2017 Southern Europe heat wave

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Overview

The heat wave dubbed Lucifer[1][2][3] (the Italian public had dubbed the hot spell "Lucifero".[4]) or Jolanda[5] (by the Deutscher Wetterdienst) was an extreme heat wave that affected Southern Europe in 2017. It started at the end of July,[5] and lasted till the fifth of August,[6] before conditions gradually began to cool down again. Some countries that were affected included Poland,[7] Switzerland,[7] Italy,[8][7] France,[7] Croatia,[7] Hungary,[8][7] Romania,[8][7] Portugal,[7] Spain,[8][7] Montenegro,[7] Albania,[8] Serbia,[8] Greece[8] and Turkey. Those countries experienced temperatures of 40 C or more, killing at least five people in the process. The remainder of August was very warm, with temperatures around 30 C, but not dangerously hot as it had been earlier on in the month. It fueled dozens of wildfires, damaged crops, reduced water supplies (exacerbating droughts in Sicily, Spain, Parma and Piacenza[9]) and strained power supplies.[9]) and strained power supplies.[8]

Many unusually high August temperatures were recorded in much of Spain and Portugal, southern France, Italy, the Balkans and Hungary.[7]

The event

Heath issues

Madrid city's police rescued a dehydrated 16-month-old girl who had been left in a car for 3 hours in sweltering temperatures on July 12.[9]

Italian hospital admissions spiked by 15-20% by mid August.[4]

The Belgrade public health institute issued instructions for coping with the heat on August 5.[8]

Croatian health authorities reported a surge in emergency calls over the week leading up to August 5.[8]

Spain and Greece issued hot weather warning on the August 5th as temperatures rose.[8]

Animal welfare

Budapest Zoo's, Beliy and Seriy, a pair of 2-year-old polar bear cubs, were given chunks of ice and freezing-cold watermelons on August 5.[8]

Belgrade's Animal protection groups urged citizens to help Belgrade’s many stray dogs on August 4 and 5.[10][8]

Disruption

A part of the famous Stelvio Pass.

The month long drought in the northern agricultural provinces of Parma and Piacenza prompted the government to declare states of emergency, to free up extra funds to tackle the crisis as of the first week in July.[9]

Athens's authorities shut the Acropolis as temperatures expected to hit 47C July 13.[9] The ministry said all archaeological sites were to be closed between 1pm and 5pm, in temperatures over 39C.[9] Athens also opened air-conditioned “friendship clubs” for the elderly and infirm from 8am until 8pm, both coming in top force on July 13.[9]

Romanian police banned heavy traffic on major roads in daylight on August 5 and 6 due to the heat, while trains had slowed down also due to the heat.[8]

The Hungarian state railway company said it would distribute water at busy terminals on August 5.[8]

A train service in southern Serbia also was in the first week in August as the tracks buckled in the heat.[8]

Thousands swam in the city's recreation area, the local lake, the city center fountains, the River Danube or the Sava River on August 5.[8]

The Italy and Serbia as authorities appealed for care in water consumption as resivoirs ran low on August 5.[8]

The Stelvio Pass Glacier in Italy, which lies at 3,450 metres, or 11,319 ft; was close to skiing for the first time in 90 years, as was most of the southern Swiss Alpine ski resorts On the 15th of August due to the heat.[4]

Florence's Uffizi Gallery was temporarily closed to the public in mid August because of the heat levels.[4]

Tourists entered Rome's Eternal City's Fountains to cool off and were nearly fined by the local police on the 15th of August.[4]

Forest fires

The wildfires near the Calampiso seaside resort west of Palermo, forced the evacuation by boat of more than 700 tourists on July 12.[9] More bushfires broke out across southern Italy and Sicily, as temperatures hit 40C in the weak leadng up to July 13.[9] About 23 wildfires raged in southern Italy on Wednesday, including on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius near Naples. 2 were north of Mount Etna, in the suburbs of Sicilian city of Catania on the 13th.[9] Italy’s environment minister said a man had been arrested on suspicion of arson and Gian Luca Galletti was quoted as saying in Italian media|: “If someone set fire to Vesuvius, I want to see them in jail for 15 years,” on July 13. 150 hectares of pine forest were destroyed in a blaze in Sicily a month earlier.[9]

The June 2017 Portugal wildfires forest fires began in the Pedrógão Grande municipality on June 17–18, before spreading dramatically in the heat and thus causing a firestorm.[11] It ended with 64-66 dead, over 250 injured and 40 evacuated villages.[12]

Some 15 wildfires being in reported in Albania on August 5 and others occurred elsewhere in the Balkans and a few other parts of Southern Europe.[8]

Local and mainland firefighters (including a water bomber aircraft) arrived in Corsica to were fires sweeping across the area of Palneca and it environs. Other smaller fires occurred in the rest of southern Europe amid the deadly heatwave on August 18.[4]

Recorded temperatures

Extreme temperatures started to affect parts of the south of the continent from late May, rose in mid-April and peaked on 19–20 April. It ended in August 2017. Many unusually high August temperatures recorded in much of Spain and Portugal, southern France, Italy, the Balkans and Hungary during August.[7]

Slovenian authorities reported the first-ever ‘‘tropical night’’ with a night-time temperature of 68-f at an altitude of 4,900 feet in the mountains during early August.[8]

The pan-European weather service Meteoalarm warned that "major damage and accidents are likely, in many cases with threat to life" in the August.[4] It issued red alerts (that considered "very dangerous" and meaning "exceptionally intense meteorological phenomena are forecast") for parts of Italy, Switzerland, Croatia and Poland as temperatures rose in August.[4]

Place Temperature Date
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|32.0 C 1 JJune 2017 [13]
Portugal style="Template:Weather box/colt"|40.0 C 8 June 2017 [1]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|32.5 C 1 July 2017 [13]
Athens's Acropolis style="Template:Weather box/colt"|47.0 C July 13[9]
Rome style="Template:Weather box/colt"|36.0 C July 13[9]
Florence style="Template:Weather box/colt"|44.0 C July 13[9]
Southern Spain style="Template:Weather box/colt"|39.0 C July 13[9]
Córdoba in Andalusia style="Template:Weather box/colt"|47.0 C July 13[9]
Southern Italy and Sicily style="Template:Weather box/colt"|39.0 C July 13[9]
Belgrade style="Template:Weather box/colt"|39.0 C 29 June 2017 [8]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 1 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|32.0 C 4 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 4 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 4 August 2017 [13]
Dubrovnik, Croatia. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.2 C 4 August 2017 [10]
Split, Croatia. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.3 C 4 August 2017 [10]
Catania, Italy. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 4 August 2017 [10]
Cordoba, Spain. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 4 August 2017 [10]
Costa de Sol, Spain. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|43.0 C 4 August 2017 [10]
Majorca, Spain. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|43.0 C 4 August 2017 [10]
Belgrade style="Template:Weather box/colt"|39.0 C 5 August 2017 [8][13]
Piazza della Rotonda in Rome style="Template:Weather box/colt"|40.0 C 5 August 2017 [8]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 5 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 6 August 2017 [13]
31 of the Spain's 50 provinces. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|44.0 C 6 August 2017 [8]
Parts of mainland Greece. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.25 C 6 August 2017 [8]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 12 August 2017 [13]
South of Spain style="Template:Weather box/colt"|44.0 C 14 August 2017 [4]
Florence style="Template:Weather box/colt"|38.0 C 14 August 2017 [4]
Rome style="Template:Weather box/colt"|41.0 C 14 August 2017 [4]
Sardinian style="Template:Weather box/colt"|39.0 C 14 August 2017 [4]
Dubrovnik style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 14 August 2017 [4][13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|45.0 C 14 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|42.0 C 17 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|38.0 C 20 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|32.0 C 22 August 2017 [13]
The jetty near Luxus d.o.o. Car Dealer, kneza Domagoja 1 B 20000 in Dubrovnik. style="Template:Weather box/colt"|32.0 C 1 September 2017 [13]

Western and northern Europe are experiencing colder and wetter weather in early August.[8]

Victim's accounts

‘‘It is just too much,’’ ‘‘Sometimes it feels as if I cannot breathe.’’ said 52 year old Belgrade real estate agent Sasa Jovanovic.[8]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Forest fires kill 62 in central Portugal". 18 June 2017. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-40316934. 
  2. "ABC News". http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/lucifer-heat-wave-parts-europe-red-alert-49051297. 
  3. "At least five dead in heatwave christened 'Lucifer'". http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4763544/At-five-dead-heatwave-christened-Lucifer.html. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 "What is the 'Lucifer' heatwave where's the hottest weather and what's the latest forecast?". 14 August 2017. https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/4186791/lucifer-heatwave-hottest-latest-forecast/. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 DWD-Wetterkarte Prognose für Di 01.08.2017, 12:00 UTC, Website der Freien Universität Berlin
  6. DWD-Wetterkarte Prognose für Sa 05.08.2017, 12:00 UTC, Website der Freien Universität Berlin
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named thesun.co.uk
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bostonglobe.com
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 Jones, Sam; Giuffrida, Angela; Smith, Helena (13 July 2017). "Southern Europe swelters as heatwave sparks wildfires and closes tourist sites". http://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/13/southern-europe-swelters-heatwave-sparks-wildfires-spain-greece-italy. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 Henley, Jon (4 August 2017). "Extreme heat warnings issued in Europe as temperatures pass 40C". http://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/04/extreme-heat-warnings-issued-europe-temperatures-pass-40c. 
  11. Jones, Sam (18 June 2017). "Huge forest fires in Portugal kill more than 60 people". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jun/18/portugal-more-than-20-people-killed-in-forest-fires. Retrieved 18 June 2017. 
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named auto1
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 13.12 13.13 13.14 13.15 [1] Template:Dead link

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