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Libre art (librart in short) is the collection of libre artworks by libre artists or ethical artists published in libre repositories such Wikimedia Commons.
Libre artists (aka librartists or ethical artists) emerged in the western world (Europe and Americas) alongside the free culture movement and its various events (e.g. iSummits and iCommons events). The Licence Art Libre was developed in France. Spain hosts the Oxcars, a public showcase that puts the spotlight on cultural creation and distribution carried out under the paradigms of shared culture. Poland's CopyCamp event features libre culture with Nina Paley, Cory Doctorow, Birgitta Jónsdóttir and Visegrád Countries, and there is a growing global community, e. g. the LILA people or Bassam Kurdali (Blender team) etc.
The arts represent an outlet of expression, that is usually influenced by culture and which in turn helps to change culture. As such, the arts are a physical manifestation of the internal creative impulse. Major constituents of the arts include literature – including poetry, novels and short stories, and epics; performing arts – among them music, dance, and theatre; culinary arts such as baking, chocolatiering, and winemaking; media arts like photography and cinematography, and visual arts – including drawing, painting, and sculpting. Some art forms combine a visual element with performance (e.g. film) and the written word (e.g. comics).
Applying the principles of copyleft to art, the License Art Libre or Free Art License was written in July 2002, with contributions from the mailing list <copyleft_attitudeTemplate:@April.org> and in particular with lawyers Mélanie Clément-Fontaine and David Geraud, and artists Isabelle Vodjdani and Antoine Moreau. From the preamble:
The Free Art License grants the right to freely copy, distribute, and transform creative works without infringing the author’s rights.
The Free Art License recognizes and protects these rights. Their implementation has been reformulated in order to allow everyone to use creations of the human mind in a creative manner, regardless of their types and ways of expression.
- "La gala de los oXcars exalta la circulación libre de la cultura". El País. http://www.elpais.com/articulo/cataluna/gala/oXcars/exalta/circulacion/libre/cultura/elpepucul/20081023elpcat_20/Tes. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Activities - Association LILA". "Association LILA: We are Free Software users and Libre art license promoters."
- "Bassam Kurdali". "I do think this shift in human relationships affects the work itself, that there can be something different and pleasingly indie about libre art and code compared to proprietary works."
- Ernst Robert Curtius, European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages , trans. Willard R. Trask (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973), p. 37. The classical sources include Cicero, De Oratore, I.72–73, III.127, and De re publica, I.30.
- It followed meetings held by Copyleft Attitude Antoine Moreau with the artists gathered around the magazine Allotopie: Francis Deck, Antonio Gallego, Roberto Martinez and Emma Gall. They took place at "Accès Local" in January 2000 and "Public" in March 2000, two places of contemporary art in Paris. See: The first meetings of Copyleft Attitude.
- Free Art License 1.3 (FAL 1.3).
- Article introducing FAL 1.3 by Antoine Moreau