Ahsan Mubarak

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Ahsan Mubarak (Urdu: احسن مبارک; SI, DSc), is a Pakistani geophysicist and nuclear seismologist who is renowned for his pioneering research on earthquake sciences, and seismic activities in Pakistan.[1] He is the current director of the Center for Earthquake Studies (CES),[2] senior scientist at the Global Network for the Forecasting of Earthquakes (GNFE)[3] and a visiting professor of geophysics at the Quaid-e-Azam University.


Ahsan attended and graduated from the Karachi University, where he gained BSc in Physics and BA in Mathematics, followed by double MSc in Mathematics and Geology. After his master's degree, Ahsan served as lecturer in geology and taught undergraduate courses on Mathematics before joining the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) in 1960s. In 1961, Ahsan joined the PAEC and earned a scholarship for his doctoral studies. In 1962, Ahsan joined the doctoral programme of the London University, and began doctoral research on geophysics. In 1966, Ahsan was awarded Doctor of Science in Geophysics after writing a brief thesis on Radiometric dating and its relative expansion on the Geochronology. In 1967, Mubarak return to his country and joined the senior staff of the PAEC where he engage research on Seismic waves and the Exploration geophysics.[4] In 1969, he was among the five top senior scientists who were selected by the PAEC to receive technical training at the plutonium production facility in Windscale, United Kingdom. Upon return, Ahsan advised the government to acquire the key components, materials and facilitated drafts instead of purchasing the entire site which PAEC can built ingeniously.[5]

Dr. Ahsan Mubarak was recruited by fellow scientist and nuclear physicist dr. Ishfaq Ahmad to join the country's clandestine, large-scale atomic bomb project in 1976.[6] He was a part of PAEC team led by Ishfaq Ahmad which commenced a three-dimensional space survey to find a suitable location for an underground nuclear test, preferably a mountain.[7] The over span of three days and had made several reconnaissance tours of the areas of Balochistan Province.[7] He helped to develop a wide range three-dimensional sites to conduct the nuclear tests, and was set as team leader of a study group to study the effects of blast waves, shock waves and seismic waves generated by the weapon to effect the shape of the site and effects on earth.[7] Ahsan was among the few scientists who were invited to witness the first nuclear tests conducted in 1998, see codenames Chagai-I and Chagai-II.[6] While at the detonation process, Mubarak helped the Mathematical Physics Group (MPG) to calculate and approximate the exact yield generated by the devices. For this, he was honoured by the government and is a recipient of Sitara-e-Imtiaz which was honoured to him in 1999.

In 2005, he became founding director of the Center for Earthquake Studies (CES) after experiencing the disastrous 2005 Pakistan earthquake.[2] Since 2005, he has been a public figure educating the country on seismic activities and earthquake sciences.[8] In 2008, Mubarak became senior scientist at the Global Network for the Forecasting of Earthquakes and currently serving as the chief scientist representing Pakistan.[9] In 2010, Mubarak became visiting professor of Geophysics at the Department of Earth Sciences of the Quaid-i-Azam University.[3]


  1. 2.0 2.1 Mubarak, D.Sc., Ahsan. "Centre for Earthquake Studies (CES)". National Center for Physics and Center for Earthquake Studies. National Center for Physics and Center for Earthquake Studies. https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:gmQxYwP4y-sJ:www.ncp.edu.pk/docs/stcs/hamid_saleem_001.pdf+dr.+ahsan+mubarak+Center+For+Earthquakes+Studies&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESiaAR-PdlnBFq6aSdzE8n4fn65UbEBioU0HjjnubZMAaOa6Wc5Wz2UcHxMKRzjnjH7mMfj2sJgyYt0bFyWf0kSUT5d81aSEl5zLhxRcSnrUmrjCxh2Q-CIh7lxUNNmGRlbFuM9c&sig=AHIEtbQaOa1kWOazruKnQGCLHO7GFsPooA. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  2. 3.0 3.1 GNFE. "GNFE board of Pakistan". Global Network for the Forecasting of Earthquakes. Global Network for the Forecasting of Earthquakes. http://seismonet.org/page.html?id_node=157. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  3. Rahman, Shahdur (1999). "A Tale of Two Scientists". Long Road to Chagai. Islamabad, Pakistan: Print Wise Publication. pp. 35–36. 
  4. NTI. "Pakistan Nuclear Development: 1950s–1960s". Nuclear Threat Initiatives. Nuclear Threat Initiatives. http://www.nti.org/media/pdfs/pakistan_nuclear.pdf?_=1316466791. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  5. 6.0 6.1 Carey Sublette. "The Beginning: Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons Program". 2 January 2002. Nuclear Weapons Archive. http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Pakistan/PakOrigin.html. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  6. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Azam, Rai Muhammad Saleh. "When Mountains Move – The Story of Chagai". June 2000. Defence Journal. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120401181303/http://www.defencejournal.com/2000/june/chagai.htm. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  7. Our Correspondents (9 October 2009). "Prediction 'can minimise devastation'". The News International. http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=202376&Cat=6&dt=10/5/2009. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  8. International Committee on Global Geological and Environmental Change. "Initiative Group: Pakistan". International Committee on Global Geological and Environmental Change. http://geochange-report.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=62&Itemid=99. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 

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