- This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on December 21 2013. This is a backup of Wikipedia:Novim. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Novim, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Novim.
Novim is a non-profit group at the University of California, Santa Barbara that organizes teams for objective scientific study of global issues and identification options for addressing the concerns, based upon an collaborative problem-solving approach used in the field of physics.
The group was formed at the University of California campus in Santa Barbara to create a collaborative problem-solving approach to address wide-spread and complicated problems, modeled after approaches at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics (KITP). Novim organizes study teams of scientists, researchers, and area experts to evaluate issues like climate engineering, global surface temperatures, and methane leakages in natural gas production. Their criteria for issue selection is that it must be "highly complex, controversial and global." They partner with governmental organizations, like the Department of Energy and Office of Science, to engage them in the process, share findings and discuss potential actions.
Jim Knight is Novim's executive vice president and Michael Ditmore is its executive director, both of whom are Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics (KITP) Director’s Council members.
- David Auston, Executive Director of the Center for Energy Efficient Materials at University of California, Santa Barbara
- Tom Everhart, President Emeritus, Caltech
- David Gross, Nobel Laureate. Director, UCSB Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics
- Steven Koonin, Founding Director of the NYU Center for Urban Science and Progress, Brooklyn, NY
- James S. Langer, Past President, American Physical Society
- Aristides Patrinos, Senior VP Corporate Affairs, Synthetic Genomics
- Venkatesh Narayanamurti, Former Dean, Harvard School of Engineering & Applied Science
They first studied the changes in the Earth's average temperature and published their findings in 2009 in the Climate Engineering Study Group report.[nb 1] They found that there was a need to use geoengineering to lower the Earth's average temperature and suggested adopting the principles of short wave climate engineering (SWCE) to introduce aerosols into the stratosphere. Much like the sulfur particles released by large volcanic eruptions, the aerosols would reflect shortwave solar radiation back into space to cool the air and land below. Although SWCE may help reverse global warming, the technique remains untested and potential adverse effects are unknown, and therefore could not be mitigated. Opponents have stated that the core causes are not addressed, only the symptoms, and that SWCE would damage the ozone.
Novim collected an international team of scientists to work together on the study, which was performed on a small scale to make options available as soon as reasonably possible.[nb 2] They determined that the cost to deploying the methods described in the study would be about $8 billion USD per year if delivered by aircraft. [nb 3]
Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature (BEST) Study
Novim's second study was the Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature Study (BEST), released 29 July 2012. The study reanalyzes the world's land temperature data following Climategate. Professor Richard A. Muller led the study team that included 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics winner Saul Perlmutter.[nb 4]
Methane Leakage - Novim has assembled a team of scientific and technical experts to analyze existing studies of the emissions profile of natural gas during the production and distribution phases, with a focus on determining a range of actual methane leakage rates. Probable causes for the leakage will be included, and proposed solutions will be examined, along with associated costs.
- The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) announced Novim's first report in August 2009.
- Dr. Ken Caldeira advocates for small scale testing to be performed soon so that a working system could, at the very least, be designed and ready in event of a large-scale climate crisis which requires rapid global action.
- The paper was submitted to peer review in 2009 at the IOP Conference Series and the IIASA GGI Seminar. Novim has also made the paper available for free online at Arxiv.org. Since its release, Novim's Geoengineering Study has become a common reference in peer academic studies on the subject, including a United States House of Representatives Report, an article in Science, the Journal of Geophysical Research, and the International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies. The study has also appeared on the suggested reading lists at the Trottier Symposium, the Denver Climate Study Group, and the International Risk Governance Council meeting on geoengineering.
- Results are available via the BEST website, as well as through the "Just Science" iOS app.
- "Undersecretary for Science Talks Sustainability at UCSB". 2010-01-14. http://www.noozhawk.com/article/011410_undersecretary_of_science_talks_sustainability_at_ucsb/. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
- "Novim Aims to Close Information Gap on Pressing Global Issues". 2009-09-06. http://www.noozhawk.com/article/090609_novim_global_issues/. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Climate intervention: what we need to know to respond to a climate emergency
- Jonathan Tirone, "Geo-Engineering Risks Weigh on Hopes to Reverse Global Warming", Bloomberg, Published 3 August 2009, Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- Hands Off Mother Earth, "Sulphate Aerosols & Artificial volcanoes"
- CIGI Online, "CIGI Fellow Studies Geoengineering", Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), Published 5 August 2009, Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- John Tierney, "Is the Earth Warming? Adjust the Thermostat", The New York Times: 10 August 2009.
- Joe Romm, "Science on the Risks of Climate Engineering: 'Optimism about a geoengineered ‘easy way out’ should be tempered by examination of currently observed climate changes'", ThinkProgress, published 29 August 2009
- Tom McNichol, "Engineering a Better Climate", GOOD, published 11 January 2010
- D Battisti et al, 2009 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 6 452015 doi:10.1088/1755-1307/6/45/452015
- Jason Blackstock, "Developing Climate Engineering Responses to Climate Emergencies: Scientific Assessments and Policy Implications of Geoengineering Research", International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Greenhouse Gas Initiative Seminar: July 2009.
- Climate Engineering Responses to Climate Emergencies .
- Chairman Bart Gordon, Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, "Engineering the Climate: Research Needs and Strategies for International Coordination Report", 111th Congress 2nd Session: October 2010.
- Gabriele C. Heger and Susan Solomon, "Climate Change: Risks of Climate Engineering", Science Magazine, Issue 21, August 2009: Vol. 325 no. 5493 pp. 955-956, DOI: 10.1126/science.1178530
- Caspar M. Ammann, et. al, "Climate Engineering through artificial enhancement of natural forcings: Magnitudes and implied consequences", Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, D22109, 2010.
- A. Zichichi (Series Editor and Chairman), International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies 42nd Session, "E. Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culter, Erice, Italy: 19–24 August 2009.
- Suggested Reading List, Trottier Symposium, McGill University, Montreal, Canada: 2009.
- Associated background, Denver Climate Study Group: "Geoengineering - Why? and the next steps", Denver, CO: 10 November 2009
- Annotated Bibliography on Climate Engineering, International Risk Governance Council meeting on geoengineering, Lisbon: April 2009.
- Lauren Morello, "Experts Heat Up Over Berkeley Lab Scientist's Quest to 'Calm' Climate Change Debate", The New York Times, Published 1 April 2011, Retrieved 14 October 20121.
- Muller, Elizabeth (29 July 2012). "250 Years of Global Warming". Berkeley Earth. http://berkeleyearth.org/pdf/berkeley-earth-press-release-july-29.pdf. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Ian Sample, "Global warming study finds no grounds for climate sceptics' concerns", The Guardian, Published 20 October 2011, Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- "Summary of Results". Berkeley Earth. http://berkeleyearth.org/results-summary/. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "The heat is on", The Economist, From the print edition 22 October 2011, Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- Richard A. Muller, "The Case Against Global-Warming Skepticism", The Wall Street Journal, 21 October 2011.
- "Dataset Summary". Berkeley Earth. http://berkeleyearth.org/dataset/. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "Phase I Meta Study of Methane Leakage". Novim. http://www.novim.org/projects/natural-gas. Retrieved 25 December 2012.