Pavel Bělíček

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Pavel Bělíček
Born (1946-12-29) 29 December 1946 (age 74)
Seninka near Vsetín, Czech Republic
Alma mater Palacký University, Olomouc

Pavel Bělíček ([ˈpavɛl ˈbeliːʧɛk]; * 29th December 1946 at Seninka, Czech Republic) is a Czech linguist, literary theoretician and historian, aesthetician and philosopher. In his literary activities he featured as a poet, playwright, humourist and literary critic. In order to avoid collisions between his literary works and pedagogical career, he published his poetry under the literary pseudonyms Martin Kobalt and Josef Vodvaz.

Life and career

Born in Seninka near Vsetín, he finished his basic education at the secondary grammar school in Vsetín. Afterwards he undertook studies in English philology and in 1969 he graduated at the Faculty of Arts of the Palacký University in Olomouc. There he also took degree of PhDr. in English in 1988. He spent most of his professional career as a senior lecturer of the faculties of arts and pedagogy at Charles University in Prague. Besides he taught theoretical linguistics in teacher-training studies at two regional colleges. At first he specialised in lecturing and tutoring courses of English lexicology and introduction to English linguistic studies. Later he concentrated on grammar and conducted lectures on English morphology, syntax and phonetics. From the early 1990s he also read lectures on philosophy and methodology of science for foreign students at the faculties of medicine of Charles University. In 1974 he married his wife Hana and ever since he has resided with her and his two sons Pavel and Tomáš in Prague.

Literary activities

By the end of his studies Pavel Bělíček accomplished his first collection of poetry called The Bare Soul. It displayed a gradual transition from sombre metaphysical moods to structuralist formalism and influences of nouvelle figuration. At that time he cooperated with Jan Kratochvíl (painter) on a new approach to art theory called ‘categorematics’. It was based on the tenets of Kenneth Pike’s tagmemics[1] and endeavoured to render a formal axiomatisation of art-theoretic categorical concepts. Simultaneously, they launched a vanguard project of ‘stageless theatre with two opposed auditoria’. In their performance Hra na Ježíše (Playing Jesus Christ Game, 1967) they arranged the stage as a new substitutive auditorium where covert actors incited spectators to give vent to their resentiments and revile their opposite vis-à-vis fellows. They unconsciously anticipated a number of scenic reforms initiated earlier by Handke’s project of ‘total theatre’.[2] Both dramatic pieces indicated a new literary fashion focused on plain uncouth heroes celebrated in movies directed by M. Forman and J. Papoušek. In the early 1970s they christened the new trend proprealism (from French le réalisme propre ‘proper realism’). Later it became clear that it emerged as a Czech pendant of Western movements of New Figuration, Conceptualism, Hyperrealism, and pop-art.

These trends had a common denominator in the boom of consumption (1968–1975), which brought welfare to masses of ordinary consumers. They awoke new vivid interest in ‘the ordinary man in the street’ and hilariously exploited his snappish outspoken volubility. It also gave the decisive impetus to the democratic movement of New Left, whose spirit was born from students’ revolts of 1968. It undermined the post-war monopoly of bureaucratic elites and gave the initiative to broad masses. Czech proprealism offered an aesthetic alternative to the official line of ‘socialistic realism’, whose theory concealed only the dummy of ‘optimistic pink-cheeked neoclassicism’. Against its tendency to render an idealised image of reality by lacquering the truth in pink colours, proprealists defended sober critical scepticism and the dismantling potencies of popular humour. Bělíček developed ideas of proprealism in his Manifests of proprealism (1981) and his collection Vozataj slov (The Charioteer of Words, 2008). His poems showed affinity to Sanguineti’s broken verse with dynamical eruptive content and the impact of Tel Quel structuralism. It was felt especially in the ironical interplay of the skribent ‘scribbler’ washing his textual excreta down into the loo of booksellers’ market. Kratochvíl’s proprealistic paintings developed the poetics of Breughel’s humoristic realism and Bosch’s philosophy of dwarfish robotic homunculi. Their program of genuine realism critical of contemporary social issues attempted to vindicate the democratic lineage of art in the wake of P. Breughel, F. Rabelais, J. Hašek, V. Majakovsky, B. Brecht and B. Hrabal.

In the mid-1970s Bělíček’s poetry took the line of epic narratives. His first epic composition Řadový krkavec (The Ordinary Raven) sparkled with formalist innovations describing the incredible escapades of Moravian hippies’ generation in the late 1960s. A similar genre form was exploited in his epic composition Totálka (The Total Smashup) from the late 1980s. It staged a ‘fecal revolt’ of an ordinary hero against the red tape and the ruling apparatchiks in his factory management. Its verse followed the way of Walt Whitman’s ‘civilisation epic’ and the disillusioned meditation of T. S. Eliot’s poem The Hollow Men. In the short composition Commedia postmoderna the author assumed a look of a blasé globe-trotter living as a tramp on the brink of the Western civilisatio. These poems strove to give a civil and non-pathetic enunciation about the contemporary culture and world. They feigned the solemn grave relevance of American presidents’ State of the Union Address. From the 1990s Belíček’s epic verses added a cosmopolitan and transnational scope of view due to pulling down the Berlin Wall. An apocalyptic disaster peaked in his longer epic poem Nuptials of Vasilisa the Beateous with a Deadman. It mined in the riches of Russian folk oral tradition and excavated an allegorical dream-poem about the collapse of the provincial European East. Its breakdown resulted in the never-ending exodus of European brains to the New World. In the descriptive epic The Solemnity of Nature he offered readers a sort of the Miss World parade captivated by the graceful appearance of beautiful women from all countries. However, their impressions were blurred by the narrative viewpoint of a semi-demented old foggy, who could hold up neither confused ideas nor weewee. His excursive poetic utterance was ripped apart by incongruent syntax and frequent inorganic digressions. The crown of his literary creation appeared in the long epic piece Orpheus’ Voyage round the Bay of the Dead. It was inspired by months of vain fight for his dear wife’s life dying after the apoplectic stroke of the brain. Its composition imitated Dante’s wandering through the depths of Purgatory and Inferno. It interviewed the greatest figures of world and national poetry and commented on their artistic feats.

Scientific and educational activities

Enquries into the semantic layout of natural languages

During his advanced college studies Pavel Bělíček acquired deep interest in mathematical linguistics and especially in its new meaning-oriented directions initiated by Fillmore’s case grammar and Lakoff’s generative semantics. In Czech humanities it was anticipated by Vilém Mathesius’s The Contentual Analysis of Present-Day English[3] and continued by his follower Ivan Poldauf. Inspired by the contemporary drifts of philosophical conceptualism, he leant to semantic Inhaltism and enquiries into the isomorphism between lexical meanings and ontological categories. In his first college textbook determined for lectures on English lexicology he found prolific inspiration in E. H. Bendix’s componential analysis of the English word-stock[4] and a passable road to its decomposition in Lakoff’s equation kill = make die. The further milestones in developing his own semantic description of natural languages were his three course-books of ESP at Charles University published in the 1980s. Its final shape was crowned by his theoretical treatise English Semantics (2005). It devised a new model of the systematic semantics of natural languages, whose goal was to transcribe English into a peculiar algebraic system submissible to computer processing computation. Its output were tables of definitory equations of main semantic fields and foundations of new branches of artificial intelligence called algebraic semantics, conceptual logic and notional algebra. Their first inspirative ideas paid homage to such pioneering predecessors R. Carnap, C. I. Lewis and W. Quine, who were the first to explore the fields of modal logic. Bělíček’s systematic axiomatisation added as many as fourteen new fields of modal attitudes and instead of employing standard logical calculi he applied formal models of relational algebras. For instance, verbs of knowledge were axiomatised by means of semantic equations as follows:

to learn = to begin to know = cease not to know
to remember = to continue to know = not to forget
to forget = to cease to know = to begin not to know

Such an apparatus provided a powerful tool of deciphering, rewriting and restructuring texts in natural languages. It remarkably exceeded the range of semantic categories covered by earlier applications of semantic programming (Prolog, SOP, concept-oriented programming). It employed algebraic symbols with diacritics denoting several types of negation. The basic dual negation in veil – unveil or go – stay was extended by the opposition of quadral negation in must – may (modal logic), make – let (causative logic), certainty – possibility (epistemic logic), learn – remember (cognitive logic), shall – will or want – agree (volitional logic) or begin – continue (phasal logic). Their combinatory composition gives rise to relations of octal negation operating in pairs must – will or necessity – volition. From 1991 to 1993 Pavel Bělíček coordinated a grant on conceptual programming in natural languages, whose output was a series of software appliances in executable files. With the aid of his colleagues at the faculty of mathematics and physics and his son Pavel Bělíček, junior, they developed programs in Pascal providing interpreters for deciphering simple English texts. They carried out tasks ordered in commands such as “Draw a small yellow triangle and put it into the right upper corner of the desktop”. They proceeded like calculators rewriting multiples into products of prime numbers and rational numbers into products of their least divisors. Their vocabulary worked with a reduced inventory of elementary English words and assigned them their meaning factionalised into elementary semantic components. This apparatus decomposed the set of 2000 complex lexical meanings into the ‘generating subset’ of 40 elementary kernel words such as be, have, begin, do, make and let. This operating system was called Benglish because it reduced English as a natural language to Benglish defined as its basic reduced subsystem composed of irreducible atoms. Such theoretical procedures were applied in a simplified form also to the methodology of practical language teaching. In his college lessons Bělíček considered himself as an ardent adherent of G. N. Leech’s semantics[5] and D. A. Wilkins’s project of Notional Syllabus.[6] His textbook Handbook of English Semantics (1988) was determined for postgraduate studies at the faculty of mathematics but segmented grammar into chapters on the semantic fields of time, space, existence, possession and motion. In order to follow D. A. Wilkins’s trend in linguistic thought he founded the language-training institute Wilkins Language School.

Comparative linguistics, folkloristics and ethnology

Most of Pavel Bělíček academic writing pursued the intent to provide textbooks for college students but it sideways endeavoured to rewrite the subject from a broader theoretical and philosophical angle. He has published over forty studies in Czech and English including extensive compendia in several volumes. They dealt with English grammar and philology, mathematical and comparative linguistics, historical poetics, literary history, literary theory, humanities, semantics, philosophy as well as logic and theoretical mathematics. His comparative enquiries into humanities attempted at their systematic evolutionist account and strove to resystematise traditional dogmatic preconceptions restrained by the ant’s narrow specialist view. It started with their analytic decomposition into pure elements and ended with proposals of a new synthetic taxonomy seen from the eagle’s multidisciplinary range of vision. Emphasis on evolutionist, comparative, sociologist and typological methodology allowed him to launch a project of scientonomy as the general theory of science distinguishing descriptive -graphies, heuristic -scopies, applied -ics, theoretical -logies, evolutionary -genics and taxonomic –nomies. It was elaborated in a series of treatises towards systematic poetics, systematic politology[7] as well as systematic philosophy [8]. Their goal was to critically revise traditional inorganic categories and put forward a new unique taxonomy revealing cultural evolution from the earliest roots. In his youth Pavel Bělíček was fascinated by V. M. Illich-Svitych’s Nostratic dictionary[9] but soon arrived at the conclusion that his and Holger Pedersen’s hypothesis lay on unverifiable preconceptions. The main objection, advanced earlier by Baudouin de Courtenay’s paper The mixed character of all languages[10], warns that most language families are secondary hybrids. Newer counter-arguments point out that they display little agreement with real archaeological migrations. In his two-volume treatise Prehistoric Dialects (2001) Bělíček followed Trubetzkoy’s Kettentheorie and put forward an alternative approach to Nostratic studies called Transparenztheorie. It assumes that tongues of Palaeolithic tribes have not become extinct but continue to shine through modern national languages in residual dialectal quantities. Instead of comparing secondary cognates between neighbouring languages but it searches for congruent typological traits distributed along long-range prehistoric migration routes. Its ultimate goal is to generalise their peculiarities in reconstructions of eteo-languages[11], i.e. ‘genuine tribal tongues’ defined as pure unmixed pure Ursprachen of Palaeolithic date. Bělíček’s interest in neo-evolutionism was oriented toward the objective of founding systematic sciences based on Darwinian family-trees of human cultural evolution. It did not indulge in fabricating popular misleading genealogic schemes but founded its typological taxonomy on a detailed decomposition of current hybrid macro-families (Nostratic, Indo-European, Common Celtic, Common Germanic, Ural-Altaic, Afro-Asiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Austroasiatic, Austronesian, Na-Dene, Proto-Algic) into pure unmixed eteo-languages spoken by Palaeolithic archaeological cultures. Such a procedure dissected all secondary assimilated families into primary lineages corresponding to traditions of Acheulian, Levalloisian, Leptolithic, Microlithic and Macrolithic industry. The main advantage of his enquiries was that he did not scrutinise isolated lexical and linguistic traits but defined such lineages in a systematic way as all-inclusive typological patterns in speech, oral tradition, prosody, musical instruments, magic and religion, customs, folk architecture, clothing, weapons and working tools. Such a complex approach to comparative cultural typology allowed him to submit tenable consistent proposals of cultural evolution:

  • human glottogenesis (the family-tree of languages),
  • poetogenesis (the evolution of oral and literary genres from the earliest beginning to our days),
  • prosodogenesis (the evolution of poetic and musical metres in concord with folk chants, dancing rites, magic rituals and musical instruments),
  • religiogenesis (the consistent family-tree of popular superstitions, mythologies and aboriginal magic merged into medieval religions that represent only amalgamated concoctions of Palaeolithic faiths).
  • human anthropogenesis (the origin and divergent bifurcation of human anthropological varieties and racial groups),
  • ethnogenesis (the evolutionary family-tree of Palaeolithic tribes and their compounding into assimilated amalgams of modern nations) and
  • archaeogenesis (a systematic evolutionary account of archaeological cultures from the Lower Palaeolithic horizon).

An elementary precondition requires replacing the dogmatic idea of strict monogenesis by Wolpoff’s multi-regional approach[12], Trubetzkoy’s Kettentheorie [13] and Mario Alinei’s Palaeolithic Survival Theory [14] that admit several stocks and regional centres of prehistoric development. The best support for such a taxonomic revision is supplied by the high degree of coincidence with new advances of population genetics (ABO blood groups, Y-DNA haplogroups). A simple cue to understanding his new typological account of prehistory lies in distinguishing the following stocks of humankind:

  • herbivorous plant-gatherers of equatorial race (Oldowans, Acheulians, Bantoids, Melanesians) with tall dolichocephalous physiognomy, chopping tools and hand-axe industry,
  • vegetarian plant-gatherers and agriculturalists with tall dolichocephalous stature, Macrolithic hand-axes and cord-impressed pottery (Caucasoids, Nordids),
  • carnivorous big-game hunters with Mousterian and Sollutrean leaf-shaped industry,
  • piscivorous ichthyophaghi, nomadic fishermen, lake-dwellers (Tungusoids, Pelasgoids) with Levalloisians and Aurignacians prismatic flake-tools (Levalloisians, Aurignacians)
  • seaside ichthyophaghi, cliff-dwellers and small-game ovicaprid-hunters (Turcoids, Cimbroids) with Microlithic flake-tools,
  • omnivorous Lapponoids with cremation burials and short-sized brachycephalous physiognomy.

The cognitive import of these discoveries rests in their organic harmony in all cultural branches and in considerable agreement with the sustainable parallel genealogies of development in all fields concerned.

Literary, Philosophical and Cultural History

In his Historická poetika (Historical Poetics) and its first volume Poetika foklóru (The Poetics of Folklore and Oral Tradition, 2001) Pavel Bělíček’s enquiries into the prehistoric past of ethnic stocks encroached also upon the field of aesthetic disciplines. From the early 1970s he was enthused by A. N. Veselovsky’s Istoricheskaya poetika (1941), H. M. Chadwick’s The Growth of Literature (1932–1940) and George Thomson’s reconstructions of poetic evolution in terms of oral and literary genres. Thomson believed that the growth of ancient Greek poetic genres bore much resemblance to Western medieval literatures and H. M. Chadwick supported the same view by parallels between ancient and medieval heroic epic. Their discoveries encouraged Bělíček to adopt the hypothesis that all ancient, antique and medieval civilisations passed through the same stages of feudal economy but after reaching the climax of commercial mercatorism they grew into vast empires and proceeded backwards to lower levels on a wider range broader d assumed the process of regressive decline conformed to the barbarian periphery. Such an interlocking of progressive intensification in centres of civilisation and regressive extensification in peripheral areas makes it possible to fulfil Paul Van Tieghem’s united concept of la littérature générale et comparée. Human cultural history took its course in different ethnic lineages but thanks to their integration, permeation and domination in various economic formations most literatures of the world tend to grow out of a similar backbone of historical development.

The basic materialist postulate of humanities reads as follows: Human social conscience has no inner driving motor and immanent self-induced movement but it is actuated by contradictions vexing its economic, ethnic and social bearers. This rule applies also to all literary directions, religious reformations, political overturns and sound shifts. To put it briefly and pregnantly, there is no spiritual change without moves of its material carriers. Social life proceeds in cycles generating different axiological priorities and promoting the hegemony of diverse tribal castes and social classes. In four volumes of his Encyklopedie soustavné literární vědy (The Encyclopaedia of Systematic Literary theory, 2011) and three volumes of his Systematic Poetics (2016) Bělíček delimited four independent ethnic bearers of folklore oral tradition:

  • heroics: big-game hunters’ and pastoralists’ heroic songs and epic compositions in alliterative astrophic verses recited by an individual rhapsode to the accompaniment of a string musical instrument (the Ugro-Scythian tribes of megalithic builders with copular architecture and the Ural-Sarmatian tribes of horse pastoralists with chariot burials and quadrangular fortified bastions with rich crenelation).
  • elegics: prehistoric nomadic fishers’, pirates’, seafarers’ and merchants’ melancholic didactic epic in elegiac couplets and dirges in rhymed verses accompanied by monodic auletics and blowing wind instruments (Tungusoid, Pelasgoid, Turcoid and Hebroid tribes).
  • hymnics: Indo-European and Caucasian peasants’ processional choral hymnody in quantitative metres sung by a chorus of worshippers repeating words of a precentor, priest and rainmaker on a pilgrimage to the idol of a rain-god in a sacred grove.
  • comics: regulated iambic verse with half-verses and carrols in melodic prosody interwoven with melismata and yodelling, humorous animal fables and picaresque trickster tales (Lapponoid, Alpine, Pygmoid and Annamite tribes with cremation burials).

These poetic styles survived in different national literatures according as their ethnic bearers rose to dominance or declined to a subdominant liege position on the hierarchical ladder of social classes. Their alternations occurred in periodic cycles balancing the inner needs of the economic and social engine. The early phases of feudalism (beneficialism) entrusted the relay of hegemony to castes of professional warriors promoted to the ranks of feudal aristocracy. In European literatures their ethnic style peaked in the Romanesque, Norman and Moorish period. In the middle stages of feudalism (copyhold allodialism, courteous curialism) the relay of hegemony initiative was passed over to gentilitial nobility living at courts of sovereigns. It cultivated Provençal trobar clar and German Minnesang and often recruited from the descendants of the Bronze Age megalithic tribes pursuing the troubadour tradition of genteel courtoisie. The late phases of feudalism (timocracy, censualism, diarchy) replaced tithes by the census of taxes and split monarchies into privileged estates and independent classes. Urban communes promoted to hegemony mercenary knighthood and middle classes cultivating Gothic architecture.

In the Renascence feudalism was doomed to end by the rise of commercial mercatorism. It bestowed the financial power on the merchants’ patriciate and vindicated columnal style in architecture. The 18th century brought the economic system Junkers’ and landowners’ manorialism patronising the classes of enlightened secular clerkdom governing in centralised states of constitutional monarchy. The 18th century industrialism brought republican regimes and enthroned the rule of bourgeoisie and craftsmen’s comics based picaresque novels, popular doggerel and Knittelvers.

Such idées directrices enabled Bělíček to delimit principles of several new cultural fields such as economic and social stadiology, artistic trendology, cultural periodology and social institutiology. In his detailed surveys of Greek, Roman, English, American, Czech, French, German and Italian literature he set together tables of parallel development in economy, politics, journalism, literature, fine arts and philosophy in order to find out the general laws in the periodic occurrence of their trends. He realised that it made no sense to compare static entities such as American and Chinese economy or their literary production and comparative methodology must focus on trends conceived as vectors in vector algebras. Their chronological series may be studied by methods of statistic ideography counting the yearly frequencies of definite characteristic types of genres published in literary production. It corroborates the law of repeated successions of literary directions. It implies the following sequences of alternating literary styles and cultural vogues exhibiting meaningful correlations with business cycles:

  • classicism: academism, normativism, humanism, physical materialism,
  • sentimentalism: elegism, sensualism, sentimentalism, intimism, civilism, quotidianism,
  • formalism: l'art-pour-l'artisme, geometrism, abstractivism, logicism, artism, artificialism,
  • realism: humourism, humoralism, democratism, sociologism,
  • traditionalism: personalism, historicism, archaism, idolatrism, iconolatrism, ritualism,
  • spiritualism:symbolism, esoterism, allegorism, theosophism,
  • heroism: monumentalism, nationalism, militarism, militantism.

Every decennial cultural trend (Juglar cycle) in politics, poetry, painting, religion and philosophy may be imagined as a temporary rule of one intellectual vanguard and generation. They revolt against the preceding cabinet’s elites, win and dethrone them but after seven years they are doomed to face a new depression that sweeps aside their reign. Bělíček principal conclusion states that trends and directions alternate in dependence on cycles of economic booms and their lawful cyclical periodicity is driven by structural whirls and gushes of values. This finding makes to possible to coordinate the systematic taxonomy of trends in econometry, political regimes, religious and philosophical thought as well as the growth of literary and artistic production. It constitutes the periodical lawfulness of simultaneous development of all fields of culture and social conscience. Its discovery may prove as important as Mendeleev’s periodic system of chemical elements since it leads to calibrating the theoretical nomenclature in all humanities.


Pavel Bělíček has never been a member of a political party but he cannot help joining the side of rational evolutionary science in its strife with pseudoscientific irrationality. The latter looms as a tremendous menace in fundamentalism that does not flourish only in Islamism but thrives on all continents. His comparative tables of western and eastern European literatures demonstrate that their countries had different political regimes and but exhibited a parallel development in similar cultural styles and patterns. His brosures developed an integral typology of social ideas denoted as ‘systematic ideology’. His brosures Postmoderní krize humanitních věd a úkoly jejich obnovy (2004) and Postmodern Irrationalism (2005) are conceived as Carl Jaspers’s Psychologie der Weltanschauungen (1921) and propose a systematic diagnostics of diseases in scientific methodology. Their subtitle An Outline of the Systematic Psychopathology of Mental Disorders in Scientific Thought indicates that science is subdued to the same pressures of social ideology as morals, fashions and political views. The best antidote to extremist fundamentalism is provided by a detailed scientific diagnostics of all ideological currents.


College textbooks

  • Úvodní kurs angličtiny pro posluchače matematicko-fyzikální fakulty. Praha: Karlova universita, SPN 1985, 2. vyd. 1989.
  • Handbook of English Semantics. Praha: Karlova universita, SPN 1988. [ A survey of semantic fields in English based on an algebraic calculus of semantic equations.]
  • A Manual of English Phonetics. Prague 1993, 184p., 2nd edition 2001.
  • An Introduction to Modern Linguistics. Prague: Urania 1992, 82p.
  • A Modern English Grammar. A Semantic Outline of English Morphology. Prague 1994, 375p., 2nd edition 2001.
  • Introducing Linguistics. Prague: Ústav jazykové a odborné přípravy, 2005.
  • Introduction to Phonetics. Prague: Ústav jazykové a odborné přípravy, 2005.

Literary theory and history

  • Dějiny české literatury v statistických grafech a tabulkách I-V [The History of Czech literature in Statistic Graphs and Tables].
  • I. Od počátků po baroko. Praha 2008, 358p.
  • II. Od baroka po májovce. Praha 2008, 360p.
  • III. Od májovců po poetismus. Praha 2008, 345p.
  • IV. Od poetismu do válečných let. Praha 2009, 381p.
  • Poetika folklóru – Etnogeneze žánrů ústní slovesnosti. Historická poetika I. Praha 2001, 212 stran [The Poetics of Oral Folklore. Historical Poetics I].
  • Dějiny literární estetiky I–III [The History of Literary Aesthetics].
  • I. Od antiky až po romantismus. Praha 2009, 390p.
  • II. Od romantismu po meziválečnou avantgardu. Praha 2004, 313p.
  • III. Od meziválečné avantgardy po postmodernu. Praha 2004, 309p. .
  • Geneze levicové kritiky ve Spojených státech (1900–1940). Praha 2009, 381p. [The Genesis of Lef-Wing Criticism in the United States].
  • Dějiny marxistické estetiky. Praha 2008, 390p, [The History of Marxist Aesthetics].
  • Encyklopedie soustavné literární vědy I–IV. Praha 2011, [The Encyclopaedia of Systematic Literary Theory].
  • I. Literární teorie. Praha 2011, 347p.
  • II. Literární sociologie. Praha 2011, 327p.
  • III. Literární historie. Praha 2011, 342p.
  • IV. Literární poetika. Praha 2011, 374p.
  • Systematic Poetics. Praha 2016
  • I. Literary Theory and History. Prague 2016, 376p.
  • II. Literary Ethology and Sociology. Prague 2016, 370p.
  • III. Formal Poetics and Rhetoric. 2017, 357p.

Teoretical studies

  • Historical Perspectives of English Studies in Czech Humanities. Prague 2001, 105p. [Teoretický přehled problémů a perspektivních řešení moderní anglistiky.]
  • Australo-Negroid Languages. A Linguistic Survey of Negro-Australoid and Caucaso-Siouan Languages. Prague 1993. pp. 119–224.
  • Indo-European Languages. The Linguistic Prehistory of Indo-European Languages. Prague 1993, pp. 225–314.
  • Prehistoric Dialects I–II. 2001. 799p. (An outline of human glottogenesis and a comparative survey of all world language families.)
  • English Semantics. The Semantic Structure of Modern English. Prague 2005, 353p.

Philosophy, methodology and logic

  • A History of Classic Philosophy. Prague 1993, 179p.
  • Filosofické základy metodologie moderních věd. Praha 2006,
  • Teoretické základy sociálních a politických věd. Praha 2001, 375p.
  • Rukověť soustavné politologie: srovnávací typologie historických forem státnosti a směrů kulturněpolitické ideologie. Praha 2016, 379p. [Handbook of Systematic Politology].
  • Filosofické úvahy velkých myslitelů : výběr myšlenek slavných autorů v kontextu ideových proudů dějin filosofie. Praha 2015.
  • A Systematic Survey of Theoretical Mathematics. Prague 2009, 387p. (in cooperation with his son Tomáš Bělíček). [The systematic philosophical propedeutics of modern mathematics.]
  • Towards a Reform of Modern University Studies. Ad reformandum universitatem. Democritus Association. Prague 2008, 198p.

Poetry, prose, drama

literary pseudonyms Martin Kobalt and Josef Vodvaz

  • Holá duše : výbor z poezie. Praha 2008, 99s. [ The Bare Soul. Early poems.]
  • Vozataj slov : výběr veršů z let 1972–1982. Praha 2007, 92p. [The Charioteer of Words. Poetic structuralism and proprealism.]
  • Totálka : ekologické balady z konce tisíciletí. Praha 2008, 86p. [The Total Smashup. Ecological ballads from the turn of millennia.]
  • Baedeker přírodních krás : velké epické skladby. Praha 2009, 109p. [Baedeker of Natural Beauties. A selection of longer epic compositions in the style of T. S. Eliot’s and E. Pound’s poetry].
  • Orfeova plavba zátokou mrtvých : dantovský sestup do hlubin věků. Praha 2012, 69 stran. [Orpheus’ Voyage Round the Bay of the Dead.]
  • Apokalypsa sv. Purdocchia : tajná kronika Valachů. Praha 1995, 158 stran. [The Apocalypse of St. Purdocchius : the Secret Chronicle of Wallachians. Joycean and Tolkienian humouristic novels aimed at a reconstruction of prehistoric Moravian mythology.]
  • Martin Kobalt, Jan Kratochvíl: Hra na Krista. Praha 2008, 76s. [Playing Jesus Christ Game. A vanguard drama with two auditoriums and no frontal stage in the wake of Peter Handke’s total theatre].


  • Postmoderní krize humanitních věd a úkoly jejich obnovy. Démokritos 2004, 96p.
  • Postmodern irrationalism in sciences and recovery from its diseases. Democritus Association 2005, 96p.
  • From Socialism to Demotism. A Manifesto of the Democratic Left for the 21th Century. Prague: Democritus Association. Prague 2004.


  1. Kenneth L. Pike: Language in Relations to a Unified Theory of Human Behavior. The Hague: Mouton & Co., 1967 pp. 37–72.
  2. Peter Handke: Publikumsbeschimpfung. Frankfurt/M., 1967.
  3. Vilém Mathesius: Obsahový rozbor současné angličtiny na základě obecně lingvistickém. Praha : Academia, 1961. The Functional Analysis of Present-Day English English. Prague : Academia, 1975.
  4. Edward H. Bendix: Componential analysis of general vocabulary : the semantic structure of a set of verbs in English, Hindi, and Japanese. Indiana University. Research Center in Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics. The Hague; Bloomington : Indiana University, 1966.
  5. G. N. Leech – J. Svartvik: A Communicative Grammar of English. London: Longman, 1975.
  6. D. A. Wilkins: Notional Syllabuses : a Taxonomy and its Relevance to Foreign Language Curriculum Development. London : Oxford University Press, 1976.
  7. P. Bělíček: Rukověť soustavné politologie. Praha 2016. 2016.
  8. P. Bělíček et al.: Filosofické úvahy velkých myslitelů : výběr myšlenek slavných autorů v kontextu ideových proudů dějin filosofie. Praha 2015.
  9. V. M. Illich-Svitych: Оpyt sravneniya nostraticheskikh yazykov. Moskva: Nauka, 1971–1984.
  10. J. Baudouin de Courtenay: O smeshannom kharaktere vsekh yazykov. Zhurnal Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya, no. 337, 1901, 362-372; On the Mixed Character of All Languages, in: A Baudouin de Courtenay Anthology. The Beginnings of Structural Linguistics. Bloomington -London 1972, 216-226.
  11. P. Bělíček: The Eteo-Albanians in prehistory: their tribal identity, religion and dialects. Linguistique Balkanique 32, 1989, 123-140.
  12. M. H. Wolpoff: Multiregional evolution. In: Ch. Stringer, P. Mellars (eds): The Origins and Dispersals of Modern Humans. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press 1989.
  13. Nicolai S. Trubetzkoy: Gedanken über das Indogermanenproblem. Acta linguistica 1, 1939: 81-89, p. 82; H. Wagner: The origin of the Celts in the light of linguistic geography. Trans. Phil. Soc. 1969, 1, 1970: 203-250, p. 228-9.
  14. Mario Alinei: La teoria della continuità. Bologna: Mulino, 1996.

External references

  • V. Dostál: Lekce a vyhlídky, Tvorba. Literatura – umění – kritika, 1973, č. 2.
  • V. Dostál: Lekce a vyhlídky, Tvorba. Literatura – umění – kritika, 1973, č. 7.
  • Jiří Severa: Pavel Bělíček (pseud. Martin Kobalt, Josef Vodvaz). Spisovatelé a literatura. Filosofická fakulta University Palackého v Olomouci, 17 March 2013.
  • A. Raušerová: Orfeova plavba zátokou mrtvých: A2 2013, č. 7.
  • Martin Kobalt se vydává na plavbu zátokou mrtvých. E-kultura, 2013;
  • Jarmila Flaková: Dantovské Kvílení Martina Kobalta. Nakladatelství Barbara. Recenze, 2013.
  • Nakladatelství Barbara verši nešetří.

External links