List of Advanced Scientific Computing Research Leadership Computing Challenge allocations

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Primary sources Template:Expand list In the United States, Grand Challenge problems in scientific computing grew out of the efforts of The High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative, and the High Performance Computing Act of 1991.[1]

Grand Challenges identified by the National Science Foundation have included "five "deliberately monumental" research challenges, each requiring "at least a decade of concentrated research in order to make substantive progress"".[2]

These Grand Challenges were formulated at a NSF-sponsored workshop in 2002, the Computing Research Association Conference on "Grand Research Challenges" in Computer Science and Engineering, which was held at Airlie House in Warrenton, Virginia.[3]

"The original plans ... called for creating dramatically faster computers and networks, stretching their limits with Grand Challenge problems in scientific computing, setting up supercomputer centers with the machines and experts needed to attack these challenges, and training people to build and exploit the new technology. More recently the focus has been shifting toward broader uses of computing and communications."[1]

Grand Challenges in computing are not unique to the United States. For example, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council in the UK sponsored a project between 2007-2009 aimed at "Shaping an International Grand Challenge Community for Ubiquitous Computing."[4]

The following list of Grand Challenge projects in the US provides basic information as to how the nature and scope of these projects has developed year by year.

Year Title Principal Investigator Site Supercomputer Allocation (in CPU hours)
2010 A Scalable, Efficient, and Accurate Community Ice Sheet Model (SEACISM)[5] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Katherine Evans Argonne National Laboratory 1,000,000
2010 A Scalable, Efficient, and Accurate Community Ice Sheet Model (SEACISM)[5] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Katherine Evans Oak Ridge National Laboratory 5,000,000
2010 Aerodynamics Exploration for Advanced Aero‐Propulsion Technologies[5] GE Global Research, Jixian Yao Argonne National Laboratory 4,500,000
2010 Materials Design From First Principles Calculations[5] Argonne National Laboratory, Larry Curtiss Argonne National Laboratory 20,000,000
2010 Prototype Ultra High‐Resoluation Climate‐Weather Modeling Studies[5] NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, S.J. Lin Argonne National Laboratory 25,000,000
2010 Simulation of Large Conformational Transitions in Macromolecular Systems using Leadership Computing[5] Argonne National Laboratory, University of Chicago, Benoit Roux Argonne National Laboratory 28,500,000
2010 Direct Multiobjective OptimizatonTemplate:Clarify of Storage Ring Lattices for the APS Upgrade and Beyond[5] Argonne National Laboratory, Michael Borland Argonne National Laboratory 36,000,000
2010 Nucleon Structure down to the Physical Pion Mass[5] Massachusetts Institute of Technology, John Negele Argonne National Laboratory 37,800,000
2010 Scalable, Explicit Geometry, Whole Core Nucelar Reactor Simulations[5] Argonne National Laboratory, Micheal Smith Argonne National Laboratory 38,000,000
2010 Collaboratory for Very Large Scale Turbulence Simulations on Petascale Computing Platforms[5] Stanford University, Parviz Moin Argonne National Laboratory 50,000,000
2010 Improving Light Water Reactor Fuel Reliability Via Flow Induced Vibration Simulations[5] Argonne National Laboratory, Andrew Siegel Argonne National Laboratory 75,000,000
2010 Stochastic Nonlinear Data‐Reduction Methods with Detection & Prediction of Critical Rare Events[5] Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Guang Lin Oak Ridge National Laboratory 5,000,000
2010 ASCR Joule Metric[5] Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Kenny Roche Oak Ridge National Laboratory 150,000,000
2010 The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors[5] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Doug Kothe Oak Ridge National Laboratory 30,000,000
2010 AR‐5 Calculations[5] National Center for Atmospheric Research, Peter Gent Oak Ridge National Laboratory 80,000,000
2010 Exascale Computing for Accelerating Deployment of Retrofittable CO2 Capture Technologies via Simulation Tools with Quantified Uncertainty[5] University of Utah, Philip Smith Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 3,200,000
2010 Large scale particle‐in‐cell simulations of laswer‐plasma interactions relevant to Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE)[5] University of California, F. S. Tsung Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 3,250,000
2010 First Principles Design of Advanced Thermal Energy Storage Materials[5] National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Su‐Huai Wei Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 5,000,000
2010 A multi‐decadal reforecast data set to improve weather forecasts for renewable + energy applications[5] NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Thomas Hamill Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 14,500,00
2011 Understanding the factors that affect the efficiency of bio-catalytic processes[6] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pratul Agarwal Oak Ridge National Laboratory Jaguar (supercomputer)
2011 Petascale kinetic plasma simulation of the interaction among laser speckles in laser‐driven inertial fusion energy settings[6] Los Alamos National Laboratory, Brian Albright Oak Ridge National Laboratory Jaguar (supercomputer)
2011 Reliable Predication of Performance of High Lift Systems of Commercial Aircraft[6] Boeing, John Bussoletti Oak Ridge National Laboratory Jaguar (supercomputer)
2011 Toward Crystal Engineering from First Principles[6] University of Texas at Austin, James R. Chelikowsky
2011 Fundamental combustion simulations to enable clean energy breakthroughs in low-carbon gas-turbine combustion systems[6] Sandia National Laboratories, Jacqueline H. Chen
2011 Projections of Ice Sheet Evolution Using Advanced Ice and Ocean Models[6] Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, William D. Collins
2011 First Principles Calculations of Interfaces in Electrical Energy Storage Systems[6] Argonne National Laboratory, Larry A. Curtiss
2011 The interactions between vaporizing liquid droplets and a turbulent flow: Fully resolved direct numerical simulation[6] University of California, Said Elghobashi
2011 Uncertainty Quantification in Large-Scale Ice Sheet Modeling and Simulation[6] University of Texas, Omar Ghattas
2011 Electrocatalyst Durability from First Principles Calculations[6] Argonne National Laboratory, Jeffrey Greeley Argonne National Laboratory Blue Gene/P
2011 Controlling Nanoparticle Interactions to Engineer New Materials[6] Sandia National Laboratories, Gary S. Grest
2011 First principles-based design of novel solar thermal fuels[6] Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Jeff C. Grossman
2011 High Resolution Design-Cycle CFD Analysis, Supporting CO2 Compression Technology Development[6] Ramgen Power Systems LLC, A.D. Grosvenor Oak Ridge National Laboratory Jaguar (supercomputer)
2011 Simulating Regional Climate at Convection Permitting Resolution[6] Greg Holland
2011 Petascale Quantum Monte Carlo Calculations of Strongly Correlated and Energy Storage Materials[6] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Paul R. C. Kent
2011 Large-eddy simulation for turbomachinery[6] United Technologies Research, Gorazd Medic
2011 Prediction of Supersonic Jet Noise Using Large Eddy Simulation[6] Stanford University, Parviz Moin
2011 Non-icing Surfaces for Cold Climate Wind Turbines[6] General Electric, Masako Yamada
2011 Sensitivity and uncertainty of precipitation of a climate model[6] Argonne National Laboratory, Laura Zamboni
2012 Designing Bioinspired Catalysts for Energy Harvesting & Renewable Energy[7] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pratul Agarwal 5,000,000
2012 Petascale Atomistic Simulations of Ultra Scaled Transistors[7] Global Foundries, Behtash Behin-Aein 8,000,000
2012 Time Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) Approach to Nuclear Reactions[7] University of Washington, Aurel Bulgac 12,000,000
2012 Generation of Intrinsic Toroidal Rotation in Tokamak Plasma to enable Stable Fusion Energy Production[7] Princeton University, Choong-Seock Chang 20,000,000
2012 Projections of Ice Sheet Evolution Using Advanced Ice and Ocean Models[7] Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, William Collins 13,000,000
2012 Protein Folding and Computational Models[7] Stony Brook University, Ken A. Dill 2,000,000
2012 Impact of the Inlet Boundary Condition on High-Pressure Turbine Temperature Predictions[7] General Electric, Anne Dord 34,000,000
2012 Liquid-solid interfaces in electrocatalysis from first principles[7] Argonne National Laboratory, Jeffrey Greeley 20,000,000
2012 Controlling Nanoparticle Assembly to Engineer New Materials[7] Sandia National Laboratories, Gary Grest 30,000,000
2012 Supercomputer Enabled Accelerated Development of Revolutionary Supersonic Shock Wave Based Turbomachines: Achieving DOE Goals for Compressing Carbon Dioxide and Achieving High Energy Efficiency via High Resolution CFD[7] Ramgen Power Systems LLC, Allan Grosvenor 40,000,000
2012 Exploring the Nature of the Lightest Massive Particles in the Universe[7] Argonne National Laboratory, Katrin Heitmann 10,000,000
2012 Gyrokinetic Simulations of Multiscale Electro Turbulence for Improved Predictive Modeling of Tokamak Plasmas[7] University of California, Christopher Holland 30,000,000
2012 HPC Colony: Adaptive System Software for Improved Resiliency and Performance[7] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Terry Jones 6,000,000
2012 Computational high throughput screening of organic materials for solar energy and lighting[7] University of Central Florida, Abdelkader Kara 6,000,000
2012 Transforming Modeling and Simulation for Nuclear Energy Applications[7] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Douglas Kothe 15,000,000
2012 High level studies of excited states in light harvesting systems and complex emergent phenomena[7] Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Karol Kowalski 5,000,000
2012 Massively Parallel High Fidelity Simulation of Spray Atomization[7] United Technologies Research, Xiaoyi Li 20,000,000
2012 Gyrokinetic Simulation of Energetic Particle Turbulence and Transport[7] University of California, Zhihong Lin 20,000,000
2012 Predictive simulations of cuprate high-temperature superconductors[7] Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Thomas Maier 50,000,000
2012 Petascale Thermal Hydraulic Simulations in support of CESAR[7] Argonne National Laboratory, Elia Merzari 30,000,000
2012 Coupled electronic and nuclear dynamics in solar photocatalytic water splitting[7] California Institute of Technology, Thomas Miller 22,000,000
2012 Prediction of Multiscale, Multiphysics Turbulent Flow Phenomena Using Unstructured Large Eddy Simulation[7] Stanford University, Parviz Moin 80,000,000
2012 U.S.-Russia Collaboration on Verification and Validation in Thermal Hydraulics: Nek5000 and Conv3D Simulation of “SIBERIA” Experiment[7] Argonne National Laboratory, Aleksandr Obabko 30,000,000
2012 Ab Initio Hyper-Nuclear Physics[7] College of William & Mary, Konstantinos Orginos 70,000,000
2012 Dynamics of conformational transition in thermo-sensitive polymers and hydrogels[7] Argonne National Laboratory, Subramanian Sankaranarayanan 50,000,000
2012 Validation work for heterogeneous nuclear reactor calculations[7] Argonne National Laboratory, Micheal Smith 30,000,000
2012 Reducing Uncertainty of Climate Simulations Using the Super-Parameterization[7] George Mason University, Christiana Stan 11,000,000
2012 VUQ Assessment of a Large Eddy Simulation Tool for Clean-Coal Technology[7] University of Utah, Jeremy Thornock 20,000,000
2012 Multiscale Modeling of CO2 Sequestration in Carboxysomes[7] Argonne National Laboratory, Gregory Voth 8,000,000

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Committee to Study High Performance Computing and Communications: Status of a Major Initiative ; Computer Science and Telecommunications Board. [ "Evolving the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative to Support the Nation's Information Infrastructure: Executive Summary"]. Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  2. "Cyberinfrastructure: Grand Challenges for Information Technology". Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  3. "CRA Grand Research Challenges 2002". 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  4. "Shaping an International Grand Challenge Community for Ubiquitous Computing". Retrieved 2015-11-03. 
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 "2010 ALCC Factsheets". 
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 "2011 ALCC Factsheets". 
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 "2012 ALCC Factsheets".