ARP-SAPC

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Template:Use British English Template:Infobox organization

Alternativa Racional a las Pseudociencias – Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico or ARP-SAPC for short (English: Rational Alternative to Pseudoscience – Society for the Promotion of Critical Thinking) is a Spanish nonprofit organisation that, according to its bylaws, promotes the use of reason and critical thinking or scientific skepticism regarding what they consider credulity, rejecting and refuting claims of allegedly paranormal events.[1]

History and cooperation

The Society was founded with the name Alternativa Racional a las Pseudociencias (lit. Rational Alternative to the Pseudosciences) at the end of 1986 and renamed ARP – Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico (ARP – Society for the Promotion of Critical Thinking) in 1998, constituting the main reference of the skeptical movement in Spain. It is one of the two major skeptical organisations in the country, the other being Círculo Escéptico (founded in 2006).[2] ARP-SAPC is a member of the European Council of Skeptical Organisations (ECSO).[3] Internationally, it collaborates with other associations with similar ideas in the Hispanophone world and on the global level.[4] Amongst its best-known partners are Spanish scientists, science writers and philosophers such as philosopher and ethics treatise writer Fernando Savater, Mario Bunge, philosopher Gustavo Bueno, physicist and science communicator Manuel Toharia, biologist Francisco J. Ayala and Pamplona Planetarium director Javier Armentia.

Publications

ARP-SAPC publishes a periodical review titled El Escéptico ("The Skeptic")[5] and a free online bulletin called El Escéptico Digital ("The Digital Skeptic"),[6] in which one can find articles on topics concerning pseudocience, pseudohistory, and science in general.

Awards

ARP-SAPC annually grants the Premio Mario Bohoslavski[7] to people outside the association who have distinguished themselves by promoting the development of science, critical thinking, scientific communication and education, and the use of reason. Amongst the awardees are Fernando Savater, Victoria Camps, Gonzalo Puente Ojea, Bernat Soria and Manuel Lozano Leyva.

Controversies

ARP-SAPC has been criticised by advocates of the paranormal with ad hominem arguments based on the scientific or moral quality of its members,[8] plus accusations of pseudoskepticism. Some of these specific allegations have been answered in detail, for example, those that suggest an extremist ideology on the part of several of the founders of ARP-SAPC for having been born in the Basque Country, or disqualified ARP-SAPC for events where supposedly members of Opus Dei spoke.[9]

Activities

SITP banner: "Science, rationalism, debate, beer and friends."

In several cities throughout Spain, ARP-SAPC organises or supports monthly gatherings in pubs, known as "Skeptics in the Pub" (SITP, Escépticos en el Pub in Spanish), where skeptics can meet and discuss science and skepticism in an informal atmosphere. There are events in Barcelona,[10] Madrid,[11] Santiago de Compostela,[12] Tenerife (Canaries)[13] and Valencia.[14] It also collaborates with Pub Demodé and the University of Almería in creating several events similar to SITP's in the city of Almería. In this events they have tackled topics like "Polen, Crime and Punishment"[15] and "Art of camouflage by the Tobacco Industry" [16]. ARP-SAPC also has a list of book recommendations on critical thinking.[17] and they promote scientific thinking and criticize pseudosciences through news in popular newspapers in Spain.[18] [19]

See also

References

  1. "ARP Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico | escepticos.es : el mayor repositorio de documentación escéptica en castellano". escepticos.es. http://www.escepticos.es/. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  2. Javier Pedreira (17 February 2014). "El movimiento escéptico en España: pensamiento crítico que ha crecido con Internet y en la calle" (in es). RTVE. http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20140217/movimiento-esceptico-espana-pensamiento-critico-crecido-internet-calle/880504.shtml. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  3. "Skeptics Organisations: ECSO Members". ECSO website. European Council of Skeptical Organisations. 16 March 2008. http://www.ecso.org/member-org. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  4. "Vínculos a asociaciones escépticas en todo el mundo". http://www.escepticos.es/?q=node/7. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  5. "El Escéptico | ARP Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico". escepticos.es. http://www.escepticos.es/revistas. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  6. "Publicaciones | ARP Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico". escepticos.es. http://www.escepticos.es/publicaciones. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  7. "Premios otorgados por ARP-SAPC". http://www.escepticos.es/?q=node/5. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  8. Manuel Carballal. "El fraude de los escépticos". http://www.ctv.es/USERS/xfiles/xfiles/par002.htm. Retrieved 2 October 2011. 
  9. ateologo2004. "El gran fraude del creyente en pseudociencias Manuel Carballal". http://www.monografias.com/trabajos18/pseudociencias/pseudociencias.shtml. Retrieved 2 October 2011. 
  10. "Escèptics Al Pub Barcelona". http://www.esceptics.com/. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  11. "Escépticos En El Pub Madrid". http://www.escepticos.es/?q=blog/14/. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  12. "Escépticos En El Pub Compostela". http://eeep-compostela.blogspot.com.es/. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  13. ""La explosiva ciencia de la predicción de erupciones y terremotos", en EEEP Canarias". 29 September 2015. http://www.escepticos.es/node/4115. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  14. "Podcast de la charla "Educación científica: la Tierra no se mueve" (EEEP Valencia)". 11 July 2016. https://www.escepticos.es/taxonomy/term/1917. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  15. "http://www.noticiasdealmeria.com/noticia/129644/almeria/la-otra-cara-del-polen-sale-a-la-luz-en-demode.html". Noticias de Almeria. 27 April 2017. http://www.noticiasdealmeria.com/noticia/129644/almeria/la-otra-cara-del-polen-sale-a-la-luz-en-demode.html. 
  16. "Las tabacaleras, artistas del camuflaje en Pub Demodé". Noticias de Almeria. 6 December 2016. http://www.noticiasdealmeria.com/noticia/124734/capital/las-tabacaleras-artistas-del-camuflaje-en-pub-demode.html. 
  17. "Lecturas recomendadas de la Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento". https://www.papelenblanco.com/divulgacion/lecturas-recomendadas-de-la-sociedad-para-el-avance-del-pensamiento-critico. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  18. "¿Por qué seguís creyendo en eso? Las pseudociencias levantan en armas a los escépticos en España". http://www.vozpopuli.com/actualidad/nacional/Pseudociencia-Homeopatia-Movimiento_esceptico-Magufos-escepticos-pensamiento_critico-pseudociencias-homeopatia_0_905909468.html. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  19. "Asociaciones piden a Sanidad que actúe ante las "pseudociencias" de la salud". http://www.lavanguardia.com/vida/20170213/414291840796/asociaciones-piden-a-sanidad-que-actue-ante-las-pseudociencias-de-la-salud.html. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 

External links

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