Hadith of closing the doors

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Template:Hadith Hadith of closing the doors (Template:Lang-ar-at) refers to closing the doors of houses that were opened to Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.[1] In the third year after the Muhammad's first revelation, Allah ordered prophet to shut the doors that were opened to Al-Masjed al-Nabawi except the door of Ali ibn Abi Talib's house. The Sadd al-Abwab is a Mutawatir Hadith in Shia and Sunni scholars works.

Lexical meaning

In an Arabic dictionary, Al-Munjid, Sadd means shut out and Abwab means the doors and totally Sadd al-Abwab means the closing the doors.[2]

Description of Adventure

After the building of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, a number of houses were built for Muhammad and some of his wives around that. Then some of the Sahabah of Muhammad built their houses around the Al-Masjid al-Nabawi. All of these houses had a door that was opened to the mosque. In the 3th year after Muhammad's first revolution, Allah ordered prophet to shut the doors of houses that could be opened to the mosque, except for Ali ibn Abi Talib’s house.[3] After this order, some of the people protested to prophet. He answered them: "I am ordered by Allah , to shut all the doors except for Ali ibn Abi Talib’s. I heard your words. By Allah, I did not order to shut or open any door of the mosque. Then I am compelled to do so."[4][5][6] In some sources are came that Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib, became sad and said to Muhammad: "Are you telling your uncle to leave, while you are keeping your cousin?" Muhammad answered: "I did not keep him, but it is Allah’s order."[7][8][9]

Authenticity of Hadith

According to Ibn Shar Ashoob about thirty of Sahabah such as Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, Umm Salama and Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas have narrated this hadith.[10] Ibn 'Asakir has allocated about thirty pages of the book of "The translation of Imam Ali ibn Abitalib" to versions of narrations of this Hadith.[11] Muhammad Baqir Majlisi says this Hadith is a Mutawatir.[12] Sheikh Abdul Hosein Amini mentions in his work, Al-Ghadir: "Sunni scholars have narrated the Hadith of Sadd al-Abwab with numerous and Sahih sources from a number of Sahabah of Prophet, which can be regarded as Mutawatir hadith."[13]

Similar Hadith about Abubakr

Ibn Kathir mentioned a similar Hadith that says Muhammad ordered to shut all doors except Abu Bakr's.[14] The hadith is in the authentic Sunni hadith collection of Bukhari: Template:Quote

References

  1. Hosseini Milani, Ali (2009). Study on Sadd al-Abwāb Hadith. Qom: Al-Haghaegh. http://www.ghbook.ir/index.php?option=com_mtree&task=viewlink&link_id=5601&lang=fa#. 
  2. Ma'luf, Luwis. Al-Munjid. 
  3. "Sadd Abwab". http://www.pajoohe.com/fa/index.php?Page=definition&UID=37207. 
  4. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal. Virtues of Amir al-Mu'menin Ali ibn Abi Talib. p. 177. 
  5. Hakim al-Nishaburi. Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain. 3. p. 125. 
  6. Ibn Kathir. Al-Bidayah wa Al-Nahayah. 7. p. 342. 
  7. Ghazi Nu'man. Sharh al-Akhbar. 2. p. 196. 
  8. Muhammad Ali Abtahi. Tahzib al-Maqal. http://lib.eshia.ir/14020/4/480. 
  9. Sayyed Ali Akbr Gharashi. From Hijrah to Rihlah. http://www.ghadeer.org/Book/13/2003. 
  10. Ibn Shahr Ashoob. Manaqib Aal Abi Talib. 2. pp. 36–40. 
  11. Ibn 'Asakir. The translation of Imam Ali ibn Abitalib. 1. pp. 275–305. 
  12. Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. 39. p. 35. 
  13. Amini, Abdul Husein. Al-Ghadir. 3. p. 202. 
  14. Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman (2009). Tafsir Ibn Kathir Juz' 5 (Part 5): An-Nisaa 24 to An-Nisaa 147. MSA Publication Limited. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-86179-563-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=dlzGFbl0XoIC&pg=PA69.