Ira A. Lipman

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Ira A. Lipman
Born c. 1941
Alma mater Ohio Wesleyan University
Occupation Businessman, philanthropist
Religion Judaism
Spouse(s) Barbara K. Lipman
Children 1 son
Parents Mark Lipman
Belle Ackerman

Ira A. Lipman (born c. 1941) is an American businessman and philanthropist. He is the founder and chairman emeritus of Guardsmark, a privately owned security company with a payroll of 17,000 employees and 130 offices in the United States, Puerto Rico, the United Kingdom and France. In 2015, he sold Guardsmark to Universal Protection Service, the largest private security company in the United States, and he serves as its vice chairman. He supports the arts in Memphis, Tennessee and Judeo-Christian interfaith dialogue in the United States.

Early life

Ira A. Lipman was born circa 1941.[1] His father, Mark Lipman, was the founder of Mark Lipman Service, a private investigation company,[2] and the author of the 1975 book Stealing: How America's Employees Are Stealing Their Companies Blind.[3][4] His mother was Belle Ackerman.[2]

Lipman graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1962.[5]

Business career

Lipman founded Guardsmark, a security company, in 1963.[3] He initially founded the company to provide hospitals and factories with armed guards at night.[3] With a year, in 1964, he had under 100 employees.[3] He served as its president and chairman from 1970 to 2015.[6]

In 1971, Lipman disagreed with City College of New York Professor Lawrence Zeitlin's research, which showed companies would save money by letting good employees steal.[7][8] Instead, he argued that companies should cut costs by investing in good security to prevent theft.[7] Lipman believed most theft occurred as a result to addiction to narcotics, and the best way for companies to end this would be to hire undercover security agents, as employees would be more likely to confess to them than policemen.[7][8] By 1973, Lipman expanded his business to shoplifting prevention, especially in the Southeastern United States.[9]

Meanwhile, in 1972, after President Richard Nixon laid off 1,100 federal airport security agents, Lipman argued that they should be replaced with private armed guards who should be present in airports at all times.[10] Moreover, Lipman suggested that airport security could be improved if frequent travelers carried with them special cards, as airport security would then focus on irregular travelers and significantly reduce the risks of skyjacking.[10][11] He added that passengers should be required to go through metal detectors, their carry-on luggage should be searched, and landing ramps should be equipped with closed-circuit television camera.[10] By 1976, Lipman's company handled security for 20 airports in the United States.[12][13]

Lipman expanded his business to home security in 1973, initially in Memphis, Houston, New Haven, Connecticut and Concord, California.[14] Meanwhile, he also expanded his business to patrolling entire neighborhoods, the first of which was Belle Meade, Tennessee.[3] By then, he had 3,500 employees active in 35 cities across the United States.[3] A decade later, in 1983, Lipman argued that neighborhood security guards needed "walkies-talkies, close-circuit cameras, electronic fences, bullet-proof glass, card-key systems", but no guns, adding "They are more of a threat to society by having a gun.".[15]

Lipman expanded his business further with bodyguard protection for high-net-worth individuals by 1974.[16][17] He argued that this was necessary to prevent kidnappings.[16][17]

Lipman authored a book about security entitled How To Protect Yourself From Crime: Everything You Need To Know To Guard Yourself, Your Family, Your Home, Your Possessions, And Your Business in 1975.[18][19]

By 2014, the company had an annual revenue of US$500 million, with 17,000 employees.[20] It had "130 offices in the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom."[20]

In 2015, Lipman sold Guardsmark to Universal Protection Service, making it the largest security company in the United States.[21] Lipman joined the board as vice chairman.[21]

Lipman is the chairman emeritus of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency.[22] He also served on the board of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.[5] He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations,[6] where he is the namesake of the Chair in Emerging Technologies and National Security, currently held by Adam Segal.[23]

Philanthropy and art collection

Lipman served on the boards of trustees of the Brooks Memorial Art Gallery and the Memphis Academy of Arts as well as on the Advisory Council of the Chickasaw Council Boy Scouts of America.[5] He established the Alexis de Tocqueville Chapter of the United Way of Memphis in 1984, and he led its fundraising campaigns in 1985-1986.[20] In 1992, he was elected to the board of governors the United Way of America.[24] In 1995, he endowed the annual $50,000 John Chancellor Award.[25] He served on the board of trustees of his alma mater, Ohio Wesleyan University, from 1988 to 1997.[6]

Lipman was appointed as the vice president of the National Conference of Christians and Jews in 1992.[26] He subsequently served as its chairman.[6] He was appointed as the vice president of the International Council of Christians and Jews in 1992.[27] He serves on the board of trustees of the Simon Wiesenthal Center.[28]

Lipman collects paintings by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse and Mary Cassatt.[5]

Personal life

Lipman has a wife, Barbara, who established the Barbara K. Lipman Early Childhood School Research Institute at the University of Memphis.[29] They have a son, Joshua.[30]

Works

  • Lipman, Ira A. (1975). How To Protect Yourself From Crime: Everything You Need To Know To Guard Yourself, Your Family, Your Home, Your Possessions, And Your Business. New York: Atheneum. ISBN 9780689106866. OCLC 1974414. 
  • Lipman, Ira A., ed. (1988). The Private Security Industry: Issues and Trends. Newbury Park, California: Sage. ISBN 9780803931039. OCLC 18377586. 
  • Lipman, Ira A. (2011). How To Be Safe: Protect Yourself, Your Home, Your Family, and Your Business from Crime. Pleasantville, New York: Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 9781606521694. OCLC 548596956. 

References

  1. Brown, Vivian (November 26, 1973). "Pilot program in home security offers 24-hour-a-day protection". The Kokomo Tribune (Kokomo, Indiana): p. 6. https://www.newspapers.com/image/44965001/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Mark Lipman, 88, Investigator Who Founded a Private Agency". The New York Times. May 25, 1994. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/05/25/obituaries/mark-lipman-88-investigator-who-founded-a-private-agency.html. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Brown, Vivian (October 3, 1973). "Worry about burglars leads to guard service". The Daily Journal (Fergus Falls, Minnesota): p. 19. https://www.newspapers.com/image/21523766/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  4. "Stealing : how America's employees are stealing their companies blind". http://www.worldcat.org/title/stealing-how-americas-employees-are-stealing-their-companies-blind/oclc/600361&referer=brief_results. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Distinguished Achievement Citation: Ira A. Lipman, Class of 1962". May 14, 1988. https://www.owu.edu/files/resources/lipman.pdf. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Company Overview of Guardsmark, LLC: Ira A. Lipman". http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=7903194&privcapId=4212735. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Theft by Employes Costly. Security Executive Urges Tighter Controls". The Weirton Daily Times (Weirton, West Virginia): p. 27. June 23, 1971. https://www.newspapers.com/image/49124090/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Pope, Leroy (June 23, 1971). "Business Today". The Daily Herald (Chicago, Illinois): p. 7. https://www.newspapers.com/image/46311753/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  9. Marnell, Gene (July 29, 1973). "Southeastern Businessmen Spending Millions In Effort To Combat Thefts From Their Firms". The Danville Register (Danville, Virginia): p. 12. https://www.newspapers.com/image/29933241/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Pope, Leroy (November 15, 1972). "Believe security against hijackers could raise air fare". Ames Daily Tribune (Ames, Iowa): p. 3. https://www.newspapers.com/image/54617566/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  11. "Cards Proposed For Regular Air Travelers". The Danville Register (Danville, Virginia): p. 3. October 31, 1972. https://www.newspapers.com/image/23326996/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  12. "Airports bolster security". The Pantagraph (Bloomington, Indiana): p. 1. January 1, 1976. https://www.newspapers.com/image/71852506/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. "Ira A. Lipman, president of Guardsmark Inc., which handles security for some 20 airports, said "A person may ultimately have to have an air travel card, give his name, address and telephone number and put his belongings in a seethrough bag, just to check his luggage."" 
  13. "Airports' security is tightened". San Antonio Express (San Antonio, Texas): p. 12. January 1, 1976. https://www.newspapers.com/image/77646684/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  14. Brown, Vivian (September 26, 1973). "Organization Guards Houses. Home Owners Are Interested In Security". Beckley Post-Herald (Beckley, West Virginia): p. 11. https://www.newspapers.com/image/15803640/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 18, 2016. 
  15. Wysocki, Bernard, Jr. (September 28, 1983). "Lone Star State keep close tabs on private security guards". Santa Cruz Sentinel (Santa Cruz, California): p. 12. https://www.newspapers.com/image/62892204/?terms=%22Ira%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 Weisinger, Mort (April 28, 1974). "The Bodyguard Business Is Booming". The San Bernardino County Sun (San Bernardino, California): p. 9. https://www.newspapers.com/image/61238015/?terms=%22Ira%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Kidnapping High Crime". Lebanon Daily News (Lebanon, Pennsylvania): p. 12. August 16, 1975. https://www.newspapers.com/image/10370304/?terms=%22Ira%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  18. Gribbin, August (November 25, 1975). "Book destined for big sales. Anti-crime advice: be careful". The Pocono Record (Strousburg, Pennsylvania): p. 9. https://www.newspapers.com/image/44422215/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. 
  19. Moneyhun, George (December 10, 1975). "Fighting Crime Begins At Home". The Daily Messenger (Canandaigua, New York): p. 4. https://www.newspapers.com/image/20893395/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 "Ira A. Lipman". http://www.soememphis.com/ira-a-lipman/. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Nichols, Meagan (July 28, 2015). "Memphis security giant Guardsmark bought". Memphis Business Journal. http://www.bizjournals.com/memphis/news/2015/07/28/memphis-security-giant-guardsmark-bought.html. Retrieved August 19, 2016. "Lipman will become the vice chairman of the board in the new arrangement." 
  22. "Ira Lipman: Chairman Emeritus". http://www.nccdglobal.org/about-us/staff/ira-lipman-0. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  23. "Adam Segal: Ira A. Lipman Chair in Emerging Technologies and National Security and Director of the Digital and Cyberspace Policy Program". http://www.cfr.org/experts/china-innovation-cybersecurity-digital-cyber/adam-segal/b8863. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  24. Nelson, Kathy (August 25, 1992). "Extensive national changes adopted". The Gettysburg Times (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania): p. 13. https://www.newspapers.com/image/46024597/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  25. "The John Chancellor Award". https://journalism.columbia.edu/chancellor. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  26. "Lipman becomes vice president". Del Rio News Herald (Del Rio, Texas): p. 4. July 25, 1992. https://www.newspapers.com/image/6327051/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  27. "Lipman Elected". Standard-Speaker (Hazleton, Pennsylvania): p. 37. August 27, 1992. https://www.newspapers.com/image/62267831/?terms=%22Ira%2BA.%2BLipman%22. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  28. "SWC Board of Trustees". http://www.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=lsKWLbPJLnF&b=4441993#.V7J445MrI_U. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  29. "Barbara K. Lipman Early Childhood School and Research Institute: Ira and Barbara Lipman". http://www.memphis.edu/lipman/about/ira_and_barbara_lipman.php. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  30. "WEDDINGS/CELEBRATIONS; Joanna Goldman, Joshua Lipman". The New York Times. April 13, 2003. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/04/13/style/weddings-celebrations-joanna-goldman-joshua-lipman.html. Retrieved August 16, 2016.