Difference between revisions of "Dominik Dziewanowski"

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'''Dominik Dziewanowski''' ([[Płonne]], 1759–1827, [[Płonne]]) was a Polish military officer, a general in the [[Army of the Duchy of Warsaw]].<ref name="archive.org">[https://web.archive.org/web/20130806060838/http://napoleon.org.pl/polska/dziewanowski.php "Dziewanowski, Dominik (1759–1827)", ''Generałowie Księstwa Warszawskiego'' (Generals of the Duchy of Warsaw)]</ref>
Dominik Dziewanowski came from a formerly [[Mazowsze]] family.<ref>[[:pl:Seweryn Uruski|Seweryn Uruski]], ''Rodzina:  Herbarz szlachty polskiej'', vol. 3, Warsaw, 1906, pp. 358–59.</ref>  His father was the [[Castellan]] of [[Chełmno]], Juliusz Dziewanowski, and his mother was Ludwika, ''née'' Pawłowska.<ref name="archive.org"/>
===Military career===
Dominik Dziewanowski served in the Prussian Army, then in the Polish Army, where he was adjutant to Prince [[Stanisław Poniatowski (1754–1833)|Stanisław Poniatowski]].  In the 1794 [[Kościuszko Uprising]] he fought at [[Rypin]] and [[:pl:Bitwa pod Łabiszynem|Łabiszyn]].  After the suppression of the [[Kościuszko Uprising]], he settled on his country estate but nevertheless maintained contact with the [[Polish Legions (Napoleonic period)|Polish Legions]] and supported them financially.<ref name="archive.org"/>
In 1806 he formed the [[:pl:6 Pułk Ułanów (Księstwo Warszawskie)|6th Lancers Regiment]] and joined the [[Army of the Duchy of Warsaw]].  At the head of his regiment he fought in [[Napoleonic campaigns]]:  in 1807, in [[Pomerania]], at [[Tczew]] and [[Gdańsk]], and in 1809 at [[Sandomierz]].  During the second campaign he also took [[Lublin]] and took part in the capture of [[Zamość]].  In 1810 he was promoted [[brigadier general]] and appointed military commandant of the [[Łomża Department]].  He did not assume the [[Łomża Department]] post, as he went on sick leave, which he spent in [[Teplitz]] and [[Karlsbad (Baden)|Karlsbad]].  In 1810–12 he was military commandant of the [[Lublin Department]]; and in 1812, of the [[Radom Department]].<ref name="archive.org"/> 
In [[Napoleon]]'s 1812 [[Russian Campaign]] he commanded the 28th Light Cavalry Brigade of the 4th Cavalry Division (4th Cavalry Reserve Corps) and fought at Mir and Romanov.  During the defense of [[Barysaw]] in [[Belarus]] he was seriously wounded and was taken prisoner by the Russians.<ref name="archive.org"/> In 1814 he settled back in his rural estate, where he spent the rest of his life.<ref name="archive.org" />
Military historian {{ill|Janusz Staszewski|pl|Janusz Staszewski (historyk)}} writes of Dziewanowski:
{{blockquote|He was one of the most capable and enlightened military men of his period.  Bold in battle, he combined with courage and a quick grasp of situation—which brought him fame as an accomplished raider—a notable ability to constructively influence subordinates.  He strove to train younger officers and give them the benefit of his experiences.... He was also fearless in expressing his views.  In the event of a setback, he did not blame someone else or circumstances, or seek excuses; he took the blame upon himself.<ref name="archive.org"/>}}
* [[Virtuti Militari]], 1808<ref name="archive.org"/>
* [[Legion of Honour]], 1809<ref name="archive.org"/>
Dziewanowski translated a number of French military writings into [[Polish language|Polish]], wrote an interesting memoir, and left a manuscript work on the [[Polish cavalry]].<ref name="archive.org"/>
==Chopin's host==
In 1824 and 1825, at [[Szafarnia, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship|Szafarnia]], Dziewanowski was the summer-vacation host of his son's schoolmate, [[Fryderyk Chopin]]. It was here that Chopin, for the first time, encountered Polish rural [[folk music]].<ref>Kornel Michałowski and Jim Samson (n.d.), "[http://0-www.oxfordmusiconline.com.catalogue.ulrls.lon.ac.uk/subscriber/article/grove/music/51099 Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek]", [[Grove Music Online]], §1 para. 2 (accessed 25 July 2013). {{subscription}}</ref>
==Further reading==
* Janusz Staszewski, ''Generał Dominik Dziewanowski'', Poznań, 1933 (''Seria: Życiorysy Zasłużonych Polaków Wieku XVIII i XIX'').
* Mirosław Krajewski, ''Dobrzyński słownik biograficzny. Ludzie europesjkiego regionu'', Włocławek, 2002, pp. 196–98.
* Mirosław Krajewski, ''Nowy słownik biograficzny ziemi dobrzyńskiej'', vol. 1, Dobrzyńskie Towarzystwo Naukowe, Rypin, 2014, pp. 246-247.
* ''[[Polski słownik biograficzny]]'', vol. 6, p. 168.
{{DEFAULTSORT:Dziewanowski, Dominik}}
[[Category:1759 births]]
[[Category:1827 deaths]]
[[Category:Polish generals]]
[[Category:Kościuszko insurgents]]
[[Category:Military personnel of the Napoleonic Wars]]
[[Category:Polish translators]]
[[Category:Translators from French]]
[[Category:French–Polish translators]]
[[Category:Recipients of the Virtuti Militari]]
[[Category:Légion d'honneur recipients]]

Latest revision as of 07:14, 8 December 2018

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