Kori caste

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The Kolis/Koris are a Hindu caste, found mainly in North India.
They are traditionally associated with weaving. They are known as Bhuiyar in harayana, koli in Rajsthan, Uttarpradesh and Maharashtra. They mainly found in Himachal pradesh, punjab, Uttar pradesh,and delhi. This caste originated from Awadh region.Kori word came from "Kulin" which indicate the historical status of kori's.Koli and Kori are same.Language pronunciation difference generated kori word from Koli.

According to "Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteers: Hoshangabad", Koli are an important scheduled caste of the Deccan and Kori from the Uttar Pradesh.[1]
kori also known as shakya.this caste has three mainly division. 1.kori (shakya) 2.maurya 3.kushawaha but all those have same origin solar-dynasty (suryavansh). they are always anti-brahmanism, they didn't tolerate the supiriority of brahmans so brahman always try to put them as a shudra category while they are the purest blood of suryavansh.

They call themselves "KORI RAJPUT" in rajsthan and "KORI KSHATRIYA/KORI RAJA" in uttar pradesh.


History

Template:Unreferenced section The most ancient King Mandhata, a supreme and universal ruler whose reputation spread far and wide throughout India and whose stories of valour and yajna were described in the stone carvings of Mohanjo Daro, belonged to this tribe. Lord Ram come after twenty five generation of King Mandhata. After Ram their twins son Love and Kush come and Kush's successor known as Kushwaha. The Kori (shakya) had proud that ,they are purest blood of suryavansh,so they refuse the offer to marriage of raja Presenjit king of koshala and gave him a maid. King Presenjit didn't tolerate this insult. He started a war against Kori (Shakya). In this war Shakya defeated and become underground in forest where peacock were in lot of number. They adopt a fake identity name Maurya to save their life and it comes in presence with Chandragupta maurya (Founder of Mauryan Empire). At the mid period when they become landless then they adopt weaving business and known as Kori , but with the widespread introduction of mechanized textile manufacture, they are now mainly landless agricultural workers. They have a caste council, which plays a vital role in social control. The word Kori is said to be derived from the word the kulin, i.e. a person of status.[no citations needed here] Other traditions point the community of being of Kshatriya status.[no citations needed here] Mostly they are engaged in trade of textiles. Their historical homeland was the Awadh region, and those Kori found in western Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan claim to have originated in Awadh. They called themselves "KOLI/KORI RAJPUT" in Rajsthan.In uttar pradesh also they called themselves "KORI RAJA" and "KORI KSHATRIYA".

The most ancient and revered sage Valmiki, the author of Ramayana belonged to this tribe. Even today Ramayana is referred to as Kori Valmiki Ramayana in Maharashtra State. Teachings from Ramayana form the basis of Indian culture.The great king Chandra Gupta Maurya and his line of descendent kings belonged to the Kori tribe.In the State of Maharashtra, Sivaji’s Commander-in-Chief and several of his Generals belonged to this tribe. ‘A History of the Marathas’ notes with pride the bravery of Sivaji’s army consisting mainly of Mavalis and Kolis. His General, Tanaji Rao Malusare, who was always referred to by Sivaji as ‘My Lion’ was a kori. When Tanaji fell fighting for and winning the ‘Kodana Fort’, Sivaji renamed the fort as ‘Sinhghadhh’ in his memory.In the 1857 uprising a number of Kori women fighters played an important role in trying to save the life of the ‘Rani of Jhansi’. Among them was a very close colleague of the queen named Zalkari. The Kori Samaj, thus, has given India and the world, great sons and daughters whose teachings are of universal import and of relevance to modern day living.Recently research carried out and found that freedom fighter "Udham Singh" who killed General Dawyer at Britain belongs to koli caste. Earlier their family was koli but later they adopted Sikhism.

King Mandhata

Template:Unreferenced section Legend of our Ancient King Mandhata Archaeological findings of Mohenjo Daro is estimated to date back to 5000-3000 B.C. The stone inscriptions there describe the great Kori Kings and their Pyanchayet method of administration in their kingdoms. References to the Great King Mandhata are found many times and the various aspects of his life, deeds of valour, and yajna are described in a number of publications.

‘King Mandhata is estimated to have lived some ten thousand years ago. Long after him were born such great souls as Shree Ram, Shree Krishna and Lord Buddha. Yet the greatness of King Mandhata’s achievements was such that a household phrase came into universal use to this day when comparing others to ask – ‘Was he as great as Mandhata?’ Mandhata has been compared as the brightest star in the Sun Dynasty and was born in the 15th generation ofBrahma. The great Manu was of the 5th generation and 10th generation after Manu was Mandhata. Shree Ram is said to born as 25th generation after Mandhata. Ishvaku was another great King of the ‘Sun Dynasty Kori Kings’ and so Mandhata and Shree Ram were said to be of Ishvaku Sun Dynasty. This Dynasty later got divided into nine major sub groups, all claiming their roots to the Kshtria Caste. They are: Malla, Janak, Videhi, Koliye, Morya, Lichchhvi, Janatri, Vajji, and Shakya.’ King Yuvenashawer, Mandhata’s father had hundred wives but no male child was born to them. He consulted many Rishis and finally came to Bhargav Rishi who agreed to perform a yajna to beget a son for him. At the end of the yajna, a pot of mantra-charged-water was put aside for the king to be taken to his queen the next morning. During the night, the king became thirsty and went looking for water in the Ashram. He saw the pot and quenched his thirst with this potent water. In due course, a son was delivered by cutting open the King’s abdomen. God Indra heard of this unique incident and came to see the infant. To the question who will feed and protect the child God Indra put his thumb in the child’s mouth and said ‘Ma thasyati’. Thus the child was named ‘Mandhata’ and later learned the art of warfare from God Indra and acquired his unconquerable Bow. King Mandhata with his superior strength, knowledge and well-equipped army conquered vast areas and many surrounding kingdoms. He would reinstate the defeated kings. Such a king would be made to agree to the payment of an annual tax. An ambassador would be posted in each such kingdom to ensure compliance and good governance. Such a king would also enjoy the protection of Mandhata. To fulfill this promise he once had to fight his own GodfatherIndra, who when defeated, challenged Mandhata to fight Lavnasur, a demon king. Soon an opportunity for a battle with this demon king arose.

For an ever-victorious King Mandhata, this encounter proved to be an anticlimax end to his life. The King and his army marched right into Lavnasur’s kingdom but no resistance was forthcoming. Evening was approaching. King Mandhata decided to camp for the night, confident of capturing Lavnasur the next day. Lavnasur’s agents however infiltrated the camp in the night and killed the sleeping king. Archaeological findings, when pieced together, show Mandhata as belonging to Ishvaku – Sun Dynasty and his descendents were known as ‘Sun Dynasty Kori Kings’. They were known to be brave, illustrious and just rulers. Buddhist texts have numerous references proving this beyond doubt. The descendants of Mandhata played a vital role and our ancient Vedas, epics and other relics mention their important contributions in the art of war and stateadministration. They are referred to in our ancient Sanskrit books as Kulya, Kuliye, Koli Serp, Kolik, Kaul etc.

Present circumstances

The community is endogamous, and practice gotra exogamy. They marry their girls to the west and south from their locality and bring brides from north east direction.In Uttar Pradesh, they are found everywhere, except in Rohilkhand.Template:Clarify[no citations needed here] In Haryana, the community is found mainly in the districts of Faridabad and Gurgaon. The community has been granted scheduled caste status somewhere and at some places are in OBC and General category too. They are strictly endogamous, and practice clan exogamy. There main clans are the Nangli, Ashtamuni, Tanwar, Naveriya, Chhonkriya, Bhumaria, Mainayya, Bargujar, Jalanbari and Chauhan. They still remain connected with their traditional occupation of weaving, although a small number are now petty businessmen.[2]

The Koris or as they are known, the Koli of Rajasthan trace there descent from the ancient Shakya rulers. They have several sub-divisions in the state include Koli Rajput, Kutar, shakyawar, Dhiman, Pachauriya, Palariya, Shakya ,Airwar, Koli Mahadeo Gaykriya Koli, Son Koli, Banaudiya Koli,Kabirpanthi Koli, Mahaur Koli, Mahawar Koli, Rathda, chauhan and Dabi-chauhan .[3]

Kori of Sindh

Template:Unreferenced section Kori is not only a caste of Hindus. It is also of Muslim families of Sindh. The people are changing their caste Kori into different castes (Memon, Qazi, Qureshi, Kalhora, Daudpota, Abbasi, Katpar, & some others). Nearly 36 castes are related to the Kori caste in the Muslim families of Sindh.Template:Clarify[no citations needed here]

The Kori caste tribes live all over the Sindh. Mostly the Kori families are settled in all over Sindh: Larkana, Shikarpur, Qambar shahdadkot, Sukkur, Khairpur mir's kashmor, Jacoabad, Naushehro feroz, Nawab Shah, and lower Sindh Hyderabad, T M Khan, Tando Ghulam Ali, Matli, Badin, Thatta, Jamshoro, Karachi & middle of the Sindh Dadu (Sehwan).Template:Clarify

Kori of Punjab

The Kori in Punjab are divided into two groups, the Kori who are immigrants from eastern Uttar Pradesh, in particular the districts of Pratapgarh, Sultanpur, Gonda and Bahraich District, and the Koli who originate in the hilly regions of Himachal Pradesh. Both groups are found throughout Punjab, but their densest settlements are in Hoshiarpur District. While Kori are still weavers, many Koli are involved in the manufacture of hides. The community have two gotras, the Kashyap and the Sandilya. They now speak Punjabi, while most also understand Hindi.[4]

Notables

Template:Unreferenced section

  • Samrat Ashoka
  • Lord Budhha
  • Chandragupta maurya
  • King Mandhata
  • Srimant king yaswant rao vikram shah ji
  • King kesri singh ji
  • Jhalkaribai, rebel of 1857
  • Sant Kabir
  • King thakur pateh singh ji
  • Tikka Ram 1973
  • GYARSA RAM KOLI (MLA BAYANA)[5]
  • King Thakur Maan singh ji
  • King Thakur Suraj singh ji
  • Thakur Jalim singh ji

See also

References

  1. "Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteers: Hoshangabad - Madhya Pradesh (India) - Google Books". Books.google.co.in. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=hqE8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA143&dq=kori+caste&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Is4MU4iTEsHUrQe95oCoDA&ved=0CEMQuwUwBA. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  2. People of India Haryana Volume XXIII edited by M.L Sharma & A.K Bhatia pages 305 to 307 Manohar
  3. People of India Rajasthan Volume XXXVIII Part Two edited by B.K Lavania, D. K Samanta, S K Mandal & N.N Vyas pages 551 to 554 Popular Prakashan
  4. People of India Punjab Volume XXXVII edited by I.J Bansal and Swaran Singh pages 287 to 289 Manohar
  5. "Members Page". Rajassembly.nic.in. 1947-12-19. http://rajassembly.nic.in/MembersPage.asp?DivNo=55. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 

External links