Walther-Peer Fellgiebel

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Walther-Peer Fellgiebel
File:Walther-Peer Fellgiebel.jpg
Born Template:Birth date
Berlin-Charlottenburg, Prussia, German Empire
Died Template:Death date and age
Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, Germany
Occupation Director of Zündwaren monopoly
Employer Zündwaren monopoly
Relatives Erich Fellgiebel (father)
Awards Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
Military person

Walther-Peer Fellgiebel (7 May 1918 – 14 October 2001) was a German author, industrialist, recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, and a key member of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients.

World War II

Fellgiebel was born on 7 May 1918 in Berlin-Charlottenburg, at the time in Prussia of the German Empire.Template:Sfn He served in World War II reaching the rank of a Major and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. Fellgiebel's father was General der Nachrichtentruppe (General of Communications Troops) Erich Fellgiebel who was a conspirator of the 20 July plot against Adolf Hitler's life; he was sentenced to death and executed on 4 September 1944.Template:Sfn Following his fathers arrest, Fellgiebel and his wife Rosemarie, his sister Susanne, and his fathers brother, Oberstleutnant Hans Fellgiebel, were also arrested (Sippenhaft—kin liability) and interrogated by the Gestapo.Template:SfnTemplate:Sfn Until the end of the war, all of Fellgiebel's correspondence was censored. Every week, his commanding officer had to provide a special evaluation. On 7 April 1945, Fellgiebel was imprisoned again until 16 April 1945. He was then expelled from the army by the head of the Army Personnel Office, General der Infanterie Wilhelm Burgdorf, on account of his alleged National Socialist unreliability.Template:Sfn

Association of Knight's Cross Recipients

Fellgiebel joined the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) in 1954 and as of 1961 served on the board of directors. He became head of the order commission of the AKCR in 1970, a position he held until 1985. From this work evolved the book Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes, 1939–1945 (The bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945). For many years this book was considered a reference work on this topic. Fellgiebel himself indicated that the book was not official. The deteriorating situation of Nazi Germany during the final days of World War II left a number of nominations incomplete and pending in various stages of the approval process; loss of evidence of the presentation was also an issue in the verification process. In some of these instances the AKCR later accepted and listed holders of the Knight's Cross with questionable evidence. Author Veit Scherzer analyzed the German Federal Archives and found discrepancies in 193 instances of the original 7,322 listings by Fellgiebel (false acceptance rate of Template:Percentage).Template:Sfn Fellgiebel's work was translated into English in 2003 as Elite of the Third Reich: the Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, 1939–45.[1]

Business life

After the war in July 1963,Template:Sfn Fellgiebel became a member of the board of directors of the Zündwaren monopoly (Monopoly for Safety Matches).Template:SfnTemplate:Sfn In 1930, Ivar Kreuger had granted the Weimar Republic a long-term governmental loan valuing 125 million Dollars. To secure the loan, a 53 year monopoly on matches was granted, which as a foreign monopoly did not fall under the competition law. During the validity period of the monopoly, matches in Germany were only available via the Zündwaren-Monopolgesellschaft (Society for the Safety Matches Monopoly) based in Frankfurt am Main. In 1983, when the monopoly expired, the society was directed by Fellgiebel.Template:Sfn He died on 14 October 2001 in Frankfurt am Main.Template:Sfn



  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986] (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes, 1939–1945: Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2003). Elite of the Third Reich: the Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, 1939–45. Solihull, West Midlands, England: Helion. ISBN 978-1-874622-46-8.






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