Teman (Saudi Arabia)

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Teman is the land Tema (Tayma) in North West Saudi Arabia which was the kingdom of the Qedarite confederacy. The word Tema and Teman are used interchangeably.[1][2] In the poem of Amr ibn Laja' he claims victory against Madhhij in Tema and another verse mention victory over Madhij in Teman. [3]

In "Lisan Arab" and all Arabic etymology dictionaries state Teman means "towards Yemen"[4]

Mr. Bashear in his comprehensive review of the term Teman states that it was a name of places outside of Yemen, but spot Hijaz all the way to Teman, the only road to Yemen. There is a small town of recent name Teman east of Yemen, but still means towards Yemen to the west. [5]

Teman was also a name of a place half way between Mecca and Medina , even Teman was an old name of Mecca. [6]

The Bible commentary on Isaiah's "Vision of Arabia" states Teman is "The land of Tema" "The southern country" - Θαιμαν, Sept.; Austri, Vulg. They read תימן teiman". [7] the LXX (The Greek translation of the Pentateuch dated 300 B.C.) everywhere write the word Tema as though it had been same as teman. [8]

In recent discovery in the Dead Sea Scrolls , a letter from King Nabonidus states he lives in Teman while he was living in Tema. [9]

References

  1. جنيدل (1971). المعجم الجغرافي للبلاد العربية السعودية. Riyadh: Dar al-yamama. p. 258. http://books.google.com/books?id=C7wtAQAAIAAJ. 
  2. Ammari, Fadl (2001). al-Samawʻal : al-usṭūrah wa-al-majhūj: SAMU-IL: the myth and the unknown. Kuwait: Annals of Arts and Social Sciences. OCLC 454973455. 
  3. الجبوري. شعر عمر بن لجأ. p. 105. OCLC 20046249. 
  4. Ibn Manzur. Lisan al-Arab: Language of the Arabs. OCLC 13683669. "Teman root word is ymn meaning good stuf, Yemen the place of good stuff, Tayman towards Yemen" 
  5. Bashear, Suliman (Nov 1989). "Yemen in early Islam". Arabica: 327–361. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4057221. "Places such as Teman (tayman) do clearly stand outside of Yemen, but spot the coastal area EAST OF RED SEA UP TO TAYMA ON THE BORDER BETWEEN JORDAN AND SAUDI AS WELL AS THE latter hinterland such locations as tayman tayman-of-Talal, tayman, tamani," 
  6. البلادي (1979). معجم معالم الحجاز. p. 40. 
  7. Clarke, Adam (1829). "22". The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments. p. 751. OCLC 7818026. http://archive.org/details/holybiblecontai02clargoog. 
  8. Gesenius, Wilhelm (1957). Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee lexicon to the Old Testament scriptures. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. p. 863. OCLC 5041182. http://www.tyndalearchive.com/tabs/Gesenius/. 
  9. Stone, Michael (1999). Jewish Literature of the Second Temple Period. p. 36. ISBN 0800606035. OCLC 11030895. http://books.google.com/books?id=2zffXWORVUcC&pg=PA36&lpg=PA36&dq=teiman%20tema#v=onepage&q=teiman%20tema&f=false.