Jasraj

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Musical artist

Pandit Jasraj (born 28 January 1930) is an Indian classical vocalist. He belongs to the Mewati gharana of Hindustani classical music.[1]

Biography

Jasraj was born on 28 January 1930 in Pili Mandori, a village in the Hisar district of Haryana (now Fatehabad district) in a middle-class family to Motiram, a classical singer.[2][3] Motiram died in 1934 when Jasraj was four, on the day he was to be appointed as the state musician in the court of Osman Ali Khan.[4][5] Jasraj spent his youth in Hyderabad, and travelled often to Sanand to study music with musicians of the Mewati gharana.[6] In 1946, Jasraj moved to Kolkata, where he began singing classical music for radio.[6]

He is married Madhura Shantaram, the daughter of film director V. Shantaram, whom he had first met in 1960 in Mumbai.[7] They married in 1962, initially living in Kolkata, and moved to Mumbai in 1963.[8] [9] They have two children, a son, Shaarang Dev Pandit, and a daughter, Durga Jasraj, a television anchor and presenter. Jasraj's wife Madhura has directed documentaries and children's plays, and directed and produced ballets, Geeta-Govinda, Kaan Kahaani and Surdas, and the TV series, Faster Phene. Madhura made a film, Sangeet Martand Pandit Jasraj in 2009[10] and directed her first Marathi film, Aai Tuzha Aashirwad, in 2010, in which her husband and Lata Mangeshkar sang in Marathi.[11]

Music composers Jatin-Lalit are Jasraj's nephews, and Sulakshana Pandit and Vijayta Pandit, both of whom played leading roles as heroines in many Hindi films in 1970s and 1980s, are his nieces.

Career

Jasraj at the Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya Poonam-35, Bhopal, in 2015

Training

Jasraj was initiated into vocal music by his father, but initially trained as an accompanist, playing the tabla at vocal performances by his brother, the singer Maniram.[2] He credits the vocalist, Begum Akhtar, as being his inspiring him to take up classical music.[12] Jasraj began training as a vocalist at the age of 15, and performed his first stage concert as a vocalist at the age of 22.[2] Before becoming a stage performer, Jasraj worked as a performing artist on radio for several years.[8]

He initially trained as a classical vocalist with his brother, Maniram, and later with the musician and vocalist Jaywant Singh Waghela[6] and Ustad Gulam Kadar Khan of Mewat Gharana. In addition, he trained under Swami Vallabhdas of the Agra Gharana.[8] In 1960, when Jasraj went to visit Bade Ghulam Ali Khan in hospital, Khan asked him to become his disciple, but Jasraj declined saying that he could not accept Khan's tutelage since he was already Maniram's disciple.[no citations needed here]

As a means of livelihood, Maniram took Jasraj as an accompanying tabla player. However, at the time, like sarangi players, tabla players were considered minor artists. At the age of 14, unhappy with his treatment as an accompanying artist, Jasraj left and vowed not to cut his hair until he learned to sing. He finally cut his hair after garnering his first AIR Radio performance, where he sang Raga Kaunsi Kanada (a combination of Malkauns and Darbari Kanada).[no citations needed here]

Jasraj at the Pandit Motiram Pandit Maniram Sangeet Samaroh, Hyderabad, in 2007

Technique and style

Classical music

Jasraj's vocal range extends across four and a half octaves and he is known for the precision of his diction, as well as his deep timbre.[13] Although he belongs to the Mewati gharana, a school of music known for its traditional performances of khayals, Pandit Jasraj has sung khayals with some flexibility, adding elements of lighter styles, including the thumri, to khayal singing.[8] During the initial stages of his career he was criticised for incorporating elements from other schools of music, or gharanas, into his singing.[8] Music critic S. Kalidas has noted, however, that this borrowing of elements across gharanas has now become more commonly accepted.[8]

Jasraj created a novel form of jugalbandi called Jasrangi that is styled on the ancient system of moorchhana, between a male and a female vocalist, who each sing different ragas at the same time.[2][4] He is also known for presenting a wide variety of rare raags including Abir Todi and Patdeepki, as well as for his performances of more well-known ragas such as Raag Darbari.[14]

Semi-classical and popular music

In addition to performing classical music, Pandit Jasraj has worked to popularise semi-classical musical styles, such as Haveli Sangeet, which involves performances inside temples.[13] Additionally, he has also sung classical and semi-classical compositions for film soundtracks, such as the song, 'Vandana Karo,' composed in Raag Ahir Bhairav by the composer Vasant Desai, for the film Ladki Sahyadri Ki (1966).[13] Other notable film performances include a collaboration with the Indian classical vocalist Bhimsen Joshi for the soundtrack of the film Birbal My Brother (1975), and a ballad, Vaada Tumse Hai Vaada for a horror film directed by Vikram Bhatt, titled1920 (2008).

In memory of his father, Jasraj organises a musical festival every year called the Pandit Motiram Pandit Maniram Sangeet Samaroh in Hyderabad, India.[4][5] The festival has been held annually since 1972.[15] Jasraj participated at the Sawai Gandharva Music Festival.

On 28 January 2017, the production house Navrasa Duende celebrated Pandit's 87th birthday and 80 years of his service to music as a classical music concert with the title 'My Journey', an Intimate Evening with Pandit Jasraj at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi. He received a standing ovation. [16]

Teaching

Jasraj has tutored several students who have gone on to perform as classical musicians including Rattan Mohan Sharma, Sanjeev Abhyankar, Kala Ramnath,  Tripti Mukherjee, Suman Ghosh, Pritam Bhattacharya, Hemang Mehta, and Ankita Joshi.[17]

He also runs a school for Indian classical music in Atlanta.[18]

Pandit Jasraj Concert in New Delhi by Navrasa Duende

Views on Classical Music

Pandit Jasraj has rejected claims of the inaccessibility of classical music, expressing the view that "Music belongs to everyone," and emphasizing that classical musicians like himself take efforts to reach out to their audiences.[8] He has advocated the lecture-demonstration model of performance to educate listeners about classical music.[17] He has called for greater governmental support in funding classical music performances.[19]

Pandit Jasraj with his wife Madhura

Awards

Discography

  • Raga Symphony (2009)
  • Anuraag (2000)
  • Devotionally Yours
  • The Glory of Dawn – Morning Raagas (2005)
  • Invocation (1993)
  • Kanha
  • Khazana (2008)
  • In Concert Vancouver Vols. 1 & 2(1997)
  • Malhar – A Downpour of Music (2005)
  • The Meditative Music of Pandit Jasraj
  • Parampara – The Mewati Tradition
  • Pride of India (2002)
  • Multaani & Din-ki-Purya
  • Shri Krishna Anuraag (2000)
  • Songs of Krishna Vol. 1 & Vol. 2 (2000)
  • The Spiritual Journey (2005)
  • Baiju Bawra Vols. 1 & 2(2008)
  • Upasana (2007)
  • Miyan Tansen Vol 1 & Vol 2(2006)
  • Tapasya Vol. 1 (2005)
  • Darbar (2003)
  • Maheshwara Mantra (2002)
  • Soul Food (2005)
  • Haveli Sangeet (2001)
  • Inspiration (2000)
  • Ragas Triveni and Multani Live
  • Ragas Bihada and Gaud Giri Malhar
  • Worship By Music/Live Stuggart '88
  • Ornamental Voice

Filmography

Further reading

References

  1. Kulkarni, Pranav (15 December 2008). "Pandit Jasraj casts magic spell". The Indian Express. http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/pandit-jasraj-casts-magic-spell/398561/. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Pandit Jasraj on his life-long love for music" (in en). Hindustan Times. 2017-03-31. http://www.hindustantimes.com/art-and-culture/pandit-jasraj-on-his-life-long-love-for-music/story-04is22YGVw6yMaf6qpyUSO.html. 
  3. "Fun Interview On Wishlist, Pandit Jasraj Talks Of Cricket, Deer And Krishna". NDTV.com. http://www.ndtv.com/people/fun-interview-on-wishlist-pandit-jasraj-talks-of-cricket-deer-and-krishna-1653887. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 A custom of culture The Hindu, 1 December 2004.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jaisi, sadiq; Luther, Narendra (2004). The Nocturnal Court: The Life of a Prince of Hyderabad. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195666052. http://www.amazon.com/Nocturnal-Court-Life-Prince-Hyderabad/dp/0195666054/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Pandit Jasraj takes a trip down the memory lane to relive his idyllic childhood spent in Hyderabad - Times of India". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Pandit-Jasraj-takes-a-trip-down-the-memory-lane-to-relive-his-idyllic-childhood-spent-in-Hyderabad/articleshow/55910486.cms. 
  7. "Raag Jasraj, in the maestro's voice - Times of India". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/delhi-times/Raag-Jasraj-in-the-maestros-voice/articleshow/386548.cms. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 "Pandit Jasraj looks back at a long, musical life on his 85th birthday" (in en-US). The Indian Express. 2015-01-25. http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/ahead-of-his-85th-birthday-pandit-jasraj-looks-back-at-a-long-musical-life/. 
  9. Jai ho! Jasraj The Hindu, 8 October 2007.
  10. Madhura Jasraj recounts life with the Maestro Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, 26 November 2009.
  11. "Age no bar". Indian Express. 10 September 2010. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/age-no-bar/678650/2. 
  12. "Raag Jasraj, in the maestro's voice - Times of India". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/delhi-times/Raag-Jasraj-in-the-maestros-voice/articleshow/386548.cms. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Gaekwad, Manish. "Cinema classical: Singing for the gods, Pandit Jasraj took time out to enthral mortals" (in en-US). Scroll.in. https://thereel.scroll.in/832350/cinema-classical-singing-for-the-gods-pandit-jasraj-took-time-out-to-enthral-mortals. 
  14. "Unforgettable" (in en-US). The Indian Express. 2012-02-10. http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/lucknow/unforgettable-2/. 
  15. "Pandit Jasraj takes a trip down the memory lane to relive his idyllic childhood spent in Hyderabad - Times of India". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Pandit-Jasraj-takes-a-trip-down-the-memory-lane-to-relive-his-idyllic-childhood-spent-in-Hyderabad/articleshow/55910486.cms. 
  16. The Statesman. "Pandit Jasraj turns 87, celebrates in the form of a concert". http://www.thestatesman.com/entertainment/pandit-jasraj-turns-87-celebrates-in-the-form-of-a-concert-1485633831.html. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Pandit Jasraj: Earlier, classical music was like Himalaya — today, it's like a sea - Times of India". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/interviews/Pandit-Jasraj-Earlier-classical-music-was-like-Himalaya-today-its-like-a-sea/articleshow/23610889.cms. 
  18. "Sangeetayan Promotes Indian Classical Music In Atlanta". 27 July 2017. http://news.wabe.org/post/sangeetayan-promotes-indian-classical-music-atlanta. 
  19. "'Pandit Jasraj’s struggles turned him into an icon' - Times of India". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/bombay-times/Pandit-Jasrajs-struggles-turned-him-into-an-icon/articleshow/35724347.cms. 
  20. "Pandit Jasraj gets Sumitra award for lifetime dedicated to music". Mail Online. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2838351/Pandit-Jasraj-gets-Sumitra-award-lifetime-dedicated-music-late-impresario-s-centenary.html. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 "Padma Awards". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original on 15 November 2014. http://www.webcitation.org/6U68ulwpb?url=http://mha.nic.in/sites/upload_files/mha/files/LST-PDAWD-2013.pdf. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  22. Template:Cite press release

External links

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