Avi Tuschman

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Our Political Nature: The Evolutionary Origins of What Divides Us is a 2013 book by Avi Tuschman. It proposed an evolutionary theory of human political orientation.[1] The book theorizes that political leanings are evolutionary adaptations that arise primarily from three clusters of measurable personality traits: tribalism, tolerance of inequality, and perceptions of human nature.[1][2] As evidence, Our Political Nature synthesizes studies from the fields of political science, genetics, neuroscience, and primatology.[3] The book also offers a psychological explanation for why economic stress tends to broaden the divide between political factions.[4]

Reception

Chris Mooney writing in The Washington Monthly credited the book with "explaining the now well-documented psychological, biological, and genetic differences between liberals and conservatives with reference to human evolution and the differential strategies of mate choice and resource allocation that have been forced on us by the pressures of surviving and reproducing on a quite dangerous planet."[5] John R. Hibbing writing in Political Science Quarterly reported that although the book was one of several published at the same time dealing with psychological, biological and evolutionary bases of political beliefs, it "makes a unique and important contribution to the field" and noted that with regard to its discussion of evolution in the context of politics, "as selection pressures are relaxed, it may be possible to push it too far."[6] An unattributed review in The Economist described Tuschman as a biological determinist and found that book did not explain the unpredictability of voters in the middle ground, commenting: "the author’s efforts to use “hard science” to illuminate partisanship often run aground... The political world Mr Tuschman describes tends to be remarkably binary and easily classifiable."[7] Reviewing the book in Forbes, Cedric Muhammad noted that the book was generally rejected by conservatives and embraced by liberals, criticized its discussion of ethnocentrism, yet said it makes "a compelling case that we are hard-wired to be liberal or conservative by nature, environment and adaptation."[3]

Author

Scientist

Avi Tuschman is an American evolutionary anthropologist and author. Tuschman attended high school at Menlo School in California.[8] He attended Stanford University[9][10] He graduated in 2002 and relocated to Peru for his first job after college.[8] Tuschman later returned to Stanford for a Ph.D. in evolutionary anthropology.[11]

In Peru, Tuschman worked as a speech writer and political adviser to President Alejandro Toledo, and served as international projects coordinator for Toledo’s Global Center for Development and Democracy.[12][8][13][14]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tuschman, Avi (29 September 2013). "The science of political orientation". Fair Observer. http://www.fairobserver.com/region/north_america/science-political-orientation/. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  2. Edsall, Thomas (24 September 2013). "How did conservatives get this radical?". New York Times. http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/how-did-conservatives-get-this-radical/. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Muhammad, Cedric (October 29, 2013). "Michael Smerconish And Pete Dominick Make Me Uncomfortable: What Centrist-Independents Reveal About Liberals And Conservatives". Forbes.com. http://www.forbes.com/sites/cedricmuhammad/2013/10/29/michael-smerconish-and-pete-dominick-make-me-uncomfortable-what-centrist-independents-reveal-about-liberals-and-conservatives/. 
  4. Cook, Matthew (3 March 2014). "Interview: Avi Tuschman on “Our Political Nature”". Georgetown Public Policy Review (Georgetown University). http://gppreview.com/2014/03/03/interview-avi-tuschman-on-our-political-nature/. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  5. Mooney, Chris (May 2014). "The Origin of Ideology". Washington Monthly. http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/magazine/march_april_may_2014/on_political_books/the_origin_of_ideology049295.php?page=all. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  6. Hibbing, John (Fall 2014). "Our Political Nature: The Evolutionary Origins of What Divides Us". Political Science Quarterly. http://www.psqonline.org/article.cfm?IDArticle=19304. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  7. "From the gut: The evolutionary roots of partisanship". The Economist. August 24, 2013. http://www.economist.com/news/books-and-arts/21583976-evolutionary-roots-partisanship-gut. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Baer, Sheri (22 October 2013). "Avi Tuschman returns home to Menlo Park to shed insight into Our Political Nature". InMenlo. http://inmenlo.com/2013/10/22/avi-tuschman-returns-home-to-menlo-park-to-shed-insight-into-our-political-nature/. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  9. "Fifteen students honored with Golden Medal; 27 receive Firestones". Stanford Report. Standford University. 19 June 2002. http://news.stanford.edu/news/2002/june19/firestone-619.html. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  10. "2002 undergraduate awards". Stanford Daily. Stanford University. http://stanforddailyarchive.com/cgi-bin/stanford?a=d&d=stanford20020614-01.2.53.1#. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  11. https://las.stanford.edu/events/author-and-stanford-alum-dr-avi-tuschman-our-political-nature-economics-and-biology-political
  12. Matanovic, Sonja (21 September 2009). "Former Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo joins SAIS". The JHU Gazette. http://archive.gazette.jhu.edu/2009/09/21/former-peruvian-president-alejandro-toledo-joins-sais/. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  13. Saiz, Eva (5 October 2013). "“En América Latina la clase media ha hecho que se encoja el espectro político”". El Pais. http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2013/10/05/actualidad/1380978589_342496.html. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  14. Alvarez, Joshua (22 August 2014). "Flying in the face of consensus". Palo Alto Weekly. http://www.paloaltoonline.com/news/2014/08/22/flying-in-the-face-of-consensus. Retrieved 22 April 2015.