Understanding Integrative Intelligence

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Template:Infobox book Understanding Integrative Intelligence: Embodied in S-Model is a 2017 book by Sharda S. Nandram(a Dutch Economist and Psychologist) with Puneet K. Bindlish (Indian Management researcher and Entrepreneur) and Wim A. J. Keizer (Dutch Organizational and Sports psychologist), published by Praan Uitgeverij in The Netherlands. It describes the concept of Integrative Intelligence, which was earlier introduced in the book - Managing VUCA Through Integrative Self-Management, published by Springer Nature.Template:Sfn

About the book

The book's central theme is about Integrating Individual and Systems Intelligence in response to VUCA (Volatility Uncertainty Complexity Ambiguity) with the vision to celebrate Humaneness. The book endeavors to redefine one of the main concepts of Social Sciences, Intelligence. Until now, Intelligence was not defined well though the focus mainly went to measuring Intelligence by developing tests. Template:Quote Understanding cognitive information processing in humans, behaviours where people excel and the results of such behaviours, all appear under the same label of intelligence. The book addresses these core issues and adds the role of intelligence in machines, artificial intelligence and intelligence behind systems such as bureaucracies as in a VUCA context these roles cannot be ignored.

Structure of the book

The book is structured in an authentic way by using an Ancient Indian philosophical framework consisting of three sections: Heya & Heyahetu; Haan and Haanopaaya. In such framework one has to study the root of problems in order to create paths for solving them or for excelling in things that one already does well. These problems may not be manifested to the external context as people may not feel safe enough to express them. Usually the SWOT analysis is being done by analysing strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities. In the framework that is being used problems are considered as the main source of distraction and disability to take decisions in daily live and in professional context, as source of wastage of energy and wastage of talents. It assumes that any development can be nurtured by taking away the problems as much as possible.

Section 1: Heya & Heyahetu

Chapter 1

Heya - Problem(s) to be solved: The chapter shows the landscape of problems at different levels in the present VUCA (Volatility Uncertainty Complexity Ambiguity) context. It examines how they relate to each other and the need to explore the root of the problem.


Heyahetu - Antecedent(s) of the problem: The chapter examines the root causes of these problems and proposes the concept of worldview and the need for a new worldview where there is no lack of Integrativeness.

Section 2: Haan

Chapter 2

Haan- State of absence of problem or an ideal state: In this chapter the analysis for the root led to a new way of organizing by following an Integrative Worldview. The chapter addresses three questions to explore perspectives: etiology, explanation and futurology. It also addresses three questions to explore purposes: epistemology, axiology and praxeology. This chapter defines holistic as follows: Template:Quote It defines integrative as follows: Template:Quote

Section 3: Haanopaaya

Chapter 3

Explains the state of the art in the literature on the concept of Intelligence which has its root in the early 14th century. Template:Quote The chapter explains several definitions and concludes: Template:Quote The chapter shows blind spots and concludes there is lack of ontological clarity of the concept of intelligence. It suggest both individual and systems intelligence as part of Integrative Intelligence. Template:Quote

Chapter 4

The chapter builds arguments to take away the blind spots that are found in the current literature on Intelligence. It concludes that: Template:Quote It sees this as an important difference compared to other definitions. It gives room for indicators that are tangible and those that are not tangible but which needs contemplation to achieve the Coherent View as an end goal. The chapter gives the building blocks of defining Integrative Intelligence to solve the lack of ontological clarity. The scholarly definition for Integrative Intelligence is as follows: Template:Quote As a type of ability Template:Quote Template:Quote

Chapter 5

This chapter presents the S-Model which emerged as a manifestation of Integrative Intelligence. This model consists of 12 concepts: Sandarbh (context), Swadharma (self-responsible), Swaartha (positive selfishness), Swavalamban (self-reliance), Swaraaj (self-freedom), Shakti (self-potential), Samarpan (devotion), Samadhaan (solution orientation), Srijan (creation), Shubh Laabh (profit beneficial to all), Santulan (balance and coherence) and Sukh (conscious happiness).Template:Sfn This model is described and explained in detail with illustrations from the entrepreneurial context.

Chapter 6

This chapter addresses how Artificial Intelligence as part of intelligence systems can incorporate the human intelligence in the organizational context. It suggests a model for finding the balance between how much Individual Intelligence and how much Systems Intelligence is required in organizational context. It makes a distinction between meaningless and meaningful tasks and subsequently mindless and mindful tasks. It introduces technology as a full automation solution, technology as a partial automation solution and bureaucracy as a Systems Intelligence solution and their implications.

Chapter 7

This chapter describes a few types of issues to show how the S-Model as manifestation of Integrative Intelligence can be applied. The issues are: fanaticism, misplaced political nationalism and unwarranted populism, existential crisis and problems in sports such as doping, misconduct and pressure from peers and parents. Each of the steps related to the 12 S-Model is being explained to build logic reasoning. The approach shows how space is given to the types of input as sources of knowledge such as: facts, observations from our senses, experiences and subtle information.

Chapter 8

This chapter describes and explains the Dutch Home Care Organization Buurtzorg Nederland and its Integrative Intelligence by applying the S-Model. This case has a unique approach of organizing processes and tasks without managers and teams of nurses leading themselves, facilitated by coaches and a small headquarter. The case receives broad international attention and attention from sectors outside the Home Care. The approach is labeled as Integrating Simplification in earlier studies. The organizational processes requires a mindset where the employee follows the so called needing, rethinking and common-sensing principles. Such a mindset of Integrating Simplification reduces wastage of resources, time and effort. It focuses on pragmatic rationality to find solutions for problems of making quick decisions. It uses substantive rationality to attune with clients and amongst colleagues. It uses formal rationality with effective and friendly use of IT systems and it encourages affection which is relevant for the process of relationship building with clients and amongst team members to achieve shared goals and express the nursing profession as craftsmanship. It enhances samadhaan (resolution); Shubh Laabh (welfare which is beneficial for all); Srijan (creativity) and the coherency that it achieves will be felt in the level of Sukh (continuous happiness).

Summary, Epilogue and Reflection

The executive summary highlights the findings, the epilogue describes the contribution to the management science and practice and the reflection suggests the way forward with the topic of Integrative Intelligence.


The reader is being taken to the Appendices for details of concepts, the definitions of intelligence that have been used in the research and a glossary of terms which are not usually used in English language.


Several reviews of Understanding Integrative Intelligence have been published.


Jos de Blok

Founder & CEO, Buurtzorg Nederland, The Netherlands Template:Quote

Wolfgang Huber

CEO, Haus der Barmherzigkeit, Austria Template:Quote


Astrid Berendsen

Chairman Executive Board Onderwijsgroep Noord (Education group North, The Netherlands) Template:Quote

Harsh Purohit

Dean, Faculty of Management Studies-WISDOM,Banasthali Vidyapith (University), Bharat (India) Template:Quote

Henk Kevit

Nyenrode Business University, The Netherlands Template:Quote

Mathieu Paul Weggeman

Professor of organization Science & Innovation, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands Template:Quote

R. Kumar Bhaskar

Honorary Professor at Department of Management Studies, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam, India Template:Quote

Theo Joosten

Director of Economics and Management Department of the HAN University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands Template:Quote

Ankur Joshi

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management Studies-WISDOM, Banasthali University, India Template:Quote

See also





External links

Understanding Integrative Intelligence

Sharda S. Nandram

Template:Portalbar Template:Human intelligence topics