Islam in ancient Bangladesh

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The Gauda Kingdom in 7th century
The Pala Empire 9th century

Ancient Bangladesh reigned by King Shashanka (22BH/601AD-15AH/637AD) and Emperor Harsha in Indian subcontinent when Muhammad emigrated to Medina in 1AH(622AD[1]).

Arabian preaching method

Arabian Merchants used to trading in different states all over the word by the Red Sea, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean from pre-Islamic period who were the key in the early spread of Islam.[2]They came in this land for trading Sandalwood, Tusk|ivory, spice, cotton cloths, silk etc in the historical trading centers in North Bengal known as Mahasthangarh, Paharpur and Bhitagarh.[3]After embracing Islam those merchants became Sahabas and used to preach in Islamic ideology together with business at the political religious unrest to the light of peace and enthusiastically people attracted and accepted Islam.

Business and communication

Template:Multiple imagePort of Chittagong, one of the major ports for entering the eastern region including China, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. The merchants anchored at this harbor mainly for rest, ship maintenance, food and recreation and prepared for future journey. A group of companions including Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas (uncle of Muhammad), Quyes Ibn Sairadi, Tameem Ansary, Urrah Ibn As-sasa and Abu Quyes Ibn Harisa used Bengal as a transit point to travel China on the Southern Silk Road in 6BH(618AD). They preached Islam in Chittagong for few years and went to China.[4][5]The Arab merchants had been using this port since pre-Islamic period and continued same after embracing Islam.

King Thirumal and his brother Perumal of Tamil Nadu, Malabar Coast and Madras became Muslim during the lifetime of Muhammad. As a result that area turned into a center for preaching Islam. Preachers came to Bangladesh from that region.[6][7] According to the Arabian historians of eleventh century including Abul Kasem Obaidullah Ibd Khurdadbih, Muhammad al-Idrisi, Al Masudi, Yaqut al-Hamawi mentioned the business relations and settlement of Arab merchants established in the Historical harbor of eastern Coast River port of Chittagong, Chandpur, Ramu (Zaziratur Rahmi), Cox's Bazar etc.[8] Good hospitality lead them to stay permanently in Chittagong between 9 and 10AH(630-631AD).[9]

King of Ramu presented an 'earthen jarful of Ginger' to Muhammad which was delivered to Madina and distributed among the sahabies by Himself.[10] After passing of Muhammad his companions came to Bangladesh through Chittagong seaport are Abdullah Ibn Utban, Assem Ibn Amr Tameemi, Sahel Ibn Abdi, Suhael Ibn Adi and Hakim Ibn Abeel Assaqafi.[11]

Later, five delegations of Tabaeen including a group of Muhammad Mamun and Muhammad Mohaimen came here to preach Islam. A group of Muslims fell into a storm in the Bay of Bengal in 96AH(778AD). They were taken to the King of the Kingdom of Arakan Ma-ba-toing. The king became please at their behavior and intellects. He gave them several villages to settle. As a result, an Islamic society was developed in course of time.[12]

Caliphate

Terracotta inscriptions: Template:Lang-ar (lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh hijrī 69)-Majader Ara founded in 690AD a glorious antiquities and archeology into early Islamic history and aspect of the true affirm speculation of the very early presence of Muslim in South Asia. The villagers found the buried treasures and artifacts of Islamic history, including terracotta with Quranic scripture hidden in the jangle. According to the amateur archaeologist, the remains of a mosque believed to be built in the 7th century.The mosque located at the remote area of Lalmonirhat District, Rangpur Division at North Bengal.[13][14][15] Same aged mosques are destroyed and could not be found any more except this mosque in South Asia.

Sinan Bin Salamah bin Mohbik al Huzali sent two times as a Governor of Hindustan during 42 and 48AH(664,670AD) at the time of Amir Muawiyah I (41-60H/663-81AD). He was born in conquest day of Mecca and Muhammad kept his name himself. He died in the betel of Khuzdar in Baluchistan in 53AH/673AD.[16][17]Muhammad bin Qasim (66-96H/687-717AD) established cities and Mosques in different Muslim areas and appointed individual Amirs, Kazis and Khatibs. Muslim people lived in peace in the cities. Most often scholars are included in Arabian Army and Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf (76-96AH/697-717AD) preached people by the holy Quran and authentic Hadith.[18] Collection of Hadith started at Muhammad’s time by 'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As (died 65AH) in ‘Al-Sahifah al-Sadiqah’.[19]

Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz (99-101AH/720-21AD) ordered to collect Sahih Hadith at Government patronage in Madina.[20][21]Thus 69AH(690AD) was the time of development in education, art and culture from Arab to Bengal. A mosque discovered known as Majader Ara established by that time. Light of Islamic Golden Age spread between 1 and 220AH(611-831AD) widely.[22]Sahabas came to Hindusthan accompanying 245 Tabaeen and Taba Taba'een in early age of Islam between 23 and 375AH(688-984AD).[23]

Fall of Arabian ruling

Political power left to Fatimid Caliphate within 392AH(1001AD)[24]Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji founded Bengal a Muslim dynasty in 601H(1222AD). By this time Islam could have reached to everywhere.

External links

References

  1. Al-Mubarakpuri, Safiur Rahman (2013). Ar-Rahieeq Al-Makhtum. Bangladesh: Tawheed Publication. pp. 208. 
  2. Mubarakpuri, Qazi Athar (1979). Al Iqdus Samin, vol 1, 2nd edition. Kairu: Darul Ansar. pp. 17. 
  3. "Bangladesh: Ancient Mosque, Possibly From the 7th Century Unearthed". http://www.loonwatch.com/2012/08/bangladesh-ancient-mosque-possibly-from-the-7th-century-unearthed/. 
  4. "A unique Islamic tradition — Dhaka Tribune". http://www.dhakatribune.com/heritage/2015/nov/07/unique-islamic-tradition. 
  5. "Jewel of Chinese Muslim’s Heritage — Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation". FTSC. http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/China%201.pdf. 
  6. "History of Islam in Bangladesh". http://www.muslimpopulation.com/asia/Bangladesh/islaminbdhistory.php. 
  7. "বাংলায় ইসলাম প্রচারে আরব বণিকদের ভূমিকা". http://www.ittefaq.com/content/2008/03/28/print0526.html. 
  8. History of the Muslims of Bengal, Dr. Mohammad Mehar Ali, page 30
  9. Al-Ghalib, Muhammad Asadullah (2011). Ahlehadeeth Movement:It’s origin and development, with special references to the south Asian region. Bangladesh: Hadees Foundation. pp. 403. 
  10. Nishapuri, Al-Hakim. Al-Mustadrak, vol 2. pp. 135. 
  11. Ahmed, AKM Nazir (2013). Bangladeshe Islamer Agomon. Bangladesh: Islamic Centre. pp. 20. 
  12. Dr. Abdul, Karim (1969). Chottograme Islam. Bangladesh. pp. 15–16. 
  13. "Ruins of a Lost Mosque". http://www.thedailystar.net/news/ruins-of-a-lost-mosque-2. 
  14. "Bangladesh: Ancient Mosque, Possibly From the 7th Century Unearthed". http://www.loonwatch.com/2012/08/bangladesh-ancient-mosque-possibly-from-the-7th-century-unearthed/. 
  15. "Ancient mosque unearthed in Bangladesh". http://www.aljazeera.com/video/asia/2012/08/201281852948844588.html. 
  16. Ishaq, Dr. Muhammed (1976). Indian’s Contributionto the Study of Hadith Literature. Bangladesh: Dacca University. pp. 17–18. 
  17. Ilm-I-Hadit. pp. 31–32. 
  18. Ilm-I-Hadit. pp. 45–46. 
  19. Uloomul hadit. pp. 45. 
  20. al-Bukhari, Muhammad. Sahih al-Bukhari,vol 1. Beirut: Dar Al-Kotob Al-iliyah. pp. 33. 
  21. al-Asqalani, Ibn Hajar (1901). Fath al-Bari. Kairu: Khairiah press. pp. 140. 
  22. al-Asqalani, Ibn Hajar (1907). Fath al-Bari, vol 14. Kairu: Khairiah press. pp. 323. 
  23. Mubarakpuri, Qazi Athar (1979). Al Iqdus Samin, vol 2. Kairu: Darul Ansar. pp. 319–542. 
  24. Ishaq, Dr. Muhammed (1976). Indian’s Contribution to the Study of Hadith Literature. Bangladesh: Dacca University. pp. 12.