Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research

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The Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research (APCR) is a professional organization that has developed a complete curriculum in pharmaceutical medicine and provides annual meetings and courses.


The Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research began as the medical section of the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (PMA). In 1993 PMA was reorganized as the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) [1] to concentrate on advocacy. The medical section became the American Academy of Pharmaceutical Physicians (AAPP), an independent professional organization of industry physicians. In 2005, AAPP entered into an affiliation with the Association of Clinical Research Professionals,[2] an organization of individuals based at health research sites, with physician investigators who were members of ACRP becoming members of AAPP, the name of the organization being changed to Academy of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Investigators (APPI). On January 1, 2012, the organization was renamed the Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research.


Peter Rheinstein, Past President of the Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research

The stated mission of the Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research (APCR) is, “To advance medical innovation and public health by providing advocacy, promoting competence and encouraging exchange for and among physicians involved in or affected by clinical research."

APCR has developed a complete curriculum in pharmaceutical medicine and provides annual meetings and courses.[3]Template:Verify source In 2008, APCR joined the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative (CTTI), a partnership between the Food and Drug Administration and Duke University established the previous year to modernize clinical trials. One of the initiative’s goals was to increase clinical trials in the U.S. because the number of trials had fallen 30 percent since 2001.[4] APCR is also known for its Code of Ethics for the Practice of Pharmaceutical Medicine.[5]Template:Verify source Physician investigators have a responsibility to “support the dissemination only of scientifically sound information from clinical trials and other investigations without regard to study outcomes, for the benefit of medicine and science.” [6] APCR has held a seat as a medical specialty society in the American Medical Association House of Delegates since 2002.[7][8] APCR maintains a certification program for Physician Investigators who complete required education, work experience, and an examination covering knowledge and skills related to clinical research. Certified Physician Investigator (CPI) is a renewable time-limited designation. The exam is administered by the independent Academy of Clinical Research Professionals.


The APCR is governed by a board and officers elected by the membership.

Board Members [9]

  • Chris Allen, Immediate Past President
  • Samuel Simha, President
  • Robert Hardi, President-Elect
  • Robert Dracker
  • Anita Kablinger
  • Grannum R. Sant
  • NON-VOTING MEMBER James D. Thomasell, CPA, Executive Director

Recent Past Presidents

  • Michael Koren
  • Chris Allen
  • Peter Rheinstein
  • Charles Alexander
  • Greg Koski
  • Ihor Rak
  • Louis Sherwood (deceased)
  • John Irvin
  • Gary Shangold
  • Vincent Ahonkhai


  1. Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America website
  2. Association of Clinical Research Professionals website
  3. David Robertson, Gordon H. Williams. Clinical and Translational Science: Principles of Human Research. Academic Press; 1st edition (December 29, 2008) p 215
  4. Clinical Trials Initiative Gains New Member. FDA news – Aug 27, 2008
  5. Shaili Jain. Understanding physician-pharmaceutical industry interactions. Cambridge University Press 2007 P 175
  6. Leonard J. Weber. Profits before people?: ethical standards and the marketing of prescription drugs. Indiana University Press 2006 p 63
  7. AMA House of Delegates Member Organizations
  8. Academy of Physicians in Clinical Research - AMA Delegate's Report 2013
  9. APCR Board members