Acronyms in healthcare

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Acronyms are very commonly used in healthcare settings.[1] They are formed from the lead letters of words relating to medications, organisations, procedures and diagnoses.[2] They come from both English and Latin roots.[2][3] Acronyms have been described as jargon.[1] and their use has been shown to impact on the safety of patients in hospitals, owing to ambiguity and legibility.[4]

Formulation

Acronyms in healthcare are formed from the lead letters of words relating to medications, organisations, procedures and diagnoses.[2] They come from both English and Latin roots.[2][3]

Criticism

Acronyms have been described as jargon.[1] Studies have been conducted investigating the effect of acronyms on communication and in some studies even healthcare professionals are unclear as to the meaning of many acronyms.[5]

Use of abbreviations, such as those relating to the route of administration or dose of a medication can be confusing and is the most common source of medication errors.[2] Use of some acronyms has been shown to impact upon the safety of patients in hospitals, and "do not use lists" have been published at national level in the US.[4]

List

The following is a partial list of initialisms and acronyms commonly used in health care. The terms listed are used in the English language within the health care systems and by healthcare professionals of various countries.[3] There is no standardised list.[3]

A list of examples is provided below. Template:Col-beginTemplate:Col-2

Health care

Medical

Disaster preparedness

Template:Col-end

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Healthcare, Guardian (22 August 2011). "Glossary of healthcare jargon and acronyms". https://www.theguardian.com/healthcare-network/2011/aug/22/glossary-nhs-healthcare-jargon-acronyms. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Australian Commission on Safety and Quality of Healthcare. "Recommendations for Terminology, Abbreviations and Symbols used in the PRescribing and Administration of Medicines". https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/32060v2.pdf. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "List of Common Medical Abbreviations, Acronyms & Definitions" (in en). http://www.medicinenet.com/common_medical_abbreviations_and_terms/article.htm. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Glassman, Peter (NaN) (in en). The Joint Commission's “Do Not Use” List: Brief Review (NEW). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK133373/. 
  5. Sinha, S.; McDermott, F.; Srinivas, G.; Houghton, P. W. J. (1 April 2011). "Use of abbreviations by healthcare professionals: what is the way forward?". Postgraduate Medical Journal 87 (1029): 450–452. Template:Citation error. 

External links

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