S.A.T. Project 3D Transportation System
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S.A.T. traveling horizontally inside a building.
|Type||Electric unitary vehicles|
|Displacement||Horizontal, Vertical (with no height limitations) and on a Gradient.|
|Infrastructure||Light Modular Steel Structure.|
|Uses||Public – private people transportation, freight, public forces (police, ambulance).|
|Inventor||Architect Jorge Serrano.|
|Company||Serrano Pecorari & Asociados|
The S.A.T. Project 3D Transportation System is a personal rapid transit project.
Autonomous Transportation System
Invented by Architect Jorge Serrano, General Director of Serrano Pecorari & Asociados, S.A.T. Project is the first Mass Public - Private 3D Transportation System for people and freight in the world. It defines a new transportation category, as it works under all 3 directions of movement: horizontal, on any gradient and vertical (with no height limitations). It comprises unitary electric vehicles that move along two tracks requiring minimum support, and made of materials that absorb vibrations providing a cohesionTemplate:Disambiguation needed-effect in every track section. The cabin maintains its horizontal leveled position regardless of changes in track direction or even height-levels. A Central Control Unit manages the system without any human labour involved. It is powered by an electric engine, which is also used to reduce speed and regenerate energy, without causing noise or environmental pollution.
S.A.T. is defined as an “autonomous transportation system” given each vehicle works independently. S.A.T. is self-propelled, ensuring the arrival of all convoys, even if a vehicle loses traction or even under power failure. Its security system ensures in its vertical displacement, the return to an immediate inferior stop, applying the highest standards of safety. S.A.T. is prepared to respond to any particular transportation requirement, being accessible to all: passengers with physical disabilities, elders and children. S.A.T. will allow commuting not under a same axial-plane, but under different direction axis inscribed in various geometrical planes. S.A.T. will instate the concept of traveling through space, in a continuous uninterrupted change of levels, generating a 3D-transportation network, which will define a new concept of logistic, transportation and mobility.
Freight transportation generally is carried out when cities are “asleep”, restricting logistics, because a same and unique transportation surface must be shared (ground zero level) by public, private and freight transportation. A 3D freight-transportation system will allow a continuous 24/7 feeding-net with no interruptions, based on a complex matrix of physical connections, linking natural resources, product manufacturers, storage areas and department stores, non dependent on a collapsed ground level.
The concept of ‘internet - intranet’ draws a valid image from where to illustrate both its dynamic structure and its organic conformation, given S.A.T. is the only transportation system that will work using the ‘time-dimension’ (optimization of time). The future implementation of S.A.T. will define a catalytic tool to promote the ‘plugging in and out’ of the urban commuting network, to define efficient connectivity patterns according to the needs and demands generated in the city.
Worldwide cities are being called to face the demands of contemporary global economies, wire-less communications and networking societies. While virtual networks are connecting people beyond urban boundaries and abridging distances within trans-national spaces, contemporary physical urban networks are broken, leaving cities to operate under very narrow margins, restricting mobility and development. City cores are battling for space and fluidity that may guarantee their ongoing transformation and sustain the rapid-pace of urban growth. Urban cores are facing a state of collapse and urging for efficient measures to ‘administrate’ an oversaturated ground zero level, where all urban interactivity develops. Contemporary cities work based on non-collaborative infrastructures while served by a juxtaposition of modes of transportation, rather than from an intermodal system. The concept of ‘public’ has become a synonym to ‘massive’, both in scale and organization. In contemporary cities, the human dimension is lost while the built environment defines the physical constraints of an inflexible and non-interactive urban territory, unable to absorb the dynamicity of urban life in the 21st century.
This has led Serrano Pecorari & Asociados to develop the 4D Cities R&D Program, which has been the incubator to the S.A.T. Project (Patent Registered). The first ‘Mass Private-Public 3D Transportation System’ in the world will shape the future development of contemporary worldwide cities, from a paradigmatic shift in urban mobility and the conception of a new urban order.
Today, all means of ground transportation work under a bi dimensional (2D) displacement, either horizontal or vertical. The invention of the car has encouraged ‘growth’ and shaped the urban territory to sprawl in the “horizontal dimension”, while the elevator has defined building typologies to ‘grow’ by rising in the “vertical dimension”. The implementation of S.A.T. Project will foster the development of cities “in space”, defining a new urban organisation from a new concept of market, logistics, production, governance and urban property.
International Cooperation Research
Since 2002 a joint International Cooperation Research Program with the Transportation Logistics Organization at Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands has analysed the performance and economical feasibility of S.A.T. under various real Case Studies. S.A.T. has been benchmarked with the Subway and Train in Buenos Aires, Argentina and with the light rail in The Netherlands, between The Hague Central Station and the Vlinex location Ypenburgh.
- S.A.T. Project | Innovative 3D Transportation System Official website
- Serrano Pecorari & Asociados Official website
- Architecture Page S.A.T. Autonomous Transportation System.
- WIT eLibrary Author(s): J. Serrano, N.A. Pecorari & V. Serrano.
- Mass Transit Intelligence
- Tris Online Transportation Research Board Of the National Academies
- ArkitecTrue Autonomous Transportation System.
- Chaos in urban freight policies? A comparison between Dutch cities Reference Serrano Pecorari & Asociados ¨S.A.T. Project: Towards a simulation modelling approach” W.I.T. Press.
- Sustainable Planning and Development W.I.T. Press.