Difference between revisions of "Malaria and the Caribbean"

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The effects of '''[[malaria]]''' in the '''Caribbean''' represent an important chapter of the history of the region, due to its effects on the [[colonization]] of the islands and the corresponding impact on [[society]] and [[Economic system|economy]].
 
 
 
During the early exploration of the Caribbean islands, there was no [[immunity (medical)|immunity]] of the local nativa population against diseases which were brought by [[European ethnic groups|European]] and African [[immigrants]]. Although the Caribbean today is considered “a tropical paradise”, the islands contributed a perfect level of [[moisture]] and [[heat]] to facilitate the spread of [[virus|viral]] and [[bacterium|bacterial]] organisms that led to the death of a large number of people. Because of the rare contact between races in the 15th century complete immunities were unable to be developed and those that were still caused some to be at least mildly affected by the disease.
 
 
 
For example, before this time of [[exploration]] and travel, the Caribbean natives of the islands had never been exposed to [[malaria]]. Therefore, when the Europeans and African [[slaves]] began to inhabit the islands, the natives were greatly affected by it and died in astonishing numbers. Due to their genetics, the African slaves had somewhat of an advantage over the white, wealthy settlers: partial immunity was present to falciparum malaria. This malaria affected children and immigrants on some islands but not all. One contracts this disease by being bitten by an [[Anopheles]] [[mosquito]] which can be found on Africa and the Americas. Falciparum malaria sickens the human by attacking the human's red blood cells and the parasite remains within the victim's body for life which allows the cycle to continue. This malaria affected predominantly the adult European voyagers rather than predominantly the African slaves.
 
 
 
The Caribbean countries whose inhabitants were the most affected were the [[Greater Antilles]] islands and other humid islands like [[Martinique]] and [[Trinidad and Tobago]]. Because Anopheles mosquitoes thrive mostly in areas of humidity and water, the disease was not found on islands such as the [[Bahamas]] and [[Antigua]]. Serving as somewhat of an enemy on the islands, malaria continued to attack the white settlers and prevent them from reaching their ultimate goals of exploration and wealth. The [[Creole peoples|Creole]]s felt, in this way, that diseases such as malaria were prevention tools from their territories being invaded by Europeans.
 
 
 
In [[Trinidad and Tobago]], several cases of malaria occur each year.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.looptt.com/content/garcia-5-imported-cases-malaria-tt-2019|title=Deyalsingh: 5 imported cases of malaria in T&T for 2019|website=www.looptt.com|language=en|access-date=2019-06-12}}</ref>
 
 
 
==See also==
 
*[[Influx of disease in the Caribbean]]
 
 
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
*{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=oOkgAwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=Malaria+Caribbean++-wikipedia&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiTguXN-OTiAhUCTd8KHaT2BOYQ6AEIKjAA#v=onepage&q&f=false|title=Mosquito Empires: Ecology and War in the Greater Caribbean, 1620–1914|last=McNeill|first=J. R.|date=2010-01-11|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=9781139484503|language=en}}
 
*{{Cite web|url=https://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/carpha-urges-region-to-deal-seriously-to-eradicate-mosquitoes_164690?profile=1373|title=  CARPHA urges region to deal seriously to eradicate mosquitoes | date= May 14, 2019}}
 
 
 
==External links==
 
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Malaria And The Caribbean}}
 
[[Category:Health in the Caribbean]]
 
[[Category:Malaria]]
 

Latest revision as of 06:39, 20 June 2019

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