List of Muslim sportspeople

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on May 12 2017. This is a backup of Wikipedia:List_of_Muslim_sportspeople. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/List_of_Muslim_sportspeople, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/List_of_Muslim_sportspeople. Purge

The topic of this article may not meet Wikipedia's general notability guideline. But, that doesn't mean someone has to… establish notability by citing reliable secondary sources that are independent of the topic and provide significant coverage of it beyond its mere trivial mention. (April 2016)Muslims have been involved in sports since the inception of Islam. Muslims have performed in various sports tournaments, country events, World Cups, as well as the Olympics.

American football

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Isa Abdul-Quddus Template:USA Template:Flagicon Miami Dolphins [1]
Ameer Abdullah Template:USA Template:Flagicon Detroit Lions [2]
Hamza Abdullah Template:USA retired [3][4]
Husain Abdullah Template:USA retired [5]
Rabih Abdullah Template:USA retired [6]
Oday Aboushi Template:USA Template:Flagicon Houston Texans [7]
Hakim Akbar Template:USA retired [8]
Dominique Easley Template:USA Template:Flagicon Los Angeles Rams [9]
Az-Zahir Hakim Template:USA retired [10]
Saalim Hakim Template:USA free agent [11]
Ryan Harris Template:USA Template:Flagicon Pittsburgh Steelers [12]
Mack Herron Template:USA retired [13]
Abdul Hodge Template:VIR retired [14]
Abdul-Karim al-Jabbar Template:USA retired [15]
Calvin Muhammad Template:USA retired [16]
Mustafah Muhammad Template:USA retired [17]
Ahmad Rashād Template:USA retired [18][19]
Saleem Rasheed Template:USA retired [20]
Abdul Salaam Template:USA retired [21]
Ephraim Salaam Template:USA retired [22]
Rashaan Salaam Template:USA retired [23]
Mohamed Sanu Template:USA Template:Flagicon Atlanta Falcons [24]
Al-Hajj Shabazz Template:USA Template:Flagicon Pittsburgh Steelers [25]
Aqib Talib Template:USA Template:Flagicon Denver Broncos [26]
Muhammad Wilkerson Template:USA Template:Flagicon New York Jets [27]
Usama Young Template:USA free agent [28]
Jihad Ward Template:USA Template:Flagicon Oakland Raiders [29]

Association football

Template:Main article

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Éric Abidal Template:FRA retired [30]
Karim El Ahmadi Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Feyenoord
Arda Turan Template:TUR Template:Flagicon FC Barcelona
Sofyan Amrabat Template:MAR Template:Flagicon FC Utrecht
Taulant Xhaka Template:ALB Template:Flagicon FC Basel
Mehdi Carcela-González Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Granada CF
Mbark Boussoufa Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Al Jazira
Hamza Mendyl Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Lille OSC
Vincent Aboubakar Template:CMR Template:Flagicon Beşiktaş J.K.
Ibrahim Afellay Template:NLD Template:Flagicon Stoke City
Halil Altıntop Template:TUR Template:Flagicon FC Augsburg
Hamit Altıntop Template:TUR Template:Flagicon Darmstadt 98
Nordin Amrabat Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Watford [31]
Nicolas Anelka Template:FRA retired
André Ayew Template:GHA Template:Flagicon West Ham United [32]
Jordan Ayew Template:GHA Template:Flagicon Swansea City [32]
Demba Ba Template:SEN Template:Flagicon Shanghai Shenhua
Nabil Bahoui Template:SWE Template:Flagicon Hamburger SV [33]
Abdelaziz Barrada Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Marseille [34]
Valon Behrami Template:SUI Template:Flagicon Watford [35]
Younès Belhanda Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Marseille [36]
Mehdi Benatia Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Juventus [37]
Nabil Bentaleb Template:ALG Template:Flagicon Schalke 04 [38]
Karim Benzema Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Real Madrid [39]
Sofiane Boufal Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Southampton [36]
Majid Bougherra Template:ALG Template:Flagicon Aris [39]
Khalid Boulahrouz Template:NLD retired
Yacine Brahimi Template:ALG Template:Flagicon Porto
Hakan Çalhanoğlu Template:TUR Template:Flagicon Bayer Leverkusen [40]
Emre Can Template:DEU Template:Flagicon Liverpool [41]
Marouane Chamakh Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Cardiff City [42]
Mousa Dembélé Template:BEL Template:Flagicon Tottenham Hotspur [43]
Lassana Diarra Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Marseille
Mahamadou Diarra Template:MLI retired
Nabil Dirar Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Monaco [31]
Edin Džeko Template:BIH Template:Flagicon Roma [43]
Karim El Ahmadi Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Feyenoord [44]
Stephan El Shaarawy Template:ITA Template:Flagicon Roma [45]
Nathan Ellington Template:ENG retired [36]
Mohamed Elneny Template:EGY Template:Flagicon Arsenal
Sofiane Feghouli Template:ALG Template:Flagicon West Ham United [39]
Marouane Fellaini Template:BEL Template:Flagicon Manchester United [39]
Gervinho Template:CIV Template:Flagicon Hebei China Fortune [43]
İlkay Gündoğan Template:GER Template:Flagicon Manchester City
Samir Handanović Template:SLO Template:Flagicon Inter Milan
Nihat Kahveci Template:TUR retired
Frédéric Kanouté Template:MLI retired [46]
N'Golo Kanté Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Chelsea [47]
Seydou Keita Template:MLI Template:Flagicon El Jaish
Sami Khedira Template:DEU Template:Flagicon Juventus [39]
Meho Kodro Template:BIH retired
Riyad Mahrez Template:ALG Template:Flagicon Leicester City [39]
Hachim Mastour Template:MAR Template:Flagicon PEC Zwolle [38]
Admir Mehmedi Template:SUI Template:Flagicon Bayer Leverkusen [48]
Samir Nasri Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Sevilla [34]
Bibras Natkho Template:ISR Template:Flagicon CSKA Moscow [49]
Noureddine Naybet Template:MAR retired
Abdelhak Nouri Template:NED Template:Flagicon Ajax
Mesut Özil Template:DEU Template:Flagicon Arsenal [39]
Miralem Pjanić Template:BIH Template:Flagicon Juventus
Paul Pogba Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Manchester United [50]
Franck Ribéry Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Bayern Munich [39]
Zaur Sadayev Template:RUS Template:Flagicon Terek Grozny [51]
Bacary Sagna Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Manchester City [43]
Nuri Şahin Template:TUR Template:Flagicon Borussia Dortmund
Mamadou Sakho Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Liverpool [39]
Mohamed Salah Template:EGY Template:Flagicon Roma [52]
Philippe Senderos Template:SUI Template:Flagicon Rangers F.C.
Xherdan Shaqiri Template:SUI Template:Flagicon Stoke City [39]
Mamady Sidibé Template:MLI retired [36]
Moussa Sissoko Template:FRA Template:Flagicon Tottenham Hotspur [39]
Islam Slimani Template:ALG Template:Flagicon Leicester City
El Arbi Soudani Template:ALG Template:Flagicon Dinamo Zagreb [39]
Emir Spahić Template:BIH Template:Flagicon Hamburger SV [53]
Saphir Taïder Template:ALG Template:Flagicon Sassuolo [39]
Kolo Touré Template:CIV Template:Flagicon Celtic F.C.
Yaya Touré Template:CIV Template:Flagicon Manchester City [39]
Abdou Razack Traoré Template:CIV Template:Flagicon Karabükspor
Adama Traoré Template:CIV Template:Flagicon FC Basel
Adama Traoré Template:MLI Template:Flagicon AS Monaco FC
Adama Traoré Template:SPA Template:Flagicon Middlesbrough F.C.
Armand Traoré Template:SEN Template:Flagicon Nottingham Forest F.C.
Alain Traoré Template:BUR Template:Flagicon Kayserispor
Edin Višća Template:BIH Template:Flagicon İstanbul Başakşehir F.K.
Lee Woon-jae Template:KOR retired [54]
Granit Xhaka Template:SUI Template:Flagicon Arsenal [38]
Hakim Ziyech Template:MAR Template:Flagicon Ajax [36]
Zinedine Zidane Template:FRA retired [55]

Australian rules football

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Bachar Houli Template:AUS Template:Flagicon Richmond [56]
Sedat Sir Template:TUR
Template:AUS
retired [57]
Ahmed Saad Template:AUS delisted
Adam Saad Template:AUS Template:Flagicon Gold Coast Football Club

Badminton

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Tontowi Ahmad Template:INA PB. Djarum [58]
Mohammad Ahsan Template:INA PB. Djarum [59]
Sigit Budiarto Template:INA retired [60]
Sony Dwi Kuncoro Template:INA Tjakrindo Masters [61]
Taufik Hidayat Template:INA retired [62]
Markis Kido Template:INA Jaya Raya Jakarta [63]
Zelin Resiana Template:INA retired [64]
Jalani Sidek Template:MAS retired [65]
Misbun Sidek Template:MAS retired [66]
Rahman Sidek Template:MAS retired [67]
Rashid Sidek Template:MAS retired [68]
Razif Sidek Template:MAS retired [69]
Ricky Subagja Template:INA retired [70]
Icuk Sugiarto Template:INA retired [71]
Joko Supriyanto Template:INA retired [72]

Baseball

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Sam Khalifa Template:USA retired [73]


Basketball

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Alaa Abdelnaby Template:USA
Template:EGY
retired [74]
Zaid Abdul-Aziz Template:USA retired [75]
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Template:USA retired [76]
Bilqis Abdul-Qaadir Template:USA retired [77]
Shareef Abdur-Rahim Template:USA retired [78]
Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf Template:USA retired [79]
Tariq Abdul-Wahad Template:FRA retired [80]
Abdul-Malik Abu Template:USA Template:Flagicon NC State Wolfpack [81]
Jamal Abu-Shamala Template:USA
Template:JOR
retired [82]
Hassan Adams Template:USA free agent [83]
Al-Farouq Aminu Template:USA Template:Flagicon Portland Trail Blazers [84]
Ömer Aşık Template:TUR Template:Flagicon New Orleans Pelicans [85]
Gorgui Dieng Template:SEN Template:Flagicon Minnesota Timberwolves [86]
DeSagana Diop Template:SEN
Template:USA
retired [87]
Khalid El-Amin Template:USA free agent [88]
Semih Erden Template:TUR Template:Flagicon Darüşşafaka S.K. [89]
Tacko Fall Template:SEN Template:Flagicon UCF Knights [90]
Kenneth Faried Template:USA Template:Flagicon Denver Nuggets [91]
Mustapha Farrakhan, Jr. Template:USA Template:Flagicon Fort Wayne Mad Ants [92]
Hamed Haddadi Template:Flagicon Iran Template:Flagicon Sichuan Blue Whales [93]
Walt Hazzard Template:USA retired [94]
Rondae Hollis-Jefferson Template:USA Template:Flagicon Brooklyn Nets [95]
Ersan Ilyasova Template:TUR Template:Flagicon Philadelphia 76ers
Ibrahim Jaaber Template:USA
Template:BUL
free agent [96]
Scoop Jardine Template:USA Template:Flagicon Moncton Miracles [97]
Abdul Qadir Jeelani Template:USA retired [98]
Larry Johnson Template:USA retired [99]
Enes Kanter Template:TUR Template:Flagicon Oklahoma City Thunder [100]
İbrahim Kutluay Template:TUR retired [101]
Anas Mahmoud Template:EGY Template:Flagicon Louisville Cardinals [102]
Nazr Mohammed Template:USA retired [103]
Shabazz Muhammad Template:USA Template:Flagicon Minnesota Timberwolves [104]
Mamadou N'Diaye Template:SEN
Template:USA
retired [105]
Jusuf Nurkić Template:BIH Template:Flagicon Portland Trail Blazers [106]
Shaquille O'Neal Template:USA retired [107]
Mehmet Okur Template:TUR retired [108]
Hakeem Olajuwon Template:NGA
Template:USA
retired [109]
Omar Samhan Template:USA
Template:EGY
Template:Flagicon Leuven Bears [110]
Dennis Schröder Template:GER Template:Flagicon Atlanta Hawks [111]
Mirza Teletović Template:BIH Template:Flagicon Milwaukee Bucks [112]
Hasheem Thabeet Template:TAN free agent [113]
Hedo Türkoğlu Template:TUR retired [114]
Dion Waiters Template:USA Template:Flagicon Miami Heat [115]
Rasheed Wallace Template:USA retired [116]
Jamaal Wilkes Template:USA retired [117]
Talib Zanna Template:NGA Template:Flagicon Nanterre 92 [118]
Dražen Dalipagić Template:BIH retired

Boxing

Muhammad Ali in 1978
Boxer Nationality Rated at Ref
Muhammad Ali Template:USA Heavyweight [119][120][121]
Mike Tyson Template:USA Heavyweight [122]
Bernard Hopkins Template:USA Middleweight
Super middleweight
Light heavyweight
[123]
Amir Khan Template:GBR
Template:PAK
Lightweight
Light welterweight
Welterweight
[124]
Naseem Hamed Template:GBR Featherweight [125]
Chris Eubank Template:GBR Middleweight [126]
Harry Khan Template:GBR
Template:PAK
Super flyweight [127]
Eddie Mustafa Muhammad Template:USA Light heavyweight [128]
Matthew Saad Muhammad Template:USA Light heavyweight [128]
Dwight Muhammad Qawi Template:USA
Template:MAR
Light heavyweight
Cruiserweight
Heavyweight
[129]
Hasim Rahman Template:USA Heavyweight [130]
Nadeem Siddique Template:GBR
Template:PAK
Welterweight [131]
Badr Hari Template:MAR Heavyweight [132]
Danny Williams Template:GBR Heavyweight [133]
Adil Anwar Template:MAR Light welterweight [134]
J'Leon Love Template:USA Super middleweight [no citations needed here]
Jamal Ben Saddik Template:MAR Super heavyweight [no citations needed here]
Mosab Amrani Template:MAR Light middleweight [no citations needed here]
Xhavit Bajrami Template:ALB Heavyweight [no citations needed here]
Karim Bennoui Template:FRA Light welterweight [no citations needed here]
Anthony Small Template:GBR Light middleweight [no citations needed here]
Anthony Mundine Template:AUS Light-middleweight
Middleweight
Super-middleweight
Cruiserweight
[no citations needed here]
Usman Ahmed Template:GBR Flyweight [no citations needed here]
Ruslan Chagaev Template:UZB Heavyweight [no citations needed here]
Juan Carlos Gomez Template:CUB Cruiserweight
Heavyweight
[no citations needed here]

Cricket

Player Nationality Current
teams
Ref
Fawad Ahmed Template:AUS Template:Flagicon Victoria
Template:Flagicon Melbourne Renegades
[56]
Usman Khawaja Template:AUS Template:Flagicon Sydney Thunder
Jahid Ahmed Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Unicorns [135]
Shakib Al Hasan Template:BGD Template:Flagicon Khulna
Template:Flagicon Kolkata Knight Riders
Template:Flagicon Barbados Tridents
Template:Flagicon Melbourne Renegades
[136]
Tamim Iqbal Template:BGD Template:Flagicon Chittagong Vikings [137]
Kabir Ali Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Barisal Burners
Template:Flagicon Lancashire
[138]
Kadeer Ali Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Staffordshire [139]
Moeen Ali Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Worcestershire [140]
Adil Rashid Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Adelaide Strikers [141]
Haseeb Hameed Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Lancashire [142]
Zafar Ansari Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Surrey County Cricket Club [143]
Nasser Hussain Template:ENG Template:Flagicon England cricket team [144]
Imran Tahir Template:RSA Template:Flagicon Delhi Daredevils [145]
Hashim Amla Template:RSA Template:Flagicon Cape Cobras [135]
Farhaan Behardien Template:RSA Template:Flagicon Leicestershire County Cricket Club [146]
Tabraiz Shamsi Template:RSA Template:Flagicon Royal Challengers Bangalore [147]
Wayne Parnell Template:RSA [148]
Imraan Khan Template:RSA Template:Flagicon Dolphins (cricket team) [149]
Yusuf Abdulla Template:RSA [150]
Majid Haq Template:SCO Template:Flagicon Clydesdale [151]
Sikandar Raza Template:Flagicon Zimbabwe Template:Flagicon Mashonaland Eagles [152]
Amjad Khan Template:ENG retired [153]
Sajid Mahmood Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Essex [154]
Adil Rashid Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Yorkshire [155]
Owais Shah Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Cape Cobras
Template:Flagicon Dhaka Gladiators
Template:Flagicon Hampshire
[156]
Bilal Shafayat Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Hampshire [157]
Ajmal Shahzad Template:ENG Template:Flagicon Sussex [158]
Inzaman-ul-Haq Template:PAK retired [159]
Shahid Afridi Template:PAK Template:Flagicon Peshawar Zalmi [160]
Younis Khan Template:PAK Template:Flagicon Abbottabad Falcons [161]
Wasim Akram Template:PAK retired [162]
Waqar Younis Template:PAK retired [163]
Imran Khan Template:PAK retired [164]
Javed Miandad Template:PAK retired [165]
Saleem Malik Template:PAK retired [166]
Saeed Anwar Template:PAK retired [167]
Mohammad Yousuf (cricketer, born 1974) Template:PAK retired [168]
Shoaib Malik Template:PAK Template:Flagicon Karachi Kings [169]
Misbah-ul-Haq Template:PAK Template:Flagicon Islamabad United [170]
Zaheer Khan Template:IND retired [171]
Mohammed Shami Template:IND India national cricket team, India A cricket team, Delhi Daredevils, Kolkata Knightriders [172]
Mohammed Azharuddin Template:IND retired [no citations needed here]
Yusuf Pathan Template:IND Template:Flagicon [no citations needed here]
Irfan Pathan Template:IND Template:IND [no citations needed here]
Iftikar Ali Khan Pataudi Template:IND retired [no citations needed here]
Farveez Maharoof Template:SRI Template:SRI [173]
Naveed Nawaz Template:SRI Template:SRI [174]
Sulieman Benn Template:Flagicon West Indies Template:Flagicon West Indies [175]

Fencing

Athlete Nationality Ref
Halet Çambel Template:TUR [176]
Ibtihaj Muhammad Template:USA [56]
Ines Boubakri Template:TUN [177]

Gymnastics

Athlete Nationality Ref
Aliya Mustafina Template:RUS [178]

Judo

Athlete Nationality Event Ref
Majlinda Kelmendi Template:KOS 52 kg [179]
Wojdan Shaherkani Template:SAU 78 kg [180]
Islam El Shehaby Template:EGY 100 kg [181]

Ice hockey

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Ramzi Abid Template:CAN Template:Flagicon EHC Wolfsburg [182]
Nazem Kadri Template:CAN Template:Flagicon Toronto Maple Leafs [182]
Alain Nasreddine Template:CAN retired [182]
Rushan Rafikov Template:RUS Template:Flagicon Lokomotiv Yaroslavl [183]
Nail Yakupov Template:RUS Template:Flagicon St. Louis Blues [184]

Mixed martial arts

Fighter Nationality Rated at Ref
Adlan Amagov Template:RUS Light heavyweight
Middleweight
Welterweight
[185]
Siyar Bahadurzada Template:AFG Light heavyweight
Middleweight
Welterweight
[186]
Reza Madadi Template:IRN Lightweight
Welterweight
[187]
Khabib Nurmagomedov Template:RUS Lightweight [188]
Irshaad Sayed Template:RSA Bantamweight [188]
Ahmed "Wolverine" Mujtaba Template:PAK Featherweight [189]

Modern pentathlon

Athlete Nationality Ref
Aya Medany Template:EGY [190]

Rugby

Player Nationality Current
team
Ref
Sonny Bill Williams Template:NZL Waikato Chiefs [56]
Iliess Macani Template:ENG Bradford Bulls [56]

Shooting

Athlete Nationality Event Ref
Bahiya Al-Hamad Template:QAT 10 m air rifle [176]
Nur Suryani Taibi Template:MYS 10 m air rifle
50 m prone rifle
50 m prone rifle 3 position
50 m prone rifle team
[180]

Swimming

Athlete Nationality Event Ref
Nada Arkaji Template:QAT 50 m freestyle [180]
Jewel Ahmed Template:BAN
Mahfizur Rahman Sagor Template:BAN
Karar Samedul Islam Template:BAN
Rubel Rana Template:BAN
Oussama Mellouli Template:TUN 1500 m freestyle GOLD [191]

Rehan Pouch (India)

Table tennis

Athlete Nationality Ref
Aya Majdi Template:QAT [180]

Taekwondo

Athlete Nationality Ref
Patimat Abakarova Template:AZE [192]
Ahmad Abughaush Template:JOR [193]
Kimia Alizadeh Template:IRN [194]
Hedaya Malak Template:EGY [195]
Nur Tatar Template:TUR [196]

Track and field

Athlete Nationality Event Ref
Sarah Attar Template:SAU 800 metres [180]
Ruqaya Al-Ghasra Template:BHR 60 metres
100 metres
200 metres
400 metres
[180]
Noor Al-Malki Template:QAT 100 metres [180]
Hassiba Boulmerka Template:ALG 1500 metres
800 metres
[180]
Fatima Dahman Template:YEM 100 metres [180]
Mo Farah Template:GBR 5000 metres
10,000 metres
[197]
Zamzam Mohamed Farah Template:SOM 400 metres [198]
Dalilah Muhammad Template:USA 400 metres [199]
Tahmina Kohistani Template:AFG 100 metres [180]
Nawal El Moutawakel Template:MAR 400 metres hurdles [180]
Woroud Sawalha Template:PLE 800 metres [180]

Weightlifting

Athlete Nationality Discipline Ref
Sara Ahmed (weightlifter) Template:EGY 63 kg
69 kg
[200]
Khadija Mohammed Template:UAE 75 kg [180]
Nurcan Taylan Template:TUR 48 kg
53 kg
[180]
Eko Yuli Irawan Template:INA 56 kg
62 kg
[201]
Sri Wahyuni Agustiani Template:INA 48 kg [202]
Zhazira Zhapparkul Template:KAZ 53 kg
69 kg
[203]

Wrestling

Real name Ring names Nationality Ref
Mustafa Ali Mustafa Ali Template:USA
Template:PAK
[204]
Muhammad Inoki Antonio Inoki Template:JPN [205]
Rami Sebei Sami Zayn Template:CAN [206]
Hossein Khosrow Ali Vaziri The Iron Sheik Template:IRI [207]

Tennis

Name Country Discipline
Sania Mirza Template:IND Doubles, Mixed Doubles
Marat Safin Template:RUS Singles
Dinara Safina Template:RUS Singles
Aisam-Ul-Haque Qureshi Template:PAK Doubles
Zarina Diyas Template:KAZ Singles
Younes El Aynaoui Template:MAR Singles
Yayuk Basuki Template:INA Doubles, Singles
Karim Alami Template:MAR Singles
Hicham Arazi Template:MAR Singles

See also

References

  1. [1] th. Retrieved on 2015-12-07.
  2. [2] th. Retrieved on 2015-12-7.
  3. Neil MacFarquhar (2007-10-13) Muslim Player Thrives With Nourished Spirit The New York Times. Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  4. The Broncos interviews: Hamza Abdullah The Denver Post (2007-11-25). Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  5. [3] The Kansas City Star (2013-05-23). Retrieved on 2014-05-18.
  6. Haugh, David (October 19, 2003). "A sober lesson for young Bear". Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2003-10-19/sports/0310190099_1_rabih-abdullah-bears-lehigh. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  7. [4] Sixteen Minutes to Palestine. Retrieved: April 1, 2015.
  8. Withers, Bud (November 3, 2000). "The faith of their father". Seattle Times. http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=20001103&slug=4051074. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  9. [5]
  10. Az-Zahir Karim Detroit Lions. Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  11. Duncan, Jeff (June 6, 2013). "Saalim Hakim could be on fast track to making impact with New Orleans Saints". NOLA.com (The Times-Picayune). http://www.nola.com/saints/index.ssf/2013/06/saalim_hakim_column.html. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  12. USA Today Retrieved: December 10, 2015
  13. [6] Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved: April 1, 2015.
  14. Edward E. Curtis IV (June 2010). Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History (1 ed.). Facts On File, Inc. ISBN 978-1-4381-3040-8
  15. Johnson, Keyshawn (1997). Just Give Me the Damn Ball!: The Fast Times and Hard Knocks of an NFL Rookie. ISBN 978-0-446-56510-3. https://books.google.com/books?id=CfCc485mF4UC&pg=PT50&lpg=PT50&dq=karim+abdul+jabbar+muslim+-kareem&source=bl&ots=ay4s8hly_j&sig=mMOVHlR6PEFDw6ybbRDJFEfxiDI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjCmtykzMjJAhXJHx4KHY95A2sQ6AEIKTAD#v=onepage&q=karim%20abdul%20jabbar%20muslim%20-kareem&f=false. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  16. "CALVIN MUHAMMAD : Receiver for Redskins Is Versatile Performer in the Field of Music". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. 24 March 1985. http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-24/sports/sp-30292_1_calvin-muhammad. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  17. Olson, Lisa (November 14, 1999). "SPORTS' DIRTY LITTLE SECRET WHY THE SILENCE ABOUT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE?". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/sports/sports-dirty-secret-silence-domestic-violence-article-1.851824. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  18. Ahmad Rashad NNDB. Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  19. Ahmad Rashad Has Gone From All-Pro Receiver to All-Network Announcer Ken Shouler. Cigar Aficionado. Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  20. Faulk, Kent (August 12, 2013). "Former University of Alabama and NFL linebacker Saleem Rasheed begins serving time on plea to teacher sex charges". AL.com. http://blog.al.com/spotnews/2013/08/former_university_of_alabama_a_1.html. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  21. Prato, Greg (in en). Sack Exchange: The Definitive Oral History of the 1980s New York Jets. ECW Press. p. 35. ISBN 9781770410039. https://books.google.com/books?id=_2hGA2U70hUC&pg=PA35&lpg=PA35&dq=%22abdul+salaam%22+football+muslim+-saad&source=bl&ots=uLzY9AlkQv&sig=x3NluuT9s1KPq_sQbVRzi9Rhgv8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjUkJ2-lpLRAhXC4yYKHZw3CmYQ6AEIODAF#v=onepage&q=%22abdul%20salaam%22%20football%20muslim%20-saad&f=false. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  22. Texans Live: Ephraim Salaam Houston Texas (2007-11-29). Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  23. Shepard, Eric (October 27, 1994). "In a Rush to the Top : Colorado's Salaam Went From Small Eight at La Jolla Country Day to Big Eight's Big Game". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1994-10-27/sports/sp-55218_1_la-jolla-country-day. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
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