List of national capitals in alphabetical order

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This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on June 12 2018. This is a backup of Wikipedia:List_of_national_capitals_in_alphabetical_order. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/List_of_national_capitals_in_alphabetical_order, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/List_of_national_capitals_in_alphabetical_order. Purge

Template:Lists of capitals This is a list of national capitals in alphabetical (administrative division)|territories]] and dependencies, non-sovereign states including associated states and entities whose sovereignty is disputed. Sovereign states and observer states within the United Nations are shown in bolded text.

City Country Notes
Abu Dhabi Template:Flaglist
Abuja Template:Flaglist Lagos was the capital from 1914 to 1991
Accra Template:Flaglist
Adamstown Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Addis Ababa Template:Flaglist
Algiers Template:Flaglist
Alofi Template:Flaglist Self-governing in free association with New Zealand
Amman Template:Flaglist
Amsterdam Template:Flaglist The Dutch constitution refers to Amsterdam as the "capital". The Dutch government is located in the Hague, which also hosts the monarch, government ministries, judiciary and diplomatic missions. See Capital of the Netherlands.
Andorra la Vella Template:Flaglist
Ankara Template:Flaglist
Antananarivo Template:Flaglist
Apia Template:Flaglist
Ashgabat Template:Flaglist
Asmara Template:Flaglist
Astana Template:Flaglist
Asunción Template:Flaglist
Athens Template:Flaglist
Avarua Template:Flaglist Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
Baghdad Template:Flaglist
Baku Template:Flaglist
Bamako Template:Flaglist
Bandar Seri Begawan Template:Flaglist
Bangkok Template:Flaglist
Bangui Template:Flaglist
Banjul Template:Flaglist
Basseterre Template:Flaglist
Beijing Template:Flaglist See also: List of historical capitals of China
Beirut Template:Flaglist
Belgrade Template:Flaglist
Belmopan Template:Flaglist
Berlin Template:Flaglist
Bern Template:Flaglist De facto capital
Bishkek Template:Flaglist
Bissau Template:Flaglist
Bogotá Template:Flaglist
Brasília Template:Flaglist
Bratislava Template:Flaglist
Brazzaville Template:Flaglist
Bridgetown Template:Flaglist
Brussels Template:Flaglist Also the de facto capital of the Template:EU
Bucharest Template:Flaglist
Budapest Template:Flaglist
Buenos Aires Template:Flaglist
Bujumbura Template:Flaglist
Cairo Template:Flaglist
Canberra Template:Flaglist
Caracas Template:Flaglist
Castries Template:Flaglist
Charlotte Amalie Template:Flaglist Territory of the U.S.
Chișinău Template:Flaglist
Cockburn Town Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Conakry Template:Flaglist
Copenhagen Template:Flaglist
Dakar Template:Flaglist
Damascus Template:Flaglist
Dhaka Template:Flaglist
Dili Template:Flaglist
Djibouti Template:Flaglist
Dodoma Template:Small Template:Flaglist Dar es Salaam, the former capital and largest city continues to serve as the de facto seat of government hosting the presidency, government ministries, judiciary and diplomatic missions.
Doha Template:Flaglist
Douglas Template:Flaglist British Crown Dependency
Dublin Template:Flaglist
Dushanbe Template:Flaglist
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Template:Flaglist Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Template:Nobr Template:Flaglist Template:Ref label The Sahrawi Republic, recognised by 82 states, claims the mostly Moroccan controlled Western Sahara. Moroccan controlled territory includes El Aaiún, and Morocco claims all Sahrawi controlled territory. Tifariti is now the temporary capital (instead of Bir Lehlou earlier) of the SADR. Some government and military structures reside in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.[1] See Politics of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
Episkopi Cantonment Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Flying Fish Cove Template:Flaglist External territory of Australia
Freetown Template:Flaglist
Funafuti Template:Flaglist
Gaborone Template:Flaglist
George Town Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Georgetown Template:Flaglist Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Georgetown Template:Flaglist
Gibraltar Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Guatemala City Template:Flaglist
Gustavia Template:Flaglist Overseas collectivity of France
Hagåtña Template:Flaglist Territory of the United States
Hamilton Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Hanga Roa Template:Flaglist Special territory of Chile
Hanoi Template:Flaglist
Harare Template:Flaglist
Havana Template:Flaglist
Helsinki Template:Flaglist
Hong Kong Template:Flaglist Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China functioning as a City-state,[2] former British dependent territory.
Honiara Template:Flaglist
Islamabad Template:Flaglist
Jakarta Template:Flaglist
Jamestown Template:Flaglist Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Jerusalem Template:Flaglist Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the president's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem. The United Nations and most member states currently maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya. The United States recognized Jerusalem as the capital and moved its embassy to Jerusalem in May 2018. [3] Many countries officially adhere to the proposal that Jerusalem have international status, as called for in the Partition Plan of 1947.[4] The Palestinian National Authority claims East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. See Positions on Jerusalem.
Juba Template:Flaglist
Kabul Template:Flaglist
Kampala Template:Flaglist
Kathmandu Template:Flaglist
Khartoum Template:Flaglist
Kiev Template:Flaglist
Kigali Template:Flaglist
King Edward Point Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Kingston Template:Flaglist
Kingston Template:Flaglist External territory of Australia
Kingstown Template:Flaglist
Kinshasa Template:Flaglist
Kuala Lumpur (official, legislative and royal)
Putrajaya (administrative and judicial)
Template:Flaglist
Kuwait City Template:Flaglist
Libreville Template:Flaglist
Lilongwe Template:Flaglist
Lima Template:Flaglist Cusco is declared as the "Historical Capital" (Template:Lang-es), a merely symbolic statement, by Article 49 of the Peruvian Constitution.
Lisbon Template:Flaglist
Ljubljana Template:Flaglist
Lomé Template:Flaglist
London Template:Flaglist Prior to the Acts of Union in 1707, London was the capital of England only. Edinburgh was the capital of the Kingdom of Scotland
Luanda Template:Flaglist
Lusaka Template:Flaglist
Luxembourg Template:Flaglist
Madrid Template:Flaglist
Majuro Template:Flaglist Self-governing in free association with United States.
Malabo Template:Flaglist
Malé Template:Flaglist
Managua Template:Flaglist
Manama Template:Flaglist
Manila Template:Flaglist
Maputo Template:Flaglist
Marigot Template:Flaglist Overseas collectivity of France
Maseru Template:Flaglist
Mata-Utu Template:Flaglist Overseas collectivity of France
Mbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Template:Flaglist
Mexico City Template:Flaglist
Minsk Template:Flaglist
Mogadishu Template:Flaglist Template:Anchor
Monaco Template:Flaglist City-state
Monrovia Template:Flaglist
Montevideo Template:Flaglist
Moroni Template:Flaglist
Moscow Template:Flaglist
Muscat Template:Flaglist
Nairobi Template:Flaglist
Nassau Template:Flaglist
Naypyidaw Template:Flaglist
N'Djamena Template:Flaglist
New Delhi Template:Flaglist Kolkata was the capital of India until 1911 during the British Raj
Ngerulmud Template:Flaglist Self-governing in free association with United States.
Niamey Template:Flaglist
Nicosia Template:Flaglist
Nicosia Template:Flaglist De facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[5]
Nouakchott Template:Flaglist
Nouméa Template:Flaglist Sui generis collectivity of France
[[Nukuʻalofa|NukuTemplate:Okinaalofa]] Template:Flaglist
Nuuk Template:Flaglist Self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark
Oranjestad Template:Flaglist Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Oslo Template:Flaglist
Ottawa Template:Flaglist
Ouagadougou Template:Flaglist
Pago Pago Template:Flaglist Territory of the United States
Palikir Template:Flaglist Self-governing in free association with United States.
Panama City Template:Flaglist
Papeete Template:Flaglist Overseas collectivity of France
Paramaribo Template:Flaglist
Paris Template:Flaglist
Philipsburg Template:Flaglist Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Phnom Penh Template:Flaglist
Plymouth (official)
Brades Estate (de facto)
Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory. Plymouth was abandoned after the eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano in 1997. Government offices since then have been moved to Brades Estate, which is in the northwestern part of Montserrat.
Podgorica (official)
Cetinje (Old Royal Capital, present seat of the President)
Template:Flaglist
Port Louis Template:Flaglist
Port Moresby Template:Flaglist
Port Vila Template:Flaglist
Port-au-Prince Template:Flaglist
Port of Spain Template:Flaglist
Porto-Novo (official)
Cotonou (de facto)
Template:Flaglist
Prague Template:Flaglist
Praia Template:Flaglist
Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
Template:Flaglist
Pristina Template:FlaglistTemplate:Ref label De facto independent state that is recognised by Template:Numrec UN member states and by Taiwan. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Pyongyang Template:Flaglist
Quito Template:Flaglist Highest official capital (2,850 m).[6]
Rabat Template:Flaglist
Reykjavík Template:Flaglist
Riga Template:Flaglist
Riyadh Template:Flaglist
Road Town Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Rome Template:Flaglist
Roseau Template:Flaglist
Saipan Template:Flaglist Territory of the United States
San José Template:Flaglist
San Juan Template:Flaglist Territory of the United States
San Marino Template:Flaglist
San Salvador Template:Flaglist
Sana'a (de jure)
Aden (de facto, seat of government)
Template:Flaglist Sana'a has been occupied by Houthis rebels since February 2015. See also: Yemeni Civil War (2015–present).
Santiago Template:Flaglist The National Congress of Chile is located in Valparaíso
Santo Domingo Template:Flaglist
São Tomé Template:Flaglist
Sarajevo Template:Flaglist
Seoul Template:Flaglist
Singapore Template:Flaglist City-state
Skopje Template:Flaglist
Sofia Template:Flaglist
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official)
Colombo (former capital; has some government offices)
Template:Flaglist Also known as "Kotte". Until the 1980s, the capital was Colombo, where many important governmental institutions still remain and which is still designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
St. George's Template:Flaglist
St. Helier Template:Flaglist British Crown Dependency
St. John's Template:Flaglist
St. Peter Port Template:Flaglist British Crown Dependency
St. Pierre Template:Flaglist Overseas collectivity of France
Stanley Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Stepanakert Template:Flaglist The self-declared country remains diplomatically unrecognised by UN-member states, including Armenia. Transnistria, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia, all UN non-member states, recognise the state. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.
Stockholm Template:Flaglist
Sucre (constitutional)
La Paz (administrative)
Template:Flaglist La Paz is the highest administrative capital (3,650 m), higher than Quito.[6]
Sukhumi Template:Flaglist De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Republic of Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Suva Template:Flaglist
Taipei Template:Flaglist Officially the Republic of China (ROC), it has been competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the sole Chinese government since 1949. Taiwan controls the island of Taiwan and its associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas, and part of the Spratly Islands[Note 1] The territory of Taiwan is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[Note 2] The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei.
Tallinn Template:Flaglist
Tarawa Template:Flaglist
Tashkent Template:Flaglist
Tbilisi (official)
Kutaisi (legislative)
Template:Flaglist
Tegucigalpa Template:Flaglist
Tehran Template:Flaglist
Thimphu Template:Flaglist
Tirana Template:Flaglist
Tiraspol Template:Flaglist De facto independent state, not recognized by any UN-member, but by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.
Tokyo Template:Flaglist
Tórshavn Template:Flaglist Self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark
Tripoli Template:Flaglist
Tskhinvali Template:Flaglist De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
Tunis Template:Flaglist
Ulaanbaatar Template:Flaglist
Vaduz Template:Flaglist
Valletta Template:Flaglist
The Valley Template:Flaglist British Overseas Territory
Vatican City Template:Flaglist City-state
Victoria Template:Flaglist
Vienna Template:Flaglist
Vientiane Template:Flaglist
Vilnius Template:Flaglist
Warsaw Template:Flaglist
Washington Template:Flaglist
Wellington Template:Flaglist See also: Capital of New Zealand
West Island Template:Flaglist External territory of Australia
Willemstad Template:Flaglist Self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Windhoek Template:Flaglist
Yamoussoukro (official)
Abidjan (former capital; still has many government offices)
Template:Flaglist
Yaoundé Template:Flaglist
Yaren (de facto) Template:Flaglist Country does not have an official capital; however, the government offices are in Yaren.
Yerevan Template:Flaglist
Zagreb Template:Flaglist

Notes

  1. The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by the PRC, the ROC, Vietnam, the Philippines (part), Malaysia (part), and Brunei (part). Except Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).
  2. In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei. The CPC established the People's Republic. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC instead of the ROC: most states recognize the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.

References

  1. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/wi.html
  2. See http://www.gov.hk/en/about/abouthk/facts.htm (Oktober 2014). Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  3. See the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel
  4. Sharkansky, Ira (1996). Governing Jerusalem: Again on the world's agenda. Wayne State University Press. p. 23. ISBN 0-8143-2592-0. 
  5. See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Jacobs, Frank (19 June 2012). "Amazonia or Bust!". New York Times. http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/06/19/amazonia-or-bust/#ftn3. Retrieved 28 June 2012.