August 2017 Brussels attack

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on August 30 2017. This is a backup of Wikipedia:August_2017_Brussels_attack. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/August_2017_Brussels_attack, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/August_2017_Brussels_attack. Purge

Template:Infobox civilian attack On 25 August 2017, two soldiers were injured in a stabbing very near the Grand Place in Brussels by a man who shouted "Allahu akbar" (Arabic for "God is greatest").[1][2][3] The case is being treated as a terrorist attack.[4][5] The Amaq News Agency reported that Islamic State was responsible for the attack.[6]

Background

Template:Further After links between the Paris attackers that killed 130 people in 2015 and the Brussels bombings of 2016 which killed 32 civilians, soldiers have been on patrol in Brussels to step up security.[7] The Molenbeek district, an area where many recent immigrants live, including the perpetrators of the 2016 metro and airport bombings, underwent a large scale administrative check-up, with over information on 20,000 inhabitants being checked by law enforcement agencies.[8]

The New York Times reported that Brussels had been "on edge" as a result of previous terrorist attacks.[9] Reuters reported that "1,200 soldiers patrol Belgium's main cities and the country is on its second highest threat level."[10]

Events

The attack took place on the Boulevard Émile Jacqmain, very near Brussels central Grand Place.[5]

The assailant was Haashi Ayaanle, a 30-year-old male Somali immigrant born in 1987. Authorities say he was not known for terrorist activity. Ayaanle was shot and later died of his injuries in hospital.[4][11][12][13] He arrived in Belgium in 2004 and was granted Belgian citizenship in 2015.[14] Ayaanle lived in public housing in Bruges, where the mayor declared the suspect showed no prior signs of radicalization.[15][6]

The assailant shouted "Allahu Akbar" twice as he rushed the soldiers, attacking them from behind.[16][5][17]

In addition to the large knife with which he attacked, the terrorist was carrying a replica of a gun and a copy of the Qran.[1][16]

The perpetrator had been in contact with the Somalian fundamentalist community.[18]

Assailant

The assailant, Haashi Ayaanle, worked for Victor Buyck Steel Construction in Eeklo as a welder beginning in 2013 and continuing until April 2017. He was let go by the company after an incident in April 2017 when he attempted to attack fellow workers with a screwdriver. Although Ayaanle's fellow workers asserted that there had been no motive for the attack, Ayaanle told his attorney that they were peeking at at him in his home and taking clandestine photos of him, causing the lawyer to request a mental status examination and resulting in Ayaanle being voluntarily hospitalized at St. Jan psychiatric hospital in Eeklo. He was discharged after three weeks, with advice to continue taking his prescribed medication. He found work again for a short time, before falling out of contact, even with his attorney.[19][20]

Aftermath

The Amaq News Agency, closely affiliated with the Islamic State , reported that Islamic State was responsible for the attack.[21][1][16][5] According to the New York Times and The Independent, Amaq is usually accurate when it claims affiliation with an individual who has carried out an attack.[22][23][24] According to the Amaq statement, "the perpetrator of the stabbing operation in Brussels is one of the soldiers of the Islamic State, and he carried out the operation in response to appeals to target countries of the [US-led] coalition."[5]

General Marc Thys, commander of Belgian land forces, said that "uniforms are a target" and that his forces will change tactics to adapt to the threat.[25][26] On 28 August, General Thys announced the military now expect to have to continue patrolling the streets until 2020.[27]

Reactions

The Belgian Secretary of Interior, Jan Jambon, said «It is the duty of the soldiers and the police to protect the citizens and the institutions, they have done that perfectly, at risk for their own body and members. My respect is enormous.»[28]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Telegraph Foreign Staff (27 August 2017). "Islamic State claims Brussels knife attack on soldiers". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/08/26/islamic-state-claims-brussels-knife-attack-soldiers/. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  2. Jack Hardy. "Two police injured after knifeman attacks near Buckingham Palace". The Independent. http://www.independent.ie/world-news/europe/britain/two-police-injured-after-knifeman-attacks-near-buckingham-palace-36070847.html. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  3. "Brussels attack: Man shot after stabbing soldier". BBC News. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-41057304. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Belgian soldiers shoot dead knife attacker in Brussels
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 "News 'Islamic State' claims Brussels machete attack". DW. 26 August 2017. http://www.dw.com/en/islamic-state-claims-brussels-machete-attack/a-40246684. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 McCleary, Kelly (26 August 2017). "ISIS claims attack on soldiers in Brussels". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2017/08/26/europe/isis-knife-attack-soldiers-brussels/index.html. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  7. Germany, SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg. "Großeinsatz nach Explosion: Soldat schießt Verdächtigen an Brüsseler Hauptbahnhof nieder - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Panorama". http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/justiz/bruessel-moegliche-explosion-polizei-raeumt-bahnhof-central-a-1153202.html. 
  8. Lesaffer, Pieter (22 June 2017). "Geruisloos in de ban van de jihad geraakt" (in Dutch). Het Nieuwsblad: pp. 2–5. http://www.nieuwsblad.be. 
  9. STEVEN ERLANGER; MILAN SCHREUER. "Belgian Soldiers Kill Knife-Wielding Man in Brussels". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/25/world/europe/brussels-knife-attack-soldiers-buckingham-palace-police.html. Retrieved 26 August 2017. "Both London and Brussels have been on edge after terrorist assaults in both cities." 
  10. Pascale Davies. (29 August 2017). "'Uniforms a target' Belgian General says after Brussels stabbing" (Transcript). Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/video/2017/08/29/uniforms-a-target-belgian-general-says-a?videoId=372420055. Retrieved 2 September 2017. "1,200 soldiers patrol Belgium's main cities and the country is on its second highest threat level. Its security operation - known as 'operation vigilant guardian' was meant to be a temporary measure. But it is now entering its third year" 
  11. Grafton-Green, Patrick (25 August 2017). "Brussels attack: Man 'shouting Allahu Akbar' shot after attacking soldiers with machete". Evening Standard. https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/machetewielding-man-shot-dead-after-attacking-soldiers-in-brussels-a3620601.html. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  12. Kentish, Ben (25 August 2017). "Brussels machete attack suspect 'still alive' after being shot while stabbing soldiers". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/man-shot-dead-brussels-attack-machete-soldiers-a7913601.html. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  13. "Man, 30, shot in Brussels after knife attack on two soldiers". Reuters. Guardian. 25 August 2017. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/25/man-shot-in-brussels-after-knife-attack-on-soldiers-reports. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  14. "Belgian of Somali origin staged Brussels knife attack: prosecutors". Yahoo News. https://www.yahoo.com/news/belgian-somali-origin-staged-brussels-knife-attack-prosecutors-093148687.html. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  15. JULIEN BALBONI (27 August 2017). "Attentat de Bruxelles : l’intrigant profil de l’assaillant des militaires" (in French). La Libre. http://www.lalibre.be/actu/belgique/attentat-de-bruxelles-l-intrigant-profil-de-l-assaillant-des-militaires-59a270b6cd706e263f9f7570. Retrieved 2 September 2017. "According to the bourgmestre of Bruges, Renaat Landuyt, Haashi Ayaanle had not been seen in his neighborhood of Bruges for four months. "There was no sign of radicalization on the part of the individual," Landuyt said." 
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Deutrom, Rihan (28 August 2017). "Islamic State gloats as terrorist fear grips Europe". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/islamic-state-gloats-as-terrorist-fear-grips-europe/news-story/e4874f07b31700e58129894511e85c20. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  17. Greenfield, Daniel (6 September 2017). "A Bloody August – Global Terror Attacks Increase Amid Growing Fear". Jewish Voice. http://jewishvoiceny.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=19048:a-bloody-august-global-terror-attacks-increase-amid-growing-fear&catid=118&Itemid=470. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  18. "L'assaillant de Bruxelles en contact "avec une cellule fondamentaliste somalienne"" (in French). 7 Sur 7. 28 August 2017. http://www.7sur7.be/7s7/fr/3007/Bruxelles/article/detail/3243871/2017/08/28/L-assaillant-de-Bruxelles-en-contact-avec-une-cellule-fondamentaliste-somalienne.dhtml. Retrieved 2 September 2017. "Ayaanle Haashi, the individual who attacked soldiers with a knife in Brussels on Friday night, was in contact via the internet with the Somali fundamentalist milieu" 
  19. ""Brussels attacker didn't need to be sectioned"". 29 August 2017. http://deredactie.be/cm/vrtnieuws.english/News/1.3056836. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  20. Maeckelbergh, Bjorn (28 August 2017). "Aanvaller militairen ontsloeg zichzélf uit psychiatrie". HLN. http://www.hln.be/hln/nl/40242/Mesaanval-Brussel/article/detail/3244158/2017/08/28/Aanvaller-militairen-ontsloeg-zichzelf-uit-psychiatrie.dhtml. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  21. Pickrell, Ryan (26 August 2017). "‘Soldier Of The Islamic State’ Behind Knife Attack In Brussels". Daily Caller. http://dailycaller.com/2017/08/26/soldier-of-the-islamic-state-behind-knife-attack-in-brussels/. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  22. Kallimachi, Rukmini (8 June 2017). "Syrian Accused of Working for ISIS News Agency Is Arrested in Germany". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/08/world/europe/syrian-accused-of-working-for-isis-news-agency-is-arrested-in-germany.html?_r=0. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  23. Dearden, Lizzie (9 June 2017). "Isis propagandist who linked terrorists with Amaq 'news agency' arrested in Germany". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/isis-amaq-agency-claim-responsibility-attacks-member-arrested-germany-mohammed-g-syrian-latest-a7782586.html. Retrieved 30 August 2017. 
  24. Delepierre, Frédéric (27 August 2017). "Attaque de Bruxelles: la revendication de Daesh est-elle crédible?". http://plus.lesoir.be/111089/article/2017-08-27/attaque-de-bruxelles-la-revendication-de-daesh-est-elle-credible. Retrieved 8 September 2017. 
  25. New Tactics to Protect Soldiers on Belgian Streets, Euro News, 29 Aug 2017
  26. 'Uniforms a target' Belgian General says after Brussels stabbing, Reuters, 29 August 2017
  27. http://www.lesoir.be/111162/article/2017-08-28/les-militaires-se-preparent-rester-dans-les-rues-jusquen-2020
  28. "Jambon: "Accused known for some crime, not for terrorism"" (in Dutch). Het Laatste Nieuws. 26 August 2017. http://www.hln.be/hln/nl/40242/Mesaanval-Brussel/article/detail/3242621/2017/08/26/Jambon-Aanvaller-gekend-voor-enkele-baldadigheden-niet-voor-terrorisme.dhtml. Retrieved 16 September 2017. ""The soldiers did what they had to do," said Jambon. "It is the duty of the soldiers and the police to protect the citizens and the institutions, they have done that perfectly, at risk for their own body and members. My respect is enormous.""