#v=onepage&q=Thomas%20Palmer%20last%20corunna&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  34. Van Nuys, Kathleen (2006). The Hopewell Journey: 350 Years from Immigrant Religion to Hoosier Faith. AuthorHouse. p. 94. https://books.google.com/books?id=bmoFPpvFOv4C&dq=simon+covert+tippecanoe&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  35. Appletons' Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events. 9. D. Appleton and Company. 1870. p. 628. https://books.google.com/books?id=PiXHMeVtZnMC&pg=PA628&lpg=PA628&dq=William+d+Salter+last+survivor&source=bl&ots=Ihlh5Jdodk&sig=fCmbesoXYHFarvvAPNrazTFTpco&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjv9_bC0q3NAhUJxGMKHdGVBmgQ6AEIIzAB#v=onepage&q=William%20d%20Salter%20last%20survivor&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 Alzamov, Boris (2017) (in Russian). Петербург – столица русской гвардии. История гвардейских подразделений. Структура войск. Боевые действия. Выдающиеся личности. LitRes. https://books.google.com/books?id=7kOJCgAAQBAJ&pg=PT384&dq=%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B9+%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87+%D0%9A%D0%BE%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjS39_b4qjeAhVnGDQIHYG3DvMQ6AEIMjAB#v=onepage&q=%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B9%20%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87%20%D0%9A%D0%BE%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2&f=false. Retrieved 28 October 2018. 
  37. Lhote, Amédée (1902) (in French). Recherches sur les centenaires nés ou morts dans le département de la Marne. Martin Frères. p. 40. https://books.google.com/books?id=xYgV6oj5zjUC&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&dq=Hector+Nizole+1893&source=bl&ots=SPgQp6nWMi&sig=QuKO-0RxAAgI7EeXnqTFpdVs1P4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiAnreTh8bQAhVBXWMKHecvBdgQ6AEIIzAB#v=onepage&q=Hector%20Nizole%201893&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  38. Appletons' Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events. 9. D. Appleton and Company. 1870. p. 628. https://books.google.com/books?id=PiXHMeVtZnMC&pg=PA628&lpg=PA628&dq=William+d+Salter+last+survivor&source=bl&ots=Ihlh5Jdodk&sig=fCmbesoXYHFarvvAPNrazTFTpco&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjv9_bC0q3NAhUJxGMKHdGVBmgQ6AEIIzAB#v=onepage&q=William%20d%20Salter%20last%20survivor&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  39. 39.0 39.1 Template:Cite magazine
  40. Guinn, James Miller (1907). A History of California and an Extended History of Its Southern Coast Counties: Also Containing Biographies of Well-known Citizens of the Past and Present. 2. Cal., Historic record Company. p. 1391. https://books.google.com/books?id=sMJQAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA1391&dq=%22david+McCoy%22+%22tecumseh%22+1895&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiP8ZGNpKjeAhUWFjQIHRIcCWYQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=%22david%20McCoy%22%20%22tecumseh%22%201895&f=false. Retrieved 27 October 2018. 
  41. von Elgger, Carl, ed (in German). Allgemeine schweizerische Militärzeitung: Journal Militaire-suisse. Gazzetta militare svizzera. 41-42. Graphische Anstalt Zofinger Tagblatt. p. 188. https://books.google.com/books?id=01k2AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA188&dq=Anton+lipp+miskolcz&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjMj5eFx-XiAhUDCnwKHaVhBk8Q6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=Anton%20lipp%20miskolcz&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  42. 42.0 42.1 Template:Cite magazine
  43. Society of the War of 1812 (1899). The Constitution and Register of Membership of the General Society of the War of 1812 to Oct. 1, 1899. Dewey & Eakins. p. 15. https://books.google.com/books?id=ZhIvAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA15&lpg=PA15&dq=Joseph+Coffman+1897+new+orleans&source=bl&ots=NWIYXw1M0K&sig=mn5LV0qn41AS8Kflj-v8KcfQL98&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjShbbLi67NAhVN_mMKHQ8xBmYQ6AEIKzAC#v=onepage&q=Joseph%20Coffman%201897%20new%20orleans&f=false. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  44. United States Congressional Serial Set. 3051. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1892. https://books.google.com/books?id=NTxHAQAAIAAJ&dq=Joseph+Coffman+%22new+orleans%22&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  45. Frémont, Léon (1892) (in French). Revue de Champagne et de Brie. H. Menu. p. 64. https://books.google.com/books?id=TMDo3kv6-s8C&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22ligny%22+Mathieu+Martin&source=bl&ots=wUNDUpAlSd&sig=ACfU3U28Q3QVEgkbEvpxZC_ckuN5P8Lodw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj2i9qtw-PiAhWTLH0KHWAMDwYQ6AEwDHoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22ligny%22%20Mathieu%20Martin&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  46. Glover, Gareth (2015). Waterloo in 100 Objects. The History Press. https://books.google.com/books?id=fmkTDQAAQBAJ&pg=PT370&dq=Ferdinand+Scharnhorst+1893&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjVvtmg8eTiAhVjHjQIHeRWDL8Q6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Ferdinand%20Scharnhorst%201893&f=false. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  47. The Annual Register: A Review of Public Events at Home and Abroad for the Year 1893. Longmans, Green, and Co.. 1894. p. 173. https://books.google.com/books?id=c4NdAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA173&dq=Ferdinand+Scharnhorst+1893&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjVvtmg8eTiAhVjHjQIHeRWDL8Q6AEILjAB#v=onepage&q=Ferdinand%20Scharnhorst%201893&f=false. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  48. (in Spanish) Boletín del Centro naval. 18. Argentine Ministry of the Navy. 1900. p. 677. https://books.google.com/books?id=0KMPAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA677&lpg=PA677&dq=Enrique+sinclair+juncal&source=bl&ots=fq9fBPwvyO&sig=SKSx23Q1dJ4FuLO1eaiknL1Cj_M&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjI79yS8M_RAhXphlQKHZV4C-8Q6AEIJzAC#v=onepage&q=Enrique%20sinclair%20juncal&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  49. Diario de sesiones de la Ca mara de Diputados. 11. National Congress of Argentina. 1904. p. 504. https://books.google.com/books?id=2L1HAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA503&lpg=PA503&dq=Enrique+sinclair+juncal+ultimo&source=bl&ots=xk_gfT7w19&sig=aKnnW77vEuIEaeiuV7nsfaBUPjw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwieiuSm8M_RAhVmsVQKHQQNAlYQ6AEIJzAC#v=onepage&q=Enrique%20sinclair%20juncal%20ultimo&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  50. Douglas-Morris, Kenneth (19 April 2012). Naval General Service Medal Roll 1793–1840. Andrews UK Limited. p. 310. https://books.google.com/books?id=5Gi-BAAAQBAJ&pg=PA310&lpg=PA310&dq=Naval+General+Service+Medal+Roll+1793-1840+stainer&source=bl&ots=8tEUU69Rzc&sig=hu9Fjph7S71MAOcIoN6I2RyKjmk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi0qOK317XMAhVN72MKHS35ATMQ6AEIRTAK#v=onepage&q=Naval%20General%20Service%20Medal%20Roll%201793-1840%20stainer&f=false. 
  51. "UN COMBATTANT DE NAVARIN" (in French). newspaper (La Lanterne): p. 1. 20 October 1906. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k75075772/f1.item.r=pelabon%20Navarin%201814.zoom. Retrieved 30 April 2019. 
  52. (in French) Revue de Provence. 9. P. Ruat. 1907. p. 26. https://books.google.com/books?id=vBAMAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA26&lpg=PA26&dq=Louis+P%C3%A8labon+1827&source=bl&ots=crTlv77A48&sig=ACfU3U3Wjzl273RzQWheamcDGqudl7N4aQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwidhtSM3vnhAhUDip4KHc03CfMQ6AEwCHoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=Louis%20P%C3%A8labon%201827&f=false. Retrieved 30 April 2019. 
  53. "Told In A Few Lines". newspaper (True Republican). 23 April 1904. https://idnc.library.illinois.edu/cgi-bin/illinois?a=d&d=STR19040423.2.31&srpos=232&e=-------en-20--221--txt-txIN-%2522last+survivor%2522-------. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  54. Blake, Robert Bruce. "ZUBER, WILLIAM PHYSICK". Texas State Historical Association. https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fzu02. Retrieved 17 November 2018. 
  55. Walraven, Bill; Walraven, Marjorie K. (1993). The Magnificent Barbarians: Little-told Tales of the Texas Revolution. Eakins Press. p. 43. https://books.google.com/books?id=QQQLAAAAYAAJ&q=william+physick+zuber+last+surviving&dq=william+physick+zuber+last+surviving&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiL2KPekd3eAhU1CjQIHdMtCb8Q6AEINDAC. Retrieved 17 November 2018. 
  56. "Local News". newspaper (Athens Reporter): p. 8. 13 November 1901. http://online.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.N_00083_19011113/8?r=0&s=4. Retrieved 13 May 2019. 
  57. "Brockville's Oldest Citizen Is Dead". newspaper (Brockville Times). 6 October 1916. 
  58. "Last Survivor Battle of Windmill". NNY Genealogy. http://www.nnygenealogy.com/pages/patriotwar/patriotwar-truax.html. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  59. Buick, T. Lindsay (2011). New Zealand's First War: Or, the Rebellion of Hone Heke. Cambridge University Press. p. 168. https://books.google.com/books?id=hmzJY5iKTbkC&pg=PA167&lpg=PA167&dq=William+Henry+Free+ohaeawai&source=bl&ots=zL2pbJh-Ve&sig=BUZoURYeFMdr4kLPJnvWSyD37_4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjWv8rvgK7NAhUKw2MKHSmaD0AQ6AEIIjAB#v=onepage&q=William%20Henry%20Free&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  60. Cowan, James (1955). THE NEW ZEALAND WARS: A HISTORY OF THE MAORI CAMPAIGNS AND THE PIONEERING PERIOD. 1. R. E. Owen. p. 65. http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-Cow01NewZ-c8.html. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  61. "LAST SURVIVOR OF A GREAT BATTLE DIES". newspaper (Victoria Advocate): p. 2. 2 February 1916. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=861&dat=19160202&id=7dBPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6VIDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3783,584221&hl=en. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  62. "COULSON’S OLD RESIDENT PASSES AWAY: Was One of Defenders of Old Fort Brown in Forty-Six". newspaper (Corsicana Daily Sun): p. 10. 31 January 1916. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/62784991/. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  63. "WITH WILKES EXPEDITION". newspaper (Oregon Daily Journal): p. 9. 2 April 1911. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/79299022/. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  64. "News Notes And Prosperity Pickups". newspaper (Daily Journal): p. 3. 8 May 1916. https://www.coloradohistoricnewspapers.org/cgi-bin/colorado?a=d&d=DJT19160508.2.37&e=-------en-20--1--txt-txIN--------0-. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  65. "Uncle Sam's Oldest Employee Is Captain Cole, of Kentucky". newspaper (Owensboro Messenger): p. 9. 20 July 1920. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/375825713/. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  66. 66.0 66.1 "Last of the Mexican War Vets". newspaper (Santa Ana Register): p. 22. 15 December 1928. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/90402574/. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  67. 67.0 67.1 67.2 67.3 Sowell, Andrew Jackson (1900). Early Settlers and Indian Fighters of Southwest Texas. B.C. Jones & Company, printers. p. 521. https://books.google.com/books?id=65YlAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA521&lpg=PA521&dq=Amasa+Clark+%22cerro+gordo%22&source=bl&ots=OAuWkrxnho&sig=ACfU3U0KpcyGXpxMuQHBLv6eVeJ_qP3GMw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwirrsDyieLiAhXNHzQIHReeAIcQ6AEwA3oECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=Amasa%20Clark%20%22cerro%20gordo%22&f=false. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  68. 68.0 68.1 68.2 68.3 "Amasa Gleason Clark". University of Texas at Arlington. https://library.uta.edu/usmexicowar/item?bio_id=76. Retrieved 11 June 2019. 
  69. "Last Mexican Veteran Of War With U. S. Dies". The Evening News. 6 February 1928. p. 1. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/63063173/. Retrieved 10 June 2019. 
  70. "SIX VETS LEFT OF MEXICAN CAMPAIGN". newspaper (Altoona Mirror): p. 5. 27 December 1927. https://newspaperarchive.com/altoona-mirror-dec-27-1927-p-5/. Retrieved 10 June 2019. 
  71. 71.0 71.1 71.2 Anglesey, Lord (1995). A History of the British Cavalry. 8. Pen and Sword. p. 353. https://books.google.com/books?id=BtqXAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA353&dq=John+Stratford+ramnagar&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi1utPipt_iAhUIFjQIHSQbAP4Q6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=John%20Stratford%20ramnagar&f=false. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  72. 72.0 72.1 72.2 "Britain's Oldest Soldier: Centenarian Claims Honour". newspaper (Singleton Argus): p. 4. 25 July 1930. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/81154231?searchTerm=John%20Stratford%20britain%27s%20oldest%20soldier&searchLimits=. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  73. 73.0 73.1 "Százkét éves korában influenzában meghalt a legutolsó negyvennyolcas honvéd". Huszadik Század. March 1929. http://www.huszadikszazad.hu/bulvar/szazket-eves-koraban-influenzaban-meghalt-a-legutolso-negyvennyolcas-honved. Retrieved 2014-06-21. 
  74. Farwell, Byron (1987). Mr. Kipling's Army. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 191. https://books.google.com/books?id=2IlC37UzYWQC&pg=PA191&lpg=PA191&dq=%22last+survivor%22+%22thin+red+line%22&source=bl&ots=s3MeLBSrMZ&sig=ACfU3U1tYDQGMljzSNATnu9l2jgCvO3Yyw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj0k7b34OXiAhXVHjQIHWD0BmkQ6AEwBHoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22last%20survivor%22%20%22thin%20red%20line%22&f=false. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  75. "Last Survivors: Crimea and The Mutiny". newspaper (Dunstan Times): p. 3. 1 February 1937. https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/DUNST19370201.2.8. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  76. "EUREKA STOCKADE RECALLED: William Edward Atherdon, (96)". newspaper (Kyogle Examiner): p. 3. 29 May 1934. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/235323437?searchTerm=William%20Edward%20Atherdon%20Eureka%20stockade&searchLimits=. Retrieved 29 May 2019. 
  77. "LAST SURVIVOR OF EUREKA STOCKADE.". newspaper (Daily Mercury): p. 6. 15 May 1934. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/173322837?searchTerm=last%20survivor&searchLimits=. Retrieved 29 May 2019. 
  78. "LAST SURVIVOR OF BLACK JACK FIGHT". newspaper (The Lawrence Daily Journal). July 16, 1927. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2199&dat=19270716&id=Fe5FAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7r0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=2826,5118958. Retrieved September 22, 2016. 
  79. "John Brown Aid, Luke Parsons, Dies in Kansas". neewspaper (Chicago Tribune). April 24, 1926. http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1926/04/24/page/13/article/john-brown-aid-luke-parsons-dies-in-kansas. Retrieved June 1, 2016. 
  80. "Associate of John Brown Recalls Early Struggles". newspaper (The Evening Independent). June 28, 1924. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=950&dat=19240628&id=vcpPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=iVQDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4079,858517&hl=en. Retrieved June 1, 2016. 
  81. 81.0 81.1 81.2 "La morte nel Comasco di un vecchio garibaldino" (in Italian). newspaper (La Stampa): p. 4. 3 April 1940. http://www.archiviolastampa.it/component/option,com_lastampa/task,search/mod,libera/action,viewer/Itemid,3/page,4/articleid,1614_02_1940_0081_0004_23820285/. 
  82. "Hero Celebrates 100th Birthday". newspaper (The Ogden Standard-Examiner): p. 4. July 16, 1936. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/27166930/. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  83. J. Marwil (2010). Visiting Modern War in Risorgimento Italy. Springer. https://books.google.com/books?id=aVXJAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA225&lpg=PA225&dq=Anton+Neubauer+solferino&source=bl&ots=zz194Zz9Nz&sig=Xrwx2Cgerd2RNY_M8ao_0W5ubwY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiLzsqXzYbNAhUS-GMKHSU1CmAQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=Anton%20Neubauer%20solferino&f=false. Retrieved September 10, 2016. 
  84. Template:Cite magazine
  85. Template:Cite magazine
  86. Los Angeles Examiner (1912). Press Reference Library: Notables of the Southwest. Los Angeles Examiner. p. 290. https://books.google.com/books?id=j-IDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA290&dq=%22fort+sumter%22+william+henry+hamner&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwif-deHlN3iAhXiGjQIHaMpAqMQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=%22fort%20sumter%22%20william%20henry%20hamner&f=false. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  87. Missouri Historical Review. 3. State Historical Society of Missouri. 1930. p. 621. https://books.google.com/books?id=lCEUAAAAYAAJ&q=%22boonville%22+john+walden+survivor&dq=%22boonville%22+john+walden+survivor&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiQrP7s8OXiAhWDMX0KHS73DesQ6AEILjAB. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  88. 88.00 88.01 88.02 88.03 88.04 88.05 88.06 88.07 88.08 88.09 88.10 88.11 88.12 88.13 Peterson, Clarence Stewart (1951). Last Civil War veteran in each State. Clarence Stewart Peterson. 
  89. "Ranks Of Boys In Blue Are Thinning Fast". newspaper (Freeport Journal-Standard): p. 2. 12 February 1943. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/936054/freeport_journalstandard/. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  90. The Atlanta Historical Journal. 25-26. Atlanta Historical Society. 1980. p. 50. https://books.google.com/books?id=vEITAAAAYAAJ&dq=%22last+surviving%22+andrews%27+raid&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=%22last+surviving. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  91. Template:Cite magazine
  92. Template:Cite magazine
  93. Buck, Solon Justus; Blegen, Theodore Christian (1918). Minnesota History Bulletin. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 291. https://books.google.com/books?id=ncwUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA291&lpg=PA291&dq=Charles++Culver+fort+ridgely&source=bl&ots=wnODKZODHK&sig=Q2wHgCPEkzvEpeLNaf-oFV1eViU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiS-vP4zMLNAhUL0mMKHatNBDcQ6AEINTAE#v=onepage&q=Charles%20%20Culver%20fort%20ridgely&f=false. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  94. "Last Civil War Veteran Dies". newspaper (Washington Afro-American): p. 12. 17 July 1951. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2238&dat=19510717&id=fUYmAAAAIBAJ&sjid=qv4FAAAAIBAJ&pg=6057,6632347&hl=en. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  95. "A Bridgehead in Time". newspaper (The Courier-Journal): p. 41. 27 May 1951. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/110447209/. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  96. "LAST G.A.R. NEGRO DIES AT AGE OF 107; Joseph Clovese, Drummer Boy and Infantryman in Civil War, Left Plantation to Serve Worked on River Boats". newspaper (New York Times). 14 July 1951. https://www.nytimes.com/1951/07/14/archives/last-gar-negro-dies-at-age-of-107-joseph-clovese-drummer-boy-and-in.html. Retrieved 9 June 2019. 
  97. "LAST G.A.R. VETERAN IN CHICAGO IS DEAD; Capt. Thomas Ambrose Fought Morgan's Raiders as a Boy Near End of Civil War". newspaper (New York Times). 17 November 1949. https://www.nytimes.com/1949/11/17/archives/lastgar-veteran-ih-chicago-is-dead-apt-thomas-ambrose-fought.html. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  98. 98.0 98.1 98.2 "The last survivor of all Maine outfits". newspaper (Bangor Daily News) 96 (268): p. 45. 7 April 1985. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2457&dat=19850405&id=4RA9AAAAIBAJ&sjid=RS4MAAAAIBAJ&pg=5959,2543384&hl=en. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  99. Clayton, John (2009). Remembering Manchester: Towering Titans and Unsung Heroes. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781625843098. https://books.google.com/?id=2eB_CQAAQBAJ&pg=PT43&dq=James+Lurvey+Gettysburg#v=onepage&q=James%20Lurvey%20Gettysburg&f=false. Retrieved 13 March 2018. 
  100. Bordewich, Fergus M. (2011). "Civil War Veterans Come Alive in Audio and Video Recordings". Smithonian.com. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/civil-war-veterans-come-alive-in-audio-and-video-recordings-97841665/. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  101. Lemmers, Richard (27 April 1990). "Black Sacrifices in Civil War". newspaper (The Gettysburg Times). https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/46682332/. Retrieved 24 February 2018. 
  102. "Massachusetts 54th Company A". http://www.mass54thcompany-a.com/members/index.html. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  103. "Civil War Vet Celebrating’ 98th Birthday". newspaper (The Taylror Daily Press): p. 4. 17 February 1947. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/49727183/. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  104. "Pioneer of the Maori Wars". newspaper (The Mercury): p. 8. 16 May 1938. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/25500678?searchTerm=&searchLimits=l-publictag=70th+Regiment. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  105. (in Danish) Personalhistorisk tidsskrift. Society for Danish Genealogy and Staff History. 2003. p. 29. https://books.google.com/books?id=SlcjAQAAMAAJ&q=%22Ove+Henning+Jakobsen%22&dq=%22Ove+Henning+Jakobsen%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi4vb-UkK_eAhWkPH0KHcGGDOEQ6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 30 October 2018. 
  106. 106.0 106.1 106.2 106.3 106.4 Gryzyb, Frank L. (2016). The Last Civil War Veterans: The Lives of the Final Survivors, State by State. McFarland. 
  107. Template:Cite magazine
  108. Template:Cite magazine
  109. 109.0 109.1 Marvel, William (2000). The Alabama and the Kearsarge: The Sailor's Civil War. Univ of North Carolina Press. pp. 267-278. https://books.google.com/books?id=GpVzCQAAQBAJ&pg=PA267&lpg=PA267&dq=William+Alsdorf+last+survivor&source=bl&ots=bVL6VY_Gsf&sig=NlFxW9ap2eBUSFoNKqoIxTDxKoI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiLpejl7NLQAhVDLmMKHfbMB0sQ6AEIGzAA#v=onepage&q=William%20Alsdorf%20last%20survivor&f=false. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  110. Naval Order of the United States (2003). Naval Order of the U.S.. Turner Publishing Company. p. 100. https://books.google.com/books?id=DY99mM57dIoC&pg=PA100&lpg=PA100&dq=William+Alsdorf+cherbourg&source=bl&ots=6lkL4ta7jV&sig=-k_W_1f4L9vDaBCBpKUn3fGqw3k&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwipzIWdiK7NAhUY3GMKHWghCJYQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=William%20Alsdorf%20cherbourg&f=false. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  111. Quint, Ryan (2017). Determined to Stand and Fight: The Battle of Monocacy, July 9, 1864. Savas Beatie. p. 113. https://books.google.com/books?id=oJATDgAAQBAJ&dq=%22last+surviving%22+%22monocacy%22&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  112. Cooling III, Benjamin Franklin; Owen II, Walton H. (2009). Mr. Lincoln's Forts: A Guide to the Civil War Defenses of Washington. Scarecrow Press. p. 184. https://books.google.com/books?id=3qRIuDHJoTEC&pg=PA184&dq=edward+r+campbell+last+%22fort+stevens%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi4_eL2wtniAhV0HzQIHTXGCZoQ6AEIOjAD#v=onepage&q=edward%20r%20campbell%20last%20%22fort%20stevens%22&f=false. Retrieved 8 June 2019. 
  113. Wallace, Lee A.; Conway, Martin (1983). A history of Petersburg National Battlefield to 1956. National Park Service. p. 121. https://books.google.com/books?id=4kkz3khleE4C&q=Theodore+Norman+Mayo+%22the+crater%22&dq=Theodore+Norman+Mayo+%22the+crater%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjaiN6V_OXiAhXyHDQIHSEnBrwQ6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 12 June 2019. 
  114. "Veteran Of Sherman's March To the Sea Dies". Santa Cruz Sentinel. 9 December 1949. p. 1. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/57419226/. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  115. Template:Cite magazine
  116. 116.0 116.1 Woodford, Frank B. (2014). Father Abraham's Children: Michigan Episodes in the Civil War. Wayne State University Press. p. 246. https://books.google.com/books?id=x4YpAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA246&lpg=PA246&dq=Orlando+LeValley+franklin&source=bl&ots=sQpRwpD_Oc&sig=igpb3_NwO-7eU3mchzYAX7mObTA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgpKmK-dzQAhUH7GMKHSaCCk0Q6AEIKzAD#v=onepage&q=Orlando%20LeValley%20franklin&f=false. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  117. 117.0 117.1 "Orlando LeValley, Last of Civil War Veterans Is Dead". 42. Cass City Chronicle. 23 April 1948. p. 1. http://newspapers.rawson.lib.mi.us/chronicle/CCC_1948%20(E)/issues/04-23-1948.pdf. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  118. Hardy, Michael C. (2012). Civil War Charlotte: The Last Capital of the Confederacy. Arcadia Publishing. https://books.google.com/books?id=2Id2CQAAQBAJ&pg=PA1855&dq=%22fort+fisher%22+last+survivor+george+benson&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj35IOrrtniAhUmjlQKHQmIAakQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=%22fort%20fisher%22%20last%20survivor%20george%20benson&f=false. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  119. 119.0 119.1 Carlson, Patricia Ann (1986). Literature and Lore of the Sea. Rodopi. 
  120. "CIVIL WAR SURVIVOR RECALLS BATTLE FOUGHT 34 DAYS AFTER END OF WAR". newspaper (Kerrville Mountain Sun): p. 10. 19 August 1937. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/19929419/. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  121. "A 98 anni è morto l'ultimo di Lissa" (in Italian). newspaper (La Stampa): p. 6. 10 March 1943. http://www.archiviolastampa.it/component/option,com_lastampa/task,search/mod,libera/action,viewer/Itemid,3/page,6/articleid,1125_01_1940_0061_0006_22523597/. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  122. "Garibaldino quasi centenario: morto a Novi Ligure" (in Italian). newspaper (La Stampa): p. 2. 22 November 1944. http://www.archiviolastampa.it/component/option,com_lastampa/task,search/mod,libera/action,viewer/Itemid,3/page,2/articleid,1608_02_1944_0193_0002_22236101/. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  123. Criqui, Orvel A. (1993). Fifty fearless men: the Forsyth Scouts and Beecher Island. Walsworth Pub.. p. 151. https://books.google.com/books?id=vFDzAAAAMAAJ&q=Thomas+Benton+Murphy%09%22beecher+island%22&dq=Thomas+Benton+Murphy%09%22beecher+island%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi2hqKXstjiAhVE4VQKHXY4C4YQ6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  124. "Les obsèques de M. Liné" (in French). Le Journal de l'Orne. 10 February 1940. p. 2. http://www.normannia.info/ark%3A/86186/1q7vr#?c=0&m=0&s=0&cv=0. Retrieved 8 November 2018. 
  125. "MORTS D'HIER". La Croix. 2 April 1935. p. 5. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k4142527/f5.item.r=%22Alexandre%20Rioland%22.zoom. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  126. Chronicles of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Historical Society. 1941. pp. 182, 195. https://books.google.com/books?id=BTAUAAAAYAAJ&q=%22yellowfish%22+last+surviving+%22adobe+walls%22&dq=%22yellowfish%22+last+surviving+%22adobe+walls%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi30azypdjiAhXLIDQIHd0iABIQ6AEINTAC. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  127. Cox, Mike (2012). Texas Panhandle Tales. Arcadia Publishing. https://books.google.com/books?id=x2t_CQAAQBAJ&pg=PT19&dq=%22yellowfish%22+last+surviving+%22adobe+walls%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi30azypdjiAhXLIDQIHd0iABIQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=%22yellowfish%22%20last%20surviving%20%22adobe%20walls%22&f=false. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  128. Mechem, Kirke; Malin, James Claude (1932). The Kansas Historical Quarterly. 1. Kansas State Historical Society. p. 181. https://books.google.com/books?id=dvk7AAAAIAAJ&q=%22last+survivor%22+adobe+walls&dq=%22last+survivor%22+adobe+walls&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjm0YmFodjiAhXLqZ4KHamKAQEQ6AEITjAH. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  129. Cozzens, Peter (2001). Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865-1890: Conquering the Southern Plains. Stackpole Books. p. 485. https://books.google.com/books?id=ftb3spzLngkC&pg=PA485&dq=%22myers%22+%22adobe+walls%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjGncjZo9jiAhUYnZ4KHT_nDGsQ6AEIOzAD#v=onepage&q=%22myers%22%20%22adobe%20walls%22&f=false. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  130. Template:Cite magazine
  131. Template:Cite magazine
  132. Template:Cite magazine
  133. 133.0 133.1 "FOUGHT AGAINST RIEL". newspaper (The Brandon Sun). March 8, 1966. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/67056964/. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  134. 134.0 134.1 "Riel revolt veteran dies in bed aged 104". Calgary Herald. 6 February 1971. p. 31. https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/481468038/. Retrieved 13 January 2019. 
  135. "Il voto in Italia" (in Italian). newspaper (La Stampa): p. 2. 8 June 1970. http://www.archiviolastampa.it/component/option,com_lastampa/task,search/mod,libera/action,viewer/Itemid,3/page,2/articleid,0131_02_1970_0115_0002_6542489/. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  136. Template:Cite magazine
  137. Who was who. 7. A. & C. Black. 1971. p. 124. https://books.google.com/books?id=HT4OAQAAMAAJ&dq=Hector+Campbell+%22dargai%22+1972&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Dargai. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  138. United Spanish War Veterans (1979). Proceedings of the Stated Convention of the 81st National Encampment. 81. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 110. https://books.google.com/books?id=5BRJAQAAMAAJ&dq=Last+survivor+%22manila+bay%22+battle&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=survivor. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 
  139. Saxon, Wolfgang (18 May 1987). "RALPH W. TAYLOR, 105, FOUGHT AT SAN JUAN HILL". newspaper (New York Times): p. 14. https://www.nytimes.com/1987/05/18/obituaries/ralph-w-taylor-105-fought-at-san-juan-hill.html. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  140. Sociedad Castellonense de Cultura (1974) (in Spanish). Boletín de la Sociedad Castellonense de Cultura. 50. Sociedad Castellonense de Cultura. p. 307. https://books.google.com/books?id=KL_zAlX_QUMC&q=Emilio+Fabregat+Fabregat+1960&dq=Emilio+Fabregat+Fabregat+1960&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiRxLCBp7biAhXTpJ4KHZXxAn0Q6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 25 May 2019. 
  141. Pugh, R. J. M. (2011). Wingate Pasha: The Life of General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate 1861–1953. Pen and Sword. p. 83. https://books.google.com/books?id=Mt6kAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&dq=James+Richard+Miles+omdurman&source=bl&ots=aVnKRzEq4M&sig=DPNL1rja4AHmEZvO_Dpo-AyLRBY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwim7pWoyfveAhVIzlQKHX8_DxkQ6AEwCHoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=James%20Richard%20Miles%20omdurman&f=false. 
  142. Template:Cite magazine
  143. Heaton, Colin; Lewis, Anne-Marie (2014). Four War Boer: The Century and Life of Pieter Arnoldus Krueler. Casemate. 
  144. "Spanish War Vet Admits White Lie". newspaper (Toledo Blade): p. 1. 17 June 1958. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1350&dat=19580617&id=Vm0xAAAAIBAJ&sjid=4AAEAAAAIBAJ&pg=2296,6481719,6481719. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  145. Koh, Barbara (25 November 1990). "Breaking the Long Silence : Mamoru Eto". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1990-11-25/news/we-7123_1_helen. Retrieved 1 November 2018. 
  146. (in Chinese) 中国人物年鉴. Huayi Publishing House. 1994. p. 401. https://books.google.com/books?id=o68ZAAAAYAAJ&q=%E5%96%BB%E8%82%B2%E4%B9%8B+1993&dq=%E5%96%BB%E8%82%B2%E4%B9%8B+1993&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwif89rnvNDgAhWCCTQIHeduDbwQ6AEIOjAD. Retrieved 22 February 2019. 
  147. Airuno Archivio della Memoria. "Foto di gruppo pattuglia di carabinieri" (in Italian). BRIGcoop. http://archivioairuno.altervista.org/index.php?option=com_sobi2&sobi2Task=sobi2Details&catid=3&sobi2Id=135&Itemid=6. Retrieved 4 June 2017. 
  148. 148.0 148.1 Capodarca, Valido (16 January 2017). "STAVO TRASPORTANDO UN MORTO!" (in Italian). A.N.M.I.G. Barletta. http://www.anmigbarletta.it/stavo-trasportando-un-morto/. Retrieved 19 December 2018. 
  149. 149.0 149.1 Capodarca, Valido (2016) (in Italian). Voci della grande guerra: i racconti dei fanti, 1915-1918. Tra le righe libri. https://books.google.com/books?id=ZzlrjwEACAAJ&dq=Voci+della+Grande+Guerra:+I+racconti+dei+fanti+1915-1918&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwir-4rY1M7iAhU5CTQIHUiYClYQ6AEIKzAA. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  150. "Último adiós a don Pánfilo, el veterano soldado del General Benjamín Zeledón" (in Spanish). La Prensa. 27 November 2001. https://www.laprensa.com.ni/2001/11/27/departamentales/778427-ltimo-adis-a-don-pnfilo-el-veterano-soldado-del-general-benjamn-zeledn. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  151. 151.0 151.1 "Juan Carlos Caballero Vega". The Telegraph. 9 April 2010. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/7572283/Juan-Carlos-Caballero-Vega.html. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  152. "French honour war hero aged 101". Telegraph And Argus. 26 October 1999. https://www.thetelegraphandargus.co.uk/news/8071944.french-honour-war-hero-aged-101/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  153. 153.0 153.1 Van Emden, Richard (2006). Britain’s Last Tommies: Final Memories from Soldiers of the 1914-18 War - In Their Own Words. Pen and Sword. 
  154. "Mike Lally". Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. https://www.tameside.gov.uk/MuseumsandGalleries/Life-of-the-Month-Mike-Lally. 
  155. Heaton, Frank (1985). The Recollections of Three Manchesters in the Great War: Mike Lally of the Old Contemptibles, Joe Horgan of the Territorials, John Hallows of the Pals. Neil Richardson. https://books.google.com/books?id=C8MhAQAAIAAJ&dq=The+Recollections+of+three+Manchester%E2%80%99s+in+the+Great+War&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Lally. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  156. Matsuo, Masao (2004). "4 people Bandong accommodation Qingdao POWs" (in Japanese). Okayama University Economic Society Journal 36 (1): 81–105. http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/files/public/4/40524/20160528032254896779/oer_036_1_081_105.pdf. Retrieved 3 February 2018. 
  157. Rövekamp, Dr. Frank. "Bando (Kriegsgefangenenlager Bando)" (in German). The East Asia Institute. http://www.oai.de/de/publikationen/ostasienlexikon/b/47-ostasienlexikon/bbb/1040-bando-kriegsgefangenenlager-bando.html. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  158. Schmidt, Hans-Joachim. "Treffen der ehemaligen "Tsingtauer"" (in German). Tsingtau und Japan 1914 bis 1920. http://www.tsingtau.info/index.html?kameradschaft/ehemalige.htm. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 
  159. Burbeck, James. "THE KÖNIGSBERG INCIDENT". The War Times Journal. http://www.richthofen.com/konigsberg/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  160. 160.0 160.1 "William Elder". The Scotsman. 6 July 2005. https://www.scotsman.com/news/obituaries/william-elder-1-718967. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  161. 161.0 161.1 "At 108, was William the oldest man in the country?". Fife Today. 7 July 2005. https://www.fifetoday.co.uk/news/at-108-was-william-the-oldest-man-in-the-country-1-142174. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  162. 162.0 162.1 162.2 Smith, David (13 November 2004). "Last veterans to tell their war stories". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/nov/14/military.davidsmith. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  163. Grill, Bartholomäus (2014) (in German). Ach, Afrika: Berichte aus dem Inneren eines Kontinents. Siedler Verlag. https://books.google.com/books?id=nFCWAwAAQBAJ&pg=PT59&lpg=PT59&dq=malonde+maseru+tanga&source=bl&ots=75fwHpD4uz&sig=_9-phCllzrlFgVekUWGCEjKmwyA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjkqJyL7a3NAhUU42MKHW8ZBNkQ6AEIJjAC#v=onepage&q=malonde&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  164. Grill, Bartholomäus (2005). "Eine deutsche Hölle" (in German). Die Ziet. https://www.zeit.de/2005/27/A-Afrika/seite-4. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  165. Template:Cite magazine
  166. Template:Cite magazine
  167. Maria-Remarque, Erich, ed. (2009) (in German). Krieg und Literatur/War and Literature. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. p. 28. https://books.google.com/books?id=5voyBq6j8GYC&pg=PA28&dq=Heyo+Aden+Emden+1989&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi2n4uSo8_iAhV-ITQIHXjCBXEQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Heyo%20Aden%20Emden%201989&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  168. "Claude-Marie Boucaud : un exemple de longévité" (in French). Les Almanachs des Terroirs de France. 23 September 2014. http://www.almanachs.fr/claude-marie-boucaud-un-exemple-de-longevite-ainbressebugey/. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  169. Van Emden, Richard. "Richard ‘Dick’ Barron". WordPress.com. https://britainslasttommies.wordpress.com/barron/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  170. 170.0 170.1 "Last Anzac is dead". Sydney Morning Herald. 17 May 2002. https://www.smh.com.au/national/last-anzac-is-dead-20020517-gdfad1.html. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  171. 171.0 171.1 "WAR ‘MATES’". Fremantle Herald. 9 October 2015. https://heraldonlinejournal.com/2015/10/09/war-mates/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  172. 172.0 172.1 King, Jonathan (25 February 1999). "TPR Len Hall". The Australian. Australian Light Horse Association. http://www.lighthorse.org.au/tpr-len-hall/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  173. Jellicoe, Nicholas (2016). Jutland: The Unfinished Battle. Seaforth Publishing. https://books.google.com/books?id=2oMmDQAAQBAJ&pg=PT344&dq=Willy+Schinkel+Skagerrak&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiktuTVvNHiAhVYs54KHWYjDyAQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Willy%20Schinkel%20Skagerrak&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  174. "Poilus de Lorraine : ceux qui avaient survécu" (in French). Le Républicain Lorrain. 10 November 2018. https://www.republicain-lorrain.fr/actualite/2018/11/10/poilus-de-lorraine-ceux-qui-avaient-survecu#1_14. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  175. "Claude-Marie Boucaud : un exemple de longévité" (in French). Les Almanachs des Terroirs de France. 2014-09-23. http://www.almanachs.fr/claude-marie-boucaud-un-exemple-de-longevite-ainbressebugey/. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  176. Nasson, Bill (1997). "A Springbok on the Somme: Joe Samuels, a South African Veteran of the Great War". Oral History (Oral History Society) 25 (2). https://www.sahistory.org.za/sites/default/files/nasson2.pdf. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  177. Gabriel, Jörg (2016) (in German). Reise Know-How Tansania, Sansibar, Kilimanjaro: Reiseführer für individuelles Entdecken. Reise Know-How. p. 236. https://books.google.com/books?id=vZR4DwAAQBAJ&pg=PA236&lpg=PA236&dq=%22saidi+musa%22+%22kipata%22&source=bl&ots=-hxhdXHQT5&sig=ACfU3U0run2kAxLo2Ji0C6LusG3U9mfYug&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiwiJPZ4tHiAhVNqZ4KHZpiAhwQ6AEwB3oECAYQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22saidi%20musa%22%20%22kipata%22&f=false. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  178. Silivestru, Octavian (1 December 2014). "Titus Gârbea: “La Alba Iulia toţi erau români!”" (in Romanian). Radio România Actualități. http://www.rador.ro/2014/12/01/titus-garbea-la-alba-iulia-toti-erau-romani/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  179. Miloiu, Silvio; Gârbea, Titus (2011) (in Romanian). Generalul Titus Gârbea. Memorial şi însemnări zilnice. 1. Editura Cetatea de Scaun. 
  180. 180.0 180.1 "Trooper McRae Archibald Cameron". Australian Light Horse Association. http://www.lighthorse.org.au/trooper-mcrae-archibald-cameron/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  181. Hall, D. D. (1986). "Above the Trenches". Military History Journal (The South African Military History Society) 7 (1). http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol071dd.html. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  182. "Veteran of Vimy Ridge battle dies". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 5 March 2003. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/veteran-of-vimy-ridge-battle-dies-1.404197. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  183. 183.0 183.1 Iancu, Mariana (December 17, 2016). "Povestea ultimului supravieţuitor român al Primului Război Mondial. A murit uitat de stat, în cel mai crunt anonimat" (in Romanian). Adevărul. http://adevarul.ro/locale/constanta/povestea-ultimului-supravietuitor-roman-primului-razboi-mondial-murit-uitat-stat-mai-crunt-anonimat-1_58541e1d5ab6550cb87dc8ec/index.html. Retrieved January 8, 2018. 
  184. 184.0 184.1 "Tributes paid to a unique soldier". Hereford Times. 15 January 2004. https://www.herefordtimes.com/news/5668646.tributes-paid-to-a-unique-soldier/. Retrieved 3 June 2019. 
  185. 185.0 185.1 185.2 185.3 "Albert Whitmore". Australian Light Horse Association. http://www.lighthorse.org.au/albert-whitmore/. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  186. 186.0 186.1 186.2 186.3 "Albert Whitmore, 102; Last of Australia's WWI Light Horsemen". Los Angeles Times. 29 July 2002. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2002-jul-29-me-passing29.6-story.html. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  187. Davidson, John (21 November 1999). "Obituary: Harold Judd". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/obituary-harold-judd-1186242.html. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  188. Rhodes, Peter (8 November 2017). "100 years since Huj: The story of the last classic cavalry charge in the history of the British Army". Express & Star. https://www.expressandstar.com/news/nostalgia/2017/11/08/100-years-since-huj-the-story-of-the-last-classic-cavalry-charge-in-the-history-of-the-british-army/. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  189. Harris, Tristan (11 November 2017). "The Charge of Huj - the story behind the Worcestershire and Warwickshire Yeomanry's role in the 1917 Palestine battle". Bromsgrove Standard. https://bromsgrovestandard.co.uk/news/the-charge-of-huj-the-story-behind-the-worcestershire-and-warwickshire-yeomanrys-role-in-the-1917-palestine-battle-3375/. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  190. de Quetteville, Harry (2 August 2014). "Obituaries from the First World War". The Telegraph. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/world-war-one/11006709/Obituaries-from-the-First-World-War.html. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  191. "N. MARK, MC DILLON". The Tank Museum. https://www.tankmuseum.org/museum-online/medals/recipient/B470. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  192. Template:Cite interview
  193. Chuvakov, V. N. (2005). Makarevich, E. V.. ed (in Russian). Незабытые могилы Российское зарубежье: некрологи. 3. 6. 
  194. "Sid Hesse". The Times. 29 November 2002. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/sid-hesse-2xp8sk0n89g. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  195. O'Connor Mike (2006). Airfields and Airmen: The Channel Coast. Casemate Publishers. p. 53. https://books.google.com/books?id=R0ztQg2gBSEC&pg=PA53&lpg=PA53&dq=Sid+Hesse+zeebrugge&source=bl&ots=D6XROIsBen&sig=PbtaajWTxItVX_aMYi9iG2OR9bs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjg3raf6q3NAhVH2mMKHULSAyUQ6AEIKTAC#v=onepage&q=Sid%20Hesse%20zeebrugge&f=false. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  196. Arthur, Max (10 November 1997). "Remembrance: The centurion survivor who will never forget his fallen comrades". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/remembrance-the-centurion-survivor-who-will-never-forget-his-fallen-comrades-1293281.html. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  197. Template:Citeweb
  198. 198.0 198.1 "Décès" (in French). La Croix. 28 February 2006. https://www.la-croix.com/Archives/2006-02-28/Deces-_NP_-2006-02-28-257575. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  199. 199.0 199.1 "Ferdinand Gilson. Il avait l'esprit hanté par la guerre". Le Télégramme. 18 April 2008. https://www.letelegramme.fr/ar/viewarticle1024.php?aaaammjj=20080318&article=2701509&type=ar. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  200. 200.0 200.1 Dominici, Renaud (11 November 2002). "Un ancien raconte". Le Parisien. http://www.leparisien.fr/une/un-ancien-raconte-11-11-2002-2003561412.php. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  201. Blanchard, David (2015). Aisne 1918. Pen and Sword. p. 60. https://books.google.com/books?id=k5ZICgAAQBAJ&pg=PA60&lpg=PA60&dq=Frank+Deane+aisne&source=bl&ots=MjYHXrOHhT&sig=fJ7R0hGn0rcxfiXLre6az6_BxDI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiujOLO563NAhVW9GMKHRC8B78Q6AEIJDAB#v=onepage&q=Frank%20Deane%20aisne&f=false. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  202. Kloth, Hans Michael (27 May 2008). "Letzter Veteran der Mittelmächte gestorben" (in German). Der Spiegel. https://www.spiegel.de/einestages/erster-weltkrieg-a-947033.html. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  203. Bultrini, Nicola Bultrini; Casarola, Maurizio (2005) (in Italian). Gli ultimi: i sopravvissuti ancora in vita raccontano la Grande Guerra. Nordpress. pp. 73-74. https://books.google.com/books?id=B_whAQAAIAAJ&q=%22Domenico+De+Cristofaro%22+%22guerra%22+%22piave%22&dq=%22Domenico+De+Cristofaro%22+%22guerra%22+%22piave%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwighaLLzNXiAhXdFzQIHSkyD0gQ6AEIKDAA. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  204. Rosenberg, Steven (16 February 2006). "Oh, the things you will see if you live to be 110". Boston Globe. http://archive.boston.com/news/local/articles/2006/02/16/oh_the_things_you_will_see_if_you_live_to_be_110/. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  205. "Final honour for fallen hero". New Zealand Herald. 21 October 2001. https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=221839. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  206. Template:Cite magazine
  207. "广东112岁抗战老兵离世 生前常拉二胡演奏抗战歌曲" (in Chinese). Chinese News Network. 20 December 2017. http://www.chinanews.com/sh/2017/12-20/8405332.shtml. Retrieved 24 November 2018. 
  208. China Radio Network (10 February 2015). "淞沪抗战老兵六代同堂过110岁生日" (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/2015-02/10/c_127477201.htm. Retrieved 24 November 2018. 
  209. "Una vida marcada a fuego en Boquerón" (in Spanish). ABC. 29 September 2015. http://www.abc.com.py/edicion-impresa/locales/una-vida-marcada-a-fuego-en-boqueron-622887.html. Retrieved 6 June 2019. 
  210. Hernando, Carlos Diez (20 March 2012). "Bibiano Morcillo, voz de reconciliación" (in Spanish). El Pais. https://elpais.com/politica/2012/03/20/actualidad/1332278651_235556.html. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  211. Viana, Israel. "«Mi oficial me dijo: “Vaya a casa a vestirse de soldado y se viene al cuartel, que esta misma tarde tomamos militarmente Madrid”»" (in Spanish). ABC. https://www.abc.es/especiales/guerra-civil/supervivientes/morcillo.asp. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  212. Muñoz, María José (17 January 2018). "Federico Fuentes dies, the last combatant of the Alcázar de Toledo" (in Spanish). ABC. https://www.abc.es/espana/castilla-la-mancha/toledo/ciudad/abci-muere-federico-fuentes-ultimo-combatiente-alcazar-toledo-201801171414_noticia.html. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  213. Cea, Emilio G. (14 November 2018). "Fallece a los 99 años el histórico marinero Antonio Batalla, "Machi"" (in Spanish). La Nueva España. https://www.lne.es/oriente/2018/11/14/fallece-99-anos-historico-marinero/2379822.html. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  214. Pomarada, Gloria (14 November 2018). "Adiós a Antonio Batalla, histórico marinero llanisco" (in Spanish). El Comercio. https://www.elcomercio.es/asturias/oriente/adios-antonio-batalla-20181114002917-ntvo.html. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  215. Mingwei, Chen (17 December 2010). "“八百壮士”杨养正离世樊建川发微博哀悼" (in Chinese). SINA Corporation. Tianfu Morning Post. http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2010-12-17/070121657765.shtml. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  216. Qiang, Wan (17 December 2010). "抗日“八百壮士”最后一人辞世:战斗中失去左眼" (in Chinese). Phoenix Television. Changjiang Daily. http://news.ifeng.com/mil/history/detail_2010_12/17/3564186_0.shtml. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  217. "El ferrolano Manuel Aneiros, último testigo de la mayor batalla naval de la Guerra Civil" (in Spanish). El Diario de Ferrol. 5 June 2018. https://www.diariodeferrol.com/articulo/ferrol/reportaje-ferrolano-manuel-aneiros-ultimo-testigo-mayor-batalla-naval-guerra-civil/20180505230043225012.html. Retrieved 18 April 2019. 
  218. "Manuel Aneiros celebra sus 101 años de historia viva de la Marina" (in Spanish). El Diario de Ferrol. 14 May 2018. https://www.diariodeferrol.com/articulo/ferrol/manuel-aneiros-celebra-101-anos-historia-viva-marina/20180514005005225777.html. Retrieved 18 April 2019. 
  219. Olaizola, Borja (28 September 2019). "Pólvora sobre las olas en Matxitxako" (in Spanish). El Diario Vasco. https://www.diariovasco.com/culturas/libros/polvora-sobre-olas-20180928001728-ntvo.html. Retrieved 21 April 2019. 
  220. Gorriti, Iban (16 October 2016). "El último gudari de mar vivo" (in Spanish). Deia. https://www.deia.eus/2016/10/16/sociedad/historias-de-los-vascos/el-ultimo-gudari-de-mar-vivo. Retrieved 21 April 2019. 
  221. Apezteguia, Fermín (16 April 2018). "Flores para cerrar las heridas de guerra de la batalla de Matxitxako" (in Spanish). El Correa. https://www.elcorreo.com/bizkaia/bermeo-cierralas-heridas-20180416205351-nt.html. Retrieved 21 April 2019. 
  222. Kucharczak, Przemysław (23 January 2014). "Ostatni weteran" (in Polish). Gość Niedzielny. https://www.gosc.pl/doc/1857615.Ostatni-weteran. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  223. "Friedrich Adolph, 89; survivor from German battleship Graf Spee". Los Angeles Times. 10 July 2007. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2007-jun-10-me-passings10.1-story.html. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  224. "Last survivor of German battelship Graf Spee dies in Montevideo". MercoPress. 10 June 2007. https://en.mercopress.com/2007/06/10/last-survivor-of-german-battelship-graf-spee-dies-in-montevideo. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  225. McCarthy, Michael (7 February 2004). "Teams stand by to raise the 'Graf Spee'". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/teams-stand-by-to-raise-the-graf-spee-68021.html. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  226. Le Caisne, Garance (26 February 2011). "Il y a 70 ans, le serment de Koufra" (in French). Le Journal du Dimanche. http://www.lejdd.fr/Societe/Actualite/Il-y-a-70-ans-le-serment-de-Koufra-274775. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  227. Wozniacka, Gosia (3 November 2005). "Fencing for life - Daniel Nevot's mastery made him a beloved teacher". newspaper (Dallas Morning News): p. 16. http://gosiawozniacka.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Fencing-for-life.pdf. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  228. Tiedemann, Axel (23 June 2011). "Bernhard Heuer, der letzte Mann der "Bismarck"" (in German). Hamburger Abendblatt. https://www.abendblatt.de/politik/deutschland/article108032749/Bernhard-Heuer-der-letzte-Mann-der-Bismarck.html. Retrieved 8 January 2018. 
  229. Bitti, Poalo Ritti (16 August 2015). "Addio all'incursore Emilio Bianchi, 103 anni, ultimo superstite dell'impresa di Alessandria" (in Italian). Il Messaggero. https://www.ilmessaggero.it/primopiano/cronaca/addio_incursore_emilio_bianchi_103_anni_superstite_impresa_alessandria_durand_de_la_penne-1196188.html. Retrieved 7 June 2019. 
  230. Fedorenko, Vladimir (17 March 2015). "В Узбекистане скончался последний защитник Дома Павлова в Сталинграде" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. https://ria.ru/20150317/1052915776.html. Retrieved 13 June 2019. 
  231. 231.0 231.1 Heller, Aaron (23 December 2018). "Warsaw ghetto uprising fighter Simcha Rotem dies at 94". The Associated Press. https://www.apnews.com/58985f8765d64e0996cc5fdd79437f8c. Retrieved 30 January 2019. 
  232. "Last Canadian veteran of deadly WW II raid dies at age 95". CBC News. 22 January 2019. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/dambuster-canada-rocky-mountain-house-1.4988964. Retrieved 24 January 2019. 

Template:Longevity