Zhang Shang

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Template:Chinese name

Zhang Shang
Native name 张上
Born Template:Birth year and age
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Residence Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Other names Tony, Shujen Chang
Education Queensland University of Technology
Occupation human rights activist
Years active 2014–present
Known for Umbrella Movement

Template:Chinese

Zhang Shang (Template:Zh) (born October 1993), also known as Tony and Shujen Chang (Template:Zh), is a Chinese political dissident and human rights activist from Shenyang, Liaoning, People's Republic of China. He was arrested and persecuted by Chinese government at the age of 14 for inciting subversion of state power.[1][2][3] After that, he studied abroad in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Currently he is in a Bachelor's degree at Queensland University of Technology. He is well known for getting involved in organising supportive activities for Hong Kong Umbrella Movement[3] and meeting the 14th Dalai Lama in Brisbane in spite of pressure from the Communist Party of China.[4]

Early life in China

Zhang was born in Shenyang, Liaoning, People's Republic of China in 1993. Like many Chinese in pre-modern China, Zhang had many names. His birth name was Zhang Shang, and his English name was Tony. His courtesy name was Shuren or Shu-jen (Wade-Giles). He used Shujen Chang as his alias according to his courtesy name in Wade-Giles.

Zhang was diagnosed with dyslexia and autism soon after his birth. Under enormous reading and writing practice by his father, his corresponding ability to read and write had gradually caught up with others by junior middle school.[1] His academic records was even at the top of the class, obtaining the first place of math in Grade 7.[5]

Late in 2007, Zhang was selected as an exchange student by his junior middle school, to attend a student exchange program in Template:Link-ko in South Korea.[1][6]

Early in 2008, after back to China, Zhang started to strive for democracy and spread democratic values to classmates.[2] Later, he was arrested and persecuted by Chinese government for inciting subversion of state power due to his support of Taiwan independence movement. At the time of being arrested, he was just 14 years old. After being released, he continued to be monitored and harassed by the police, even rebuked and beaten by his teachers, and bullied by fellow students in his school. However, he accordingly decided to endeavour to change the political system in China.[1]

On 18 September 2012, as a citizen journalist, Zhang participated in China anti-Japanese demonstrations, and wrote a report using his pseudonym Shujen Chang in Wikinews to uncover the manipulation of the demonstrations by Chinese government and protesters attacking the Japanese Consulate-General with the connivance of Chinese government.[7] The article was later translated and republished by Template:Link-ja, a Japanese writer, attracting numerous views from Japan.[8][9] He was consequently interrogated and questioned by the police again, but owing to the lack of evidence, he was released after writing a guarantee. This interrogation, nevertheless, terrified him deeply so that he began to prepare overseas studies to get rid of further persecution by Chinese government.[1]

After finishing the IELTS test in 2013, Zhang was admitted to Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane. In May 2014, he left China for Australia to study and continued his fight for Chinese democracy movement.[1][3]

Political activities in Australia

On 22 September 2014, when 2014 Hong Kong class boycott campaign began, with his Hong Kong schoolmates and lecturer in Queensland University of Technology, Zhang, who had already been studying there, started to distribute yellow ribbons and flyers to support. After the violent tactics by Hong Kong Police such as the use of tear gas on 28 September, Zhang participated in the rally in Brisbane's CBD on 1 October and made a speech, appealing to Hong Kong not to fall into the enemy hands, not to be occupied by the Communist Party of China, and not to be assimilated by Mainland China.[10] When interviewed by New Tang Dynasty Television, Zhang, using his pseudonym Shujen Chang, indicated that he hoped more Chinese oversea students could stop being silent, stop conniving at the atrocity of Communist Party of China, and stand out to express themselves like himself.[11]

Early in November 2014, prior to the G20 Brisbane summit, Zhang, with two Hong Kong schoolmates Alvin Cheng and Nardo Wai, started to organise a rally outside the summit venue to support Hong Kong Umbrella Movement, appealing for attention of the situation in Hong Kong from the international community.

On 13 October 2014, Zhang and Nardo went in advance on a hunger strike, and unfurled a banner with "Support HK Umbrella Revolution" outside the hotel in which Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping was scheduled to stay. After unfurling the banner for "just ten seconds", they received exclusion notices by Australian police officers to ban them from the G20 security zones, virtually Brisbane's entire CBD, in the following 3 days. After that, they were interviewed by the journalists from Daily Mail, who questioned Australia about losing its democracy.[3] This news report was then republished by numerous Chinese media such as Apple Daily in Hong Kong and Liberty Times in Taiwan, attracting widespread attention.[12][13][14][15][16] On the next day, Australian police forces removed the exclusion notices from them.[17]

On 15 November 2014, Zhang participated the rally of Tibetan groups at the G20 Brisbane summit. He made a speech to ask more Chinese people to pay attention to the situation in Tibet and indicated that he had attended supportive activities for Hong Kong Umbrella Movement, believing that "the Chinese Communist Party is nibbling away the democracy in Hong Kong", "making Hong Kong step into the shoes of Tibet".[2][18]

On 16 November 2014, Zhang, Alvin and Nardo formally started their 4-hour rally in support for the Umbrella Movement on the lawn near the South Bank Parkland Suncorp Piazza outside the G20 summit venue.[19] Numerous oversea students from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Mainland China participated in the rally.[17] When interviewed by TVB, Zhang indicated that he wish democratic movements in Hong Kong could eventually bring democracy to Mainland China.[20][21][22]

From 28 to 30 March 2015, during the China Democracy Process Conference in Sydney, Zhang, using his pseudonym Shujen Chang, made a speech "From Sunflower Student Movement in Taiwan to Occupy Central in Hong Kong: youth power on democratic movements" based on his experience of participating activities related to the Umbrella Movement.[23][24][25][26]

On 12 June 2015, when the 14th Dalai Lama was having the public talk "Wisdom of Compassion" in Brisbane, Zhang organised a meeting of the 14th Dalai Lama and Chinese oversea students.[27] He then wrote an article to state his thoughts after the meeting, and mentioned that before the meeting his family members were harassed by people from Ministry of State Security of the People's Republic of China.[28] The article then has been widely republished in social media.[29]

On 16 June 2015, when interviewed by Voice of Tibet, Zhang stressed that the meeting between His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama and Chinese oversea students proved that the aim of the Communist Party of China to bring the overseas students into the united front had failed.[29] Subsequently the media covered his meeting with the 14th Dalai Lama, in spite of pressure from the Communist Party of China which made harassments to Zhang's family members.[4]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "【百姓話壇】九零後的覺醒" (in zh). New Tang Dynasty Television. 28 July 2015. http://www.ntdtv.com/xtr/b5/2015/07/28/a1213391.html. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 达珍 (18 November 2014). "澳洲中国留学生呼吁更多的华人站出来为西藏发声" (in zh). Central Tibetan Administration. http://xizang-zhiye.org/%E6%BE%B3%E6%B4%B2%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B%E7%95%99%E5%AD%B8%E7%94%9F%E5%91%BC%E7%B1%B2%E6%9B%B4%E5%A4%9A%E7%9A%84%E8%8F%AF%E4%BA%BA%E7%AB%99%E5%87%BA%E4%BE%86%E7%82%BA%E8%A5%BF%E8%97%8F%E7%99%BC%E8%81%B2/. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Daniel Piotrowski (13 November 2014). "'I believe Australia is losing its democracy': Chinese students BANNED from Brisbane's CBD after they staged a pro-democracy protest outside the Chinese president's hotel ahead of G20". Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2832857/Chinese-students-BANNED-Brisbane-s-CBD-staged-pro-democracy-protest-outside-Chinese-president-s-hotel-ahead-G20.html. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 李潼 (17 June 2015). "中国留澳学生 面见达赖喇嘛" (in zh). Radio Free Asia. http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/Xinwen/dalailama-06172015073042.html. 
  5. "2006–2007年度(下)7年级各科状元情况" (in zh). Affiliated School to Shenyang Normal University. http://www.ssdfsxx.com/weilaizhixing2.aspx. 
  6. "校际交流" (in zh). Affiliated School to Shenyang Normal University. http://www.ssdfsxx.com/duiwaijiaoliu.aspx. 
  7. 張樹人 (18 September 2012). "瀋陽再度爆發反日遊行 日本領館遭襲" (in zh). Wikinews. //zh.wikinews.org/wiki/%E7%80%8B%E9%99%BD%E5%86%8D%E5%BA%A6%E7%88%86%E7%99%BC%E5%8F%8D%E6%97%A5%E9%81%8A%E8%A1%8C_%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E9%A0%98%E9%A4%A8%E9%81%AD%E8%A5%B2. 
  8. 安田峰俊 (23 September 2012). "反日デモ参加中国人「修学旅行のバス状態でした」 現地からの反日デモ・レポート 後編" (in ja). 大陸浪人のススメ 〜迷宮旅社別館〜. Archived from the original on 28 October 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20121028031417/http://blog.goo.ne.jp/dongyingwenren/e/4b0cde42adbf89ed8fc723aca9b28cf2. 
  9. 安田峰俊 (5 October 2012). "反日デモ参加中国人「修学旅行のバス状態でした」 現地からの反日デモ・レポート 後編" (in ja). Gadget News. http://getnews.jp/archives/255758. 
  10. 倪爾森 (1 October 2014). "昆省港人挺佔中反暴力 促梁振英下台" (in zh). The Epoch Times. http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/14/10/2/n4262312.htm. 
  11. 泰瑞; 陳紫吟 (2 October 2014). "澳洲港人挺佔中反暴力促梁振英下臺" (in zh). New Tang Dynasty Television. http://www.ntdtv.com/xtr/b5/2014/10/02/a1143039.html. 
  12. "G20峰會:2華學生G20峰會支持佔中 遭澳洲警禁涉足保安區" (in zh). Oriental Daily News. 14 November 2014. http://www.on.cc/cn/bkn/cnt/news/20141114/bkncn-20141114210352392-1114_05011_001.html. 
  13. "【G20角力】學生㩗違禁品?圖向習展黃色橫額被逐" (in zh). Apple Daily. 15 November 2014. http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/realtime/international/20141115/53132500. 
  14. 余浚安 (15 November 2014). "學生到習近平飯店外拉黃幅 遭澳警驅趕" (in zh). Apple Daily. http://www.appledaily.com.tw/realtimenews/article/new/20141115/506903/. 
  15. "G20澳洲開幕 學生在習近平飯店外拉布條「撐佔中」" (in zh). Liberty Times. 15 November 2014. http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/breakingnews/1158068. 
  16. "G20峰会前活动人士呼吁关注香港西藏" (in zh). Voice of America. 15 November 2014. http://www.voachinese.com/content/china-tibet-20141114/2520451.html. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 潘加晴 (20 November 2014). "加拿大议员支持香港真普选 澳留学生声援占中" (in zh). Radio Free Asia. http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/HK-ZZ-overseas-11202014093448.html. 
  18. "澳洲中国留学生呼吁更多的华人站出来为西藏发声" (in zh). Boxun.com. 19 November 2014. http://www.boxun.com/news/gb/intl/2014/11/201411190506.shtml. 
  19. "澳洲港人趁G20集會聲援" (in zh). Apple Daily. 18 November 2014. http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/news/art/20141118/18939037. 
  20. "中國留學生G20場外支持香港佔領運動" (in zh). TVB. 16 November 2014. http://news.tvb.com/world/546859656db28ce73c000002. 
  21. "港人 G20 會場外爭真普選" (in zh). i-Cable Communications. 16 November 2014. http://cablenews.i-cable.com/webapps/news_video/index.php?news_id=445924. 
  22. "留學生G20期間聲援佔領運動" (in zh). now News. 16 November 2014. http://news.now.com/home/international/player?newsId=118019. 
  23. 陈维健 (31 March 2015). "2015中国民主化进程大会在悉尼召开" (in zh). Beijing Spring. http://beijingspring.com/bj2/2010/240/2015331203602.htm. 
  24. 陈维健 (15 April 2015). "结束中共一党专政 开启中国民主 2015年悉尼民运大会深度报导" (in zh). Beijing Spring. http://beijingspring.com/bj2/2010/240/2015415193210.htm. 
  25. "2015中国民主化进程大会在悉尼召开(16图)" (in zh). Boxun.com. 5 April 2015. http://www.boxun.com/news/gb/party/2015/04/201504051021.shtml. 
  26. 申淵 (21 April 2015). "流亡作家與海外民運兩場活動" (in zh). Open Magazine. http://www.open.com.hk/content.php?id=2373. 
  27. 丹珍; 申铧 (16 June 2015). "达赖喇嘛结束澳洲之行返抵达兰萨拉" (in zh). Radio Free Asia. http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/shaoshuminzu/dz-06162015145430.html. 
  28. "澳洲中国留学生觐见达赖喇嘛后的感言" (in zh). Central Tibetan Administration. 15 June 2015. http://xizang-zhiye.org/%E6%BE%B3%E6%B4%B2%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E7%95%99%E5%AD%A6%E7%94%9F%E8%A7%90%E8%A7%81%E8%BE%BE%E8%B5%96%E5%96%87%E5%98%9B%E5%90%8E%E7%9A%84%E6%84%9F%E8%A8%80/. 
  29. 29.0 29.1 "中国留学生不惧中共施压面见达赖喇嘛" (in zh). Voice of Tibet. 16 June 2015. http://vot.org/cn/%E4%B8%AD%E5%9B%BD%E7%95%99%E5%AD%A6%E7%94%9F%E4%B8%8D%E6%83%A7%E4%B8%AD%E5%85%B1%E6%96%BD%E5%8E%8B%E9%9D%A2%E8%A7%81%E8%BE%BE%E8%B5%96%E5%96%87%E5%98%9B/. 

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