Prophecies of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
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Template:Ahmadiyya Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the 19th-century Indian religious leader and founder of the Ahmadiyya movement in Islam, is known to have made many prophecies during his lifetime. Some were of an intuitive nature, pertaining to everyday affairs which are said to have either been fulfilled immediately after having been foreseen or concerned distant or unseen events of which Ghulam Ahmad expressed cognizance. Some of greater significance are believed to have been fulfilled during his lifetime; some, according to his followers, were fulfilled after his death, while some await fulfilment. Others, according to his critics, seemed to have been proven wrong.
The Deputy Inspector General of Punjab Police in 1928 stated that Ghulam Ahmad was a cause of great unrest due to the prophecies he made concerning the deaths of his adversaries. A commentator even blamed his "uncanny knack of predicting the demise of his key enemies" for making a lot of Hindu enemies. One aspect upon which he based the validity of his claims was the fulfilment of prophecies made by him.[no citations needed here] These prophecies or 'hidden matters' and the knowledge or awareness of events that had not yet come to pass were, he claimed, disclosed to him by God often through visions, dreams and verbal revelation.
- 1 Prophecies
- 1.1 The revolution of Persia
- 1.2 The Afghan martyrs
- 1.3 Prophecy concerning prince Duleep Singh
- 1.4 Pandit Lekh Ram's assassination
- 1.5 The Plague
- 1.6 The great earthquake of Kangra
- 1.7 Prophecy concerning the Turkish Empire
- 1.8 The Promised Son
- 1.9 The death of John Alexander Dowie
- 1.10 The World War of 1914 and downfall of the Russian Czar
- 1.11 HIV prophecy
- 1.12 Reaching Corners of Earth
- 2 Criticism
- 3 Sources and references
- 4 External links
The revolution of Persia
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have prophesied the constitutional revolution of Iran when in January 1906 he claimed to have received the revelation:
As was his practice he published it in both Urdu and English newspapers as well as periodicals of the community. By this time the Iranian Shah, Mozzafar-al-Din was already in a secure position and had accepted proposals for creating a Majles (a National Consultative Assembly or parliament) which proved to be successful and gained the king much popularity. He died soon after and was succeeded by his son Mohammad Ali Shah.
This prophecy is believed to have been fulfilled during the reign of Mohammad Ali Shah, when growing tensions began to rise between the parliament and the King leading him to dissolve the Parliament which was shelled and destroyed. These events gave birth to a general rebellion involving many major cities of Iran. The administration was taken over by the Nationalists and democrats. The king began moving the treasury and his personal effects to Russia and the Shah's palace is said to have been a place of growing anxiety during this period. In time, the Nationalists grew in popularity and formed many alliances while the Kings position was weakened and he was forced to declare his acceptance of parliamentary government. The Cossacks who formed the Shah's body-guard also joined the revolutionaries. In 1909 the Shah and his family fled the palace and sought refuge in the Russian embassy and autocracy was replaced by democracy.
The prophecy was believed to have been fulfilled again with the onset of the Iranian Revolution
The Afghan martyrs
Ahmad claimed to have foretold the execution of two of his devout followers based on a revelation he claimed to have received:
He claims to have interpreted this to mean that two of his followers would be killed and that as a result general destruction would overtake the country in which they were martyred.
Ahmad's followers claim that this was fulfilled twenty years later in two separate incidents when Ahmad's books found their way to Afghanistan. [no citations needed here] After reading Ahmad's books, Sayyed Abdul Latif decided to send one of his disciples (Maulvi Abdur Rahman) to Qadian to meet Ahmad. [no citations needed here] He gave Rahman permission to offer Latif's allegiance if Rahman felt convinced. [no citations needed here] Rahman was convinced, took an oath of allegiance, and returned to Afghanistan with more of Ahmad's books. [no citations needed here] He brought the books to Emir Habibullah Khan to proselytise. Rahman was executed by strangling. [no citations needed here]
A few years later, Latif left Afghanistan for Qadian to meet Ahmad before starting on the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). After having stayed at Qadian with him for a few months, he returned to Afghanistan to proselytise to his King. Upon reaching Khost, he wrote to some courtiers who decided to have him arrested and brought to Kabul. The Emir asked him to renounce his beliefs and recant, but Latif refused. [no citations needed here] He was then stoned to death before a large crowd. Ahmad's followers claim that Kabul experienced a cholera epidemic within a month of the stoning.
The English traveller, Frank A. Martin, who was for many years Engineer-in-Chief to the government of Afghanistan, recalls this event in his book thus:
He also reports on many other cholera epidemics that took place in Afghanistan during his time there.
Prophecy concerning prince Duleep Singh
After the annexation of the Punjab by the British, the young heir to the Sikh throne Duleep Singh was sent away to England, and was to stay there until British rule became established in the Punjab. After the events of the Indian Mutiny of 1857 the young prince decided to return, which was much anticipated by his supporters. At this time Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have predicted the failure of his return. He claimed to have received knowledge from God that the prince will not return, and will have to encounter some trouble, and had informed many people about this. This prediction is believed to have been fulfilled while the prince was on his journey back to India, the British government decided that the prince's return may be dangerous for the government and feared trouble. As his ship reached Aden, he was stopped there and ordered back to England.
Pandit Lekh Ram's assassination
Pandit Lekh Ram, a leader of the Arya Samaj, was a contemporary of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Because of what Muslims characterised as his derogatory characterisations of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his anti-Islamic attitude, but was an analysis of Islam written "using Islamic histories written by and for Muslims", he was in constant conflict with Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. Upon his growing anti-Islamic behaviour and his demand for a sign, Ghulam Ahmad is said to have prayed and thus made aware of the imminent death of Lekh Ram who expressed his fearlessness upon such prophecies and insisted on a time limit. Ghulam Ahmad withheld the publication of any prophecy for a while in which he is said to have waited for further knowledge. Eventually he announced that Lekh Ram will meet a bitter end within six years from 20 February 1893.
In an announcement dated 22 February 1893 he stated:
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received multiple revelations regarding Lekh Ram's death and his likeness unto the golden calf of Samri was a recurring theme in these prophecies. About one of his visions he wrote:
He also foretold that his death will take place on a day close to the festival of Eid:
Followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad believe that this prophecy was fulfilled on Saturday 6 March 1897 which happened to be a day after the festival of Eid, when Pandit Lekh Ram was brutally stabbed with a dagger by a stranger who it is said turned the knife round and round in his stomach thus cutting his entrails thoroughly. Lekh Ram died the next day. It is said that although his family was at home, and there were some men downstairs, near the gate at the time of the murder, no one saw any person entering or leaving the house. His body was subsequently cremated in accordance with Hindu custom and the remains dispersed of in a river. There was a police investigation but it failed to apprehend the murderer.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have made numerous prophecies concerning the plague in the Punjab and issued multiple warnings against it. This plague was an occurrence of special significance within Ahmadiyya as it is believed to have been mentioned by earlier religious scriptures as one of the signs of the promised Messiah.
In his book Siraj-e-Munir Ghulam Ahmad recalls a revelation which he claimed to have received:
Commenting upon this he wrote:
He further issued an announcement:
By this time the plague had not spread. Though some research was carried out in Bombay. Subsequently the plague spread throughout the whole of the Punjab, increasing in severity each year. Various kinds of treatments were tried by the British officials but to no avail. Eventually, Ghulam Ahmad claimed that he had been told in a dream that the Plague has gone but the fever remains after which, as is claimed by the Ahmadis, the plague began to decline steadily, having raged for nine years.
The great earthquake of Kangra
In 1885 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received the following revelation:
And in December 1903 he published another revelation in Al-Hakam, 24 December 1903, warning of an impending earthquake. This was followed by another claiming that the earthquake will affect Punjab.
On 8 June 1904 the warning was repeated:
On 3 April 1905, a day before the earthquake Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received a revelation informing him that the hour of destruction that he had been informed about had arrived.
Prophecy concerning the Turkish Empire
The Ottoman Empire otherwise known as Ar-Rûm (successor state to the Sultanate of Rum and Eastern Roman Empire) in oriental and Islamic literature ruled over a large part of southern Europe, but having become subject to internal decline, became vulnerable towards the end of the 18th century to the advantage of imperialist powers., and was called the "sick man of Europe". Following the Crimean war and the peace treaty that was made between Russia and Turkey which lasted for several years. In 1904 Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have received the revelation which is identical to the Qur'anic verseTemplate:Quran-usc
This was published in the monthly magazine Review of Religions. The Qur'anic verse is believed to have been fulfilled with the Battle of Issus in 622. This verse of the Qur'an which Ghulam Ahmad claimed was also revelealed to him is believed to have been fulfilled with the occurrence of the Balkan wars. When the Balkan league declared war on Turkey, conquered major parts of the Ottoman Empire and then began fighting among themselves over the spoils or the partition of Turkey among themselves. This gave Turkey some respite. It conscequently took advantage of the division among the Balkan league and managed to gain victory over and retake Adrianople along with the subjoining territory.
The Promised Son
In the early years of the 1880s certain leaders of the Arya Samaj held discussion and debate with Ghulam Ahmad about the truthfulness of Islam and asked for a sign to prove that Islam was a living religion. To dedicate special prayers for this purpose, Ghulam Ahmad travelled to Hoshiarpur where he spent 40 days in seclusion. Subsequently he announced on 20 February 1886 that God had vouchsafed to him the following revelation:
Though Ghulam Ahmad further declared on 8 April 1886 that it was disclosed to him that this son will be born within a period of nine years, however a few days after this announcement his wife, Nusrat Jehan gave birth to a daughter and his adversaries began alleging that his prophecy was proved false. Again in August 1887 a son was born to him but died in infancy, and again his critics alleged that the prophecy was falsified. Ghulam Ahmad pointed out that this son was the 'guest' that was promised, and that the prophecy concerning the promised son began from the passage He will be accompanied by grace (Fazl) which shall arrive with him. On 12 January 1889, Mirza Mahmood Ahmad was born who is believed by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community to be the promised son and one who displayed in his person all the qualities mentioned in the prophecy.
The death of John Alexander Dowie
The World War of 1914 and downfall of the Russian Czar
Followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claim that one of his revelations clearly prophecies the onset of the first world war and the downfall of the Russian Czar in the following prophecy, made in 1905 (see quoted words below for reference of full date)
Ahmadis claim that the prophecy has several parts that all indicate it as referring to World War I (for all references to the words of the revelation, see: alislam.org
1) The prophecy says that the earthquake will involve the whole world. But everybody knows that earthquakes never do that; they only involve parts of the world. Ahmadis point out that the word 'earthquake' is often used for war in the Qur'an:
2) The prophecy says the calamity will prove very hard on travellers. Ahmadis point out that World War 1 was greatly difficult for all travellers. Ahmnadis point out that earthquakes are not hardy on travellers but war certainly is. Ahmadis say that the word "earthquake" is an allegorical term as used in the Qur'an for War.
3) The prophecy points to the ill-effects of the calamity on farms, fields, etc.; Ahmadis again claim that earthquakes have no ill-effects on farms and fields, which are destroyed only by war. Shelling from both sides destroys them. Sometimes 'scorched-earth' policy destroys them.
4) The prophecy points to the ill-effects of the calamity on birds; they were to lose their 'senses' and their 'songs'. Again, Ahmadis claim ordinary earthquake can have no such effects. The vibrations only last for a time. If birds sitting on a tree or a building fly into the air, they experience no ill-effects whatever. A modern war, however, is very hard on birds. Day and night bombing and the destruction of trees is highly detrimental to bird-life. The birds either die or suffer greatly.
5) The Prophecy stated that the calamity would occur within 16 years of 1905. World War 1 began in 1914.
6) The prophecy contains the revelation 'I have saved Israel from detriment.' This indicates that the calamity was to result in some advantage for the Jews. Such a thing can have no connection with an ordinary earthquake. Ahmadis point out that the foundation of the state of Israel occurred primarily because of World War 1 and was laid while World War 1 was raging, when Lord Balfour declared in 1916 that the Jewish people would be settled in Palestine.
7) The revelations mention the repeated promise 'I will come suddenly with my armies' indicating a war.
8) A part of the prophecy stated 'Raise the anchor.' This points to the entry of different nations into naval encounters against one another. The command 'Raise the anchor' indicates the beginning of naval hostilities. Another revelation says, 'Boats sail that there be duels.' This is a picture of the vessels going in one direction and another in search of naval encounters.
9) The earthquake was to occur suddenly: 'I will come to thee with the armies and will come suddenly' states the revelation. Ahmadis point out that World War 1 began suddenly with the assassination of the Archduke, Franz Ferdinand.
10) A part of the revelation states: 'Avenues useful for Arabs. Arabs set out from their home.' Ahmadis point out that the Arabian people greatly benefited from World War 1, in that through it they fulfilled their long-desired wish of parting from the Ottoman Empire.
11) Another sign was the destruction of cities and places noted for their godlessness. 'I will obliterate habitations much as they have obliterated My name.' It is generally agreed that Eastern France was the worst part of Europe from the point of view of sensual indulgence. From this part was sent the wine consumed in different countries of Europe. It was also the rendezvous of pleasure-seekers from Western countries. In accordance with the prophecy this part suffered the most.
12) The prophecy states that 'Even the Czar at that moment will be in a pitiful condition'. Ahmadis point out that the office of Czar-hood is referred to here, and the end of the institution of the Czar as a whole. Ahmadis point out that World War 1 caused the downfall of the Czar as he was forced to sign a declaration that his family would never institute their monarchy over Russia again. Mirza Bashirrudin Ahmad, the second successor to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, writes:
"On November 7, Bolshevik revolutionaries dismissed the Kerensky government, and the condition of the Czar became so pitiful as to make the stoutest heart flinch. The Czar was removed from internment in the Royal Palace and taken from place to place, ultimately to Ekaterinburg. Here he was to have a taste of the tortures he used to inflict on prisoners serving sentences in Siberia...The Bolshevik government reduced his rations and ordinary comforts. His sick child was beaten by ill-mannered guards. The parents had to watch. His daughters were maltreated. Even these tortures did not satiate the revolutionaries. They invented new penalties and new pains. One day, when the Czarina was present under compulsion, the virgin daughters of the Czar were raped by the soldiers. If the Czarina, unable to bear the sight, turned her face away, the soldiers would compel her to observe the inhuman scene. Witnessing these brutalities and enduring more pains and poignancies than can have been endured by any mortal, the Czar at last met his end. He was shot dead on July 16, 1918, and with him the entire royal family. The prophecy 'Even the Czar at that moment will be in a pitiful condition' was fulfilled literally."
Opponents of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad are largely silent about this prophecy. Others among his opponents state that the fulfilment of the prophecy is coincidental.[no citations needed here]
In 1907, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is said to have prophesied the appearance of HIV. He said that
This statement is usually linked with an observation by Mohammed that venereal disease, described as a type of pestilence, always strikes the sexually permissive, and as such is commonly believed in Ahmadiyya circles to refer to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. However, this cannot be entirely verified due to the nature of the disease not having been specified by Mirza himself. Critics however usually dismiss this prophecy as being riddled with ambiguity.
Reaching Corners of Earth
He was revealed. Template:Cquote
Prophecy concerning Abdullah Atham
Ahmadiyya Muslims see this episode as reminiscent of the prophecy of the Biblical Prophet Jonah to the city of Nineveh. They answer the critics by claiming that the original prophecy which was published in the book Jang e Muqaddas was conditional upon Atham not inclining towards 'truth' as was stated: provided he does not incline towards truth. They argue that Atham was in constant fear and backed out of his Anti-Islamic stance for the 15 months of the prophecy. Ahmadiyya Muslims say that after much jubilation was shown by the opponents of Ahmad upon Atham being alive once the time limit of the original prophecy expired, Ghulam Ahmad invited him to swear on oath that he did not entertain the least thought of the truth of Islam and the falsehood of Christianity, later offering him a promise of 4,000 rupees if he did. Atham never took an oath, which Ahmadiyya Muslims see as Atham admitting that he retracted his beliefs against Islam.
Prophecies regarding the birth of sons to his wife
He made multiple prophecies regarding birth of sons to his wife. These, his critics claimed, were not fulfilled.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community believe that the prophecy was fulfilled in the person of Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, the second Caliph while the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement believe that the prophecies related to the "promised son" are allegorical in nature.
Sources and references
- "Great Is Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. https://www.flickr.com/photos/engrmhk/3302912161/.
- Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850, by Ayesha Jalal, p 291
- Argument Number 10 – Prophecies: Prophecy No. 2: Revolution in Iran
- Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- Argument Number 10 – Prophecies: Prophecy No. 1: Afghan martyrs
- Argument Number 10 – Prophecies: Prophecy No. 6: Prince Dalip Singh, a sign for Sikhs
- Prophecies of the Promised Messiah (Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian), by Mirza Masum Beg, p 42, from The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam, aaiil.org
- Jones, Kenneth W (1976). Arya dharm: Hindu consciousness in 19th-century Punjab. University of California Press. pp. 150. https://books.google.com/books?id=RpvXCtNzrz8C&pg=PA148&lpg=PA148&dq=arya+samaj+Mirza+Ghulam+Ahmad&source=bl&ots=LTNbJ-tLY-&sig=bjCzdvmAh1lVq3RXSWkleyG1F4U&hl=en&ei=yOxgTcyMDZHG4AbiqsDmCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&sqi=2&ved=0CFIQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- Argument Number 10 – Prophecies: Prophecy No. 5: Death of Lekh Ram, a sign for the people of India
- "Aiyna Kamalat Islam", February 1893
- "Karamat Sadaqeen", August 1893
- Prophecies of the Promised Messiah (Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian), by Mirza Masum Beg, p 46, from The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam, aaiil.org
- Revelation, Rationality, Knowledge & Truth: Part VI – The Plague
- pg. 509
- pg. 70
- "Sequence 40 (Page 34): Plague Research Laboratory (Bombay, India). Summarised report on the Bombay Plague Research Laboratory for ... [Bombay : s.n., 1903?-1904?. Harvard University Library PDS"]. harvard.edu. http://pds.lib.harvard.edu/pds/view/7281980?n=40&imagesize=1200&jp2Res=0.5.
- Argument Number 10 – Prophecies: Prophecy No. 7: The plague
- "Al-Hakam", Qadian, 24 December 1903
- Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- Prophecies of the Promised Messiah (Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian) by Mirza Masum Beg, p 20, from The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam, aaiil.org
- de Bellaigue, Christopher. "Turkey's Hidden Past". New York Review of Books, 48:4, 8 March 2001.
- Musleh Mau'ood, Khalifatul Masih II, in the Eyes of Non-Ahmadies, The Ahmadiyya Gazette, February 1997
- "Some Prophecies of Hadhrat Ahmad – A Critical Study" (PDF). http://www.alislam.org/library/books/Prophecies-of-HadhratAhmad.pdf.
- "Prayer Services led by a non-Ahmadi Muslim". alislam.org. http://www.alislam.org/books/invitation/arg10.html#L9.
- "AIDS Virus". Ahmadiyya Muslim. http://www.alislam.org/library/books/revelation/part_6_section_6.html. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- "Mirza Ghulam Qadiani's predictions on Abdullah Khan Atham". http://www.irshad.org/qadianism/prophecb.php. Excerpts in (Urdu)
- Ghulam Jilani Barq. "Haraf-i-Muhrimana". p. 231. http://www.khatm-e-nubuwwat.org/bookpdf/pdf/harf-e.pdf#page=231&zoom=100.
- "Divine Manifestations" (PDF). http://www.alislam.org/library/books/DivineManifestations.pdf.
- Mirza Ghulam Qadiani's predictions on Multiple Sons, irshad.org. Excerpts in (Urdu) Haraf-i-Muhrimana, by Ghulam Jilani Barq, p-243, khatm-e-nubuwwat.org
- "The Truth of Hazrat Mirza Sahib's Prophecy Concerning the Appearance of the Musleh Mauood". aaiil.org. http://aaiil.org/text/qadi/art/musleh.shtml.
- Ahmadiyya External links
- Prophecies of Hadhrat Ahmad. By Naeem Usman Memon
- Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
- Digital Media Library Search Engine – Online Digital Media Library audio and video content of the Ahmadiyya Community.
- Official Website of the indonesian Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
- Translation and Commentary of the Holy Quran – More than 300 lessons (mp3 audio file) of Urdu translation and a thorough explanation of the Holy Qur'an by Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad (rh)
- Official Website of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam – Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-e-Islam Lahore
- The Lastprophet.org
- Refutation of false charges against Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
- Claims of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad – a slide presentation
- Extensive study showing Mirza Ghulam Ahmad did not claim to be a prophet
- Islamic Books Library @ Alislam.org – Alislam.org
- Roohani Khazain by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, 23 Volumes (Urdu pdf) from Alislam.org
- Sir Muhammad Iqbal and the Ahmadiyya Movement – Iqbal's sympathies and support for the Ahmadiyya Movement
- S. R. Valentine, Islam & the Ahmadi Jama'at: History, Belief, Practice, Hurst & Co, London, New York, 2008, passim.
- Non-Ahmadiyya External links
Urdu links regadring Mohammadi Begam:
- Qaumi Digest – Qadiani number, khatm-e-nubuwwat.org
- Haraf-i-Muhrimana by Ghulam Jilani Barq, khatm-e-nubuwwat.org