Sultan Bahu

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Sultan Bahoo
سلطان باہو

Shrine of Sultan Bahu
Born 17 January 1630
Died 1 March 1691
Other names Sultan-ul-Arifeen
Ethnicity Punjabi
Education Marifat
Known for Sufism, poetry, Sarwari Qadiri Sufi order
Title Bahu(with God) and Faani fi'llahi (Annihilated in God)
Religion Islam

Sultan Bahu (Template:Lang-pa; also known as Bahu A'wan; alternate spelling: Bahoo; ca 1630–1691) was a Sufi mystic, poet and scholar active mostly in the present-day Punjab province of Pakistan. He belonged to the Sufi order known as Qadiri, and the mystic tradition he started has been known as Sarwari Qadiri.

Little is known of Bahu's life, other than a hagiography written by a descendant of his seven generations later, entitled Manaqib-i Sultani.[1] Sultan Bahu was born in Shorekot, Jhang in the current Punjab Province of Pakistan.[2] More than forty books on Sufism are attributed to him, mostly in Persian, and largely dealing with specialised aspects of Islam and Islamic mysticism.[3] However, it is his Punjabi poetry which had popular appeal and earned him lasting fame.[1]Template:Rp His verses are sung in many genres of Sufi music including qawwali and kafi, and tradition has established a unique style of singing his couplets.

Lineage

Sultan Bahu's lineage, like many famous personalities in Islam, is traced to Ali, the cousin of Muhammad, through the Awan tribe,[1]Template:Rp which claims to trace its ancestry to one Ameer Shah, son of Qutb Shah.[4]

The complete genealogy of Sultan Bahu is said to be as follows:

Template:Quote

Education

Template:Further Sultan Bahu's education began with his mother, Mai Rasti, herself a pious woman who has her own mausoleum in Shorkot. She told him to seek spiritual guidance from some Shah Habib Gilani whose shrine is found in the village of Baghdad Sharif, near Mian Channu, to this day.

Around 1668 Sultan Bahu moved to Delhi for further training under the guidance of Sheikh Abdul Rehman al-Qadri, but soon returned to Punjab.

Sultan Bahu belonged to the Qadiri order of Sufism, and later initiated his own offshoot, Sarwari Qadiri. In his writings he refers to Abdul Qadir Jilani as his spiritual master in a number of his books and poetry, though Jilani died long before the birth of Sultan Bahu. However, most Sufis maintain that Abdul Qadir Jilani has a special role in the mystic world and that all orders and saints are always indebted to him directly or indirectly in some way.[5]

Literary works

Shrine of Sultan Bahu near Jhang, Pakistan.

The actual number of books written by Sultan Bahu is not certain. According to tradition, he is supposed to have authored over one hundred and forty works and treatises. The following is a list of the important works of Sultan Bahu that still exist today and can be traced back to him with a degree of credibility.

  • Abiyaat-e-Bahoo
  • Risala-e-Ruhi
  • Sultan-ul-Waham
  • Noor ul Huda (Kalan)
  • Nurul Huda (Khurd)
  • Aql Baidaar
  • Mahq-ul-Fuqar (poem)
  • Mahq-ul-Fuqar (prose)
  • Aurang-Shaahi
  • Jami-il-Asraar
  • Taufiq-Hedaayat
  • Kaleed Tauheed (poem)
  • Kaleed Tauheed (prose)
  • Ain-ul-Faqr
  • Shams-ul-Arifeen
  • Shams-ul-Fuqara
  • Magzan-e-Faiz
  • Asrar-e-Qadri
  • Kaleed Jannat
  • Muhqam-ul-Fuqar (poem)
  • Muhqamul Fuqar (prose)
  • Majaalis-un-Nabi
  • Muftah-ul-Arifeen
  • Hujjat-ul-Asraar
  • Jannat-ul-Firdaus
  • Kashf-ul-Asraar
  • Muhabbat-ul-Asraar
  • Panj Ganj
  • Fazl-ul-Laqa

Shrine

The shrine of Sultan Bahu, located in Garh Maharaja, Punjab,[6] was originally built on his grave but has had to be moved twice when the Chenab River changed its course. It is a popular Sufi shrine, and the annual Urs festival commemorating his death is celebrated there with great fervour on the first Thursday of Jumada al-Thani month. People come from far off places to join the celebrations.[7]

Sultan Bahu also used to hold an Urs to commemorate the martyrs of Karbala every year in Muharram from 1st till 10th. This tradition is still carried on. The Urs festival is also held during the month of Muharram. Every year, thousands of pilgrims visit the shrine during the first 10 days of Muharram, while in the last three days their number reaches to lacs. In this way, two big congregations are held every year, at his shrine, where thousands of people are benefited.[8]

See also

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Further reading

References

External links