10th (Magdeburg) Hussars
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Template:Dablinks The 10th (Magdeburg) Hussars (Template:Lang-ger) were a Prussian calvary regiment of the IV Corps that were formed in 1813. They garrisoned from 1814 to 1884 in Aschersleben and from 1884 in Stendal. They fought in 1866 at the Battle of Königgrätz and later in World War I.
Organization and Commanders in 1914
- Regiment owner: Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia (1856–1929)
- Regimental Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Walter Baron Treusch Buttlar-Brandenfels
- Foundation Day: November 19, 1813
- Garrisonlocations: Aschersleben and Stendal
The Hussars regiment was initially referred to as Voluntary National Hussars Regiment. The former militia was born on May 25, 1814 canceled status of the regiment, and it was as 10th Hussars Regiment (1 Magdeburgisches) known in the vernacular as the Green Hussars from Aschersleben, incorporated in the active state of the Prussian army.
As garrison Aschersleben was assigned. Already on May 7, 1861 was the regiment, on the occasion of the reform of the army under King William I, its final name 10th (Magdeburg) Hussars' Magdeburgisches Hussars 10(German). Between 1866 and 1870, a fifth squadron was established. 1884 was the relocation to Stendal. Here it was also in 1905 a newly built barracks are related.
Formation of the Elbe National Hussar Regiment
On October 17, 1813 Anhalt-Bernburg directed ic Amtsrat Breymann and other patriotic former Prussian officers an appeal to King Friedrich Wilhelm III.. They wanted to form a hussar regiment of volunteers. Already on 28 October were the highest officers of the approval of the king. By Most High-Cabinet Ordre (AKO) has ordered the establishment of the regiment for 19 November 1813.
The uniform was determined by the military gouvernement to Halle / Saale. Each volunteer who joined the Green Hussars had to bring a horse to the regiment from its own resources. Those who could not, at least had to pay 25 dollars. The Amtsrat Breymann presented to the regiment 20,000 Taler available.
The plan was a regiment consisting of four squadrons to 150 horses. Three of these Squadron s should be built in Aschersleben, the fourth in Salzwedel. These squadrons were formed relatively quickly, because the Green hussars had, unsurprisingly, so after a short time the establishment of the unit was completed.
On November 25, 1813 324 volunteers were already gathered and at the end of the Aschersleber squadrons were complete. For interim Commander of Captain Wilhelm was appointed by Breymann. By Cabinet Order of 20 February, the Major was determined August Ludwig von Ledebur of the Garde du Corps to regimental commander. The regiment was at this time from 750 volunteers. After the complete equipment with English arms, the regiment reported on April 1, 1814 operational. A short time later, it has already participated in the siege of Magdeburg.
The first test had the newly formed regiment of duty in Magdeburg. The regiment was formed into five hussars and two Jägereskadrons. The two fighter squadrons were since February 1814 along with other Prussian troops against the city, which was still occupied by the French.
In the morning of April the French pushed back the squadrons, and other outposts. The towns on the highway from Magdeburg to Halle were all occupied by the French troops. Now more Prussian troops were among them the five Aschersleber hussar squadrons alerted. They managed to expel the French from the villages and take some prisoners. Following the Aschersleber squadrons took part in the siege of Magdeburg further. After the abdication Napoleonic on April 6, 1814, it took until April 27, 1814 before the city of Magdeburg was handed over by the French. The Elf National Hussar Regiment moved into the city. The two fighter squadrons were disbanded after that and the rest of the regiment moved back to the garrison.
In June 1814, the regiment was assigned to Westphalia, where, under the command of General Tauentzien stood. It was in the room Minden, Ravens Mountain stationed and Lippstadt, later it moved to the neighborhood of Hoexter and Herford. As of November the regiment in the Kingdom of Saxony was used. The 5th Squadron was transferred to the Cuirassier Regiment No. 8 in April 1815. The acquisition of the regiment in the standing army was made on 25 May 1815 and it has now received the name "10th Hussars" (1 Magdeburgisches).
After re-takeover of Napoleon on March 1, 1815 in France, took place on 15 April 1815, the mobilization of the hussar regiment, which the Reserve Cavalry Prince William of Prussia, was turned off within the IV | Army Corps, under the leadership of General of Infantry [Billow] [Friedrich Bülow of Dennewitz]. This Prussian army marched on Wetzlar and Koblenz to Belgium. On June 15, the armed forces met at Ligny to the French army.
On June 15, it referred in Hanaut a bivouac and on 17 June received the unit the command, with two battalions and a half Battery, the rearguard of the Fourth Army Corps to form. They reached the village of St. Guibert without enemy contact. The 3rd and 5th Squadron formed the most advanced outposts. Strong French units forced the rear-guard under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Ledebur, to retreat to Wavre. The retreat of the infantry was covered by the 10th Hussars, the regiment then followed the IV Army Corps by Wavre Chapelle-Lambert. Here the regiment received the command, the place to secure, as French cavalry the river Dyle tried to pass. Thus, the regiment was not used in the Battle of Waterloo. Nevertheless, there were some losses: three sergeants, 18 Hussars and 28 horses.
The Reserve Cavalry now received orders to maintain the connection to the 1st Army with a battalion and push forward to Paris. On 1 July, was his exceeded and camped at Versailles. After the armistice with France on 9 July 1815, the Alliance troops entered Paris. The duties of the regiment consisted of the National Guard n to disarm and maintain order.
In early November was the return march and on 28 December Aschersleben was reached. For their behavior during the fighting Captain von Hagen, a sergeant and four hussars with the Iron Cross were awarded Second Class.
As a temporary fixed quarters of the 2nd Squadron leeches and Tarthun and the 4th Squadron Cochstedt, Börnecke and Schneidlingen have been assigned. The 1st and 3rd Squadron were re-housed in Aschersleben.
1816 was the 10th Hussars in appreciation for outstanding fight against the armies of Napoleon, the embroidered in gold standard line. Furthermore, it was routed in the same year, the 2nd Squadron to Aschersleben, the 4th squadron went to Oschersleben garrison on the Fortress, the present castle Oschersleben.
On March 10, 1823, the regiment was officially named "10 Hussar Regiment ", the addition Magdeburgisches' accounted for first. In the years of peace to 1827 Captain Thadden dedicated to intensive embellishments in Aschersleben and their environment and therefore was the first honorary citizen of the city. As in 1830, a devastating flood struck the town of Aschersleben, many people were saved by the use of hussars also. As of 1843, the reigning duke Wilhelm (Braunschweig) by the appointment of King Frederick William IV was the commander of the regiment.
The light blue markings on the caps and uniforms, as well as the inner lining of the furs were changed from 1845 in Pompadour Red.
To prepare the internal order and security, the regiment in the March 1848 revolution is used in Magdeburg.
After the revolutionary uprisings in the Electorate of Hesse, the regiment marched in 1850 under Prince Radziwill to Hessen a, for without it there came to fighting.
In 1860, again the additional' Magdeburgisches the Hussar Regiment No. 10 was fed.
The town of Aschersleben taught in 1862 in the former armory a canteen, which became the the officers' mess later. The city felt its greenery hussars remained very connected and so you set up in 1863 a large meeting to commemorate the 50-year anniversary of the regiment in Aschersleben from.
When it came to war between Prussia and Austria in 1866, the Hussars marched out with great sympathy of the population. Under the Colonel better the regiment in the battles of Miinchengratz, Gitschin, Hradec Kralove records and Bratislava from Blumenau.
After this campaign against Austria, the regiment received on March 3, 1867 inaugurated the band with the Memorial cross. In the German-French War of 1870/71, the regiment was in numerous skirmishes ( White Castle, Wörth and Spichern) involved. In the Battle of Mars-la-Tour it rode an attack of Vionville. When the German troops Paris had included, the regiment was assigned to the besieging troops. On 20 June 1871, the Hussars returned to Aschersleben.
By the leave of absence of 15 June 1882 and dislocation on 12 December 1882 Hussars 13 was the first squadron of the regiment from Captain Gerd von Rundstedt out, the father of the late Field Marshal s Gerd von Rundstedt.
1884, the regiment was moved to Stendal.
1900 were assigned to members of the regiment in China the East Asian Expeditionary Corps (The Boxer Rebellion). Likewise, increased a detachment Hussar in the years 1903 - 1904 the German troops in German South-West Africa on the occasion of the uprising erupted there.
In the mobilization in July 1914, the regiment was increased to six squadrons, and divided into two half regiments of three squadrons. After initial skirmishes in the area of the Belgian border, the hussars were advancing into the interior and took on 20 August 1914 taking Brussels part. During the general forward movement of the regiment reached the Marne, but had to be from 9 September (withdrawal) command to the Aisne along to Soissons withdraw. Subsequently, the regiment took part in the so-called "Race to the Sea" part, then, first leave in mid-October 1914 without the horses to be used in trench warfare. The units of the regiment remained throughout the year 1915 on the Western Front in the field of IV Army Corps. 1916 half regiments were re-dissolved and the individual squadrons divided into infantry divisions, where they fulfilled their initial purpose in reporting and news service. The year 1917 brought the release of the horses and conversion Cavalry Rifle Regiment. The 3rd and 6th Squadron moved temporarily to the eastern front, however previously. Here the hussars fought in eastern Galicia, the Bukovina and the Carpathians. In 1918 fought the individual squadrons, and distributed to various infantry units, in the defensive battles of the Western Front. In December 1918, the remnants of the regiment arrived in their garrison Stendal, where the 1st, 3rd and 5th Squadron was disbanded in February 1919. The 2nd and 4th Squadron had been converted to volunteer squadrons, in Upper Silesia against Polish insurgents should fight. There, however, did not come and the two squadrons were dissolved in 1920 again.
The Magdeburg hussars wore a dark green with yellow lacing Attila and a fur hat from sealskin with a pompadurrotem Kolpak. The cap was with chinscales Tombak and a flying bandeau on the front with the inscription: equipped With God for King and Country. For this purpose, a white with black Bandelier cartridge, sword bag and lance. The lance flags of the teams were white-black, the NCOs white with a black Prussian eagle.
Already with A.K.O. ordered on 14 February 1907, and introduced gradually from 1909/1910, [(Deutsches Kaiserreich) [Kaisermanöver | Imperial maneuvers]] was the occasion of the 1913, the colorful uniforms for the first time replaced by the field-gray field service uniform (M 1910). These resembled completely the uniform peace the fastenings were however kept in gray. The leather stuff and the boots were natural brown fur hat was covered by a reed-called colored fabric cover. The bandolier and cartridge were not created for this uniform.
Inclusion in the Prussian army march Collection
The regiment is since 1843 in the army march collection represented (No. III, 32: trot march of the Hussar Regiment 10, composed by F. Münter, see: Dutch Wikipedia source ). Münter was from 1841 to 1871 Pole Power Peter the regiment, which he gave in 1843 that trot march. Münter was repeatedly compositionally worked for his regiment and lived after leaving the service as a music director in Aschersleben. Certainly Wilhelm Wieprecht has contributed as a native Ascherslebener to become known and recorded in the army march collection.
By 1914, the Field Artillery regiments 35 in German-Eylau and 54 in Kuestrin the march on parade in trot. The military music historian Joachim Toeche-mediator (1906-1996) described the piece as a famous rhythm for official use.
- 1814 Major August Ludwig v. Ledebur
- 1830 Fr Maximilian Roth v.Schreckenstein
- 1838 Leopold Chess v. Wittenau
- 1845 Friedrich Adolf von Willisen
- 1848 Georg von Oppen
- 1853 Carl von Podewils
- 1855 Emil Count Dohna
- 1857 Hermann von Alvensleben
- 1858 Edward v. Reiman
- 1860 Hermann von Better
- 1867 Adolf von manner
- 1872 Friedrich der Decken
- 1880 Oscar Baron. v. Wrangel
- 1881 Waldemar Freiherr. v. Troschke
- 1883 Clemens von Poncet
- 1885 Wilhelm von Restorff
- 1888 Hans v. Thümen
- 1891 v. Bonin
- 1895 v. Festenberg
- 1900 v. Schwerin
- 1900 v. Kuehne
- 1914 v. Buttlar-Brandenfels
- 1 Westphalian Cuirassiers
- Prussian Cuirassier Regiment No. 6 "by Quitzow" (Ascherslebener cuirassiers)
- History of Magdeburg, Hussars 10 Compiled on the occasion of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the same on November 19, 1863. Publisher A. Duncker, Berlin, 1863.
- Letters from campaigns in 1813 and 1814. In: yearbooks for the German Army and Navy 66, 1886 Template:ZDB.
- Herbert Thielen: History of Magdeburg, 10th Hussars 1813-1888. Hahn'sche bookstore, Hannover, 1888.
- FC Drosihn. Aschersleben in the nineteenth century Kinzenbach, Aschersleben 1900, p 125
- Hein: The little book by the German armies. A hand-book of reference and instruct them in the German military power. Lipsius and Tischer, Kiel, among others in 1901.
- Albert Benary: Royal. Preuss. Magdeburgisches Hussar Regiment No. 10 in the World War 1914/1918. With a roll of honor of all the fallen. Bernard & Graefe, Berlin, 1934 (German act in the World War 1914/1918 9).
- Hugo Schulz FW: The Prussian cavalry regiments 1913/1914. According to the law of 3 July 1913. License issue. Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg 1992, ISBN 3-89350-343-9.
- Jürgen Kraus, Stefan Rest (ed.): The German Army in the First World War. Uniforms and equipment -. 1914-1918 Publisher Militaria, Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-9501642-5-1, ( catalogs of the Bavarian Army Museum Ingolstadt 2).
- [Ibid http://www.husaren10-stendal.de/index.php?id=24 to the regimental commanders]
- trot march of the Hussar Regiment 10, with original photos