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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on February 26 2015. This is a backup of Wikipedia:Fruganism. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Fruganism, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Fruganism. Purge

a frugan pasta

Fruganism (in Deutsch: Fruganismus), often confused with fruitarianism, is a thoughtful approach to living and moral decisionmaking based upon respecting the lives of humans, animals, and plants by practicing broad-ranging nonviolence toward all those lives, as much as possible. The etymology of 'frugan' seems to come from frugality (parsimony), not frugivorous (fruit).[1]

What is Fruganism?

Though related to frugality, undemanding modesty, and simplicity, the word “Frugan” thrives by suggesting Frugivore and Vegan. [2] Two connotations have emerged historically: frugan as 'frugal vegan' and frugan as practicing a vegan lifestyle of utmost respect for all nature, including plants as ecological life.

  • The urban dictionary defines 'Frugan' as 'Frugal Vegan'[3].
      • Frugal Vegan Cooking that naturally allows for use of less resources and packaging (conservation)
      • Frugal Vegan lifestyle that using less energy and time to produce healthy food (simplicity and ease)
  • The practice of fruganism as a spiritual vegan (and thus vegetarian also) practice which teaches broad-ranging respect for all biotic life, both plants and animal, result in simple living values that the word 'frugan' describes but does not define. Similarities with veganism and deep ecology are evident.

The urban dictionary also associates with the entry 'Frugan' a list of seemingly similar entries concerning implementing frugality in diet and/or lifestyle.

For decades, public association of 'veganism' and 'vegetarianism' with either poverty or voluntary simplicity was widespread, sometimes including a cautionary about the existential outcomes of any individual's identifying with poverty as such. 'What will this lifestyle decision mean for your future?'

Is 'frugan' a nonce?

The Wayback Machine shows in recent history a number of websites with the string 'frugan' in their domain name,[4][5] and some are more substantive than others.

Frugan thinking and teaching

Reification is risked when one calls others or oneself a 'frugan' because the term describes characteristics of received religious and spiritual teaching from Eastern thought. Frugan practices affirm respect for individual lives of plants as they affirm regard for the lives of sentient beings who are also moral agents. Practice avoids clothing, health and beauty aids, food, and economic tools made from or built upon animal exploitation but also wanton destruction of plant lives, as in industrialized agriculture. Frugan practice in modernity challenges hoarding and mindless consumption. In turn, vegan practitioners easily challenge whether anyone could possible live long and well by frugan values as they are presently understood. In contrast, frugal veganism emphasizes simplicity. The etymology from undemanding simplicity could be forgotten if no identifiable bodies of frugan practitioners can be found.

Foods frugans avoid

Frugans or fruitarians only eat fruits, seeds, grains, and nuts. Therefore, animals’ products, cabbage, lettuce, celery, vegetables, carrot, turnip, mushroom, potato, garlic, onion, and generally the whole kinds of roots, plant glands, sprouts, leaves, and stems are not included in their diets.[6].

Contrasting fruitarian and frugan outlooks and practices

A tree or bush producing fruit can be harvested without killing the entire plant. Tree crops are highly productive economically, reducing the ecological footprint of exclusive fruit eaters. Frugans, in contrast to fruitarians, do not emphasize consuming raw foods. Frugans, like vegans, may cook food, where those identifying as 'fruitarians' seek in their practice to minimize or totally exclude cooked food. Therefore, by a little change in their ingredients, most of the vegans can cook their food according to their own recipes. Those identifying as 'frugans' focus their emphasis on what they eat (a supply chain issue); those identifying as 'fruitarians' emphasis how and why of their 'raw fruitarian veganism' (a home economics issue). This seemingly 'moot' distinction is seldom encountered by 'ordinary' vegans whose array of emphases could be quite different and might not flinch at cooking what involves the death of the whole plant.

Outstanding exponents

In the late 20th century, Saiom Nellie Shriver was an outspoken advocate of humane fruitarian diet, the description of which resembled ideas also called 'frugan'. She advocated not mowing lawns and not supporting industrialized agriculture. Co-existing with pests was a theme which shocked many who would otherwise have seriously considered vegan practices as scientifically defensible.

See also