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Aro Ngwa is an Igbo community in Osisioma Ngwa Local Government Area, Aba, Abia State, South East of Nigeria. It is bounded in the East by the old Amaasaa community, in the West by Amavo community, in the North by Osokwa community and in the South by Amapu and Uratta comminities. Aro Ngwa is about 4 kilometers from Osisioma Junction and 3 kilometres from Umuikaa Junction, along the Enugu - Port Harcourt Expressway.
The old Aro Ngwa had ten villages, namely: Okpuala Aro, Obiekwesu, Umuohia, Umuonyeukwu, Umuejee, Umuarakpa, Umuugwua, Umuotuu, Umuka 1 and Umuka 11. But due to political reasons, the present day Aro Ngwa has four autonomous communities: Isiala Aro Ngwa (as the former Okpuala Aro), Obiekwesu, Umuka-Aro and Aro Ngwa, with various additional villages.
The people of Aro Ngwa, 'originated from Arochukwu kingdom in present day Abia State, Nigeria.' The inhabitants of Aro Ngwa settled in their present abode in the mid-18th Century from Arochukwu. They settled in the Ngwa enclave and thus was born the city called Aro Ngwa. 'Aro Ngwa is the largest Aro settlement in Ngwa land.'
The inhabitants of Aro Ngwa in the ancient times were farmers, who majored in palm oil production, yam and cocoa yam; and traders.The present day Aro Ngwa is made up of specialists in various disciplines: Law, Medicine, Engineering, Teaching, Broadcasting, Clergy, Trading and Commerce, Transport, etc.
The city has a rich cultural heritage. Ngwa dialect is widely spoken in the community, with smattering English as the inhabitants are predominantly Igbos. There are four market days: Nkwo, Eke, Orie and Afo. They are predominantly Christians with different denomination of churches scattered all over the city, though African Traditional Religion was the predominant before the advent of the Christian missionaries. They are peace loving people and very hardworking. They are also hospitable and friendly.