Kuwait Space Rocket
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The Kuwait Space Rocket (KSR), is a Kuwaiti project to build and launch the first suborbital liquid bi-propellant rocket in Arabia. The project is intended to be the first step towards starting a space industry in the country and a launch service provider in the GCC region. The project is divided into two phases with two separate vehicles. An initial testing phase with KSR-1 as a test vehicle capable of reaching an altitude of Template:Cvt and a more expansive suborbital test phase with the KSR-2 planned to fly to an altitude of Template:Cvt.
The project began in January 2018 for conceptual design and planning. The team started the fabrication of KSR-1 in early 2019, and as of January 2020, KSR-1 was fully built.
KSR-1 is a vertically-launched single stage rocket. It uses a liquid bi-propellant rocket engine burning methanol as fuel and nitrous oxide as the oxidizer. KSR-1 is intended to be a test vehicle for the development of KSR-2, the goal of which is to reach space. As such, all the major components and technologies that are expected to be used in KSR-2 are present in KSR-1. The main components of KSR 1 are the engine—consisting of the injector, nozzle, and cooling jacket— with fuel and oxidizer tanks, a nitrogen gas tank, and various valves and pressure regulators.
|Dry mass||12[no citations needed here]|
|Nitrous oxide mass||3.2[no citations needed here]|
|Methanol mass||0.8[no citations needed here]|
|Total propellant mass||4[no citations needed here]|
|Total vehicle mass||16[no citations needed here]|
|Chamber pressure||3100 kPa|
|Exit pressure||94 kPa|
|Momentum thrust||520.1 N|
|Nozzle exit velocity||2213 m/s|
|Burn rate||16.8 s|
|Oxidizer mass flow rate||0.19 kg/s|
|Fuel mass flow rate||0.047 kg/s|
KSR-1 Development Process
The KSR-1 engine was built locally in Kuwait and it utilizes a pressure fed cycle. The engine utilizes the nitrous not only as an oxidizer but as a cooling agent, that flows around the nozzle and back into the injector again.
Cold Flow Testing
The KSR team performed a cold flow testing on October 2019 to verify the engine's flow rate and plumbing.
KSR performed a static testing of the Injector on November 2019.
The KSR-1 was fully assembled and presented at the Kuwait Aviation Show 2020.
KSR-2 is a planned liquid bi-propellant suborbital launch vehicle. It is the second installment of the KSR Rocket Family, composed of a single stage, fueled by nitrous oxide and methanol. KSR-2 will have a total length of 4 m, a diameter of 0.4 m and a total mass of 591 kg, its apogee will be around 100 km.
- Al-Otaibi, Nadia (2018-09-24). "Kuwaiti youth eager to put country on space exploration map". https://www.kuna.net.kw/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=2747736&language=en.
- "ناصر أشكناني لـ"السياسة": صاروخ فضائي كويتي يضعنا في الدول المتقدمة" (in ar). http://al-seyassah.com/%d9%86%d8%a7%d8%b5%d8%b1-%d8%a3%d8%b4%d9%83%d9%86%d8%a7%d9%86%d9%8a-%d9%84%d9%80%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%b3%d9%8a%d8%a7%d8%b3%d8%a9-%d8%b5%d8%a7%d8%b1%d9%88%d8%ae-%d9%81%d8%b6%d8%a7%d8%a6%d9%8a-%d9%83/.
- "بالفيديو الكويت تطلق أول صاروخ فضائي محلي الصنع بعد عامين" (in ar). https://www.alanba.com.kw/ar/kuwait-news/946568/19-01-2020-بالفيديو-الكويت-تطلق-أول-صاروخ-فضائي-محلي-الصنع-بعد-عامين/.
- / "Kuwait Rocket" (in en). https://www.kuwaitrocket.com /.
- الحافظ, أحمد (28 December 2019). "شباب كويتيون يستعدون لإطلاق أول صاروخ فضائي" (in ar). https://alqabas.com/watch/5738295-%D8%B4%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D9%83%D9%88%D9%8A%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%A3%D9%88%D9%84-%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AE-%D9%81%D8%B6%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%8A-%D9%81%D8%A3%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%AF%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AD%D9%83%D9%88%D9%85%D8%A9.
- "News – Kuwait Aviation Show 2020" (in en-US). https://kuwaitaviationshow.com/news/.