International reaction to the 2014 Crimean crisis

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on March 4 2014. This is a backup of Wikipedia:International_reaction_to_the_2014_Crimean_crisis. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/International_reaction_to_the_2014_Crimean_crisis, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/International_reaction_to_the_2014_Crimean_crisis. Purge

International reaction to the 2014 Crimean crisis has largely been condemnatory of Russia's decision to intervene, supportive of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity, while also supportive of finding a quick end to the crisis.[1] The United States and the European Union have threatened sanctions against Russia for its role in the crisis.[2]

Supranational organizations

  • Template:Flag – On March 1, Foreign Affairs Chief Catherine Ashton stated that the EU "deplores" Russia's decision to use military action in Ukraine, describing it as an "unwarranted escalation of tensions." She called on "all sides to decrease the tensions immediately through dialogue, in full respect of Ukrainian and international law." And added that "The unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine must be respected at all times and by all sides. Any violation of these principles is unacceptable. More than ever, restraint and sense of responsibility are needed."[3]

Joint State reactions

Intergovernmental organizations

  • Template:Flagicon image OSCE – A diplomatic group was dispatched by the OSCE consisting of official representative and a head of the OSCE Commissar on affairs of national minorities.[4]
  • Template:Flag – On March 1, while members of the UN Security Council were meeting in an emergency closed-door session, a spokesman for the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon delivered a statement saying that the Secretary General was "gravely concerned about the deterioration of the situation" in Ukraine and planned to speak shortly with the Russian President Vladimir Putin. Ban's statement called for "full respect for and preservation of the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine" and demanded "immediate restoration of calm and direct dialogue between all concerned."[5] The Security Council itself expressed support for the unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine. The Council agreed that it was important that all political actors in Ukraine exercise maximum restraint and called for an inclusive dialogue recognizing the diversity of the Ukrainian society.[6]
  • Template:Flag – On March 2, 2014, NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen convened the North Atlantic Council due to both Russia’s military action and President Putin’s threats against Ukraine.[7] The North Atlantic Council condemned Russia's military escalation in Crimea and stated that it was breach of international law. It called on Russia to respect its obligations under the UN Charter, the Budapest Memorandum of 1994, the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between Russia and Ukraine of 1997, and the legal framework regulating the presence of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.[8]


  • Template:Flag – On March 2, the Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott said that Russia's actions in Ukraine were "not the kind ... of a friend and neighbour and I think Russia should back off".[9] The Australian Prime Minister told the Australian House of Representatives on March 3 that "Russia should back off, it should withdraw its forces from the Ukraine and people of the Ukraine ought to be able to determine their future themselves" with the Australian Government cancelling a planned visit to Russia by the Trade Minister Andrew Robb.[10]
  • Template:Flag – On February 28, 2014, the Foreign Ministry expressed its concerns about events in Ukraine.[11]
  • Template:Flag – On March 1, Bulgaria's President Rosen Plevneliev said in a statement that "Bulgaria is for preserving the sovereignty, the territorial integrity and the democratic future of Ukraine". The President further said that the presence of foreign forces and their unauthorized activity within the territory of a sovereign state "raises serious concern" and called for an end to any provocative actions that could lead to "irreparable consequences not only for the region, but also for the international order".[12] In a later statement that day, following the Russia's Parliament decree allowing the usage of Russian armed forces in Crimea, President Plevneliev reiterated that "the only lasting solution may be achieved by peaceful means and if the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine is guaranteed" and that "[t]he usage of military force to occupy foreign territories is violation of the rules of international law". The President also called on the UN Security Council and the countries-guarantors to the Budapest Memorandum to ensure a peaceful solution to the problem and to avoid a further escalation of the tension. In conclusion, President Plevneliev stated that "[t]he people of Ukraine should alone decide what their future should be in a democratic way".[13]
  • Template:Flag – On Feb. 28 Foreign Minister Baird "congratulated the new government and emphasized the need to honour the 1994 Budapest Declaration's commitment to Ukraine's territorial sovereignty and national unity at this critical time."[14] On a March 1 phone call President Obama and Prime Minister Harper "affirmed the importance of unity within the international community in support of international law, and the future of Ukraine and its democracy.'[15] On the same day, Harper condemned Russia's military intervention in Ukraine; He announced that Canada had both recalled its ambassador to Russia and withdrew from preparations for the 40th G8 summit, which is to be chaired by Russia.[16]
  • Template:Flag – On March 2, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Qin Gang stated that China condemned the recent extremist violence in the country and urged all parties to resolve their internal disputes peacefully. China has always followed the principle of non-interference in internal affairs, and respected Ukraine's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. He urged all sides to find a solution through dialogue on the basis of international law and the norms governing international relations.[17]
  • Template:Flag – Foreign Minister Lubomír Zaorálek said on March 1, "I unambiguously reject and condemn the steps taken by the Russian Federation over the recent days. ... Russia has committed, not only to respect Ukraine´s territorial integrity and sovereignty, but also to guarantee them." He also said it reminded him of the 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia.[18]
  • Template:Flag – Foreign Minister Martin Lidegaard stated on March 2nd that, "This is a partial invasion of Ukraine by Russia". He made it clear that Denmark is working closely with the rest of EU and is preparing a condemning statement. He also called for Russia to respect international law.[19]
  • Template:Flag – Foreign Minister Urmas Paet stated on March 1 that, "The Russian parliament's decision to authorise the use of troops in Ukraine is a clear threat to Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity," and that Russia's "... military threats and actions against Ukraine must stop." He called for the Ukrainian leadership to pursue all actions to reduce tensions and restore societal unity.[20]
  • Template:Flag – Foreign Minister Erkki Tuomioja stated on March 1, that Russia is implementing a military takeover of Crimean territory and by doing so Russia is violating several international treaties and laws.[21]
  • Template:Flag – The representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Romen Nadal, expressed his concerns on events in Crimea and reminded the foreign minister Laurent Fabius repeatedly called upon to preserve the unity and integrity of Ukraine.[22]
  • Template:Flag – President Giorgi Margvelashvili called on the international community "not to allow new conflict in Europe and to use all the available means in order to avert possible aggression and to preserve sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine."[23]
  • Template:Flag – Chancellor Angela Merkel called Russia's actions "unacceptable" and their doings would break international law. Merkel reminded that Russia accepted the independence of the Ukraine in 1994 and is now not honoring the Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances.[24][25] She was overheard saying that Putin "lives in a different world" while talking with Barack Obama via phone.[26]
  • Template:FlagPope Francis appealed to the international community "to support any initiative for dialogue and harmony."[27]
  • Template:Flag – In a statement issued 1 March, Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed concern about the situation on the Crimean Peninsula. The Ministry noted that the Visegrád Four Foreign Ministers had asked both the Kiev government leaders and the Donetsk region's political leaders to abstain from provocative steps that may heighten tension and lead to violence.[28]
  • Template:Flag – Minister for Foreign Affairs Eamon Gilmore expressed concern regarding the developments in Ukraine. The Irish Government called on the Russian Federation to abide by international law and to respect Ukraine's territorial integrity and independence.[29]
  • Template:FlagPrime Minister Matteo Renzi defined the military occupation as an unacceptable violation. Renzi also stated that he hoped for a peaceful conclusion.[30]
  • Template:Flag – The Foreign Ministry issued a statement in which it said that the authorisation on Saturday "for use of the armed forces of the Russian Federation in Ukraine heightens the tension in the region and would harm the peace and stability of the international community," as well that "In this regard, Japan expresses grave anxiety and concern over the decision. ... Japan strongly expects that the situation in Ukraine will be settled in a peaceful manner and strongly urges all the parties concerned to behave with maximum self-restraint and responsibility, to fully observe the relevant international laws," it concluded.[31]
  • Template:Flag – On March 3rd, Kazakhstan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that Kazakhstan is deeply concerned with the current situation in Ukraine. The statement urged all sides to renounce the use of power and to resolve the crisis through negotiations, "based on respect towards the fundamental principles of international law."[32]
  • Template:FlagPresident of Latvia, Speaker of the parliament, Prime Minister and Foreign Minister issued a joint statement stating that "Latvia strongly stands for the territorial integrity of Ukraine and is of the opinion that any measures aimed at splitting Ukrainian society and questioning the territorial integrity of the country must be condemned in the strongest terms possible."[33]
  • Template:Flag – The Foreign Ministry announced that it had called the Russia Ambassador to Lithuania to discuss the situation in Ukraine.[34]
  • Template:Flag – The Maltese government has condemned recent developments in Crimea, and is insisting that Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity should be fully respected. Foreign Affairs Minister George Vella called on all parties involved to exercise maximum restraint, avoid any further provocative actions and immediately diffuse the situation.[35]
  • Template:Flag – On March 2, 2014, President Nicolae Timofti stated "Moldova underlines the importance to observe Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and not to allow violation of the international law principles.[36]
  • Template:Flag – On March 3, 2014, Prime Minister of New Zealand John Key speaking on the morning news and talk show Breakfast, referred to the rising tensions in Ukraine as "deeply concerning". The Prime Minister further stated that while Russia has very real interests in Ukraine and Crimea specifically, he agreed with the United States condemnation of Russia's actions, stressing that it would, " a disaster if there was a major problem in the Ukraine," including that the use of force was in nobody's interests.[37]
  • Template:Flag – The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemns the Russian military escalation in the Crimea together with the NATO countries. "The Russian authorities must immediately meet the Ukrainian request for dialogue to resolve the crisis without violence," said the Norwegian Foreign Minister Børge Brende. [38]
  • Template:Flag – On March 1, 2014 Poland "strongly appeal[ed] for respecting Ukraine's territorial integrity, and observing international law, including fundamental principles of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe...We urge states-signatories to the Budapest Memorandum of December 1994, which gives Ukraine security assurances, to respect and fulfil their commitments.[39]
  • Template:Flag – On the 2nd of March, president Traian Basescu said that any Russian Federation military presence in Ukraine, without Ukraine's approval and beyond the limits of bilateral accords, would be seen as an act of aggression.[40]
  • Template:Flag – On the 2nd of March, spokesperson Nelson Kgwete stated that "The South African government would like to express its deep concern about the unfolding political situation in Ukraine" and that "We will continue to monitor the situation and encourage international diplomatic efforts meant to produce a lasting peaceful solution".[41]
  • Template:Flag – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation released a statement in support of the new Ukrainian government, saying the following: "The Spanish government is concerned about the situation in Ukraine, which remains uncertain and unstable. The current tension in Crimea is especially concerning". The government also expressed its "full support for the territorial integrity of Ukraine", and urged all actors to "cooperate in finding a solution, while dismissing any use of force".[42]
  • Template:Flag - Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek said that all has to be done to prevent a military conflict to occur in Ukraine, while ministry of foreign affairs has offered to become a mediator for the EU.[43]
  • Template:Flag – Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt said March 2 in an interview on Sveriges Radio:"It's somewhat understandable that Russia is acting on concerns about the Russian minority of Crimea and eastern Ukraine, but not in the way they're doing it. There are of course methods for talking to the Ukrainian government and calm down the situation in that way."[44] Foreign Minister Carl Bildt tweeted on March 1, "Russian military intervention in Ukraine is clearly against international law and principles of European security."[45]
  • Template:Flag – Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu stated on 28 February that "Turkey attaches importance to democracy and democracy-based political stability in Ukraine's future" and that "Crimea is important for Turkey as it is Turkey's door to Ukraine and it is also important for our Tatar compatriots."[46]
  • Template:Flag – The Foreign Secretary William Hague said he was "deeply concerned" at the escalation of tensions and the decision of the Russian parliament to authorise military action. He also said "This action is a potentially grave threat to the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine. We condemn any act of aggression against Ukraine".[47]
U.S. President Barack Obama speaks with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the telephone in the Oval Office, 1 March
  • Template:Flag – On February 27, before it became clear that Russia had intervened, Secretary of State John Kerry said in a press conference with German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, "We all have to understand that nowhere is there a greater connection to or link to Russia in several different ways than there is in Crimea, but that as the days unfold, this should not become a tension or a struggle between the United States, Russia, East, West, et cetera. This is about the people of Ukraine being able to make their decisions." Kerry further urged Russia to respect Ukraine's borders and territorial integrity.[48]
On February 28, President Barack Obama's statement was released warning Russia not to intervene in Crimea. The statement said that President Obama is "deeply concerned by reports of military movements taken by the Russian Federation inside of Ukraine." It added that "any violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity would be deeply destabilizing, which is not in the interest of Ukraine, Russia, or Europe" and that it would be "a clear violation of Russia's commitment to respect the independence and sovereignty and borders of Ukraine, and of international laws."[49]
On March 1, President Obama held a phone conversation with Putin and said that the Russian invasion was a "violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity ... [and a] breach of international law." He warned of "greater political and economic isolation" and threatened to withdraw the United States from the 40th G8 summit chaired by Russia.[50]
Secretary Kerry condemned the Russian invasion of Ukraine on March 2 in an interview for Face the Nation. He called it an "incredible act of aggression," and said that "you just don't in the 21st century behave in 19th century fashion by invading another country on completely trumped up pretext."[51]


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  2. "Sanctions threat grows as Ukraine tensions rise". Mainichi Shimbun. 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
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  4. In Crimea will go OSCE envoys. Ukrayinska Pravda. 27 February 2014.
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  6. "UN Security Council holds urgent meeting to review Situation in Crimea Ukraine". IANS. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  7. Doorstep statement. NATO website. March 2, 2014
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  9. "Ukraine: Tony Abbott tells Russia to 'back off'". Sydney Morning Herald. 2 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  10. "Tony Abbott condemns Russia's ‘unprovoked aggression' in Ukraine". The Australian. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  11. Belarus Foreign Ministry: It is important to preserve the territorial integrity of Ukraine. UNIAN 28 February 2014.
  12. "Announcement of the Press Secretariat". Administration of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  13. "Announcement of the Press Secretariat of the Head of State". Administration of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  14. "Baird Promotes Territorial Integrity and National Unity in Ukraine". 28 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  15. "Readout of President Obama's calls with President Hollande and Prime Minister Harper". 2013-04-01. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  16. "Ukraine crisis: Canada, U.S. tell Russia to withdraw forces". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  17. "Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Qin Gang's Remarks on the Current Situation in Ukraine". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the People's Republic of China. 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  18. Template:Cite press release
  19. "Lidegaard: Russia has invaded Ukraine". 
  20. "Foreign Minister Urmas Paet: everything must be done to achieve a political solution to the crisis in Ukraine". Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  21. Tuomioja: Venäjä toteuttaa Krimin sotilaallista haltuunottoa,, 2 March 2014. Accessed on 2 March 2014.
  22. France expressed its concern over the deteriorating situation in Crimea. Ukrinform. 28 February 2014.
  23. "Georgia Condemns Russian Moves in Ukraine". CivlGeorgia. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  24. "Merkel wirft Putin Verletzung des Völkerrechts vor (German)". Der Spiegel. 3 March 2014. 
  25. "Merkel wirft Putin Verstoß gegen Völkerrecht vor (German)". Stern. 3 March 2014. 
  27. "Pope Angelus: Appeal for Ukraine and Christian fraternity". 2 March 2014. 
  28. "Ministry of Foreign Affairs concerned about Crimean situation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  29. "Statement by the Tánaiste on the situation in Ukraine". 
  30. "Ucraina, 15mila soldati russi in Crimea. Kiev: "Sull'orlo del disastro". Merkel a Putin: "Hai violato trattati internazionali" (italian)". 
  31. "Japan expresses concern over Russia's Ukraine move". Japan Today. 
  32. "Statement of the Foreign Ministry of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the situation in Ukraine". Foreign Ministry of the Republic of Kazakhstan.!/news/article/13513. 
  33. Template:Cite press release
  34. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania called the Russia's ambassador to talk about Crimea. UNIAN. 28 February 2014.
  36. Moldova’s position towards critical situation in Ukraine
  37. "Rt Hon John Key Prime Minister on Ukraine Crisis". TVNZ. 
  38. "Norway condemns the Russian military escalation in the Crimea". 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  39. "Statement on the situation in Ukraine". 2014-02-26.;jsessionid=A9EB2F93E7291A545A33698A9E04B1EE.cmsap1p. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  40. "Romania sees no immediate risks to national security related to Crimea crisis." (in ro). 2 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  41. "SA calls for peace in Ukraine" (in en). News24. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  42. "COMUNICADO 061 Situación en Ucrania" (in es). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  44. Swedish PM: Russian worries 'understandable' – The Local
  45. "Carl Bildt". Twitter. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  46. "Turkey closely following developments in Crimea". Journal of Turkish Weekly. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  47. "Russia Approves Military Action". Sky News. 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  48. "Remarks With German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier After Their Working Lunch". United States Department of State. 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2014-02-28. 
  49. "Statement by the President on Ukraine". White House. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  50. DeYoung, Karen (1 March 2014). "Obama speaks with Putin by phone, calls on Russia to pull forces back to Crimea bases". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  51. "Kerry condemns Russia's 'incredible act of aggression' in Ukraine". Reuters. 2 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 

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